Arran Table


Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Kilbride parish
The 10d lands £40/60m See below.
Dippin 3m 4s 8d (1d) 1637 NS 046224 OS(1864) Including ‘Thorling’ in 1637.
‘Thorling’ ¼d? Probably ‘Feorlin’, probably beside Dippin, with Dippin (1637)
Allt Dhepin 1d? NS 0224 This may well be another ‘black pennyland’ in Glenashdale
Largymore (5m) 1637 NS 0424 Blaeu I think the 3 Largies made a 5m land at just over 22s each.
Largymeanach   1637 NS 0424
Largybeg 22s 1637 NS 0423 Blaeu
‘Meikle’ Kiscadale 4m 1637 NS 0425/0426 Blaeu
‘Litil’ Kiscadale (c. 22s) 1637 NS 0425/0426 Blaeu
Glenashdale   1637 NS 0325
Clachan   Possibly refers to the burial-ground in Glenashdale?
Lamlash/Holy Island 1m 1637 NS 0530/0629 Blaeu
Knockenkelly 2m 1437 NS 0427 Blaeu 2m Knokinkellie(1637)
Auchencairn 4m 1437 NS 0427 Blaeu 3m Auchinherne(1637)
‘Ardlavenys’ 3m 1437 NS 0528? Blaeu? = Aird Lamlash?, = Aird(Blaeu)?
Monamore 3m 1437 NS 0029 Blaeu
Benlister 22s 1632 NS 0130 Blaeu? =Benlashrach(Blaeu)? Penlaster(1632).=Peighinn a’ Fhleisdeir(1d of the Fletcher)? – Fraser p 70
Cordon 10s 1632 NS 0230 Blaeu With Penlaster in 1632, Cordan in 1676 (Bk of Arran I p 223)
Kingscross 3m 1637 NS 0428 3½m Penycroce(1437), Forbes: Place-names of Skye p 277 says that King’s Cross is ‘peighinn na croise’ in Gaelic
Letter 3m 1437 NS 0231 Blaeu =Letternagannach(1437), 3m(1637)
Glenkiln   1637 NS 016304 Blaeu With Muinemoir & Lickibilie as 6¾m in 1637, Fraser p 80Blaeu marks Glen Kil at watershed at NR 9829. Glenkill(1864).
Lagavellie   1637 NS 016291 OS(1864) Lickibilie with Muinemoir & Glenkill as 6¾m in 1637. Blaeu marks ‘Lekaneilzie’ on S side of river between Monimore & Glen Kil. Currie (p 86) gives Lagavillie – hollow of the (sacred) tree.
Blairbeg 1½m 1437 NS 0231 Blaeu 1½m(1637)
Blairmore 2½m 1437 NS 0232 Blaeu 4½m(1637 – probably included Downbrowach)
‘Downbrowach’ 2m 1437 NS 0232/0233 Now Dunan Beag, Dunan Mor?
Kilbride 1d c. 1353 NS 0332 Blaeu See Clauchlands below
Margnaheglish 1m 1437 NS 0332 Blaeu 1m(1637), this ‘merkland of the church’ refers to nearby Kilbride.
Clauchlands 5m1d 1637c. 1353 NS 0433 Blaeu 5m W & E Clachland(1637), although only 2½m in 1437 there seem to have been two such units, separately owned (cf CRA pp 88-9) – for 1d see quotation below table
Corrygills 5m 1549 NS 0334/0335 Blaeu 5m(Bk of Arran II p 356 of 1549), 5m(1637), N & S in Blaeu,5½m(1615, 1663)
Strathwhillan or’Terquhillane’ 2½m 1437 NS 0235 Blaeu Terquhillane(1437), Tyrwhillen(Blaeu), Straquhillen(1637)=2m(OE) Erqwhonnyne(1391 OPS II, I, p248)?
‘Scalvadil’ 2m 1437 c. NS 0135? Blaeu E of Strathwhillan according to Blaeu, (2m 1637), Fraser p 48
Knowe (1m) NS 0035/0135 =Knovach?
Mayish (1½m) NS 0135 3m with Brodick in 1590 & 1637(1½m each). East, Mid & West in OS(1864)
‘Mace & Knovach’ 2½m 1437
Glen Cloy (½m) 1472 NS 0035 Blaeu 2½m with Kilmichell in 14722½m with ‘Crow’ =Knowach? in 1637, so possibly 1½m?
Kilmichael 2m 1511 NS 003350 OS(1864) 2½m with’Glenklowy’ in 1472, 2m(1511, 1526, 1563 – OPS II, I p 248), 2m(1621). With Whitefarland in 1511, 1523, 1563, 1621.
Glen Ormidale 2m 1437 NR 9934 2m(1590)
Brodick 1½m 1437 NS 0136 Blaeu Brathewik(1437), castle enclosure shown in Blaeu. With Mayish in 1590 & 1637.
Glen Shurig 3m 1437 NS 001371 RHP 6605OS(1864) Glenservaig(1437), Glensherwik(1590), Glenscharicke(1637).Now Glenrosa Farm.
Glenshant 2½m 1437 NS 0037 Blaeu, RHP 6605 Crainschaunt(1437), 2 x 1¼m (Ovir & Nether) in 1637,early spellings and absence of a glen endorse S Taylor’s suggestion of crann seunta (sacred tree).
Glenrosie 3m 1437 NS 002375 Blaeu, RHP 6605OS(1864) 3m(1637). Now Glenrosa.
Knockan 2m 1637 NS 0137/0038 Blaeu, RHP 6605
‘Penycastel’ 3½m 1437 With ‘Knokan, Rounygry & Corriknokdou’ as 7½m(1437).With Rounygry as 3½m after deducting 2m Knockan & 2m Corriknokdou.
‘Rounygry’   1437 Rawnegarre(1444-5), Rawnager(1448-9). With ‘Penycastel’ above.
‘Corriknokdou’ 2m 1637 NS 0243 Blaeu =Corrie
Merkland (1m) NS 0239
Sannox c. 10m NS 0046/0145 Blaeu See below.
Lochranza & Sannox 32m 1607 32m estate – see below
Glen Chalmadale NR 9550 Blaeu Glenchalladel(Blaeu), now = Glen
North & South Newton   NR 9351 Blaeu Balnow(Blaeu)
Total Kilbride parish 91m 5s 4d
Kilmory Parish  
Lochede/Kinlochranza 6m1d 1437/c. 1353 NR 9350 Blaeu For 1d see under Clauchlands below.
Margnaheglish (1m) NR 9349 Fraser p 89.
Catacol 3m 1437 NR 9149 Blaeu Cathaydill(1452)
Thundergay 3m 1437 c. NR 8846 Blaeu Duarum Tonregethis(1444-5), duas Trurregeys(1452)
Penrioch 4m(1d) 1437 NR 8744 Blaeu Includes ‘peighinn’ or penny.
Alltgobhlach 1m 1437 NR 8743 Blaeu
Whitefarland 2m 1511 NR 8642 2m(OE) Quhitforland linked with Kilmechell in 1563 (OPS II, I p 248). 2m (1621, 1637).
Imachar 1m 1437 NR 8640 Blaeu Tymocheer(1437)
Balliekine 1½m 1437 NR 8739 Baynleeka(1437), Banlikan(1637)
Dougarie 1m 1437 NR 8837 Blaeu Dougare(1437)
Auchencar 22s 1437 NR 8936 Blaeu =20s(Auchingarro 1637)?
Auchagallon & Machermor 3m 1437 NR 8934 Blaeu Probably 1½m each
Machrie (Farm) 3m 1637 NR 9033 Blaeu 1½m each of Beg & Mor?
Machrie Beg 1½m 1437
Glaister 1¼m 1437 NR 9334 1m(1637)
Dereneneach 1m 1637 NR 9333 Blaeu Torrenaiche(1637).
Monyquil 3m 1437 NR 9335 Blaeu 3m(1637)
‘Belliemichell’, nowBallymichael 1m 1637 NR 9231 Blaeu On West side of Arran, Blaeu marks this as Kilmichel with a church symbol
Tormore 1½m 1637 NR 8932 Blaeu
Torbeg 1m 1637 NR 9029 Blaeu
Drumadoon 1m 1637 NR 8929
Shedog 1m 1637 NR 9130 Blaeu
Balgowan 1m 1637 NR 9129
North & South Feorline 2m 1637 NR 9028 Blaeu < feoirling (¼d)
Kilpatrick 3m 8d 1563 NR 9027 Blaeu With Drimiginar in 1563 & 1637, 3m in 1637, part of Shiskine
Drimiginar   1563 NR 9127 With Kilpatrick in 1563 & 1637, part of Shiskine
Bailemargaidh (1m)? NR 9027 Fraser p 69
Shiskine (20m) NR 9129 See below.
Clachan ¼m 1637 NR 92163034 Fraser pp 24 & 73. See below under Saint Molaise’s Chapel & BG.What was Clauchan Farm in OS(1864) is now Balnacoole at NR 916306.
Pien 4½m(1d) 1637 NR 9230 Blaeu = peighinn or penny, Pein(1637 & Blaeu)
Corriecravie 3m 1637 NR 9223 Blaeu
Sliddery 4m 1637 NR 9222/9322 Blaeu
Glenscorrodale 2m 1637 NR 9627 Blaeu
‘Margreul/dacan’ (1m) Blaeu Only reference is Blaeu
Bennecarrigan 4m(1d) 1637 NR 9423/9424 BlaeuOS(1864) Penniecargan(1637). First element < peighinn or penny. In OS(1864) this is marked about 1km NNE of where it is today.
‘Lourie’ 1½m 1637 Fraser p 88, part of Bennecarrigan?
Margareoch 3m 1637 NR 943244 BlaeuOS(1864) Fraser p 89
Glenrie   NR 954247 OS(1864) = Blaeu’s ‘Leanry’?
Burican 1m 1637 NR 946252 OS(1864) Birlican(1637). In OS(1864) this is marked at what is now called Glenree.
Clauchog 4m 1637 NR 9522 BlaeuOS(1864) Divided into E & W in 1637 – each worth 2m. In OS(1864) Clauchog is at what is now Bourtree Bank in NR 9522, Clauchog Farm is now Clachaig at NR 949215 and Laigh Clauchog is now just Clauchog in NR 9522.
Torrylin 3¼m 1637 NR 9521/9621 Blaeu
Shannochie 1m 1637 NR 9721 Blaeu
Bennan 6m 1637 NR 9821/9921 Blaeu 3m Leichebennan, 3m wester Bennan in 1637
Cloined 3m 1637 NR 9622 Blaeu? =Cleynack(Blaeu)? Cluinzeat(1637)
Kilmory 1¾m(½d) 1637 NR 9621 Blaeu Leffin Kilmorie(1637).Leffin < leth-pheighinn or half-penny.
Strathgyall 3m 1637 NR 9923 Stragall(1637), Fraser p 93
Auchareoch 1m 1637 NR 9924 Blaeu With Aucheleffan as 1m in 1637
Aucheleffan (½d) 1637 NR 9724/9824 With Auchareoch as 1m in 1637. ‘-leffan’ < leth-pheighinn or ½d.
Levencorroch 1½m/(½d) 1637 NS 0021 Blaeu First element < leth-pheighinn or ½d.
Marganish 1m 1637 NS 0222 Blaeu By Eas Mor (big waterfall) so last element represents that.
‘Margielachland’ 1m 1637 c. NS 0121 1637 list gives this between Marganish & Auchenhew
Auchenhew 1½m 1637 NS 0121 Blaeu Ahew(Blaeu), Part of ‘Knychtisland’?
Ballymeanoch 2m 1637 NS 0221 Blaeu Part of ‘Knychtisland’?
Drimlabarra 2m 1637 NS 0221 Blaeu Part of ‘Knychtisland’?
Kildonan 3m 1597 NS 0321 Blaeu Bute Retours (97)
‘Knychtisland’ or’Tonrydder’ 9m 1516 Book of Arran II pp 354-5. 9m(1538, 1541, 1548, 1549, 1582).Dumruden(1516), Drumrudin(1538), Drumridan(1541), Tonrydder(1549). See below.
Pladda   1549 NS 0219 Included with ‘Knychtisland’, Pladow(1549). In 1662 went with Kildonan. See below.
Total Kilmory Parish 103m 8s 8d
Total Arran 195m 0s 8d


The 10d lands

We have numerous references to a unit known as the ‘ten pennylands’. They appear in the Acts of the Lords of Council in Civil Causes (1839) p 339, for June 1494. We have listings in RMS II (2702) 1502-3, RMS IV (361) 1549 and RMS V (410) 1582. The lands are consistently described as being 10 pennylands and worth £40 (60m) Old Extent. They included Kildonan, the two ‘Furlingis’ (farthing-lands), ‘Dupennylandis’ (the black pennyland), the three Largies, the two Kiscadales, Glenashdale and Clachan. With the exception of the farthing-lands and Clachan these farms are all readily identifiable but the problem is that their total valuations do not come to anything like 60 merks (nor does it seem likely that they were once 10 pennylands). This is an important issue since we depend upon the evidence of the 10 pennylands to project a ratio between ouncelands and merklands in Arran, Bute and Cumbrae. What little other evidence we have does support a ratio of 1d : 6 merks so I think it probable that the lands described as being the 10 pennylands are an fact just a portion of a former estate which had that value. Since the farms form a compact group in the south-east corner of Arran I wonder if we have here an early parish based on Kildonan.



The Inventory of Lamont Papers pp 9-10, No 15, quotes the Argyll Charters for the following which occurs in a notarial transumpt made in 1433 from an original dated c. 1353:


Johannem de Menteth dominum de Knapdaill et de Arran dedisse … Gilleaspyke Cambell domino de Lochawe … denariatam terre de Clachelan denariatam terre de Kylbryde … de Kenlochorednesay cum castro situato infra predictam denariatam.


To confuse the issue there is a second Kilbride by Loch Ranza but I think we should read the above as ‘1d Clauchlands, 1d Kilbride (and 1d of) Kinlochranza with the castle sited on the aforesaid pennyland (of Kinlochranza)’.


(See also OPS II, I, p 249; Historical Manuscripts Commission IV No 41 & below under Kilbride parish).


Lochranza and Sannox

Lochranza and Sannox was a 32m estate held by the Montgomery family of Skelmorlie. Although there are many references to the total old extent being 32m there are also several others which give either 22m or £21 (which is half a mark short at 31½m).

References to £21-6s-8d or 32m are found in RMS VI (1827) of 1607, AS II (132) of 1622, (778, 810 & 811) of 1652, Bute Retours (86) of 1685, (92) of 1696 and in the 1637 rental.

Reference to £21 only occurs in ER XVIII p 434 of 1548. This is probably a simple error

References to 22m occur in RMS IV (1674) of 1565, VII (591) of 1611 and Bute Retours (62) of 1661.


In 1452, lands to the south of Lochranza were granted to the Montgomery family and are listed in RMS II (563). Although no values are given we can work these out retrospectively and the farms come to about 20½m. A slightly different listing is given in the Book of Arran II p 43 (from Exchequer Rolls Vol V p 252 for 1445-6) which comes to a total of 21½m. (This figure is repeated several times in the Exchequer Rolls accounts for the 1440s). We also have references in RMS III (708 & 732) of 1528 to the £20 (30m) Old Extent of Lochranza. The likely solution is that the Lochranza and Sannox portions together came to 32m and that the former name is sometimes used rather loosely to cover the whole estate. Since the Lochranza portion came to about 22m we could expect the Sannox section to be worth about 10m.



Calendar of Papal letters to Scotland of Clement VII of Avignon p 193 (1393) confirms a grant by Reginald, son of Somerled, to Saddell Abbey which included 5d Stesthayn in Hareyn. (Also printed in Highland Papers IV pp 146-9). At the Arran conversion rate of 1d : 6m this would be 30m.

RH6/614B is a precept of 1498 which also gives the grant of 20m Seskan by Reginald. (Cf Monro ALI p 72).

RMS II (3170) of 1507-8 refers to a grant of 20m Ceskene by Reginald, son of Somerled, to Saddell Abbey. (Cf Monro ALI p 72).

Bute Retours (15) of 1607 refers to the 18m (OE) of Sascan in Arran.

RMS VII (760) of 1612 confirms a charter of 1556 for Caskane.

RMS VII (1243) of 1615 refers to 20m OE of Ceskane.

It is difficult to make sense of so much contradictory data and we do not know precisely which farms composed the Shiskine estate. Accordingly I have not included the nominal 20m of Shiskine in the Arran total. Instead I have used the valuations of the individual farms where we know them. Pennant (p 179, Birlinn edition) claims that ‘Shiskin, Kilmore, Torelin, and Benans’ belonged to Saddell. Book of Arran II p 87 and the 1637 rental imply that the Shiskine estate may have included Kilpatrick and Drimiginar.


‘Knychtisland’ or ‘Tonrydder’.

This was a 9m (Old Extent) unit referred to in Book of Arran II pp 354-5 (Retour in 1515 & Sasine in 1516), Macfarlane’s Genealogical Collections II p 342 (sasine of 1538), RMS III (2510) 1541, RMS IV (361) 1549, RSS VI (1321) 1571 & RMS V (410) 1582. It included the island of Pladda. The Book of Arran II p 55 says it applied to the lands between Kildonan and Levencorroch inclusive. (However see above where Kildonan was part of the ‘Ten pennylands’ which was a separate estate). Fraser (p 49) suggests the estate may have included the farms of Drimlabarra, Ballymeanoch and Auchenhew.



There are various references to Saint Blaise of Pladda which I think is a mistake deriving from ‘Insula Sancti Blasii de Plada’ in Bower Bk I Ch 6. The island of St Blaise is Lamlash or Holy Island. That and Pladda (‘Bladay’) are listed separately in Bower Book II Ch 10. I suspect that Bk I Ch 6 should read ‘Insula Sancti Blasii. Insula de Plada’. Fraser p 18. See also Book of Arran II p 77 fn 2.




Kilbrannan (as in Kilbrannan Sound) may not actually be a kil-name despite St Brendan’s traditional association with Arran and Bute. The first element may be cul or caol instead (cf Culbrennan in the Garvellachs). There is a Kilbrannan at NR 9223 but it is not named in OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLIII of 1864 and I have no early records.



Arran contains two parishes – Kilbride on the east, Kilmory on the west. At the watershed in NR 9731 there are Cnoc na Croise and Lag na Croise which may well mark an early boundary between the parishes.



Kilwinning lands?

Pennant (p 179, Birlinn edition) claims that ‘Lamlash and the lands round the bay; and those from Corry to Loch Ranza, were annexed to the abbey of Kilwhinnin’. Chalmers (‘Caledonia’ – in chapter on Buteshire) claims that ‘The monastery of Kilwinning … obtained a grant of the lands between Corrie and Loch Ranza’. But, as the Book of Arran II p 87 fn 3 complains, ‘no reference is ever given, and the statement cannot be verified’.


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