|Name||Value||Date||Grid Ref||Map Sources||Other forms, comments etc|
|GarrochtySouth GarrochtyNorth Garrochty||7½m||1507||NS 0952NS 093525NS 096530||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)OS(1863)||1437-50 split into 2 x 50s units, later into 4 x 25s units.Also known as ‘The Plan’.|
|Kengaven||1½m||1507||NS 094537||RHP 14107OS(1863)||Kinnegaven(1863)|
|Kirk Merkland||1m||1664||c. NS 0953||Roy (PC)|
|Dunagoil||2m||1437||NS 0853||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Later split into 2 x 1m units|
|Lubas||5¼m||1448-9||NS 0854||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Mekill = 4m, Litill = 1¼m, held by Lech family of surgeons|
|KelspokeNorth KelspokeSouth Kelspoke||7½m||1437||NS 106541NS 108538||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)OS(1863)||Divided in two by 1507|
|Branzet||2m||1496||NS 096545||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)||Bransare was 7m in 1437 and so probably included another unit – see Hannah p 63|
|Largizean||3½m||1507||NS 0854||RHP 14107||Probably = a misplaced Dargigean in Blaeu|
|Langal||12m||1437||c. NS 0856||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Langil was split into 4 x 3m each in 1437. See below table.|
|Kilchattan||8m||1437||NS 0957/1056||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Kerrymenoch||3m||1507||NS 104566||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)||Divided into 2 x 1½m units. (Part to Finlay Makwrerdy in 1506)RHP 14107 calls it Kirrymenoch McKirdie.|
|Kerrytonlia||3m||1507||NS 1156||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Bruchag||3m||1448-9||NS 1157||Blaeu, RHP 14107||2 x 1½m from c 1506, Brochick in RHP 14107|
|Kerrylamont||5m||1507||NS 1158||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Hannah (p 62) claims this was previously Scoulag More|
|ScoulagUpper ScoulagMid Scoulag
|NS 101598||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)||See below|
|Kerrycroy||5m||1437||NS 1061||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Divided into North and South Kirrycroy in RHP 14107|
|Stravanan (now Nether)Upper Stravanan||3m||1437||NS 078572NS 081577||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)||Two parts in 1437, one of which became Kerrymenoch. The Stravanan portion also subdivided into 2 x 20s units.|
|Kerrymenoch||2m||1517||NS 076573||RHP 14107OS(1863)||Also known as Keremenoch Stewart|
|Gallachan||3m||1437||NS 0757||RHP 14107||Split into two by 1506|
|Ardnahoe||3m||1437||NS 0657||RHP 14107|
|Ambrismore||3m||1437||NS 0658||RHP 14107|
|Ambrisbeg||2½m||1448-9||NS 0659||RHP 14107||Only 1¾m in 1437, 2½m thereafter|
|Birgidale||7½m||1437||NS 0759||BlaeuRHP 14107||Two parts, each of 50s (3¾m) in 1437. Subsequently known as B. Knock and B. Crieff. B. Knock subdivided into 2 x 25s farms.B Crieff also known as (?)Birgadillovyne or Yonder Birgadill and looks also to have subdivided.|
|Barnauld||3½m||1437||NS 0760||RHP 14107||Two parts of 1¾m each from 1506|
|Kerrycrusach||3½m||1437||NS 0861||RHP 14107||Kirrychrusoch(RHP 14107)|
|Ascog||4½m||1546||NS 1062/1063||Blaeu, RHP 14107||3m ‘Ovir’, 1½m ‘Nethir’ in 1594-5, £4 together (1643, 1657, 1659), 3m Mid Ascog from 1601. Total = 7½m?|
|Total Kingarth Parish||119¾m|
|Barrone||5m||1437||NS 078639||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1863)|
|Achamor||11s1⅓d||1519||NS 0762||Part of 5m Barrone|
|Balilone||22s2⅔d||1513||NS 0863||RHP 14107||Part of 5m Barrone, Balloney (RHP 14107)|
|Glenchromag||(1¼m)||1658||c. NS 0761/0762||RHP 14107||Probably part of 5m Barrone, ‘Glenchromy’ in RHP 14107|
|Chapelton||1¼m||1657||NS 077625||RHP 14107OS(1863)||Probably part of 5m Barrone,= Blaeu’s ‘Chappelrow’ with church symbol?|
|Barmore||3m||1437||NS 0660||RHP 14107|
|Quien||2½m||1437||NS 0559||RHP 14107|
|Scalpsie||3½m||1448-9||NS 0558||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Ardscalpsie||3½m||1448-9||NS 0558||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|(Lower) Kilmory||7m||1437||NS 0459||In 1437 ‘Kylmor Inferiori’ gave 7m rent but by 1507 was subdivided into 3 parts.|
|Mecknoch||2⅓m||1507||NS 0459||Blaeu, RHP 14107||⅓ of ‘Kylmor Inferiori’|
|‘Kilmoir de Chapeltoun’||2⅓m||1507||NS 0459?||RHP 14107||⅓ of ‘Kylmor Inferiori’, Hannah (p 63) claims this is now called Little Kilmory.|
|‘Nethirkilmor’||2⅓m||1507||NS 0459?||RHP 14107||⅓ of ‘Kylmor Inferiori’, Hannah (pp 63-4) implies = Kilmory McNeill. (RHP 14107 marks ‘Kilmorry McNiel’ as middle of 3 farms). RMS IV (1731) of 1566 refers to Kilmore-Makgillespik-Makneill.|
|Meikle Kilmory||5m||1507||NS 0561||Blaeu, RHP 14107||‘Superiori'(1437), ‘Uvir'(1507), ‘Moir'(1618), 2½m in 1437 but perhaps only half? From 1507 =5m. Blaeu just gives Kilmory.|
|Kerryfearn||2½m||1507||NS 0561||RHP 14107|
|Kilwhinleck||3m||1437||NS 0562||Blaeu, RHP 14107||5½m(1507, 1632) but perhaps then containing another unit?|
|Quogach||2½m||1507||NS 0562||RHP 14107||Split in two from 1506|
|Eskechraggan||2m||1437||NS 0664||Blaeu, RHP 14107||With Glenbuy in 1669.’Glenbuie’ is at N end of Eskechraggan farm in RHP 14107.|
|Greenan||3m||1615||NS 0663||RHP 14107||From 1400 often linked with Ardmaleish|
|Blardive||2½m||1437||Appears in 1437, 1448-1450 and then disappears. I assume the name and value were incorporated into another farm.|
|Auchintirrie||3m||1437||NS 0563||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Divided into two units from 1506 (1 x 1m + 1 x 2m)|
|Ballianlay||1m||1670||NS 0462||RHP 14107||Bute Retours(70) of 1670. Hannah (p 64) argues that Ballianlay = Dunalunt McGillemichael. Certainly there is no early reference to Ballianlay. However there was also a Ballintane or Balinterie associated with Auchintirrie.|
|Ardroscadale||12m5d||1577c. 1321||NS 0362/0363/0364||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Ardroskedill(c. 1321). Split into Over and Nether (6m each) probably by 1577. Nether = Bail’ Iochdrach, Upper = Bail’ Uachdrach which is how they appear in RHP 14107|
|Dunalunt||12m||1437||NS 0461/0462NS 0463/0464||Blaeu, RHP 14107||4 x 3m(1437) – see below|
|Largievrechtan||4m||1437||NS 0464||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Cranslagvourity||3m||1507||NS 0465||RHP 14107||=Knaslagwerardy(1506)|
|Knaslak/Knerslak||9m||1506-7||Blaeu||See below. Includes the following three farms…|
|St ColmacNorth St Colmac||7½m||1577||NS 0467NS 051677||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1864-5)||Kylmacolmoc(1475)|
|Ettrick||8m||1577||NS 0367||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Drumachloy||6m||1437||NS 0367||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Looks to be split into 1 x £3 + 1 x £1 units.|
|Kildavanan||3m||1429||NS 0266||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Reference to 2 acres of in RMS II (917) 1466.|
|Scarrel||3m||1437||NS 0266||RHP 14107|
|Lenihall||1½m(½d)||1437||NS 0168||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Early spellings all confirm leth-pheighinn(½d).|
|Glecknabae||3½m||1437||NS 0068||Blaeu, RHP 14107||2 x 1¾ units from 1506|
|Lenihuline||3m(½d)||1507||NR 9969/NS 0069||Blaeu, RHP 14107||First element is leth-pheighinn(½d).|
|Glenmore||5m||1577||NS 0269||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Kilbride||6m||1577||NS 0367||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Kilmichael||5m||1437||NR 9970||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Shalunt||4m||1437||NS 0471||Blaeu, RHP 14107||In OS(1864-5) Shalunt Cottage (NS 054709) is marked as Culnashambrug Cottage.|
|Culnashambrug||2m||1437||NS 0570||Blaeu, RHP 14107||In OS(1864-5) Culnashambrug Cottage (NS 057707) is marked as Shalunt Cottage.|
|Stuck||4m||1437||NS 0670||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Into halves from 1506.The name ‘Half-stouke’ appears in 1617.|
|Ardmaleish||7½m||1613||NS 0769||Blaeu, RHP 14107||From 1400 often linked with Greenan|
|Achavoulaig||3m||1437||NS 0268||Blaeu, RHP 14107|
|Caunachrecte ‘Taunach’?Tawnich||7½m||1437||NS 029732||RHP 14107OS(1864)||4 x 25s units, one is called ‘Tourch’ in 1507.(See also 3 following farms).Tawney in RHP 14107 – farm just S of Rue, N of Balachraig|
|Rhubodach||25s||1507||NS 0273||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Also appears as Roweintrawe(1540) and Row(1560).Rue in RHP 14107.|
|Bullochreg||25s||1507||NS 037723||Blaeu, RHP 14107OS(1864)|
|Blakhous &Ballincalyie||7½m||1507||NS 0171NS 0173||BlaeuRHP 14107||Blackhouse = ‘Teydow’ in Glen More.Of old called the ‘Forrest de Bute’ RMS VII (1316) 1615.|
|Kames||12m?||1506-7||NS 0667||Blaeu, RHP 14107||See below|
|Edinbeg||3m||1662||NS 0567/0568||Included in Kames? See also below under Knaslak.|
|Edinmore||3m||1620||NS 0567||Included in Kames? See also below under Knaslak.|
|Rothesay||9m||1437||NS 0864||Blaeu, RHP 14107||See below|
|Altone/Aldtoun||3m||1437||= Lenihuline? Unknown except in rentals of 1437-1450.|
|Leninteskine||NS 058652||OS(1863)||Is this another name with the first element a contracted form of leth-pheighinn (half-penny)?|
|Total Rothesay Parish||193½m|
|Inchmarnock||7½m||1540||NS 0259||Blaeu, RHP 14107||Parish church of became Saddell Abbey’s by an exchange with Crossraguel c. 1360 (Highland Papers IV pp 142-4).|
|Total incl. Inchmarnock||320¾m|
The four parts of Langal are unnamed from 1437-1450 but from about 1500 we start to learn distinct names. There were:
‘Langillcuilclachane’ (1623) otherwise ‘Langellcorid’ (1675) now Langalchorad at NS 0956. (Blaeu’s ‘Langre choul na cachaly’).
‘Languilbenach’ (1507) now Langalbuinoch NS 0856. (Blaeu’s ‘Langrewinnag’).
‘Mid Langell’ or ‘Langell Culchay’ (1675) now Quochag NS 0856. (Blaeu’s ‘Langre choul chych’).
Probaby Culevine NS 0956. In RHP 14107 pp22-23 this appears in text and map beside the above 3 farms. 3m split into 2 x 1½m units. (Blaeu’s ‘Culeuin’).
In 1437 Kilchattan Mor was 3 x 3m units, Beg was 1 x 5m. By about 1500 they were worth 5m & 3m respectively. It is likely that the other 6m had been split off to form Kerrymenoch and Kerrytonlia since we have no evidence for these two farms before c. 1506. Other neighbouring farms like Bruchag and Langal were already in existence in the 1440s.
In 1437 Scoulag Mor was worth 5m. In 1506 Scoulag as a whole was worth 16m (OPS II, I, p 213). In 1527 these are detailed as 4m Kerenevin, 4m Keremorane, 4m Mydscowlok and 4m Nether Scowlok (OPS II, I, p 213). The latter two farms can be readily traced through official documents from 1554-1695. Blaeu shows Caramorayin as north of Karaneuen.
Dunalunt was a 12m unit (divided into 4 x 3m units) in 1437. Over time the individual units took the names of their owners and tracking them through the documents can be confusing. There were:
‘Dunallirde Makgillemichell’ (1506) – with this name from 1498. Split into 2 x 1½m from 1506. Hannah (p 64) argues this is now Ballianlay. He also claims this is the Duinawlont-Villiam of RMS V (2160) original dated 1587; (cf Dunnalintwiltoune in RMS X (403) of 1655).
‘Dunallant McCaile’ (1507), later just Ballycaul (NS 0463). Split into 1 x 1m & 1 x 2m.
‘Uvir Dunallant’ (1507) was the same as ‘Dunawlont-Bannatyne’ (1566). I think this was just known as Dunalunt after 1602 (NS 0464). This may also be the Dunalunt-Sheriff of AS II (1415) of 1668.
‘Nethir-Dunallirde’ (1506) was the same as ‘Downauld M’Murricht’ (1546) or Dunawalont-Ballecurre’ (1566), now just Ballycurrie (NS 0461/0462). Split into 2 x 1½m units from 1506.
Kames was 9m in ER X p 5 of 1487-8 and RMS II (3061) of 1506-7. We have numerous references to Kames as 3m but also as £5 in AS II (12) of 1618. AS II (360) of 1631 gives South Kames as £5. AS II (873) of 1654 gives Easter Kames as 3m. (This included Gortans and Rullecheddan). 9m seems right for Wester Kames, Edin Mor and Edinbeg since these are often named with the 9m Knaslak as a £12 or 18m estate between 1506-7 and 1672. In this case we probably need to add another 3m for Easter Kames to make a total of 12m.
Knaslak (also Knersay or Knarsay)
Knaslak often appears with Edin and Wester Kames as a £12 or 18m estate. Since the two Edins were 3m each and Wester Kames was also 3m this leaves Knaslak as 9m. However Knaslak may mean Cranslagmory (3m) and Cranslagloan (3m) with Acholter (3m) rather than Cranslagvourity.
RMS II (1214) of 1475 refers to a large estate in this part of Bute which consisted of:
Atyngerar, Ardrossigelle, Cuarfaynenbeg nuncupatas le Mais, Cuarfanen et Camys ac terras de Kylmacolmoc.
This probably refers to Edin (or part thereof), Ardroscadale, two parts of Knaslak (one called Mais), Kames and St Colmac. With the exception of Knaslak (presumably more), Kames and St Colmac, this estate also appears in RH1/2/93 of c. Feb 1321 as 5d Attygar, 5d Ardroskedill and 1d Knarsay-beg called Maasknarsay. These 11d would be worth 66m. 30m of this was Ardroscadale leaving 36m in the area of Edin and Knaslak. The 18m estate referred to above was probably half of this.
Rothesay was a royal burgh before our first Exchequer Rolls data so I am not sure if the town lands originally had a valuation of 9m or if this figure takes into account the rents from the burgh itself. The town lands are mapped in RHP 14107 pp 34-40 and seem to have included at least the following:
Rossland farm, Windyhall, Townhead, Bishops But, Cowdonish, Craigenreoch, Hillhead, Redivoil, Grenach and Orchard. OPS II, II p 832 gives the burgh boundaries in terms of the adjacent farms.
The situation with Ascog is complicated. Our earliest references (1546, 1553-4, 1564) all give £3. In 1594-5 Askog seems to be divided into £2 Over and £1 Nether. In 1601 we learn of 3m Mid Ascog whilst in 1643, 1657 & 1659 we have £4 Over & Nether Ascog. The total may have been 7½m (£5) from £2 Over, £2 Mid and £1 Nether.
Acres as units of measurement
Reference to 2 acres of Kildavanan in RMS II (917) 1466. In 1474 James III gave the sheriff of Bute an acre of land in Kilcattan with the privilege of a mill. (OPS II, I p 214). See also RMS IV (1731) of 1566 and V (1810) of 1590-1.
The Kirk Merkland of Kingarth is recorded in AS I (649) of 1675 and probably in AS II (880) of 1655. It is marked in Blaeu as ‘Marg na heglish’.
According to RSS I (3790) of 1527 the chaplainry of the chapel of St Michael within the castle of Rothesay was worth £6 (9m).
There were two mediaeval parishes in Bute – Kingarth and Rothesay. We can roughly map these since many of the constituent farms are listed in ER XII p 509 ff for 1507.
For the connection between Inchmarnock and Saddell Abbey see under Saddell, Kintyre.