Bute Table

Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Kingarth Parish  
GarrochtySouth GarrochtyNorth Garrochty 7½m 1507 NS 0952NS 093525NS 096530 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)OS(1863) 1437-50 split into 2 x 50s units, later into 4 x 25s units.Also known as ‘The Plan’.
Kengaven 1½m 1507 NS 094537 RHP 14107OS(1863) Kinnegaven(1863)
Kirk Merkland 1m 1664 c. NS 0953 Roy (PC)
Dunagoil 2m 1437 NS 0853 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Later split into 2 x 1m units
Lubas 5¼m 1448-9 NS 0854 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Mekill = 4m, Litill = 1¼m, held by Lech family of surgeons
KelspokeNorth KelspokeSouth Kelspoke 7½m 1437 NS 106541NS 108538 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)OS(1863) Divided in two by 1507
Branzet 2m 1496 NS 096545 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863) Bransare was 7m in 1437 and so probably included another unit – see Hannah p 63
Largizean 3½m 1507 NS 0854 RHP 14107 Probably = a misplaced Dargigean in Blaeu
Langal 12m 1437 c. NS 0856 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Langil was split into 4 x 3m each in 1437. See below table.
Kilchattan 8m 1437 NS 0957/1056 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Kerrymenoch 3m 1507 NS 104566 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863) Divided into 2 x 1½m units. (Part to Finlay Makwrerdy in 1506)RHP 14107 calls it Kirrymenoch McKirdie.
Kerrytonlia 3m 1507 NS 1156 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Bruchag 3m 1448-9 NS 1157 Blaeu, RHP 14107 2 x 1½m from c 1506, Brochick in RHP 14107
Kerrylamont 5m 1507 NS 1158 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Hannah (p 62) claims this was previously Scoulag More
ScoulagUpper ScoulagMid Scoulag

Nether Scoulag



16m 4m








NS 101598 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863) See below
Kerrycroy 5m 1437 NS 1061 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Divided into North and South Kirrycroy in RHP 14107
Stravanan (now Nether)Upper Stravanan 3m 1437 NS 078572NS 081577 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863) Two parts in 1437, one of which became Kerrymenoch. The Stravanan portion also subdivided into 2 x 20s units.
Kerrymenoch 2m 1517 NS 076573 RHP 14107OS(1863) Also known as Keremenoch Stewart
Gallachan 3m 1437 NS 0757 RHP 14107 Split into two by 1506
Ardnahoe 3m 1437 NS 0657 RHP 14107
Ambrismore 3m 1437 NS 0658 RHP 14107
Ambrisbeg 2½m 1448-9 NS 0659 RHP 14107 Only 1¾m in 1437, 2½m thereafter
Birgidale 7½m 1437 NS 0759 BlaeuRHP 14107 Two parts, each of 50s (3¾m) in 1437. Subsequently known as B. Knock and B. Crieff. B. Knock subdivided into 2 x 25s farms.B Crieff also known as (?)Birgadillovyne or Yonder Birgadill and looks also to have subdivided.
Barnauld 3½m 1437 NS 0760 RHP 14107 Two parts of 1¾m each from 1506
Kerrycrusach 3½m 1437 NS 0861 RHP 14107 Kirrychrusoch(RHP 14107)
Ascog 4½m 1546 NS 1062/1063 Blaeu, RHP 14107 3m ‘Ovir’, 1½m ‘Nethir’ in 1594-5, £4 together (1643, 1657, 1659), 3m Mid Ascog from 1601. Total = 7½m?
Total Kingarth Parish 119¾m
Rothesay Parish  
Barrone 5m 1437 NS 078639 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)
Achamor 11s1⅓d 1519 NS 0762 Part of 5m Barrone
Balilone 22s2⅔d 1513 NS 0863 RHP 14107 Part of 5m Barrone, Balloney (RHP 14107)
Glenchromag (1¼m) 1658 c. NS 0761/0762 RHP 14107 Probably part of 5m Barrone, ‘Glenchromy’ in RHP 14107
Chapelton 1¼m 1657 NS 077625 RHP 14107OS(1863) Probably part of 5m Barrone,= Blaeu’s ‘Chappelrow’ with church symbol?
Barmore 3m 1437 NS 0660 RHP 14107
Quien 2½m 1437 NS 0559 RHP 14107
Scalpsie 3½m 1448-9 NS 0558 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Ardscalpsie 3½m 1448-9 NS 0558 Blaeu, RHP 14107
(Lower) Kilmory 7m 1437 NS 0459 In 1437 ‘Kylmor Inferiori’ gave 7m rent but by 1507 was subdivided into 3 parts.
Mecknoch 2⅓m 1507 NS 0459 Blaeu, RHP 14107 ⅓ of ‘Kylmor Inferiori’
‘Kilmoir de Chapeltoun’ 2⅓m 1507 NS 0459? RHP 14107 ⅓ of ‘Kylmor Inferiori’, Hannah (p 63) claims this is now called Little Kilmory.
‘Nethirkilmor’ 2⅓m 1507 NS 0459? RHP 14107 ⅓ of ‘Kylmor Inferiori’, Hannah (pp 63-4) implies = Kilmory McNeill. (RHP 14107 marks ‘Kilmorry McNiel’ as middle of 3 farms). RMS IV (1731) of 1566 refers to Kilmore-Makgillespik-Makneill.
Meikle Kilmory 5m 1507 NS 0561 Blaeu, RHP 14107 ‘Superiori'(1437), ‘Uvir'(1507), ‘Moir'(1618), 2½m in 1437 but perhaps only half? From 1507 =5m. Blaeu just gives Kilmory.
Kerryfearn 2½m 1507 NS 0561 RHP 14107
Kilwhinleck 3m 1437 NS 0562 Blaeu, RHP 14107 5½m(1507, 1632) but perhaps then containing another unit?
Quogach 2½m 1507 NS 0562 RHP 14107 Split in two from 1506
Eskechraggan 2m 1437 NS 0664 Blaeu, RHP 14107 With Glenbuy in 1669.’Glenbuie’ is at N end of Eskechraggan farm in RHP 14107.
Greenan 3m 1615 NS 0663 RHP 14107 From 1400 often linked with Ardmaleish
Blardive 2½m 1437 Appears in 1437, 1448-1450 and then disappears. I assume the name and value were incorporated into another farm.
Auchintirrie 3m 1437 NS 0563 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Divided into two units from 1506 (1 x 1m + 1 x 2m)
Ballianlay 1m 1670 NS 0462 RHP 14107 Bute Retours(70) of 1670. Hannah (p 64) argues that Ballianlay = Dunalunt McGillemichael. Certainly there is no early reference to Ballianlay. However there was also a Ballintane or Balinterie associated with Auchintirrie.
Ardroscadale 12m5d 1577c. 1321 NS 0362/0363/0364 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Ardroskedill(c. 1321). Split into Over and Nether (6m each) probably by 1577. Nether = Bail’ Iochdrach, Upper = Bail’ Uachdrach which is how they appear in RHP 14107
Dunalunt 12m 1437 NS 0461/0462NS 0463/0464 Blaeu, RHP 14107 4 x 3m(1437) – see below
Largievrechtan 4m 1437 NS 0464 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Cranslagvourity 3m 1507 NS 0465 RHP 14107 =Knaslagwerardy(1506)
Knaslak/Knerslak 9m 1506-7 Blaeu See below. Includes the following three farms…
Cranslagloan 3m 1618 NS 0566
Acholter 3m 1662 NS 0566 Blaeu
Cranslagmory 3m 1662 NS 0667
St ColmacNorth St Colmac 7½m 1577 NS 0467NS 051677 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1864-5) Kylmacolmoc(1475)
Ettrick 8m 1577 NS 0367 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Drumachloy 6m 1437 NS 0367 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Looks to be split into 1 x £3 + 1 x £1 units.
Kildavanan 3m 1429 NS 0266 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Reference to 2 acres of in RMS II (917) 1466.
Scarrel 3m 1437 NS 0266 RHP 14107
Lenihall 1½m(½d) 1437 NS 0168 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Early spellings all confirm leth-pheighinn(½d).
Glecknabae 3½m 1437 NS 0068 Blaeu, RHP 14107 2 x 1¾ units from 1506
Lenihuline 3m(½d) 1507 NR 9969/NS 0069 Blaeu, RHP 14107 First element is leth-pheighinn(½d).
Glenmore 5m 1577 NS 0269 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Kilbride 6m 1577 NS 0367 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Kilmichael 5m 1437 NR 9970 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Shalunt 4m 1437 NS 0471 Blaeu, RHP 14107 In OS(1864-5) Shalunt Cottage (NS 054709) is marked as Culnashambrug Cottage.
Culnashambrug 2m 1437 NS 0570 Blaeu, RHP 14107 In OS(1864-5) Culnashambrug Cottage (NS 057707) is marked as Shalunt Cottage.
Stuck 4m 1437 NS 0670 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Into halves from 1506.The name ‘Half-stouke’ appears in 1617.
Ardmaleish 7½m 1613 NS 0769 Blaeu, RHP 14107 From 1400 often linked with Greenan
Achavoulaig 3m 1437 NS 0268 Blaeu, RHP 14107
Caunachrecte ‘Taunach’?Tawnich 7½m 1437 NS 029732 RHP 14107OS(1864) 4 x 25s units, one is called ‘Tourch’ in 1507.(See also 3 following farms).Tawney in RHP 14107 – farm just S of Rue, N of Balachraig
Rhubodach 25s 1507 NS 0273 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Also appears as Roweintrawe(1540) and Row(1560).Rue in RHP 14107.
Bronnoch 25s 1507
Bullochreg 25s 1507 NS 037723 Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1864)
Blakhous &Ballincalyie 7½m 1507 NS 0171NS 0173 BlaeuRHP 14107 Blackhouse = ‘Teydow’ in Glen More.Of old called the ‘Forrest de Bute’ RMS VII (1316) 1615.
Kames 12m? 1506-7 NS 0667 Blaeu, RHP 14107 See below
Edinbeg 3m 1662 NS 0567/0568 Included in Kames? See also below under Knaslak.
Edinmore 3m 1620 NS 0567 Included in Kames? See also below under Knaslak.
Rothesay 9m 1437 NS 0864 Blaeu, RHP 14107 See below
Altone/Aldtoun 3m 1437 = Lenihuline? Unknown except in rentals of 1437-1450.
Leninteskine   NS 058652 OS(1863) Is this another name with the first element a contracted form of leth-pheighinn (half-penny)?
Total Rothesay Parish 193½m
Total Bute 313¼m
Inchmarnock 7½m 1540 NS 0259 Blaeu, RHP 14107 Parish church of became Saddell Abbey’s by an exchange with Crossraguel c. 1360 (Highland Papers IV pp 142-4).
Total incl. Inchmarnock 320¾m



The four parts of Langal are unnamed from 1437-1450 but from about 1500 we start to learn distinct names. There were:

‘Langillcuilclachane’ (1623) otherwise ‘Langellcorid’ (1675) now Langalchorad at NS 0956. (Blaeu’s ‘Langre choul na cachaly’).

‘Languilbenach’ (1507) now Langalbuinoch NS 0856. (Blaeu’s ‘Langrewinnag’).

‘Mid Langell’  or ‘Langell Culchay’ (1675) now Quochag NS 0856. (Blaeu’s ‘Langre choul chych’).

Probaby Culevine NS 0956. In RHP 14107 pp22-23 this appears in text and map beside the above 3 farms. 3m split into 2 x 1½m units. (Blaeu’s ‘Culeuin’).



In 1437 Kilchattan Mor was 3 x 3m units, Beg was 1 x 5m. By about 1500 they were worth 5m & 3m respectively. It is likely that the other 6m had been split off to form Kerrymenoch and Kerrytonlia since we have no evidence for these two farms before c. 1506. Other neighbouring farms like Bruchag and Langal were already in existence in the 1440s.



In 1437 Scoulag Mor was worth 5m. In 1506 Scoulag as a whole was worth 16m (OPS II, I, p 213). In 1527 these are detailed as 4m Kerenevin, 4m Keremorane, 4m Mydscowlok and 4m Nether Scowlok (OPS II, I, p 213). The latter two farms can be readily traced through official documents from 1554-1695. Blaeu shows Caramorayin as north of Karaneuen.



Dunalunt was a 12m unit (divided into 4 x 3m units) in 1437. Over time the individual units took the names of their owners and tracking them through the documents can be confusing. There were:

‘Dunallirde Makgillemichell’ (1506) – with this name from 1498. Split into 2 x 1½m from 1506. Hannah (p 64) argues this is now Ballianlay. He also claims this is the Duinawlont-Villiam of RMS V (2160) original dated 1587; (cf  Dunnalintwiltoune in RMS X (403) of 1655).

‘Dunallant McCaile’ (1507), later just Ballycaul (NS 0463). Split into 1 x 1m & 1 x 2m.

‘Uvir Dunallant’ (1507) was the same as ‘Dunawlont-Bannatyne’ (1566). I think this was just known as Dunalunt after 1602 (NS 0464). This may also be the Dunalunt-Sheriff of AS II (1415) of 1668.

‘Nethir-Dunallirde’ (1506) was the same as ‘Downauld M’Murricht’ (1546) or Dunawalont-Ballecurre’ (1566), now just Ballycurrie (NS 0461/0462). Split into 2 x 1½m units from 1506.



Kames was 9m in ER X p 5 of 1487-8 and RMS II (3061) of 1506-7. We have numerous references to Kames as 3m but also as £5 in AS II (12) of 1618. AS II (360) of 1631 gives South Kames as £5. AS II (873) of 1654 gives Easter Kames as 3m. (This included Gortans and Rullecheddan). 9m seems right for Wester Kames, Edin Mor and Edinbeg since these are often named with the 9m Knaslak as a £12 or 18m estate between 1506-7 and 1672. In this case we probably need to add another 3m for Easter Kames to make a total of 12m.


Knaslak (also Knersay or Knarsay)

Knaslak often appears with Edin and Wester Kames as a £12 or 18m estate. Since the two Edins were 3m each and Wester Kames was also 3m this leaves Knaslak as 9m. However Knaslak may mean Cranslagmory (3m) and Cranslagloan (3m) with Acholter (3m) rather than Cranslagvourity.

RMS II (1214) of 1475 refers to a large estate in this part of Bute which consisted of:

Atyngerar, Ardrossigelle, Cuarfaynenbeg nuncupatas le Mais, Cuarfanen et Camys ac terras de Kylmacolmoc.

This probably refers to Edin (or part thereof), Ardroscadale, two parts of Knaslak (one called Mais), Kames and St Colmac. With the exception of Knaslak (presumably more), Kames and St Colmac, this estate also appears in RH1/2/93 of c. Feb 1321 as 5d Attygar, 5d Ardroskedill and 1d Knarsay-beg called Maasknarsay. These 11d would be worth 66m. 30m of this was Ardroscadale leaving 36m in the area of Edin and Knaslak. The 18m estate referred to above was probably half of this.



Rothesay was a royal burgh before our first Exchequer Rolls data so I am not sure if the town lands originally had a valuation of 9m or if this figure takes into account the rents from the burgh itself. The town lands are mapped in RHP 14107 pp 34-40 and seem to have included at least the following:

Rossland farm, Windyhall, Townhead, Bishops But, Cowdonish, Craigenreoch, Hillhead, Redivoil, Grenach and Orchard. OPS II, II p 832 gives the burgh boundaries in terms of the adjacent farms.



The situation with Ascog is complicated. Our earliest references (1546, 1553-4, 1564) all give £3. In 1594-5 Askog seems to be divided into £2 Over and £1 Nether. In 1601 we learn of 3m Mid Ascog whilst in 1643, 1657 & 1659 we have £4 Over & Nether Ascog. The total may have been 7½m (£5) from £2 Over, £2 Mid and £1 Nether.



Acres as units of measurement

Reference to 2 acres of Kildavanan in RMS II (917) 1466. In 1474 James III gave the sheriff of Bute an acre of land in Kilcattan with the privilege of a mill. (OPS II, I p 214). See also RMS IV (1731) of 1566 and V (1810) of 1590-1.




The Kirk Merkland of Kingarth is recorded in AS I (649) of 1675 and probably in AS II (880) of 1655. It is marked in Blaeu as ‘Marg na heglish’.


According to RSS I (3790) of 1527 the chaplainry of the chapel of St Michael within the castle of Rothesay was worth £6 (9m).


There were two mediaeval parishes in Bute – Kingarth and Rothesay. We can roughly map these since many of the constituent farms are listed in ER XII p 509 ff for 1507.


For the connection between Inchmarnock and Saddell Abbey see under Saddell, Kintyre.




Bookmark and Share
Posted in Bute

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *