Glassary Table

Estate Plan 1818 = Cumlodden Estate Plan in Mitchell Library, Glasgow, TD 219/24

Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Brenchoillie 5m 1666 NN 0102 Pont(15)Estate Plan 1818 Over (or Upper) & Nether, each 2½m
Goatfield 3m 1751 NN 0100 Pont(15)Estate Plan 1818 See below.Former Gaelic name was Gortenagour, 2¼m(1630)
Drinliath 2m 1751 NS 0099 Estate Plan 1818 2¾m with Gallanich in AS II(1458) of 1669
Gallanach ¾m 1751 NR 9799 Estate Plan 1818 Known as Gallanich Benglash (Beinn Ghlas – NR 9899) to distinguish it from Gallanach by Loch Gair.
Crarae 2½m 1626 NR 9897 Pont(15)Estate Plan 1818 By implication 2½m from 1498-9 (HP II pp 196-8).Chrarree(1412)
Inverae 2½m 1609 NR 9796 Estate Plan 1818 By implication 2½m from 1587. Inverchrad(1412)
Garvachy 2½m 1609 NR 9697/9797 Estate Plan 1818 By implication 2½m from 1587. 2m (1751)
Strone 2½m 1617 NR 9697 Roy (PC 20)Estate Plan 1818 By implication 2½m from 1498-9 (HP II pp 196-8). 2m(1751). Stronalbinach(Roy). Now Strone – always Stronalbanach in past.
(Over) Carron 1m 1638 NR 9499 See below.
Lower Carron 1m 1633 NR 9398 See below.
Auchlech 1m 1659 NR 9296 Possibly Auchalebeg of Hist MSS Comm IV No 74 (1492) & Achaileley of HP II p 191 No XL
Auchgoyle 2½m 1728 NR 978963 Pont(15)?RHP 1194/1

RHP 14644


Achageyvill (1393)
Minard 6m 1642 NR 9796 Pont(15)RHP 1194/1

RHP 14644


The 6m of Minard seems to have included the Parks, Kineachdarach or Kinuchtrich, Shuirdrim or Sheardrum (Siaradh Druim in 1865-71) and Knockbuy. In most documents these come to 6m – but 7m in DR 14/1/2, ABA(1748)
Feorlin 3m(¼d) 1661 NR 9597 Langlands(1801)Estate Plan 1818 Probably = Foerlanelochy of HP II p 191 (1492) & Foyrling Lochane of HP II pp 204 ff (1563).
Kilmichael Beg 3m 1524 NR 9593 Pont(15)RHP 1194/1

RHP 14644

Referred to as ‘beg’ (presumably to distinguish it from Kilmichael Glassary) by 1536. 5m(1728, 1751) but early references all 3m.
Tunns 2m 1698 NR 9195 Langlands(1801)RHP 1194/1

RHP 14644

2m (1698, 1751), 2½m(1728)
Knockalava 1d2½m 13151751 NR 9196 Pont(15)  See below under Knock/Cnoc na Gullaran.
Monenyernich 1d3m 13151728 c. NR 9094 Pont(15)Roy (PC 20)


See below under Knock/Cnoc na Gullaran.North bank of Water of Add (Roy).
Ardcastle 5m 1751 c. NR 9491 Pont(15)  Newfarm of 1751 AVR = Balure of Langlands (1801).Castle was at NR 929913 (Argyll VII No 136).
Gortonronach 5m 1751 NR 9392 Roy (PC 20) Gortonrannich, Banlet, Blackpart(1751)
Askol 5d 1240 NR 9291? See below for Askol/Asknish.
Knock 4m 1751 NR 921917 OS(1866) See below.
‘Derinloch’   Pont(15)Roy (PC 20)


Pont marks this as a settlement on the SW side of Loch Glashan. Roy marks it on NW side of loch. I have no valuation but it appears regularly in listings of the Maclachlan estate in Glassary.
Gallanach (Loch Gair) 1m 1751 NR 924905 Pont(15)OS(1866)
Kames 5m 1751 NR 9189/9289 Pont(15)OS(1866) Kammes ychrach (= Lower to N), Kammezochrach (= Upper to S) in Pont. Nether & Upper in 1751 (2½m each). Now East (NR 9289) & Middle (NR 9189). In 1866 West Kames is at NR 918886, Middle Kames is as today and Kames is what is now East Kames.
Carrick 5½m 1538-9 NR 9087 Pont(15)Langlands(1801)

RHP 30070/1-2

4¼m(1524, 1589), 3m(1751), 5½m(1538-9, 1552-3, 1588, 1600, 1646, 1662). Beg (1¼m) & Mor(3m) in 1524 – Beg included Glas Eilean. Sometimes called Carrikaneiff according to Duke of Argyll in HP IV p233.
Achnaba 3m 1524 NR 897872 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 30070/1-2


Achnaba appears twice on OS(1865) 6″ map – once in NR 9085, as on today’s Explorer, and once at NR 897872. The latter is the historic site, as on NLS MS 5056/1 (1831). 3m(1524, 1536, 1589, 1614); 1¾m(1538-9, 1588, 1600, 1646, 1662); 2m(1751).
‘Achalephan’ (½d) NR 895868 Langlands(1801)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 30070/1-2


‘Achalephan'(1801), Achnaleppin(1865)Includes leth-pheighinn or half-pennyland.

RHP 30070/1-2 marks Auchnalephin within bounds of Auchnaba.

Ardnaherir 3¾m 1524 NR 895858 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 30070/1-2


3¾m from 1524 until at least 1662, 2½m(1751). Included Layilane with a small island in 1524 (ie Liath Eilean and islet at north end).Ardynharre(1524), Ardnohellary(1536), Ardnahiller(Pont).
‘Craig-an-Airgiod”Silvercraigs’ ¼m 1561 NR 8984 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/3 A Maclean: Cowal p 244. ‘Craig-an-Airgiod’ in NLS MS 5056/3 of 1831. 
Castleton 3m 1751 NR 8884 Langlands(1801)NLS MS 5056/1

NLS MS 5056/4

3m ‘Kilmichael & Castltown'(1751). This is an enigma since both Kilmichaels in Glassary are listed elsewhere in AVR. Either there was a third Kilmichael or this is a mistake.See below for cross-marked stone at Castleton.
Ballimore 4m 1524 NR 8785 Langlands(1801)NLS MS 5056/1

NLS MS 5056/3

RHP 30070/1-2

4m Ballemor commonly called Achingarne in 1524 – also 4m in 1536. 3m(1538-9, 1552-3, 1558, 1588, 1600, 1646, 1662, 1751).
Lingerton 3m 1524 NR 876854 NLS MS 5056/1OS(1865) 2½m(1751)
Duncholgan 3m 1524 NR 8785/8786 RHP 30070/1-2 4m(1538-9, 1552-3 1588, 1600, 1646, 1662), 3m(1524, 1536, 1563), 2½m(1751)
Kilmory 4m1d 1593 NR 866864 Pont(15)RHP 1193/1


NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 30070/1-2

4m(1630, 1631, 1636, 1728)See below
Drum 3m1d 15111410 NR 8788 Pont(15)Langlands(1801)

NLS MS 5056/1

3m(1538-9, 1588, 1600, 1646, 1662, 1751). 5d Drummulin(1240),1d Drumtycarmak cum … Fernoch (HP IV pp 234-6 of 1410).

Drwmtykarmyk(1511), Drumtecornik(1538-9), Drumtecarmick(1662)

Fernoch 2m 1511 NR 8688 ? 2½m(1565) – GD 1/426/1/23/104
MonydrainHigh Monydrain(1866)

Low Monydrain(1866)

4m 1511 NR 8689NR 868902

NR 866893

Langlands(1801)NLS MS 5056/1


£8 (=12m) in 1519 but this probably included other properties.
Blarbuie 4m 1538-9 NR 884887 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 30070/1-2


2½m(1751)Sometimes linked with Dippin as £5 land.
Dippin (Hill) 3½m(1d) 1538-9 NR 879899 Pont(15)Langlands(1801)

NLS MS 5056/1


Separated into two sections of 3m and ½m in AS II(1062) of 1662. 3m(1738, 1751). Duppin(1866).= Dubh Pheighinn or Black Pennyland.
Auchoish 3m1d 15111410 NR 8690 Langlands(1801)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 31813/1-4

?= 5d Naheass of HP II p 122 (1240)A reference to 20s Achachois in 1576 is probably for one-half.
Achnabreck 2m1d 15631240 NR 8590 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 31812

RHP 31813/1-4

1d Akhenbreth in HP II p 121 (1240)1d Achindregni in HP IV pp 234-6 (1410)
Achnashelloch 5m 1638 NR 8491/8591 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 31812

RHP 31813/1-4

Dunamuck 5½m 1638 NR 8492 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 31812

RHP 31813/1-4

5m by implication in 1597-8, 5m(1751)
Kilchoan   1573-4 See below.
Barnakill 2m 1751 NR 8191 NLS MS 5056/1RHP 31812 With Dunadd, Kenmore & Stratharthur as 5½m in 1533, 1654 & 1833.
Dunadd 3m 1751 NR 8393 Pont(15)NLS MS 5056/1

RHP 31812

With Kenmore, Stratharthur & Barnakill as 5½m in 1533, 1654 & 1833.
Kenmore (½m) =Dalvore(NR 8294) ? – which was Dalmore in 1865Drimvore(NR 8394 – but Drumore in 1865) was probably a pendicle of Nether Rhudle. cf RHP 31814.

With Dunadd, Stratharthur & Barnakill as 5½m in 1533, 1654 & 1833. Valuation may be included in Dunadd or Barnakill by 1751.

Stratharthur   =Tayintrath(NR 8293)? or Strathmore(NR 8294)?Given in the listings of the Maclachlan estate in Glassary.

With Dunadd, Kenmore & Barnakill as 5½m in 1533, 1654 & 1833. Valuation may be included in Dunadd or Barnakill by 1751.

Craigmurrail 2m 1522 NR 8791 NLS MS 5056/1 Cragmurgile or Cragmulgile in RMS II (1219) of 1475-6.
Uillian 3m 1700 NR 8692 Pont(15)Langlands(1801) Vilich(Pont), Uleyeiffe, Ulicht, Nieland alias Ulich in HP II pp 208, 216 & 220 of 1672, Uila(1700, 1751).
Ducharnan 1½m 1667 NR 8693 Langlands(1801) 1½m(1751)
‘Auchadacherlich’ 1½m 1522 NR 871948 Pont(15)OS(1865-71) Auchadacherlich(1522), Auchety-Carlych(1540-1), Achtyherlicht (1622), Auchadaherlich(1648), Achadaharlich(1751), Achnatearlach(1865-71).
Torbhlaren 3m 1564 NR 8694 Pont(15)  4m(1471), 3m with 1m Carrane in GD 1/426/1/23/83 of 1564, 3m consistently thereafter.
Lag 3½m 1522 NR 8795 Pont(15)RHP 31805 3½m(1622, 1833), 3m(1751)
Derranerinoch 1d1m c.13151622 NR 901942 Langlands(1801)RHP 31806


1m(1730/1, 1833)Dalnernach(1801), Dailaneireanach(1865-71)
‘Dernekerd’ ½d½m 12401648 ½m called ‘Sheilling’ (1648, 1659, 1669, 1833). With Derranerinoch as 1m(1522, 1622) or 1½m(1751).
Barrachuile 3m 1619 NR 8895 Pont(15)Langlands(1801)

RHP 1194/1

RHP 14644

3m(1633, 1652, 1728), 2m(1751)
Leckuary 3m 1751 NR 8795 Pont(15)Langlands(1801) HP II pp 185-8 (1480) refers to Laichgory extending ‘annuatim’ to 40s with a half merk of the mill. (The latter also for 1492 on pp 193-4). Although ‘annually’ suggests a rental I think it may be for an assessment.
Strathmullin (¼m) 1570 NR 868953 OS(1865-71) This is presumably the mill associated with Leckuary. Genealogist (38) 1922 p 143 No 1 implies ¼m in 1570. Strathmill(1865-71).
Kirnan 4m 1659 NR 8795 Pont(15)OS(1865-71) Two Kirnans – Beg & More. Beg was 1½m in 1663.Kerchennan 5d in 1240. Kirnan today (NR 872958) was Kiarnan Beg in 1865-71. Kiarnan Mor in 1865-71 was at NR 868956.
Kilmichael Glassary 3m 1751 NR 8593 Pont(15) ‘quarter land’ (1706), 5d Kelmikhel (1240), 5d Kylmyell (1315)
Balliemore 7m 1751 NR 8593
Killinochonoch 2m 1667 NR 8395 Pont(15) 2m(1751), see below.
Over Shirvan 3m 1559 c. NR 8397 Pont(15)Langlands(1801) Grid Ref based on Langlands. Upper Shirvan 3½m(1751)
Middle Shirvan ¼m 1654 c. NR 8394 Pont(15) =Shirvan Meanach(1559), may have been more than ¼m
Shirvan Pont(15) Pont marks it S of Middle Shirvan which is S of Shirvan Over.
Rhudle 7½d  1240 NR 8494/8495 Pont(15) 5d Rudol superiori (Upper) & 2½d Rudol inferiori (Nether) in 1240.
Nether Rhudle 4m 1663 Including pendicle called Tyndrimvore(1833), = Drimvore(NR 8394) ?
Over Rhudle 3m 1621 NR 856966 OS(1865) With pendicle called Tighnabein(1719, 1733), Taunbenny(1751), Tichnabein(1833)
Cnoc na h-Eilde? 1m 1663 NR 8497 Knocknahilt(1663), Knocknahoilt(1664), see Kilbride below.
Baroile 2m 1673 NR 8495 Pont(15) 2m with Knoknacardiche(1621, 1643). (Knoknacardiche is perhaps included in the 2m valuation in other years as well).Barrell or Berwill(1673), Barrill or Barigell(1833).

See also Clan Campbell VI p 109 for 2m Barraville in 1609.

4m Barchyle in 1751 but possibly including other property.

Kilbride 1m 1621 NR 8596 Pont(15) With Knocknaheilt as 2m(1709), with half of Knockakeill as 1½m in 1751, ‘with the lands of Knocknaheilt or Upper Kilbride, now called the ½m land of Knockammill'(1730)
‘Auchagerran’ 2m 1633 NR 854977 Pont(15)OS(1865) Achayerran in OS(1865)
‘Carnaim’ 1½m 1572 NR 855982 ? Pont(15)OS(1865) With Auchagerran as 3½m(1751, 1833). OS(1865) marks field & ruins just NE of Achayerran. Chambered cairn is nearby.
Fearnoch 1½m 1667 NR 884967 Pont(15)OS(1865-71) On Explorer today it has moved to NR 875973.
‘Kenlochlean’ 1½m 1656 NR 8797/8798 = Ceann Loch Leathan
‘Lettirnamolt’ 1m 1592 NR 8798 Pont(15) Now = Leacann nam Mult? 2m(1636, 1729, 1751).With Barmolloch as 7m(1635, 1664, 1833)
Barmolloch 5m 1751 NR 8799 Pont(15)Langlands(1801) Includes Dachterachabill (AS II (559) 1636).
Socach 3m 1630 NR 8899 Pont(15)  =Sokkyth Smowdane(1563), Soccochnasmodan(1630), Soccochsmoden(1630)
Stroneskar 3m 1609 NM 8701 Pont(15)Langlands(1801) 3m(1751, 1833), 3½m(1649, 1651, 1659)
Glasvaar (4½m) 1627 NM 8801 4½m(1751, 1833); in halves at 2¼m each in 1608, 1627, 1641. Half with Arnfad in 1608.
Ederline 6½m 1503 NM 8702 Pont(15)  In a number of documents the two Ederlines and Carren are given as £5 (7½m). Ederline Beg was 3m in 1620 & 1638. In 1751 the two Ederlines and Crofts were 6m. By implication More was probably also 3m. Carren (presumably Over Carren) was probably 1m which leaves ½m unaccounted for. (The 1m of Carren is included under Carron and not here).
Garbhallt 3m 1522 NM 8902 Pont(15) With Craginewir & Tanglandlew in 1478-9.
‘Tangnaly’ 1m 1522 Tanglandlew(1478-9), with Garvalt & Craginewir. With Arenawaid(1522) or Arenavad(1622).Teangaly or Teangnaly(1622).
Creag an Iubhair ½d1m 12401522 NR 9499/9599 Langlands(1801) 2m(1751)
Kilneuair 3m 1572 NM 8803 Pont(15)Langlands(1801)
Fincharn 5d 1240 NM 9003 Pont(15)Langlands(1801) B(eg) & Moir(Pont)
Over Fincharn 4m 1620 4m(1628, 1638, 1643, 1751)
Nether Fincharn 3m 1621 3m(1622, 1628, 1638, 1643)
Ardarie 2m 1555 NM 923055 Pont(15)Langlands(1801)


Braevallich 5m 1542 NM 9507 Pont(15)? Upper & Nether (2½m each)
‘Arislokigrere’ ½m 1632 AS II (443) 1632 & (455) 1633 – New Extent
‘Penig Corthen’ 1d 1240 Part of ‘Glennane’
‘Glennane’ 5d 1240
‘Keldouenegarth’ 4d 1240
‘Barrinlayginch’ 1d 1410 =Barsloisnoch?(NR 8195)
‘Gartkarran’ 1d 1410
‘Knokrewoch’ 1d 1410
Total 233¾m



The assessments for Goatfield, Drinliath and Gallanach in 1751 come to 5¾m whereas the 3 properties together are given as only 5m in Mitchell Library TD 219/24/1/1/13 (1698) and TD 219/24/1/1/20.4 (1703).



There were two Carrons, each worth 1m, but I have treated them separately because they seem to have been linked with different estates. Wester (or Nether or Lower) Carron is linked with Torblaren in 1564, 1632, 1633, 1654 & 1669. ‘Carren’ (presumably Over Carron) was part of the £5 of Ederline from at least 1608-1703. However ‘Corran Upper’ seems to have been with the Minard estate in DR 14/1/1 (Argyll & Bute Archives) of 1728-31. To add to the confusion the OS 6″ 1st edition Sheet CL (1865-71) marks Carron three times. Carron itself is where it is marked on the Explorer today and I have assumed this to be Upper or Over Carron. Lower Carron is also where it is marked on the Explorer but there is, additionally, an Upper Carron at NR 931983 which is not marked on today’s Explorer. I do not have an answer for this but suspect this latter ‘Upper’ Carron is actually a subdivision of a former ‘Wester’ Carron.



The Campbells of Asknish built Asknish House near the site of the former Campbell of Auchenbreck mansion in the 1780s. I do not know if they simply brought the name Asknish with them or whether such a name pre-existed locally. I have found no evidence except the 1240 listing of 5d Askol which may not refer to this site.


Knock/Cnoc na Gullaran

Knock is probably Cnoc na Gullaran which is on record from 1240. The references in Highland Papers II are as follows:


tres denariatas terre de Cnocnagoloran (p 122, 1240), (ie 3d of Cnoc na Goloran)


totas istas terras subscriptas, videlicet Knocnagullaran a metis de Ardocascuffer usque ad metam Kamestronireych, unacum lacu et insula eiusdem viz. unam denariatam terre de Derranerinoch et unam denariatam terre de Knoc alwe et unam mangnam [sic] denariatam terre de Monenyernich et totam terram de ….. (p 133, c. 1315)

(all those lands underwritten viz Cnoc na Gullaran from the boundaries of Ardocascuffer to the boundary with Kamestronireych along with the loch and its island viz 1d of Derranerinoch and 1d of Knoc alwe and one great pennyland of Monenyernich and the whole land of ….).


OPS II, I, p 45 quotes the latter charter with the spellings Ardocastuff and Kamestronireyth. The first name suggests Ardcastle which now only survives in Ardcastle Wood (NR 9491) but which was, in 1751, the 5m farm on the peninsula to the east of Loch Gair and facing Knock across the bay. Kamestronireych is presumably for something like Camus + Sron + Reoch which now takes the forms of East Kames and Middle Kames which are immediately south of Knock. Essentially Knocnagullaran is being defined as the farm between the other two farms of Ardcastle and Kames. However there is a slight ambiguity about how we should interpret the Latin. Is it the case that the 3d of Knocnagullaran should be considered as separate to the 3d then listed as the farms of Derranerinoch, Knoc alwe and Monenyernich? Or should we regard these latter three pennylands as being the constituent units of an estate called Knocnagullaran? 3d was a substantial holding and equivalent to 12 merklands under the Scottish reckoning for Glassary.


If we look at the later valuations for Derranerinoch, Knoc alwe and Monenyernich can we work backwards?

Darrenaneranach was worth 1m in AS II (130) of 1622 and was connected to the Lag estate. Langlands marks Dalnernach on the South side of the River Add between Lag and Craigans (c. NR 8894/8895/8994). It was sometimes linked with Dirrenacardach as 1m but in 1751 as 1½m. Knoc alwe is now Knockalava (NR 9196) and was worth 2½m in 1751. Monenyernich was 3m in 1728 and 1751 and appears in RHP 1194/1 and RHP 14644 as Moninernoch. It is marked by Langlands(1801) as Monarnich at c. NR 8994/9094. It lay on the northern bank of the River Add, upstream of Barrachuile. These three farms total 6½m and it is only if we add in Knock itself at 4m that we approach a total of 12m.


What about the loch and the island?

Argyll Vol VI No 354 records a crannog on Loch Glashan while No 355 records a possible crannog on Loch Loran. However Loch Loran is probably too small and insignificant by comparison with Loch Glashan. A more likely site is the ‘Island Settlement’ on Loch Glashan, described in Argyll Vol VII No 146, where excavations have yielded two fourteenth-century coins. (Loch Glashan has now been dammed and the water-level raised significantly). That said, it is worth noting that Loch Loran was spelt Loch Luran in 1866 and the name looks similar to the last element in Cnocnagoloran (1240) or Knocnagullaran (c. 1315). Knock has also moved since 1866. Then it was marked at NR 921917 which is nearer Loch Glashan. Now it appears on the Explorer map at NR 921903 – which in 1866 was ‘Scotston’.


Taking all the evidence together it seems likely that the whole 3d estate was called Knocnagullaran but this included distinct units at Derranerinoch, Knoc alwe and Monenyernich. The three pennylands seem to have stretched inland from the present Knock, running roughly NNW towards the River Add and including most or all of Loch Glashan.



Kilmory is an important site, both as an ecclesiastical centre and because we have early valuations which help establish the pennyland to merkland ratio in Glassary. Our earliest documents are found in the Register of Paisley Abbey which record the gift (in the period 1226-1250) of

illam nummatam terre de Kilmor que jacet super Louchgilp, cum capella Sancte Marie in eadem terra fundata

ie that pennyland of Kilmor which lies above Loch Gilp, with the chapel to Saint Mary established on that land (Paisley Register p 132 & further references on pp 133 & 138 for 1270, pp139-40 for 1268, p 146 for 1362, p 309 for 1469). See also Argyll Vol VII No 77 & footnotes on p 546.


We should treat the supposed dedication with some caution. Dedications to St Mary often turn out to have been to St Maelrubha instead and the variety of spellings in early documents only add to the confusion. We have Kilmor (1226-1250), Kilmorre (1410), Kilmorich (1593, 1630), Kilmorie (1594-5, 1631, 1636), Kilmorry (1751) and Kilmory today. The name Kilmorich also suggests Kilmorich, Loch Fyne, as a possible parallel. Nevertheless, whatever the dedication, it is clearly established that Kilmory was 1d or 4 merklands. The estate was mapped by Hugh Brown in RHP 1193/1 of May 1816. One of the boundaries is also mentioned in a charter of 1410 printed in Highland Papers IV p 235.



Kilchoan is problematic. It appears regularly in the Maclachlan documents as part of their estate in Glassary. It is listed between Dunamuck and Achnashelloch in the sequence of properties. One interpretation is simply to say that this is the Kilchoan in Ardskeodnish (NR 8096) which for some reason belonged to the Maclachlans. We can support this by arguing that Glassary was more extensive in former times (it included Glennan and possibly Barsloisnoch). In addition our earliest documents from the Duntroon estate in Ardskeodnish date from 1422 and 1466 and both specifically exclude the 1d Kilchoan. Was this because it already belonged to the MacLachlans? By 1609 Kilchoan definitely belonged to the Campbells of Duntroon but a Kilchoan is still being listed as part of the Maclachan estate.


There is however an alternative explanation which is to regard it as a lost place-name. The evidence here is circumstantial but significant. If we look at the sequence of Maclachlan properties the implication is that Kilchoan was near Dunadd, Barnakill, Dunamuck and Achnashelloch which all lie between the River Add and the Crinan Canal. This is at the very heart of the old Dalriadic kingdom and we should not be surprised to find a ritual site nearby. (It is also significant that the new owners were a family of Norse descent). Kilmichael is north of the River Add while Kilmory, Lochgilphead, is some distance to the SE. To travel to Kilchoan, Ardskeodnish, would have meant crossing the Moine Mhor and then the River Add. The only place-name here which indicates the presence of a former church-site is Barnakill, the barr or hillock of the church. (This refers to the higher ground on the SE side of the Moine Mhor or Big Moss which lies between it and the River Add. The element barr is very common in place-names in Knapdale which is immediately south of Barnakill).


Now Barnakill has produced two Early Christian cross-carvings, one on a rock outcrop (Argyll VII No 14), the other on a free-standing slab (Argyll VII No 13). The latter is of the first importance since it is inscribed. Its original location is uncertain but in the first quarter of the twentieth century it may have been situated in the (probable) hut-circle at Barnakill which is described in Argyll VI No 348 at NR 824919. Was there a Kilchoan somewhere nearby?


Against this one might argue that there is unlikely to have been another Kilchoan so close to the one in Ardskeodnish – but then there are two Kilmichaels in Glassary only some 10 kilometres apart. The only other place-name which even sounds relevant is Glac a’ Connaidh at NR 827910.



H Campbell (Genealogist Vol 38 1922 p 72 No 6) refers to a charter of the mill called Mullin-Shirvan on Maclachlan’s lands of Calzenuchane and the three-quarter lands of Mid-Shirvan called Baronacht which belonged by ancient custom to the said mill (1559-60). AS II (825) of 1654 gives the value of Baronacht as 3s 4d (¼m). Killinochonoch is unlikely to be a kill-name. It is spelled Calzenuchane in 1559-60 and is more likely to include coille (wood).


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