South Kintyre

Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Kilkivan parish  
Trodigal 2m 1674 NR 6520 2m(1678, 1751). Kilchevan parish(1678). See under Machrihanish estate in North Kintyre.
Ballygrogan 4m 1481 NR 6219 BlaeuDR 4/9/93 With Cragaig as 4m from 1481-1751. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Cragaig   NR 6118 DR 4/9/19 With Ballygrogan as 4m from 1481-1751. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Lossit 4m 1562 NR 6320 Blaeu With Glenahanty as 5m from 1481. Kilkivan parish(1642, 1678).
Glenahanty 1m 1562 NR 6314 With Lossit as 5m from 1481. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Knockhanty More 4m 1506 NR 6420 Blaeu See below. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Killypole ⅝m 1678 NR 6417 Ex Saddell. See below. Not to be confused with Killypole (Calliburn) in North Kintyre. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Knockhanty Beg 2m 1556 NR 6420 Blaeu Ex Saddell. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Kilkivan 2m 1675 NR 6520 DR 3/3/23DR 3/3/25 Kilquhowane(1541). Kilkivan parish(1642, 1675). See below.
Inanbeg ⅝m 1678 NR 6016 Roy(PC 53)Langlands(1801) Kilkivan parish(1678, 1692). N side of burn in Roy & Langlands.⅔m(1751) – the AVR used to render 8s 4d (⅝m) as ⅔m.
Innanmore 1m 1678 NR 6016 Roy(PC 53)Langlands(1801) Kilkivan parish(1678, 1692). S side of burn in Roy & Langlands.See ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Southend’ pp 22-23 for discussion of meaning of ‘innean’ and Kintyre examples.
Drumlemble 2m 1562 NR 6619 Blaeu See below. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Dalivaddy   NR 6719 DR 4/9/92 Kilkivan parish(1779, 1792). See below under Drumlemble and also under Ballygreggan.
Lochorodale 2m 1562 NR 659160 DR 4/9/104/17OS(1866) See below with Drumlemble. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Tirfergus (High/Low) 4m 1562 NR 6518/6618 Blaeu See below. Kilkivan parish(1678).
Largybaan 1m 1562 NR 6114 Usually with Tirfergus – for which see below.Kilkivan parish(1678, 1692).
Kilwhipnach 2m 1502-5 NR 6716 BlaeuDR 4/9/47 Kilkowbenach(1502-5), Kilchumack(Blaeu), Kilkivan parish(1678).
Glecknahavill 3m 1502-5 NR 667155 Langlands(1793)DR 4/9/32


Glaknahawle(1502-5). 3m consistently (1502-1751) except 4m(1562) which is probably an error. Kilkivan parish(1678). ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 25 says name later changed to Lochorodale.
Gartnacopaig ⅝m 1502-5 NR 6214 Blaeu 8s 4d(1502-5, 1541, 1605, 1607). 8s(1562-1583/4) which is an abbreviation and 8s 8d in 1596 which is a mistake. ½m(1675). This was part of St Ninian’s lands (possibly a late addition?) and usually linked with Macharioch. Kilkivan parish(1675).
Achequhork/Oatfield 2m 1562 NR 6817 Blaeu In Kilchevan parish(1678). Part of Uigle estate.
Glenrea/Glenrae 2m 1562 NR 657134 DR 4/9/35OS(1866) 1⅓m(1751) 4m with Auchnacorvie in Kilchevan parish(1678).RMS II (1485) of 1481 gives 2m Glenvey which is possibly this.

See under Killeonan estate.

Ballygreggan 2m 1562 NR 6619 DR 4/9/92 In Kilchevan parish(1678). 1½m Baligregan & Daligusan(1751). See under Killeonan estate. See below.
Daligusan   NR 634205 1½m with Baligregan(1751). Kilkivan parish(1779, 1792). Dalaguisan in ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 19.
Stra(or Strath or Straw) 2m 1562 NR 6819 BlaeuDR 4/9/98

DR 4/9/112

The two Stras in 1562 & 1583-4. See under Killeonan estate.Little Strath is N of Strath in DR 4/9/112. ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 12 says Bleachfield (NR 681207) was formerly Little Strath or (p 43) Stra Ichtrach (Lower Strath).

See below.

Balloch 2m 1562 NR 6718 DR 4/9/97 Beallach(1562). In Kilchevan parish(1678). See under Killeonan estate.
Achnaslishaig 1m 1541 NR 645136 BlaeuDR 4/9/85


In Kilchevan parish(1678). Part of Uigle estate.
Lecknacreive (⅝m) 1751 NR 651137 DR 4/9/9OS(1866) ⅔m in 1751 which tends to mean 8s 4d or ⅝m. In DR 4/9/9 it isE of Auchnaslishaig, NW of Glenrae, W of Glecknahavill
Auchencorvie 2m 1562 NR 6716/6717 DR 4/9/83-4DR 4/9/100 See under Ballenatoyn.4m with Glenrea in Kilchevan parish(1678).
Lagnacraig 1m 1481 NR 671163 Langlands(1793)DR 4/9/54


Kilchevan parish 1678. Part of Achnaclach estate. See under Homestone in ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 27. ABA DR4/9/54 shows Lagnacraig distinct from Homeston in 1838.
Uigle 2m 1609 NR 6916 2m Wagill(1609) – McKerral p 25. See below. 2½m Wigilles & Ochterane(1658). Kilkivan parish(1642).
Garvachy 1m 1751 NR 687167 OS(1866) = Nether Wigill says 1678 rental – in Kilcheran parish. See below under Uigle. ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 25 says now at NR 686169, formerly at NR 687165.
Keynethane & Hening 3m 1481 Cannot be Kennochan because that is in same list.Hening = Innean? Context suggests Tirfergus area?
Total Kilkivan 52½m
Kilkerran parish  
Killeonan 4m 1562-3 NR 690184 BlaeuDR 4/9/42-44 See below. Kilcheran parish(1678).
Kilchrist 2m 1658 NR 6917 DR 3/3/20-1 4m with Chiskan in 1562 & 1583-4. With Achleran as 2½m in Kilcheran parish(1678). 16s (probably 1¼m) in 1751.
Knocknaha   NR 6817 DR 3/3/20 = Ochtoran (qv)?
Ochtoran ½m(1m) 1751 NR 6817 Ochtoraan with Wigill in ER(1502-41). With Wigilles as 2½m in 1658. Ochtoran was also associated with Knockreochmor (qv). In AVR (1751) there is reference to ½m Knocknahaw or Octoran. (See Knocknaha above). Possibly 2 x ½m units?
Chiskan 2m 1678 NR 6718/6818 Kilcheran parish(1678). 2m(1736). With Strau as 3m in 1751.
Ballimenach 1m 1562-3 NR 7518 DR 4/9/88 2m(1562), 1⅝m(1751).
Kilbride (1m) 1678 2m with Keynochan(1678) – which I suspect it was close to.See below under Uigle which may now occupy the site.
Kynachan/Cuinahan (1m) 1678 c. NR 697166 MS 33632ALanglands(1793) MS 33632A marks Cuinahan just east of Uigle. With Kilbride as 2m in 1678. S side of Chiskan Water.
Cullan Doon 8s 1751 NR 6917 Langlands(1793) Probably for 8s 4d or ⅝m.
Laggs 1m 1751 NR 6816 DR 4/9/53 Different parish to Garvachie in 1751. Kilkerran parish(1779).
Knockrioch Mor 4m 1562 NR 6920/7019 Blaeu 4½m(1658), 2¼m(1751). Following Blaeu then Low = Mor, High = Beg. Kilcheran parish(1678). See below.
Knockrioch Beg 3m 1562 NR 6920/7019 Blaeu Kilcheran parish(1678). See below.
Tomaig ½m 1751 NR 7019/7119NR 7118
Tonrioch 2¼m 1751 NR 6919 DR 4/9/107 Knockrioch Mor & Beg = 7m in 1562. Knockrioch Mor, Beg & Tonriach = 7m in 1751 so I think Tonrioch was a subdivision.
Dalrioch   NR 6918/7018 DR 4/9/7
Arinascavach 1m 1562 NR 7213 With Ellarg (see Ellerig below) as 2m in 1499 & 1601. With Knockrioch Beg & Allt na Boine Duibhe as 4½m(1502-6) or 4m (1541, 1596, 1605). 2½m with Knockriochmore in Kilcheran parish(1678). 1m(1751 AVR p 42).
Kinloch/Lochhead 3m 1545 NR 7120/7220 Blaeu Kilcheran parish(1678). See below.
Kilmoir 1m 1545 ? NR 7219 = Kilkerran? (the big church?)
Kilkerran 1½m 1751 NR 7219 Blaeu 1m Kilcheran parish(1678). 1m Kilkerran, ½m Little Kilkerran (1751).
Crossall (= Crosshill) 3m 1545 NR 7119 DR 4/9/21 3m Crosshill & Whitehill(1751). Kilcheran parish(1678).
Kauchag 1m 1545 1m Cautage(1558). See below under Kinloch.= Cantaig in Kilblaan parish (qv)?
Knockbay 1m 1545 NR 7219 DR 4/9/121 1m Knokbay(1558). I have no further valuations but it is marked as a farm neighbouring Crosshill in DR 4/9/21.
Mye (= Moy)North Moy

South Moy

2m 1545 NR 7020NR 701208

NR 699206

DR 3/3/5DR 4/9/111-12


Kilcheran parish(1678). 2m(1658, 1678, 1751)
Harrenarroch(=Arinarach) 1m 1545 NR 7316 DR 4/9/80 1m(1558, 1658, 1678, 1751).With Ellerich (Ellerig) as 2m in 1481. Kilcheran parish(1678).
Kildalloig 1m 1562 NR 7518 See below.
Knokquhyrk 1m 1562 See below under Kildalloig.
Achinhoan 2m 1562 NR 7616 DR 4/9/81 2m(1583-4, 1597, 1751). Kilcheran parish(1678).
Molmartin (½m) 1636 Neighbouring Kildalloig? See below under Kildalloig.
Ballenatoyn 2m 1562 NR 763161 BlaeuLanglands(1793)

DR 4/9/88


2m (1658, 1678, 1751). Kilcheran parish(1678).Ballinatunie(1866).
Balnabraid 2m 1481 NR 753158 OS(1866) 2m(1562, 1658, 1678, 1751). Kilcheran parish(1678).
Achnaclach 2m 1481 NR 6915 DR 4/9/82 Achinnaglak(1505). Kilcheran parish(1678). See below.
Glenramskill Mor 2m 1507 NR 7318/7319 BlaeuDR 3/3/18 Glen Ramskel(Blaeu). Part of Achnaclach estate. Kilcheran parish(1678). 1½m in 1751 but ½m had been separated for the minister in 1678.
Glenramskill Beg 1m 1505 NR 7318/7319 DR 3/3/18 To south of Mor on DR 3/3/18. Not part of Achnaclach estate.Kilcheran parish(1678). Church lands. See below.
Killellan 2m 1499 NR 681158 BlaeuOS(1866) Kilcheran parish(1678). See below.
Pennygown 2m 1499 NR 6914 Kilcheran parish(1678).
Island Davaar ½m 1556 NR 7520/7620 Blaeu Ex Saddell. ½m in Kilcheran parish(1678).
Total Kilkerran parish 48½m
Kilblaan Parish  
Glen Muril 1m 1562 NR 7514 DR 4/9/34 Kilblaan parish(1678).
Allt na Boine Duibhe ½m 1678 c. NR 7213 Langlands(1793)DR 4/9/39 Kilblaan parish(1678).
Cantaig 1m 1678 c. NR 7412/7513 DR 4/9/78DR 4/9/105 =Kauchag (part of Kinloch estate)? Kilblaan parish(1678).Cantuig is with Socach in DR 4/9/78.
Kildavie 5m 1481 NR 7210 BlaeuDR 4/9/49 Kilblaan parish(1678). Often with Glenmucklach as 7m. East & West Kildavie in OS(1866). See below.
Glenmucklach 2m 1481 NR 7012 DR 4/9/33 Kilblaan parish(1678). Often with Kildavie as 7m.
Glennie   NR 732121 DR 4/9/72OS(1866) Auchagleen (Achaglinne) in DR 4/9/72. Between Kildavie, Kerran More and Erradil so probably included in one of their assessments.
Polliwilline 5m 1481 NR 7310 BlaeuDR 4/9/61-63 The element ‘willine’ is from Gaelic muileann (mill).Kilblaan parish(1678).
Gartnagerach 1m 1481 NR 7410 BlaeuDR 4/9/104/3


Ack na Gherach (Blaeu). 1m(1481-1751). In OS CCLXIII Gartnagerach is marked at what is now Glenehervie in NR 7410.Kilblaan parish(1678).
Errodil 1m 1481 c. NR 7412 DR 4/9/104/5 Kilblaan parish(1678). With Lonachan as 1½m in 1751.
Socach 1m 1481 NR 7412/7413 DR 4/9/78DR 4/9/106 Kilblaan parish(1678).
Glenehervie(Sheanachie) 3m 1481 NR 752124 DR 4/9/77 Kilblaan parish(1678). A Martin (Kintyre Magazine No 40 p 27) states that ‘Sheanachie’ was Old Glenahervie.
Feochaig 2m 1481 NR 7613 BlaeuDR 4/9/27-8 Described as Kilcolmkill parish (1678, 1779, 1792) – but I think because part of Machremore estate (qv).
Corphin 1½m 1481 NR 769147 DR 4/9/17OS(1866) Apart from the 1481 reference (which is the earliest) Corphein is always paired with Barfarn as 2m. Kilblaan parish(1678).
Barfarn ½m 1481 NR 7515/7615 After 1481 Barfarn is always with Corphein as 2m. Kilblaan parish(1678).
Kilblaan 2m 1502-5 NR 7009 BlaeuRHP 7176

DR 4/9/40

Kilblaan parish(1678)
½m of Kilblaan’s ½m 1505 An additional, unnamed, ½m was mortified to the church of Kilblaan according to the Exchequer Rolls.
Dachnaachlysk 2m 1596 Dachnaachlysk(1502-5), Dachnaauchlisk(1506), Dalna-auchlesk (1541), Dalnahelklisk(1543). 4m Dalnaheccleis in 1562.  (= Dal + article + Eaglais?). 4m with Crislach & Kilcattane from 1502-43 & 1605. Probably = Dalmore. (See also Kintyre Magazine No 13 p 3). Kilblaan parish(1678)? See below.
Dalmore 1½m 1751 NR 6910 DR 4/9/26 With Kilchattan & Christlach this makes 4m in 1751. Kilblaan parish(1779). = Dachnaachlysk?
Kilchattan 1m 1596 NR 7111 BlaeuDR 4/9/104/7 Kilblaan parish(1678)? 1m(1751). Kilblaan parish(1779).2m with Christlach(1545, 1558). ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Southend’ p 23 locates steading at NR 708119.
Christlach 1m 1596 NR 7011 DR 4/9/12 2m with Kilchattan(1545 & 1558). 4m Cristolach in Kilblaan parish(1678) – probably incl. Dalmore & Kilchattan. 1½m(1751)
Kerranbeg 1m 1481 NR 7112 DR 4/9/38 Kilblaan parish(1678). See also below under Machremore.
Kerran Mor 1½m 1502-5 NR 7112/7113 BlaeuDR 4/9/39 Chyran(Blaeu). Kilblaan parish(1678).
GartloskanLaigh Gartloskan

High Gartloskan

2m 1499 NR 695133

NR 697139

DR 4/9/104/8OS(1866)


2m(1499-1660), 2½m(1751). Kilblaan parish(1678).Not to be confused with 2 x Gartloskan with Cattadale.
Ellerig (1m) 1481 c. NR 7014 Langlands(1793)DR 4/9/50 2m with Arenarroch (Arinarach) in RMS II(1485) of 1481. 2m with Arinascavach(1499 & 1601). 4m with Gartloskan in Kilblaan parish(1678). 1m (1751 AVR p 46)
Cnoc na Greine 1m 1751 NR 716137 DR 4/9/50OS(1866) Knocknagrein(1751). Knocknagrain in DR 4/9/50 of 1837. This farm is sandwiched between Ellerig & Arinascavach and was presumably reckoned as part of one of them before 1751. Kilblaan parish(1779).
Dalbuie 1m 1751 NR 6913 DR 4/9/25 Between Pennygown & High Gartloiskin(1836). Kilblaan parish(1779).
Teirdonyl 1m 1507 2m(1481) but I think probably then included another property. 1m in 1507, 1562-1583/4. Tir-name. Part of Achnaclach estate.= Inishroil? (qv). See Place-Names of the Parish of Southend p 33 for local belief that it was an old name for half of Ballybrenan.
Dunglass 2m 1507 NR 7009 Part of Achnaclach estate. Kilblaan parish(1678). With Inishreol as 2m in 1751.
Inishroil NR 698085 Inchnarroyll(1678) & Inchreill(1685) in Kilblaan parish.Inishreol with Dunglass as 2m in 1751. = Teirdonyl? (qv). See  ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Southend’ p 23 < Innis Raonuill.
Lonachan (½m) 1481 Kilblaan parish(1678). See below.
Sub-total 40m
St Ninian’s lands DR 4/9/109 See below.
Macharioch (5⅜m) 1584 NR 7309 Blaeu 6m almost certainly included the shieling of Gartnacopaig.
Gartnacopaig ⅝m 1502-5 NR 6214 Blaeu Included with Macharioch above but value stated earlier in this table. ½m in Kilchevan parish(1675) – all other references are ⅝m.
Blasthill (3m) 1584 NR 7108/7109 Blasthill is consistently 5m with Eden from 1584 but I have no early references. 3½m(1751)
Eden 2m 1481 NR 7110 DR 4/9/109 Edyne(1481), Hedeyne(1545). Eden is an independent 2m from 1481-1558 but after 1584 is always with Blasthill as 5m. This and DR 4/9/109 make it look like a late addition to St Ninian estate.See below and also under Machremore.
Cnoc Morain 1½m 1584 NR 723085 BlaeuOS(1866) Knokmorrill(1609), Knockmorran(1751)
Kilmanshennachan 1½m 1584 NR 7107 Blaeu Kilmosenchane(1609)
Pendlachna 1m 1584 c. NR 720080 Roy(PC 53)Langlands(1793) 1½m(1614). For some reason both Pendlachna & Pennyseorach increase by ½m in value from 1614.
Pennyseorach 1m 1584 NR 7107 1½m(1614). See also under Pendlachna.
Aucharua 1½m 1584 NR 7008 Blaeu
Sanda 1½m 1584 NR 7204 etc Blaeu
Coulrachane ½m 1669 Probably Cuildrain in NR 7208. A farm in DR 4/9/109 of 1806.
Sub-total 18⅜m
Total Kilblaan parish 58⅜m
Kilcolmkill parish  
Machremore 4m 1481 NR 6809/6909 Blaeu Kilcolmkill parish (1678). See below.
Machribeg 2m 1502-5 NR 6808 Blaeu Kilcolmkill parish(1678). Not part of Machremore estate.
Glen Remuil 2m 1481 NR 6312 DR 4/9/64DR 4/9/104/6 Kilcolmkill parish (1678). See below under Machremore.2 Remuils from 1481 – Upper & Lower.
Machri Castle ⅝m 1502-5 NR 6807 Kilcolmkill parish (1678). ‘The Place-Names of the Parish of Southend’ p 26 locates it at NR 686080.
Carskiey 2m 1545 NR 6507/6508 BlaeuDR 3/3/7 Kilcolmkill parish(1678).See below.
Lephinbeg ⅝m½d 1502-5 c. NR 658077 Langlands(1793) Possibly Blaeu’s ‘Lefanosbea’? Kilcolmkill parish(1678).First element in name is leth-pheighinn (half-penny). Grid Ref from ‘The Place-Names of the Parish of Southend’ p 25.
Low Glenadale 1½m 1545 NR 6411 DR 4/9/31? Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
High Glenadale 1m 1507 NR 6211 DR 4/9/31? Kilcolmkill parish(1678). 1m Glennadull Wochtrath (=Upper) was part of 12m Achnaclach estate in RSS I (1549) of 1507.
Achinsavill 1m 1545 NR 6508? Langlands(1793) Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Lailt (1m) NR 6509 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See below and also under Lephenstrath.
Innean Beithe (½m) 1751 NR 5912 Langlands(1793) Inenbea(1793). Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Feorlan ½m¼d 1545 NR 6307 DR 3/3/7 I only have valuations for 1545 & 1558 although it was always a distinct part of Carskiey farm. <feoirling (farthing).See DR 3/3/7 of 1829.
Carrine 3m 1545 NR 6609/6709 DR 4/9/103 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). What was South Carrine in 1866 is now called Druma Voulin (Pathfinder).
Glenmanuilt 1m 1545 NR 6407 DR 4/9/117 Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Borgadale More 2m 1545 NR 6206/6306 Langlands(1793) Kilcolmkill parish(1678). To East of Borgadale Water.
Borgadale Beg 1m 1678 NR 6206 Langlands(1793) Kilcolmkill parish(1678). 1m(1751). I have no early references to this farm. To West of Borgadale Water
Keramenach 1m 1502-5 NR 6309 Langlands(1793) With Muckloch as 2m in 1541, 1596 & 1605. With Gartavaich as 2m in 1678 and Gartvay as 2m in 1751. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Muckloch 1m 1502-5 NR 646095 Langlands(1793)OS(1866) With Keramenach as 2m in 1541, 1596 & 1605. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Strone 1m 1507 NR 6210 Blaeu Part of Achnaclach estate.With Ballemacumbray as 2m in Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Mull 4m 1502-5 Blaeu See below.
Balmavicar ⅝m 1678 NR 5909 BlaeuLanglands(1793) Kilcolmkill parish(1678). Part of the Mull above.
Ballemakillechonnell ⅝m 1678 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). Part of the Mull above.
Ballemacumbray 1m 1751 NR 6006 BlaeuLanglands(1793) Mackumbra(Blaeu), Balimontgomery(1751). With Strone as 2m in Kilcolmkill parish(1678). Part of the Mull above.
Enandownane(= Innean Dunan) ⅝m 1678 NR 595115 Langlands(1793)OS(1866) Kilcolmkill parish(1678). ⅔m Indedownan(1751). Part of the Mull above?
Corrylach   NR 646127 DR 4/9/16OS(1866) Corrylach lay on the N side of Glen Breackerie, above Culinlongart. I assume it was a late subdivision of one of the neighbouring farms. Kilcolmkill parish(1779).
Culinlongart 4⅝m 1502-5 NR 6511 DR 4/9/24 With Ballivianan & Dalcrownach from 1502.Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See below.
High BalliviananLow Ballivianan NR 658111NR 660108 Langlands(1793)DR 4/9/91


With Culinlongart & Dalcrownach from 1502.Kilcolmkill parish(1678)? Kilcolmkill parish(1779).
Dalcrownach Blaeu With Culinlongart & Ballivianan from 1502. Dalalonohirt(Blaeu) – which is perhaps a conflation of Culinlongart & Dalcrownach. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Gartvaigh 1m 1502-5 NR 6708 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See below.
GartvainUpper Gartvain

Laigh Gartvain





NR 681098

NR 675091

DR 4/9/30OS(1866)


Part of 8m Cattadale (qv). Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Glak 1½m 1502-5 Often paired with Leth-pheighinn Cawferray as 2m. With Kilcolmkill & Machriechastell as 3⅝m in Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Lepeyn Cawferay ½m½d 1502-5 NR 673097 DR 4/9/101OS(1866) Given as 8s in 1562-3, 1564 & 1583-4. With Cattedillmore as 1m 8s 4d in Kilcolmkill parish(1678 rental). Lephingaver(1866).
Lephencorrach?   c. NR 670093 ‘The Place-Names of the Parish of Southend’ p 25 gives this separately to Lephengaver (Lepeyn Cawferay) but I know of no early references.
Lephenstrath (1½m)½d 1502-5 NR 6608 Usually with half of Lailt (ie ½m) so itself 1½m. In the 1678 rental it is stated that it was formerly a 2m unit but ‘spoild by the water’.
Cattadale 2m 1562-3 NR 6709/6710 BlaeuDR 4/9/101 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See below.
Dalbhradden (1m) 1678 NR 6810 DR 4/9/2 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See E Marrison in Kintyre Magazine No 55 p 4 for possible etymology.
Keprigan 1m 1678 NR 6910 DR 4/9/76 Part of 8m Cattadale. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Brecklate 1½m 1562-3 NR 6911/6912 DR 4/9/99 Part of 8m Cattadale. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Gartloskin 1½m 1678 Part of 8m Cattadale. Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See below.
Gartloskin 1m 1481 See below.
Brunerican estate 4½m 1481 See below.
Brunerican 2m 1678 NR 6908 BlaeuDR 4/9/102 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See below.
Amod NR 6412 BlaeuDR 4/9/75 1½m with Dalsmerran in 1751. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).Part of Brunerican estate.
Drumanreannach 1m 1751 c. NR 6609 DR 4/9/79 DR 4/9/79 shows it between the farms of Lailt, Lephenstrath and Achinsaul. Part of Brunerican estate. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).See Kintyre Magazine No 28 pp 10-11.
Dalsmirren ⅜m 1545 NR 6413 DR 4/9/64DR 4/9/104/6 Dalsmirren & Lagnadaf were together 5s or ⅜m in 1545 & 1558.Part of Brunerican estate. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Lagnadaff With Dalsmirren above as 5s in 1545 & 1558. Part of Brunerican estate. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Innean Coig Cailleiche NR 5912 Part of Brunerican estate. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Pubbill or Pubill (½m) 1505 Always with Invergye or similar but part of Tirfergus estate(1502-6). See below.Kilcolmkill parish(1678) – but this might just refer to Inangey.
Innean Gaothach (⅜m) 1751 NR 5913 Blaeu Almost always with Pubbill. ⅜m in 1751 would be 5s whereas together they were 5s 10d (correctly 6s 8d?). Iningergye(1505), Inyngye(1506), Inning naghu(Blaeu), Ingeigh was 5s 10d in 1691, Inengoy(1751). Kilcolmkill parish(1678, 1691).
Kerrafuar 1m 1481 NR 681146 Langlands(1793)DR 4/9/37


Kerowsoyre(1481). Quereffour(1507). Part of Achnaclach estate.First element < ceathramh or quarter. With Ballemeanach & Ballevranane as 3m in Kilcolmkill parish (1678). (It seems more likely that Ballemeanach is here an alternative for Keremeanach then the Ballemenach at NR 7518).
Homeston   NR 6715 DR 4/9/36 Homeston is a modern name and I wonder if this is what replaced Kerremeanach/Ballemeanach? However it is recorded in Kilkivan parish in 1779 & 1792 whereas Ballemeanach was in Kilcolmkill parish in 1678. ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 27 links it with Lagnacraig though they were distinct until 1838.
Kerremeanach (1m) 1502-5 First element < ceathramh or quarter. It is listed as part of the Achnaclach estate from 1502-6, 1521-8 & 1541. In 1507 its place is taken by Gartnalarg. If = Ballemeanach then with Keirfuar & Ballevrenane as 3m in Kilcolmkill parish(1678). See Place-Names of the Parish of Southend p 33 (under Teirdonald) for local belief that it was an old name for half of Ballybrenan.
Ballybrennan 1m 1562 NR 6813/6814 BlaeuMS 33632A

DR 4/9/104/2

1m(1562-1583/4). With Ballemeanach and Keirfuar as 3m in Kilcolmkill parish(1678). 2m(1751) but perhaps now including Kerremeanach. Although it looks as if Ballybrennan was an alternative name for part of the Achnaclach estate it is difficult to marry up the data. See also Teirdonyl.
Ormsary 1m 1556 NR 6610 BlaeuDR 4/9/57 Saddell Abbey’s. Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Saddell Abbey’s 3m 1505 Ormsary(1m), Knockhanty beg(2m) Killypole(⅝m), Island Davaar(½m) = 4⅛m?
Kilcolmkill 1½m 1505 NR 6707 Blaeu Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
KillervanNorth Kilirvan

South Kilirvan

2m 1597 NR 691129

NR 689123

DR 4/9/104/10(N)DR 4/9/104/1(S)


3m(1562-1583/4). 2m Kilcolmkill parish(1678). 2m(1751).As with Lonachan I have preferred other data to that from 1562.

See below.

Knockstapple (2m) Kilcolmkill parish(1678).
Knockstappilmore 1m 1481 NR 6911 DR 4/9/51 1m Knokstapill (probably -more) in 1545 & 1558 which was part of Machremore estate. 1m in Kilcolmkill parish(1678).1m(1751, 1766).
Knockstappillbeg 1m 1678 NR 6912 DR 4/9/104/9 Kilcolmkill parish(1678). 1m(1751). See below under Killervan.
Total Kilcolmkill parish 62⅜m
Total South Kintyre 221¾m



Kilkivan parish


Knockhanty More

Knockhanty More appears as 4m 8s 4d (4⅝m) in 1502-5, 1541, 1542, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. It appears as 4m in 1506, 1562-4, 1583-4, 1596, 1668, 1678 & 1751. It appears as 6m with Knockhanty Beg & Killypole in 1481. Killypole was 8s 4d and seems to have been included with Knockhanty More whenever the latter appears as 4m 8s 4d.



Killypole was granted to Saddell with Knockhantybeg in the 1480s (Munro ALI p 202) but perhaps after 1481 (see RMS II (1485) of 1481). It is described as ‘duodecim unciatis’ (12 ouncelands) which is plainly a mistake or a misunderstanding. It was in fact worth 8s 4d although this is usually given as 8s (1556, 1612, 1615, 1634 & 1751). It is given as 8s 4d in the 1678 rental and in 1674 it is described as a ‘twa groat land’ (Kintyre Magazine No 37 p 25). This was the type of description common in Islay and should be seen as a sort of shorthand whereby one groat or 4d (sterling) was equivalent to 4 shillings (Scots) – hence 2 groats = 8 shillings. In AS II (821) of 1654 there is reference to 8s Flak as one of Saddell’s lands. I cannot explain this except as Killypole.



From 1502-1541 & in 1605, Kilkivan is given as 3m 8s 4d. From 1562-1583/4 it is 3m 8s which is a common abbreviation of the same figure. From 1597-1667 it is 4m 8s 4d. In 1596 it is 3m and in 1675, 1678, 1732 & 1751 it is 2m. I suspect Kilkivan proper was only worth 2m but that the other assessments include a nearby farm or farms worth up to 2m 8s 4d. Mingary is a neighbour named on DR 3/3/25, likewise Torchoillean on DR 3/3/23. I know of no valuations for these. Equally both maps include Drumfin.


Drumlemble and Lochorodale

These two farms are paired as 4m from 1502-1541. After this they usually appear as 2m each. In 1607, 1624/6 and 1667 it is implied that together they were 6m but I think this is a mistake. In 1678 Drumlemble is 3m with Straichtrich (Lower Stra).  In 1751 Drumlemble is 2m with Dalvaddie (NR 6719). For the latter see also below under Ballegreggan.



Tirfergus was already in two sections by 1481 when RMS II (1485) refers to the two parts and Largbane as 5m. High and Laigh Tirefergus were 2m each in 1751. From 1502-6 Tirefergus is linked with 1m Largawane and 5s 10d Pubbill & Iningergy (the latter two correctly 6s 8d making a total of 5½m? – see below under Pubbill).



This Ballygreggan was part of the 17m Killeonan estate. DR 4/9/92 is a map of Ballygreggan and Dalivaddy. For the latter see also Drumlemble above.


Stra (or Strath or Straw)

Straichtricht (Lower Stra) is 1m in 1669, 1674 & 1751. Straichtrich was in Kilkivan parish in 1678 although it seems to be listed twice, once with Drumlemble, once by itself. I think the latter instance is a mistake for Upper Stra since it is set to Alexr Fforrester who is recorded (under Kilkerran parish) as holding Strawachtrich (Upper Stra). One of them became the Strathbeg recorded in Kilkivan parish in 1779.



Uigle was the main farm in a larger estate which is given as 7½m from 1502-1541. (The other farms comprised Achequhork, Kilbride, Kynachan, Auchnaslishaig and Ochtoran). RMS II (1485) of 1481 implies that Uigle, Auchnaslishaig, Achequhork and Kynachan may have come to 6m – meaning that Kilbride and Ochtoran were worth 1½m. (However ER XV p 432 of 1525-8 gives a different 6m unit of Uigle, Kilbride, Auchequhork, Kynachan and possibly Glen Rea (=Kaa?). AS I (371) of 1658 gives 2½m Wigilles and Ochterane which implies the latter was ½m. The 1678 Rental refers to the 1m of Nether Wigill or Garvachie, the other markland thereof (presumably of Wigill), and the 2m of Kilbryde & Keynochan – all in Kilcheran parish. (I think therefore that this Kilbride must be different to the one at NR 7108). Argyll Retours(87) of 1683 refers to 2m Nagill. The 1751 Argyll Valuation Roll gives Uagil and Kennochan as 2m.

There is a problem with parish boundaries here. The 1678 rental clearly states that Garvachie (W of both Laggs & Uigle) is in Kilkerran parish. However Minutes of the Synod of Argyll (1639-1651) p 55 states that in 1642 Wigil was part of Kilkivan. In 1751 Laggs & Garvachie are in different parishes although only a few hundred metres apart. (Garvachie appears to be ex-Kilkivan, Laggs ex-Kilkerran). I suspect that the farm of Uigle has migrated upriver. If the boundary between Kilkivan & Kilkerran lay between Garvachie & Laggs then part (at least) of Uigle was in Kilkivan in 1642. What is now Uigle would have been within Kilkerran but I wonder if this is really the former site of Kilbride. ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 28 wonders if Kilbride was the same place as Laggs.



Kilkerran parish



Killeonan is given as 12m in 1481 and 17m from 1502-1541. However these were the valuations of an estate – of which Killeonan was the principal farm. The figures are broken down in the four tacks between 1562 and 1583-4. These lists repeat the same farms in the same order and I suspect that those between Kilchrist and Killeonan comprised the Killeonan estate since they are not mentioned in earlier documents. (The farms are Kilchrist & Chiskan, Glenreich [= Glenrea], Balloch, Ballenagregan, two Straths, Ballemeanach and Killeonan itself). In 1562 these farms come to a total of 16m and Killeonan is 2m. In 1562-3 and 1583-4 Ballemeanach is reduced by 1m and Killeonan becomes 4m which gives a total of 17m.



In 1481 the two Knockriochs, Glen Muril, Allt na Boine Duibhe and Arienascavach were 9m. From 1502-1541 Knockriochmore, Glen Muril and Ochtoran were 5½m. Since Knockriochmore and Glen Muril were 4m and 1m respectively in 1562, Ochtoran was probably ½m (see also HP III p 82 of 1605). Since another ½m of Ochtoran was with Uigle then the whole of Ochtoran was probably originally 1m. Knockriochmore seems to have been divided in the latter part of the seventeenth century. In 1658 Knockriochmore was 4½m but in 1678 Knockriochmore and Arrenascavach were only 2½m. In 1751 Knockriochmore was 2¼m, Knockriochbeg was 2½m and Tonriach was 2¼m. Together these three make 7m which is the same as the old Knockriochmore and Beg together. From 1502-1506 Knockriochbeg was associated with Arinascavach and Altnabadwe (Allt na Boin Duibhe) as 4½m (from 1541-1605 as 4m only). Knockriochbeg itself was 3m which implies the other two were 1½m between them. Arinascavach is specified as 1m from 1562 but Altnabadwe is given as 1m in 1562 and then as ½m thereafter. (I think the latter is the correct figure). The total figure in 1502-5 was 10m which comprised Knockriochmore 4m, Knockriochbeg 3m, Glen Muril 1m, Arinascavach 1m, Altnabadwe ½m and Octoran ½m.



Kinloch is given as a 12m estate from 1502-1541 and in 1596 & 1605. It is broken down into its constituent parts in 1545 & 1558. It consisted of 3m Kinloch itself, 1m Kilmoir, 3m Crossall, 1m Kauchag or Cautage, 1m Knokbay, 2m Mye and 1m Harrenarroch. Most of these farms can be followed in later documents although Kilmoir and Knokbay disappear after 1558. I assume Kilmoir is the same as the 1m Kilkerran which is on record in 1658 & 1678. There is more of a problem with 1m of the ‘Castle’ which is recorded in 1658 & 1678 but which is additional to the 3m Kinloch or Lochhead of the same years. I have no other record of this but it might refer to the old castle at Kilkerran rather than the new castle at Kinloch – in which case Knokbay will be the farm referred to. This becomes even more likely when we look at the 1678 rental. The farms making up the old 12m Kinloch estate are all mentioned except for Knokbay – which seems to be replaced by the Castle. Kauchag(1545) and Cautage(1558) look to be the same as Cantaig although the latter is some distance south. 1m Kainlag (probably = Kaintag) is listed in the 1678 rental and 1m Caintag is given in the Argyll Valuation Roll of 1751.



Kildalloig, Knokquhyrk and Achachoan were together 4m from 1502-1541 and in 1596 & 1605. With Molmartine and Ballemeanach they were 5½m in 1636. Kildallaig, Ballemenoch, Knockghirk and Mulemartein were 3½m in 1674 (AS I (571)), 1678 (Rental) & 1700 (Clan Campbell I p 211). By implication Molmartin was ½m. Kildalloig was 1½m with Lonochan in 1481 meaning the latter was ½m.



Ballenatoyn, Ballenabraid and Auchnacorvie were together 6m from 1502-1541, in 1596, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. Auchencorvie is some distance west of the other two farms.


Achinnaglak (Auchnaclach)

Achinnaglak was a 12m estate from 1502-1541 and some 8m of it is listed in 1481. 11m of it reappear in the tacks between 1562 and 1583-4. (The 1m missing is Gartnalarg if we follow RSS I (1549) of 1507 or Keremeanach if we follow the Exchequer Rolls). If we accept Ballemannoch as the replacement for Keremeanach then the estate is still the same in 1596 (HP III p 78) and Keremanach resurfaces in 1605 (HP III p 84). In 1678 Ballemeanach, Keirfuar and Ballevrenane are together 3m in Kilcolmkill parish. I am not sure where Gartnalarg was or what other farm it was subsumed into. Apart from Gartnalarg the only other farm not now identifiable is Teirdonyll. This often (but not always) appears between Kerremeanach and Dunglas in the lists. On the assumption that Kerremeanach became Ballemeanach which may be the same as Homeston then it is likely Teirdonyll was by Dunglas. One farm in the vicinity (for which I have no early references) is Inishroil which is with Polwilling, Dounglass & Kilblaan in 1678. Inishroil may be the old Teirdonyll.


Glenramskill Beg

Glenramskill Beg was a church property according to the Exchequer Roll evidence of 1505-7. It was mortified to the MacEachern altar in Kilkerran but in 1481 Glenramskill is undivided at 3m which might suggest that this dedication took place between 1481 and 1505.



From at least 1499 Killellan was part of an 8m estate held by the MacEachern family, maors of South Kintyre. The other farms were Pennygown, Gartloskin, Ellerig and Arinascavach. (The last two parts were sometimes just referred to as Ellerig). Killellan is possibly the same as 4m Kilsolane in RMS II (1485) of 1481 which may then have included Pennygown. In 1678 Killellan, Pennygowan and Glenramskillbeg were together as 5m.



Kilblaan parish



Kildavie may be one of the earliest farms in Kintyre to appear in the documentary record. RMS I App 2 p 551 Index A No 607 gives ‘Carta Nigelli M’partane de terris de Kildavy’ – (also in the preamble on p 550 where the name is Neill M’parlan). Index B No 1(or Robertson’s Index p 25 No 1) says ‘To Dowgall Macfarlane of the lands of Kindavie, Arynschauche etc’. (Arinascavach is a shieling 3 kilometres north of Kildavie).



From 1506-1667 Polliwilline was 5½m but in 1751 it was again 5m. In 1596 (HP III pp 76-7) it is referred to as 5m 6s 8d land ‘callit be the present possessouris 5 merkland, of Poldowilling’. I am inclined, therefore, to accept the earliest figure which is 5m.



Dachnaachlysk is a particularly significant name since the first element looks to be for davach in which case the name would mean ‘davach of the church’. The first element is ‘dach-‘ in three documents between 1502 & 1506. From then on it became ‘dal-‘ (field), consistently. I have checked with the original (or photocopies of the original) for each of these three documents, (printed under ER XII pp 357, 701 & 708), and in each case the writing is unequivocal. The first element is ‘dach-‘ not ‘dal-‘. Since this is the only concrete evidence we have for the existence of davachs in Kintyre it is a happy survival. Dachnaachlysk is the first-named of a group of three farms which made up a 4-merkland unit. The other two are Christlach, which may mean a hollow, and Kilchattan which is the church of Catan, uncle of Blane. When the farms are broken down into individual units in 1596 (HP III p 78) Dalnahanslek is given as 2m, Killequhattan and Cristilloch as 1m each. However I do not think this means that a davach had a valuation of 2m; rather I suspect Dachnaachlysk was the principal farm and the name of the whole 4-merkland unit whilst the other two were subdivisions. DR 4/9/12 shows they were all physically adjacent.



1½m with Kildallok(1481). 1m(1562, 1562-3, 1564 & 1583-4). With Erredull, Gartnagerroch & Glennahervie as 5½m in Kilblaan parish(1678). Despite the evidence from 1562-1584 I think Lonachan was probably only ½m. This would agree better with the data from 1481 & 1678. Between Knockstapple & Arinascavach? See also ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Southend’, p 26.


St Ninian’s lands

In Exchequer Rolls XII for 1505-1507 (pp 578, 701, 708) St Ninian’s lands in (South) Kintyre are given as 16m on three separate occasions. Unfortunately the properties are not named individually. In 1584 (OPS II, I, p 10 quoting Argyle Inventory), in 1609 (RMS VII (126)), in 1619 (Argyll Retours (21)) & in 1620 (AS I (113)) St Ninian’s lands in Kintyre come to 24m or £16. However in 1614 (RMS VIII (2009) (1)) and 1632 (AS II (424) they are described as 25m or £16 13s 4d. 25m is also implied by the Reddendo (at least) in RMS IV (2823) which is based on an original of 1569. The names given after 1584 are consistent and included Macharioch & Gartnacopaig (6m), Blasthill & Eden (5m), Cnoc Morain (1½m), Kilmanshennachan (1½m), Pendlachna (1m), Pennyseorach (1m), Aucharua (1½m), Sanda (1½m), Ballegreggan (3m) and Drummore (2m). How are we to reconcile the different totals?


The difference between the 24m and 25m figures is probably due to differing valuations for Pendlachna and Pennyseorach. From RMS VIII (2009) (1) of 1614 they are each given as 1½m rather than 1m as in earlier documents. I am unsure which figure is correct.


Secondly not every one of St Ninian’s properties was in South Kintyre. Drummore (2m) was Drummore-na-bodach which is in North Kintyre. Ballegreggan (3m) is more problematic but was, I think, also in North Kintyre.


Thirdly there are two properties which may have come to Whithorn between 1507 and 1584. Eden is given as a lay property worth 2m in RMS II (1480) of 1481. It also appears as something of an adjunct to an otherwise very compact group of farms in the 1806 map of William Macdonald’s estate by A Langlands (DR 4/9/109). In a similar fashion Gartnacopaig is not recorded as church land in the Exchequer Rolls evidence from the early sixteenth century but by 1596 it is ‘kirkland’ (HP III p 78). If we deduct these four farms, which total 7m 8s 4d, from 24m we are left with 16m 5s which is very close to the 16m total of St Ninian’s lands in South Kintyre given from 1505-7.



In the seventeenth century Eden appears amongst St Ninian’s lands – linked with Blasteill. However it is given as 2m (presumably lay) in RMS IV (1272) of 1558 and it is difficult to know what happened. It presumably transferred from lay to ecclesiastical ownership between 1558 and 1584 but I don’t think it was part of the original endowment which was only 16m in 1505.



Kilcolmkill parish



Machremore was a 12m estate from 1502-1541, in 1596, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. 9m of this is given in the 1678 rental – 4m Machremore, 2m of the two Glen Remuils (1m each of Upper and Lower), 2m Feochaig and 1m Knockstapilmore. The other 3 merks comprised 2m Eden and 1m Kerranbeg which appear in between the Machremore properties in 1545 & 1558. RMS II (1480) of 1481 details the 40m granted to the MacAlisters as stewards of Kintyre. If we compare this with the same 40m referred to in ER XII p 363 for 1502-5 we can see that the 12m Machramoir given in the latter is actually broken down in the former exactly as I have outlined.



Carskiey was a 12m estate from 1502-1541, in 1596 and in 1605. It is broken down into its constituent farms in 1545, 1558 and 1678. The lists of 1545 & 1558 match with each other but not exactly with the list of 1678.

1545 list = Carskiey, Glenadale, Achinsavil, Lailt, Feorlan, Carrine, Glenmanuilt & Borgadale More.

1678 list = Carskiey, Lephenbeg, Lower Glenadale, Carrine, Lailt, Inebea, Borgadale More, Achinsavil & Glenmanuilt.



Lailt seems to have been divided into two before 1545. ½m was part of Carskiey estate, the other ½m was joined to Lephenstrath. Lailt is 1m with Inninbeg in 1751 (AVR p 45) although I think the latter was probably Innean Beithe since Ininbeg is also listed separately on p 46.



The Mull of Kintyre is a large and rugged area which seems to have contained at least 3 separate settlements within the overall assessment of 4m. Balmacvicar is at NR 5909 and was ⅝m in 1678 and ⅔m in 1751. Ballemakillechonnell was also ⅝m in 1678 and ⅔m in 1751. Ballemacumbray was 2m with Strone in 1678 and 1m in 1751. Balmagomery Burn is at NR 6006. Ballinamoill is at NR 5908. The subdivisions are presaged in ER XII pp 704-9 of 1506 where Hector McNeile has 45s (3⅜m) and Neill McMulane has 8s 4d (⅝m). In ER XVII pp 625-33 of 1541 the Mull is divided between 4 tenants (McMillane, McVicar, McNeill and McCumroy) ‘ilkane as they bruikit of befoir’ (ie each as they held previously). McVicar’s holding must have become Balmacvicar and McCumroy’s became Balmagomery. (See also Kintyre Magazine No 24 p 25).


Culinlongart, Ballivianan and Dalcrownach

These three farms must be treated together since I have no assessments for the constituent parts. Together they were 4m 8s 4d from 1502-1541, in 1545, 1558 and 1605. In 1596 the three are described as 4m but I think this is an error of shorthand. In 1678 Coullelongart, Dalichrunight and Glenadulwachtrich (ie High Glenadale) were worth 5m 8s 4d. (I think Ballivianan will be included in this assessment). In 1751 Culinlongart is 5⅔m which is probably the same set of farms since in the Argyll Valuation Roll 8s 4d is often treated as ⅔m (when it is technically ⅝m).


Gartvaigh and Gartvean

Confusingly there are two farms with very similar names situated very close to each other. The vagaries of spelling make them even more difficult to unscramble. Gartavaigh (or similar – but nearly always with an ‘a’ in the middle) was worth 1m from 1502-1541, 1596 & 1605. It was linked with Keramenach in 1678 & 1751. It is now Gartvaigh. Gartvean, or similar, was part of the 8m Cattadale estate and consisted of an Upper and Lower unit – each worth 1m. Upper Gartvean was linked with Dalbhraddan in 1678 & 1751. Gartvean is east of Gartvaigh in Roy(PC 53) and north-east in Langlands(1793 & 1801).



Cattadale was part of an 8m estate from at least 1481. It was held by John McMhuirich, the poet, from c. 1502 and consisted of Cattadale (2m), Keprigan (1m), Gartvean (2m), Brecklate (1½m) and Gartloskin (1½m). Cattadale itself was divided into More and Beg, each probably worth 1m. Cattadale More and Lepinchavir were 1⅝m in 1678.



There may have been 3 different places called Gartloskin in South Kintyre and it is difficult to differentiate between them. There was a Gartloskin that was part of Cattadale from at least 1481. This was probably amongst and between the farms of Cattadale, Gartvain, Brecklate and Keprigan. There was another Gartloskin (NR 6913) which was worth 2m and was part of the Killellan estate from at least 1499. There was possibly a third Gartloskin, worth 1m, mentioned in RMS II (1485) of 1481 which is definitely not the Cattadale one. It appears after Kerefuar and before Glenramskill in the list.



Brunerican was part of an estate worth 4½m which was held by the McMaschenach family of harpists from at least 1502. It consisted of Brunerican, Amod, Druim Arinarach, Dalsmeryll, Lagnadaff and Innean Coig Cailleiche. It is given as 4½m in 1481 (excluding Amod) and again in 1505 (including Amod). From then on the property is given as 4m 5s 10d but, as I explain under Pubbill below, I think this is a mistake for 4½m. Without Brunerican it appears as 2m 5s 10d in 1678.


Pubbill or Pubill

Always paired with Inyngye (or similar) as 5s 10d but I think this is a mistake for 6s 8d. An assessment of 5s 10d (70d) makes no sense in land-assessment terms whereas 80d is half a merk. In the printed version of the 1505 rental (ER XII p 698 ff) the text (under Tirfergus) reads ‘quinque s et Xd’ (ie 5s & 10d). Further on under Brunerican there is a similar entry which is rendered ‘Vs XXd’ (ie 5s 20d or 6s 8d). After studying a copy of the original MS I am convinced that in the Tirfergus entry the editor has simply mistaken an ‘X’ for the ampersand. It seems probable that similar misreadings commenced in the sixteenth century since all the later documents give 5s 10d. However I think this can be explained by the fact that later rentals often just copied earlier ones so that mistakes repeated themselves. (Exactly this happened with the Brunerican estate which, in later assessments, became 4m 5s 10d and not 4m 6s 8d).


There are burns called Low & High Puball by Skeroblingarry in North Kintyre but it seems unlikely that any settlement there would be linked with a shieling such a distance away in South Kintyre. Since I know of no other farm in North Kintyre with a shieling in South Kintyre I think this Pubbill was a separate settlement – probably near Innean Gaothach. See ‘The Place-Names of the Parish of Southend’ pp 29-30 for possible location on N side of Glenadale.



In RSS I (1549) of 1507 this is replaced by 1m Gartnalarg whilst the rest of the Achnaclach estate stays the same. It disappears  between 1562 & 1584 & becomes Ballemannoch in 1596. It reappears in 1605. Probably the Ballemeanach in Kilcolmkill parish in 1678. Not the same as Keramenach in Strone Glen.



From 1502-1541, in 1596, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667, Kilderewane is 3½m with Knokstapill & Lonachan. I think the reference to Knokstapill is only to -beg, not -more. Knokstapillmore was 1m and part of the Machrimore estate. The other Knokstapill – which is referred to in the Exchequer Roll evidence from 1502-1541 – will be the 1m Knokstapillbeg. The assessments are likely to have been Killervan (2m), Knokstapillbeg (1m) and Lonachan (½m).



Tir- names

Teirdonyll is recorded from 1502-1605 as part of the Auchnaclach estate. In addition to Tyrergas (Tirfergus), Blaeu also maps Terreracha(n) to the NE of Clochkeil. I have no further evidence for this third tir-name in Kintyre but it is entirely possible.



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10 comments on “South Kintyre
  1. Mary Wishart says:

    I was doing some Family Genealogy and came across a name in Kintyre that I had not heard of. Family members now deceased had spoken of others. Your website gave me the answer. Many thanks.

  2. Frank Chinn says:

    Hello Denis
    I was very pleased to find your website on land assessments and the reference to Dachnaachlysk. I stay at Dalmore and prior to seeing your site l had not known of the earlier name.

    I also note your mention that the name may preserve the davoch unit and reference to the early Christian eccles. Do you consider that this davoch is a remnant of a pre-Norse land assessment as l know they are more prevalent in the ‘Pictish’ regions? I thought that the ‘eccles’ element may support this. Or, do you think this could be a later davoch, introduced later with the expansion of the early state of Alba?

    Do you believe that this reference to a davoch in Kintyre is a ‘one-off-‘ or do you think that the davoch was more widely used in Kintyre? I look forward to hearing from you as l am presently doing a project about the Norse in Kintyre and am looking for ‘pre-Norse survivors’ to test levels of continuity.

    Kind regards

    • drixson says:

      Frank, Thank you.
      Two separate issues here – davachs & ‘eccles’-sites – linked in one place-name!
      I’m going to stick my neck out about davachs. Normally Argyll is regarded as a davach-free zone. I think that is because of the Scots. I think davachs were Pictish, pre-Scottish, and found through most of mainland Scotland except possibly the south-east. The Exchequer Rolls original documents clearly read ‘Dach-‘. There is some circumstantial evidence for them elsewhere in Argyll but the only 24-carat evidence is from your home in Kintyre!
      Re ‘eccles’ – this will be more controversial. I am intrigued by the conjunction of davach and ‘eccles’. There are instances of Margnaheglish in Bute and Arran and Shanacles in Dunbartonshire. I have tried to tie these together but others are not convinced. A work in progress ….

      • Frank Chinn says:

        Hello Denis and thank you for your reply.
        The potential for continuity from prior to the Scottish immigration is intriguing. I was very interested that Dachnaachlysk light be a sole survivor from a more widespread system of davaachs.

        I wonder what you think about the derivation of the place-name Dunaverty in Southend. In the Annals of Ulster it is referred to as Aberte – no hint of the Dun. The traditional derivation is Caisteal Dun-abhartaidh, Castle of the Feasting’, or the Fort of the Abartach. Do you think there is any merit in the idea that the Aber may actually derive from the Pictish for river mouth – referring to nearby Connie Water. I also wonder about the names for nearby Sanda such as Afon which looks very like Brittonic for ‘river’.

        Look forward to your thoughts

        • drixson says:

          Frank – Place-names are a minefield! I remember somebody floated a possible ‘aber-name’ in Campbeltown but I doubt Dunaverty. Avon for Sanda might be from Norse.

  3. Geoff Martin says:

    Q1. My great grandfather was born when his father worked at Feorlan in the 1830’s. His marriage certificate stated he was born at “McMillan Estate”. Does that mean Feorlan was owned by McMillan at that time?

    Q2. Leacann Mhic Mhaolain (I understand this means “McMillan hillside”) is located north of Feorlan. Does this imply that this area was owned by McMillan or was part of Feorlan?

    I would be very appreciative if you are able to answer either of these questions. (My great grandfather’s name was Donald McLeoran – prior to emigration to Australia, “McLaran” thereafter.

    • drixson says:

      Geoff, My interests tend to be in early mediaeval history so I don’t think I’m the best person to answer your questions. The two places are a few miles apart and Leacann Mhic Mhaolain could have been named many centuries ago. May I suggest you contact the Kintyre Antiquarian Society who may be able to help.
      See the following link:

  4. Roger Breckenridge says:

    I am looking for a farm name, I believe, called “Lintmill.” We are talking very late 1700s and very early 1800s. I would love to learn the location of “Lintmill.”

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