|Name||Value||Date||Grid Ref||Map Sources||Other forms, comments etc|
|The 10d lands||£40/60m||See below.|
|Dippin||3m 4s 8d (1d)||1637||NS 046224||OS(1864)||Including ‘Thorling’ in 1637.|
|‘Thorling’||¼d?||Probably ‘Feorlin’, probably beside Dippin, with Dippin (1637)|
|Allt Dhepin||1d?||NS 0224||This may well be another ‘black pennyland’ in Glenashdale|
|Largymore||(5m)||1637||NS 0424||Blaeu||I think the 3 Largies made a 5m land at just over 22s each.|
|‘Meikle’ Kiscadale||4m||1637||NS 0425/0426||Blaeu|
|‘Litil’ Kiscadale||(c. 22s)||1637||NS 0425/0426||Blaeu|
|Clachan||Possibly refers to the burial-ground in Glenashdale?|
|Lamlash/Holy Island||1m||1637||NS 0530/0629||Blaeu|
|Knockenkelly||2m||1437||NS 0427||Blaeu||2m Knokinkellie(1637)|
|Auchencairn||4m||1437||NS 0427||Blaeu||3m Auchinherne(1637)|
|‘Ardlavenys’||3m||1437||NS 0528?||Blaeu?||= Aird Lamlash?, = Aird(Blaeu)?|
|Benlister||22s||1632||NS 0130||Blaeu?||=Benlashrach(Blaeu)? Penlaster(1632).=Peighinn a’ Fhleisdeir(1d of the Fletcher)? – Fraser p 70|
|Cordon||10s||1632||NS 0230||Blaeu||With Penlaster in 1632, Cordan in 1676 (Bk of Arran I p 223)|
|Kingscross||3m||1637||NS 0428||3½m Penycroce(1437), Forbes: Place-names of Skye p 277 says that King’s Cross is ‘peighinn na croise’ in Gaelic|
|Letter||3m||1437||NS 0231||Blaeu||=Letternagannach(1437), 3m(1637)|
|Glenkiln||1637||NS 016304||Blaeu||With Muinemoir & Lickibilie as 6¾m in 1637, Fraser p 80Blaeu marks Glen Kil at watershed at NR 9829. Glenkill(1864).|
|Lagavellie||1637||NS 016291||OS(1864)||Lickibilie with Muinemoir & Glenkill as 6¾m in 1637. Blaeu marks ‘Lekaneilzie’ on S side of river between Monimore & Glen Kil. Currie (p 86) gives Lagavillie – hollow of the (sacred) tree.|
|Blairmore||2½m||1437||NS 0232||Blaeu||4½m(1637 – probably included Downbrowach)|
|‘Downbrowach’||2m||1437||NS 0232/0233||Now Dunan Beag, Dunan Mor?|
|Kilbride||1d||c. 1353||NS 0332||Blaeu||See Clauchlands below|
|Margnaheglish||1m||1437||NS 0332||Blaeu||1m(1637), this ‘merkland of the church’ refers to nearby Kilbride.|
|Clauchlands||5m1d||1637c. 1353||NS 0433||Blaeu||5m W & E Clachland(1637), although only 2½m in 1437 there seem to have been two such units, separately owned (cf CRA pp 88-9) – for 1d see quotation below table|
|Corrygills||5m||1549||NS 0334/0335||Blaeu||5m(Bk of Arran II p 356 of 1549), 5m(1637), N & S in Blaeu,5½m(1615, 1663)|
|Strathwhillan or’Terquhillane’||2½m||1437||NS 0235||Blaeu||Terquhillane(1437), Tyrwhillen(Blaeu), Straquhillen(1637)=2m(OE) Erqwhonnyne(1391 OPS II, I, p248)?|
|‘Scalvadil’||2m||1437||c. NS 0135?||Blaeu||E of Strathwhillan according to Blaeu, (2m 1637), Fraser p 48|
|Mayish||(1½m)||NS 0135||3m with Brodick in 1590 & 1637(1½m each). East, Mid & West in OS(1864)|
|‘Mace & Knovach’||2½m||1437|
|Glen Cloy||(½m)||1472||NS 0035||Blaeu||2½m with Kilmichell in 14722½m with ‘Crow’ =Knowach? in 1637, so possibly 1½m?|
|Kilmichael||2m||1511||NS 003350||OS(1864)||2½m with’Glenklowy’ in 1472, 2m(1511, 1526, 1563 – OPS II, I p 248), 2m(1621). With Whitefarland in 1511, 1523, 1563, 1621.|
|Glen Ormidale||2m||1437||NR 9934||2m(1590)|
|Brodick||1½m||1437||NS 0136||Blaeu||Brathewik(1437), castle enclosure shown in Blaeu. With Mayish in 1590 & 1637.|
|Glen Shurig||3m||1437||NS 001371||RHP 6605OS(1864)||Glenservaig(1437), Glensherwik(1590), Glenscharicke(1637).Now Glenrosa Farm.|
|Glenshant||2½m||1437||NS 0037||Blaeu, RHP 6605||Crainschaunt(1437), 2 x 1¼m (Ovir & Nether) in 1637,early spellings and absence of a glen endorse S Taylor’s suggestion of crann seunta (sacred tree).|
|Glenrosie||3m||1437||NS 002375||Blaeu, RHP 6605OS(1864)||3m(1637). Now Glenrosa.|
|Knockan||2m||1637||NS 0137/0038||Blaeu, RHP 6605|
|‘Penycastel’||3½m||1437||With ‘Knokan, Rounygry & Corriknokdou’ as 7½m(1437).With Rounygry as 3½m after deducting 2m Knockan & 2m Corriknokdou.|
|‘Rounygry’||1437||Rawnegarre(1444-5), Rawnager(1448-9). With ‘Penycastel’ above.|
|Sannox||c. 10m||NS 0046/0145||Blaeu||See below.|
|Lochranza & Sannox||32m||1607||32m estate – see below|
|Glen Chalmadale||NR 9550||Blaeu||Glenchalladel(Blaeu), now = Glen|
|North & South Newton||NR 9351||Blaeu||Balnow(Blaeu)|
|Total Kilbride parish||91m 5s 4d|
|Lochede/Kinlochranza||6m1d||1437/c. 1353||NR 9350||Blaeu||For 1d see under Clauchlands below.|
|Margnaheglish||(1m)||NR 9349||Fraser p 89.|
|Thundergay||3m||1437||c. NR 8846||Blaeu||Duarum Tonregethis(1444-5), duas Trurregeys(1452)|
|Penrioch||4m(1d)||1437||NR 8744||Blaeu||Includes ‘peighinn’ or penny.|
|Whitefarland||2m||1511||NR 8642||2m(OE) Quhitforland linked with Kilmechell in 1563 (OPS II, I p 248). 2m (1621, 1637).|
|Balliekine||1½m||1437||NR 8739||Baynleeka(1437), Banlikan(1637)|
|Auchencar||22s||1437||NR 8936||Blaeu||=20s(Auchingarro 1637)?|
|Auchagallon & Machermor||3m||1437||NR 8934||Blaeu||Probably 1½m each|
|Machrie (Farm)||3m||1637||NR 9033||Blaeu||1½m each of Beg & Mor?|
|‘Belliemichell’, nowBallymichael||1m||1637||NR 9231||Blaeu||On West side of Arran, Blaeu marks this as Kilmichel with a church symbol|
|North & South Feorline||2m||1637||NR 9028||Blaeu||< feoirling (¼d)|
|Kilpatrick||3m 8d||1563||NR 9027||Blaeu||With Drimiginar in 1563 & 1637, 3m in 1637, part of Shiskine|
|Drimiginar||1563||NR 9127||With Kilpatrick in 1563 & 1637, part of Shiskine|
|Bailemargaidh||(1m)?||NR 9027||Fraser p 69|
|Shiskine||(20m)||NR 9129||See below.|
|Clachan||¼m||1637||NR 92163034||Fraser pp 24 & 73. See below under Saint Molaise’s Chapel & BG.What was Clauchan Farm in OS(1864) is now Balnacoole at NR 916306.|
|Pien||4½m(1d)||1637||NR 9230||Blaeu||= peighinn or penny, Pein(1637 & Blaeu)|
|‘Margreul/dacan’||(1m)||Blaeu||Only reference is Blaeu|
|Bennecarrigan||4m(1d)||1637||NR 9423/9424||BlaeuOS(1864)||Penniecargan(1637). First element < peighinn or penny. In OS(1864) this is marked about 1km NNE of where it is today.|
|‘Lourie’||1½m||1637||Fraser p 88, part of Bennecarrigan?|
|Margareoch||3m||1637||NR 943244||BlaeuOS(1864)||Fraser p 89|
|Glenrie||NR 954247||OS(1864)||= Blaeu’s ‘Leanry’?|
|Burican||1m||1637||NR 946252||OS(1864)||Birlican(1637). In OS(1864) this is marked at what is now called Glenree.|
|Clauchog||4m||1637||NR 9522||BlaeuOS(1864)||Divided into E & W in 1637 – each worth 2m. In OS(1864) Clauchog is at what is now Bourtree Bank in NR 9522, Clauchog Farm is now Clachaig at NR 949215 and Laigh Clauchog is now just Clauchog in NR 9522.|
|Bennan||6m||1637||NR 9821/9921||Blaeu||3m Leichebennan, 3m wester Bennan in 1637|
|Cloined||3m||1637||NR 9622||Blaeu?||=Cleynack(Blaeu)? Cluinzeat(1637)|
|Kilmory||1¾m(½d)||1637||NR 9621||Blaeu||Leffin Kilmorie(1637).Leffin < leth-pheighinn or half-penny.|
|Strathgyall||3m||1637||NR 9923||Stragall(1637), Fraser p 93|
|Auchareoch||1m||1637||NR 9924||Blaeu||With Aucheleffan as 1m in 1637|
|Aucheleffan||(½d)||1637||NR 9724/9824||With Auchareoch as 1m in 1637. ‘-leffan’ < leth-pheighinn or ½d.|
|Levencorroch||1½m/(½d)||1637||NS 0021||Blaeu||First element < leth-pheighinn or ½d.|
|Marganish||1m||1637||NS 0222||Blaeu||By Eas Mor (big waterfall) so last element represents that.|
|‘Margielachland’||1m||1637||c. NS 0121||1637 list gives this between Marganish & Auchenhew|
|Auchenhew||1½m||1637||NS 0121||Blaeu||Ahew(Blaeu), Part of ‘Knychtisland’?|
|Ballymeanoch||2m||1637||NS 0221||Blaeu||Part of ‘Knychtisland’?|
|Drimlabarra||2m||1637||NS 0221||Blaeu||Part of ‘Knychtisland’?|
|Kildonan||3m||1597||NS 0321||Blaeu||Bute Retours (97)|
|‘Knychtisland’ or’Tonrydder’||9m||1516||Book of Arran II pp 354-5. 9m(1538, 1541, 1548, 1549, 1582).Dumruden(1516), Drumrudin(1538), Drumridan(1541), Tonrydder(1549). See below.|
|Pladda||1549||NS 0219||Included with ‘Knychtisland’, Pladow(1549). In 1662 went with Kildonan. See below.|
|Total Kilmory Parish||103m 8s 8d|
|Total Arran||195m 0s 8d|
The 10d lands
We have numerous references to a unit known as the ‘ten pennylands’. They appear in the Acts of the Lords of Council in Civil Causes (1839) p 339, for June 1494. We have listings in RMS II (2702) 1502-3, RMS IV (361) 1549 and RMS V (410) 1582. The lands are consistently described as being 10 pennylands and worth £40 (60m) Old Extent. They included Kildonan, the two ‘Furlingis’ (farthing-lands), ‘Dupennylandis’ (the black pennyland), the three Largies, the two Kiscadales, Glenashdale and Clachan. With the exception of the farthing-lands and Clachan these farms are all readily identifiable but the problem is that their total valuations do not come to anything like 60 merks (nor does it seem likely that they were once 10 pennylands). This is an important issue since we depend upon the evidence of the 10 pennylands to project a ratio between ouncelands and merklands in Arran, Bute and Cumbrae. What little other evidence we have does support a ratio of 1d : 6 merks so I think it probable that the lands described as being the 10 pennylands are an fact just a portion of a former estate which had that value. Since the farms form a compact group in the south-east corner of Arran I wonder if we have here an early parish based on Kildonan.
The Inventory of Lamont Papers pp 9-10, No 15, quotes the Argyll Charters for the following which occurs in a notarial transumpt made in 1433 from an original dated c. 1353:
Johannem de Menteth dominum de Knapdaill et de Arran dedisse … Gilleaspyke Cambell domino de Lochawe … denariatam terre de Clachelan denariatam terre de Kylbryde … de Kenlochorednesay cum castro situato infra predictam denariatam.
To confuse the issue there is a second Kilbride by Loch Ranza but I think we should read the above as ‘1d Clauchlands, 1d Kilbride (and 1d of) Kinlochranza with the castle sited on the aforesaid pennyland (of Kinlochranza)’.
(See also OPS II, I, p 249; Historical Manuscripts Commission IV No 41 & below under Kilbride parish).
Lochranza and Sannox
Lochranza and Sannox was a 32m estate held by the Montgomery family of Skelmorlie. Although there are many references to the total old extent being 32m there are also several others which give either 22m or £21 (which is half a mark short at 31½m).
References to £21-6s-8d or 32m are found in RMS VI (1827) of 1607, AS II (132) of 1622, (778, 810 & 811) of 1652, Bute Retours (86) of 1685, (92) of 1696 and in the 1637 rental.
Reference to £21 only occurs in ER XVIII p 434 of 1548. This is probably a simple error
References to 22m occur in RMS IV (1674) of 1565, VII (591) of 1611 and Bute Retours (62) of 1661.
In 1452, lands to the south of Lochranza were granted to the Montgomery family and are listed in RMS II (563). Although no values are given we can work these out retrospectively and the farms come to about 20½m. A slightly different listing is given in the Book of Arran II p 43 (from Exchequer Rolls Vol V p 252 for 1445-6) which comes to a total of 21½m. (This figure is repeated several times in the Exchequer Rolls accounts for the 1440s). We also have references in RMS III (708 & 732) of 1528 to the £20 (30m) Old Extent of Lochranza. The likely solution is that the Lochranza and Sannox portions together came to 32m and that the former name is sometimes used rather loosely to cover the whole estate. Since the Lochranza portion came to about 22m we could expect the Sannox section to be worth about 10m.
Calendar of Papal letters to Scotland of Clement VII of Avignon p 193 (1393) confirms a grant by Reginald, son of Somerled, to Saddell Abbey which included 5d Stesthayn in Hareyn. (Also printed in Highland Papers IV pp 146-9). At the Arran conversion rate of 1d : 6m this would be 30m.
RH6/614B is a precept of 1498 which also gives the grant of 20m Seskan by Reginald. (Cf Monro ALI p 72).
RMS II (3170) of 1507-8 refers to a grant of 20m Ceskene by Reginald, son of Somerled, to Saddell Abbey. (Cf Monro ALI p 72).
Bute Retours (15) of 1607 refers to the 18m (OE) of Sascan in Arran.
RMS VII (760) of 1612 confirms a charter of 1556 for Caskane.
RMS VII (1243) of 1615 refers to 20m OE of Ceskane.
It is difficult to make sense of so much contradictory data and we do not know precisely which farms composed the Shiskine estate. Accordingly I have not included the nominal 20m of Shiskine in the Arran total. Instead I have used the valuations of the individual farms where we know them. Pennant (p 179, Birlinn edition) claims that ‘Shiskin, Kilmore, Torelin, and Benans’ belonged to Saddell. Book of Arran II p 87 and the 1637 rental imply that the Shiskine estate may have included Kilpatrick and Drimiginar.
‘Knychtisland’ or ‘Tonrydder’.
This was a 9m (Old Extent) unit referred to in Book of Arran II pp 354-5 (Retour in 1515 & Sasine in 1516), Macfarlane’s Genealogical Collections II p 342 (sasine of 1538), RMS III (2510) 1541, RMS IV (361) 1549, RSS VI (1321) 1571 & RMS V (410) 1582. It included the island of Pladda. The Book of Arran II p 55 says it applied to the lands between Kildonan and Levencorroch inclusive. (However see above where Kildonan was part of the ‘Ten pennylands’ which was a separate estate). Fraser (p 49) suggests the estate may have included the farms of Drimlabarra, Ballymeanoch and Auchenhew.
There are various references to Saint Blaise of Pladda which I think is a mistake deriving from ‘Insula Sancti Blasii de Plada’ in Bower Bk I Ch 6. The island of St Blaise is Lamlash or Holy Island. That and Pladda (‘Bladay’) are listed separately in Bower Book II Ch 10. I suspect that Bk I Ch 6 should read ‘Insula Sancti Blasii. Insula de Plada’. Fraser p 18. See also Book of Arran II p 77 fn 2.
Kilbrannan (as in Kilbrannan Sound) may not actually be a kil-name despite St Brendan’s traditional association with Arran and Bute. The first element may be cul or caol instead (cf Culbrennan in the Garvellachs). There is a Kilbrannan at NR 9223 but it is not named in OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLIII of 1864 and I have no early records.
Arran contains two parishes – Kilbride on the east, Kilmory on the west. At the watershed in NR 9731 there are Cnoc na Croise and Lag na Croise which may well mark an early boundary between the parishes.
Pennant (p 179, Birlinn edition) claims that ‘Lamlash and the lands round the bay; and those from Corry to Loch Ranza, were annexed to the abbey of Kilwhinnin’. Chalmers (‘Caledonia’ – in chapter on Buteshire) claims that ‘The monastery of Kilwinning … obtained a grant of the lands between Corrie and Loch Ranza’. But, as the Book of Arran II p 87 fn 3 complains, ‘no reference is ever given, and the statement cannot be verified’.