CEP = Carradale Estate Plan by Lewis Robertson, 1827
|Name||Value||Date||Grid Ref||Map Sources||Other forms, comments etc|
|Baraskomill||3m||1502-5||NR 7421||Blaeu||Kilmichal parish(1678).|
|Askomill More||3m||1502-5||NR 7220/7320||Blaeu||North of Beg in Blaeu. Kilmichal parish(1678).|
|Askomill Beg||3m||1502-5||NR 7220/7320||Blaeu||South of More in Blaeu. Kilmichal parish(1678).|
|Masreoch||3m with Ballegregan from 1502. 4m for both in 1596 – stated to be kirk lands. See below.|
|Kilmichal parish(1678). With Masreoch as 3m(1502-5). 4m(1596) which is probably a mistake. Part of St Ninian’s estate? See below.|
|Drumore||4m||1502-5||NR 7022||DR 4/9/111
|Kilmichal parish(1678). Drummorilannaye(1545), Drummoirclavay(1558). 4m(1502-1751). See below under Kilmichael and in ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 22.|
|Ballywilline||4m||1502-5||NR 7122/7123||DR 3/3/2
|Tremneuling(Blaeu) where first element = druim or ridge? Kilmichal parish(1678). See below & also under Kilmichael.|
|Kilmichael||2m||1481||NR 6922||DR 4/9/46||Kilmichal parish(1678). Usually paired with Auchaleek as 4m.
|Auchaleek||2m||1481||NR 7022||Kilmichal parish(1678). Usually paired with Kilmichael as 4m.
|Kilmichal parish(1678). ‘le Crag'(1481). See below.|
|Part of Largie estate from early sixteenth century.
Kilmichael parish(1779, 1792)
|3m||1502-5||NR 7125/7225||Langlands 1793
|Keyllpoll(<=1329). Part of Largie estate from early sixteenth century. Marked twice on OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI of 1866-7. (Calliburn or Kylipole is at NR 713253 while Callyburn is at NR 721255).|
|Machrihanish estate||16m||1539||See below.|
|Machrihanish||7m||1542||NR 6520/6521||RHP 31882
|1m mentioned in 1607, 1626 & 1667. 6m in Kilmichal parish(1678). 6m(1751). See below.|
1m mentioned in 1607, 1626 & 1667.
|1330-1387||c. NR 6723/6823
|= Darlochan? See below.
4m Darloch & Derry(1751).
|Darlochan||NR 6723/6823||DR 4/9/3, 5 & 6||Kilmichal parish(1678). 4m Darloch & Derry(1751). OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLVII (1866) marks East Darlochan at NR 681235 which is now Rhoin Farm. West, Mid & East divisions in Kilmichael parish in 1792.|
|Dhurrie||NR 6822||DR 4/9/10-11||4m Darloch & Derry(1751). Kilmichael parish(1779, 1792). RCAHMS Argyll I No 240 describes a crannog in Durry Loch.|
|= Darneycharn? = Lesragan in Kilmichal parish(1678)?
2m Lessewark of Saddell’s (1556). See below.
|Backis(1623). 4m(1674 – KAS Magazine No 37 p 25). 3m Skeirchenzie parish(1678) – but listed under Kilmichal parish. 3m(1751). See below.|
|Aros||1m||1678||NR 6821||RHP 31882||Kilmichal parish(1678, 1685, 1779, 1792). 1m(1751). See below.|
|Skeroblingarry||3⅝m||1678||NR 7026||DR 4/9/69-70||3m 5s 8d(1623). Kilmichal parish(1678, 1779, 1792). See below.|
|Puball?||c. NR 712262||See below under Kilchenzie – cf Pubbill in S Kintyre.|
|Total Kilmichael parish||56⅝m||54m 8s 4d (1678)|
|NR 7829||Wgladal(1393). This Ugadale belonged to Saddell. Kilchousland parish(1642, 1678). See below.|
|Low Ugadale or
|½ ‘senemargis’ in RMS I, App I, No 105. Given to the maor for service (1505). This must be Ugadale Mackay since they were maors in North Kintyre. (Often linked with Arnicle). RMS III (2756) 1542. Kilchousland parish(1642, 1678). See below.|
|2m let to the ‘officer’ in 1505 & 1506. Kilchousland parish(1678).
|Kilchowslan parish(1678). 4m with Kildonan in 1691. See below.|
|Ardnacross||4m||1545||NR 7626||Blaeu||Probably = 1 ‘senemargis’ (old mark) Ardinlochu of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). Kilchowslan parish(1642, 1678). See below.|
|Kilkeddan||3m||1545||NR 7526||DR 4/9/48
|= 1½ ‘senemargis’ (old marks) Kylcedene of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). Kilchowslan parish(1678). = Kelmelin(Blaeu)? Kilchiatain in DR 4/9/104/4 of 1831. Divided into E & W Kilkeddan in DR 4/9/48 of 1834. See below.|
|Gartgreillan||3m||1545||NR 7326||DR 4/9/29||= ¾ ‘senemargis’ (old marks) Curtegredlene & Arngaffs of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). = Gartluisk(Blaeu)? Kilchowslan parish(1678). E & W Gartgreillan in DR 4/9/29. See below.|
|1 ‘senemargis’ (old mark) Penigninm[ir] of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). Kilchowslan parish(1678). See below.|
|Isca (Allt Easach?)||(1m)?||NR 721283||OS(1866-7)||Shieling for Peninver? Kilchousland parish(1779, 1792).
|Allt-an-Tairbh||1m||1751||c. NR 731312||DR 4/9/71||Shieling for Peninver? Kilchowslan parish(1678, 1779, 1792).
|4m(1502-1667), 3m(1751). 4m with Iiskagg in 1654. 6m with Laggan in Kilchowslan parish(1678).|
|⅛ ‘senemargis’ (old mark) Lagan of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). 3m(1502-1751). With Drumgarve as 6m in Kilchowslan parish (1678). Given to McMerkis poets in early Exchequer Rolls evidence. Balamackmarkish in Blaeu.|
|8m with Clachfin from 1502. Kilchowslan parish(1678).
|Clachfin||1m||1751||NR 7229||Kilchowslan parish(1678, 1779, 1792). Included Stramolloch in 1751.|
|Stramollach||NR 7130||DR 4/9/71||The farm, as shown in DR 4/9/71 of 1845, includes Allt-an-Tairbh. With Clachfin as 1m(1751). Kilchousland parish(1779, 1792).|
|Ballymenach||5m||1541||NR 7522||Kilchowslan parish(1678). See below.|
|Kerref Callyn||1m||1502-5||c. NR 7522?||See below. Kerref < ceatramh =quarter. This might have become Kilchousland since it disappears after 1580.|
|Kilchousland||(1m)||Blaeu||3m with Crossibeg in 1654, 1674 & 1678. Kilchowslan parish(1678). = Kerref Callyn?|
|Crossibeg||2m||1502-5||NR 7422||DR 4/9/22-3||3m with Kilchousland in 1654, 1674 & 1678. Kilchowslan parish(1678). 3m(1751) – presumably including Kilchousland.|
|?Mulbuy/Meall Buidhe||½m||1777||NR 7332||Langlands
|= Blaeu’s Molluy? Kilchousland parish(1779, 1792). See below.|
|Skeirchenzie estate||40m||1561||40m (£26-13s-4d) in CRA p 3 of 1561. £30 (correctly £30-3s-8d) in RMS VIII (545) of 1623 – of which £6 lay in Carradale.
Also £30 in OPS II, I p 21 of 1576. See below.
DR 3/3/10 & 22
|Kilmacroy(1623). Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
|Savanach||½m||1777||Langlands||Just SE of Killocraw.|
|Corrylach||1m||1678||NR 7030||DR 3/3/22
|1m(1751). Skeirchenzie parish(1678).|
|Originally c. NR 709296 in OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI – which site is now under Lussa Loch.|
|Lagalgarve||1½m||1623||NR 6529||DR 3/3/10 & 22
|Tangytavil||1½m||1623||NR 6529||DR 3/3/10 & 22
DR 3/3/10 & 22
|Tangymoil has replaced the earlier name of Taynamoil.|
|1m(Langlands – 1777).|
|Mucklach||½m||1777||c. NR 6726||Langlands
|A little E of Breakachy in DR 3/3/22.
N of Largiebeg in DR 4/9/55.
DR 3/3/10 & 22
|Kilmarow(1623). Formerly a separate parish with teinds belonging to Ardchattan? Laigh & High 1½m each in Langlands(1777). Skeirchenzie parish(1678). See below.|
|Gartgunnall||2½m||1623||NR 6728||DR 3/3/22||Skeirchenzie parish(1678). 2m in Langlands(1777).|
|Drumalea||2½m||1556||NR 6627||DR 3/3/10 & 22
|Saddell Abbey’s. Part of 12m Ballevain estate. Skeirchenzie parish(1678).|
|DR 3/3/10 & 22
|Saddell Abbey’s. Granted by Reginald, son of Somerled c. 1164-1192. 4½m(1751) – presumably including Cnoc a’ Choire. Ballavain (2m) & High Ballavain (2m) in Langlands 1777. W & E in DR 3/3/9 of 1854. Skeirchenzie parish(1678). 10d (1393) & 12m(<1498) must have included other farms.|
|Cnoc a’ Choire||2½m||1556||NR 6526/6626||Saddell Abbey’s. Knokingor(1556). Knocknagour in Skeirchenzie parish(1678). Part of 12m Ballevain estate. After 1634 seems to have been absorbed into Ballevain. This is Cnoc a’ Chromain in OS CCLI (1866-7). Name possibly corrupted?|
|Bordad/Bordadubh||1m||1556||NR 7231||DR 3/3/19
|Saddell Abbey’s. With Langa & Kilmahoe as 3¾m in Skeirchenzie parish(1678).|
|? Mulbuy/Meall Buidhe||½m||1777||NR 7332||Langlands
|See below for dispute as to parish (Kilchenzie or Kilchousland).|
|Leargloyskie||1¼m||1623||= Largiemore? Iona’s. =Leargan in Blaeu?|
|Largiemore||NR 6725||Kilchenzie parish(1779). See below.|
|Largiebeg||1¼m||1576||NR 6725||DR 4/9/55
|3m with Drum in Skeirchenzie parish(1678).|
DR 3/3/10 & 22
|3m with Largiebeg in Skeirchenzie parish(1678). 5m with Lergymore, Lergybeg & Cluash in 1751.|
|Balnagleck||2½m||1623||NR 680251||Langlands||2m(1751, 1777). Skeirchenzie parish(1678).|
|Langa||1½m||1623||NR 6724||DR 3/3/10
|Langa||2¼m||1777||Langlands||Probably including something else.|
|This either did not have, or more probably has lost, any early endowment.|
|Skeirchenzie parish(1678). On RHP 4300(1777) Killmaho is marked at NR 676248. W & E Kilmahoe on DR 3/3/10.
On OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI of 1866-7 N Kilmaho was at NR 677247, S Kilmaho at NR 681243.
|Skeroblingarry||NR 7026||Skeirchenzie estate but Kilmichal parish(1678) (qv). See below.|
|Skeroblinraid||2⅝m||1678||NR 7025||DR 4/9/67-8||Skeirchenzie parish(1678), Kilchenzie parish(1685, 1779).
Also known as ‘Park’. See below.
|Puball?||c. NR 712262||See below – cf Pubbill in S Kintyre.|
|Backs||NR 6821/6921||Skeirchenzie estate but Kilmichael parish (qv).|
|Rueacorilach||¼m||1777||c. NR 7131||Langlands||NE of Corilach in Langlands(1777). Probably Kilchenzie parish.
S of Arihorage in Langlands(1793).
|Arihorage||¼m||1777||c. NR 7131/7132||Langlands||N of Rueacorilach in Langlands(1777). Probably Kilchenzie parish.|
|Coluska ‘a pendicle of Tengzie’ in AVR(1751) – no value given.
Probably Kilchenzie parish.
|Total Kilchenzie parish||36⅜m||Probably originally 40m which would match with the value of Skeirchenzie given in CRA p 3 of 1561. However parish & estate were not quite the same. See below under Skeirchenzie.
43m in Langlands(1777) if we count from Killocraw to Killmaho.
|Killean parish||See below.|
|Balure||1m||1777||NR 7149||Langlands||This was the northern boundary of Killean parish.|
|Lenagboyach(1867). Now Lenaig.|
|Part of Largie estate. Often with Steallaig as 8m. 4m each N & S Rownaherrine(1751), 2m each Laigh & High Ronaheran(1777).|
|Steallaig||2m||1545||NR 7148||Part of Largie estate. 2m with Narrachan(1600-1675)|
|Dunashry||3m||1502-5||NR 7047/7048||Part of Largie estate. 1½m each High & Laigh(1777). Killean parish(1669).|
|Gortenafail||4m||1502-5||c. NR 7046||Roy(PC 8)
|4m (1502-1751). This included Alt Chaltuinn.
Part of Largie estate. Killean parish(1669).
|Allt Chaltuinn||1502-5||NR 7345||With Gortenafail above.|
|Uladale||4m||1502-5||c. NR 7146||Roy(PC 8)
|Owledoule(1502-5), Owlledul(1505). Part of Largie estate. Killean parish(1669). 2m Langlands(1777). On N side of Tayinloan Burn.
Loch Ulagadale is at head of burn.
|Torcheunachan||½m||1777||c. NR 729473||Langlands
|The 2 Narrachans||2m||1502-5||NR 7646||Linked with Steallaig 1600-1675.|
|Lorgie||½m||1777||NR 764458||Langlands||Lurgan(Langlands 1777 & 1793)|
|Lagloiskin||½m||1777||c. NR 726467||Langlands|
|Killean||3d||<1222||NR 6944||Blaeu||Duncan & Brown p 219, RMS II (3136.4) 1507. See below.|
|Kilmory||2d||<1222||NR 7044||DR 4/9/1||Duncan & Brown p 219, RMS II (3136.4) 1507. See below.|
|Saddell’s. 4m Kilmorrie of Saddell, Killean parish(1678).|
|Auchaluskin||3m||1556||NR 7043/7044||Blaeu||Saddell’s. Killean parish(1678).|
|Drumnamucklach||1½m||1556||NR 6943||Saddell’s. Killean parish(1678).|
|Tinghnacroigeruaidh||¼m||1777||NR 692436||Langlands||=Craigruadh today.|
|Monycuil||1½m||1556||NR 7145||RHP 174||Killean parish(1678). RHP 174 has a Moniguiele and a “Quag called Suillchruighnamonaguall”. Became Braid Kilmory?|
|Ballachgorrane||4m||1505||c. NR 7345/7445||Blaeu
|Largie estate. Killean parish(1669)|
|Beacharr||3m||1502-5||NR 6943||Blaeu||Largie estate. 3m (1502-1558). 2m (1600-1777). See below.|
|Beachmenach||3m||1502-5||NR 6842||Largie estate. 3m (1502-1506). 4m (1600-1751). See below.|
|Beach?||5m||1541||5m Biottis(1541), 5m Veach(1596), 5m Reache(1605). See below.|
|Beachmore||4m||1502-5||NR 6841||DR 4/9/104/16
|=Beauchewir(1502-5), Baachewir(1505), Beauch(1506)? 3m Bayauchirmoir(1545), 3m Beachmoir(1558), 5m Beachmore Killean parish(1678). 5m Beachmore & Achoirk(1751). See below.|
|Achadh a’ Choirce||1m||1777||NR 709417||Langlands
|With Beauchewir(1502-5) or Baachewir(1505) or Beauch(1506).|
|Beachclavay||5m||1545||1545 & 1558 only|
South = NR 6840, High = NR 6940, North = NR 6841.
|Clachaig||2m||1502-5||NR 6940||Largie estate. Killean parish(1665).|
|Mongastill(1505). Sometimes given as 8m including 3m Balloch.
|Belloch||3m||1506||NR 6737||DR 3/3/6||Killean parish(1678). Sometimes with Muasdale. In DR 3/3/6 Bellochagoichan is marked between S Belloch and the sea but sometimes this name is used of the whole farm.|
|Glenacardoch||2m||1502-5||NR 6637||Killean parish(1678).|
|Culfuar||1m||1777||Langlands||Different to Culfuar above.|
|Killmaluag||2m||1502-5||NR 6937||DR 3/3/6||Killean parish(1678).|
|Amod||3m||1502-5||NR 7038||3m(1502-6), 2½m(1541), 3½m(1605-1667), 2m(1751-1777).
|Garvalt||1m||1502-5||NR 7138||Killean parish(1678). With Stockadill in 1678 & 1751|
|Stokadill||2m||1502-5||c. NR 732394||Killean parish(1678). With Garvalt in 1678 & 1751.|
|Gortanduag||½m||1777||c. NR 7238||Langlands||Gortanduay(Langlands 1793).|
|Arnicle||2m||1502-5||NR 7138||To the maor(1505) for his salary. Often linked with Ugadale which is now Low Ugadale to S of Saddell. RMS III (2756) 1542.|
|Cruamre||¼m||1777||c. NR 7037||Langlands|
|Blary||2m||1502-5||NR 6937||Roy (PC 53)||Split in two as early as 1506 which might explain why so many references are to 1m Blary. Largie estate. Killean parish(1678). 1m each High & Laigh Blary in Langlands(1777).
Lower is W of Upper in Roy.
|Barr||6m||1545||NR 6736||Bar(1502-5). 6m(1558, 1678, 1751). Killean parish(1678).
|Killegruer||2m||1545||NR 6635||Usually included with Barr as 8 or 9m. Killean parish(1678). See below under Barr.|
|Auchadaduie||2m||1502-5||NR 6936||Killean parish(1678).|
|Margmonagach||4m||1502-5||NR 6735||4m(1502-1751). Killean parish(1673). From Gaelic marg(merk).
(Perhaps in sense of 1 ‘old merk’ or penny which was worth 4m).
|4m(1502-1751). Killean parish(1678).|
|New Town Cleongart||1m||1777||Langlands|
DR 4/9/18 & 20
|4m(1502-1777). Killean parish(1678).|
|Drumore-na-bodach||2m||1545||NR 6732||Langlands||Part of St Ninian’s estate. Also appears in RMS III (3085) of 1545 & RMS IV (1272) of 1558. Drummoir(1609). John McDonald of Sanda’s in 1751.|
|Blaeu gives both Peutuchan and Peutuchan nantuy.
|N of Arihorage, SSE of Ernicle Loch in Langlands(1777).|
|Total Killean parish||101m||72m(1678), 103m in Langlands (1777) – (Balure to Putichantuy) – including a number of farms at the northern end of the parish which were omitted from the 1678 list.|
|Cour section||This section describes the lands between the southern border of Kilcalmonell (on the east coast) and the northern end of Saddell parish. Was this Ardchattan’s parish of Kilmolrow? See below.|
|Crossaig||2m||1506||NR 8351||Blaeu||Killean parish(1678). See below.|
|Sperisaig||2m||1506||c. NR 824491||Blaeu
|2m(1541). 8m with Crossaig, Grianan & Cretbriden in 1654 & 1678. 6m with Crossaig & Cretbriden in 1751.
|Ardnandamh||2m||1506||NR 834507||OS(1867)||Ardnagach(1502-5), Ardnadawf(1505), Ardindauch(1505-7), Ardnadauf(1506). Since Ardnadauf (2m) disappears after 1507 and Cretbriden (2m) appears in 1654 the latter probably replaced the former in valuations – even though 2½ kilometres apart.|
|(2m)||1751||NR 812519||OS(1867)||Croychtbridan(1654). 8m with Crossaig, Sperisaig & Grianan in 1654 & 1678. Killean parish(1678).|
|Cour||2m||1545||NR 8248||Blaeu||Ardchattan Priory’s. Often 4m with Sunadale. Mis-spelt Tour(1505) or Tower(1506). Killean parish(1620).|
|Sunadale||2m||1545||NR 8144||Blaeu||Ardchattan Priory’s. Often 4m with Cour. Killean parish(1620).|
|Total Cour etc||10m|
|Saddell parish||Minutes of Synod of Argyll 1639-1651 p 54 of 1642 suggests new parish of Saddell. Northern boundary to be Barmollack.|
|Iona’s lands in Glencarradale||9m||1623||All contiguous according to AS II (174) & RMS VIII (545).
|Brackley||3m||1623||NR 7941||Blaeu||Site of burial-ground & chambered cairn.|
|Auchenbreck||3m||1623||NR 784440||Blaeu||Also appears in Glen Carradale charter (RMS II (2500) of 1499) which I think is a mistake.|
|Creagmhor||1m||1623||c. NR 779455||Blaeu
|RMS I App 1 No 105 ¼ + ⅛ partem unius senemargis del Grenane
= ⅜ of an ‘old mark’ (sean + marg) = ⅜d? Killean parish(1678).
c. NR 776433
c. NR 779436
|Described as the ‘Twa’ (two) Deucherans from 1502-5.
1m each More & Beg in 1751.
|Auchinreich(1502-5), Auchinra(1541), Auchenrioch(1867)|
|Kerrefnase(1502-5). With Karnacrag as 2m in 1541.
First element <ceathramh (quarter).
|(Lag) Kilmichael||3m||1502-5||NR 7840||Blaeu
|3m(1502-5, 1751), 2m(1541-1667). No church symbol in Blaeu.
Seems to have been divided into Knock Kilmichael & Lag Kilmichael
|Stroneduvane||2m||1502-5||c. NR 799365||Langlands(1793)
|?Just south of Dippen in Langlands(1793) & MS 33632A. South Dippen is at NR 799365 in OS(1867) but I am not absolutely sure they are the same.|
|Carrefnacrag||1m||1502-5||With Kirnashie as 2m in 1541 & 1605. First element <ceathramh (quarter). 3m(1545) is probably a mistake.|
|2m in almost all documents except 4m in AS I (125) of 1620 and 4m in 1751 AVR.|
|4m(1502-1751). Drumdow a pendicle in AVR(1751).
|Dowpeyn(1502-5), 3m(1502-1667), 4m(1751)|
|Ard Carradale||4m||1502-5||NR 8138||Blaeu
|1¼ senemargis(RMS I, App I No 105). 4m(1502-1751).
Airds in CEP of 1827. See below.
|Saddell Abbey estate||5d (20m) from Saddell in 1393(Letters Clement VII pp 193-4).
Saddell part of the estate shown in RHP 3294. See below.
|The Mains of Saddell||4m||1556||NR 7832||Saddell parish(1678).|
|Saddell included 8s 4d Plock(CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 350-1) in 1701. = Pluck.|
|NR 7935/7936||Initial ‘T’ often misread as ‘C’. Saddell parish(1678).
1d (Letters Clement VII pp 193-4). See below.
|1556||NR 7835||Blaeu||Saddell parish(1678). First element = leth-pheighinn or ½d.|
|1556||NR 792358||OS(1867)||Saddell parish(1678). First element = leth-pheighinn or ½d.|
|Ulladill or Whitestone||1m||1556||NR 7933||Blaeu||1m(1612, 1615, 1634), 2m(1654), 1m 8s 4d or 1⅝m in 1678 & 1751. Called Ulladill na cille to differentiate it from Ulladale by Tayinloan? See below under Ugadale.|
|1556||NR 778333||OS(1867)||Saddell parish(1678). First element = leth-pheighinn or ½d. What is now marked Lephinmore was formerly Crockinreach.|
|Guesdale||2m||1556||NR 772338||OS(1867)||Giristill(1556), Saddell parish(1678).|
|Iffernan/Ifferdale||1½m||1556||NR 765338||OS(1867)||All early references are to Iffernan not Ifferdale. Invernan(1751).
Saddell parish(1678). With Kilmichael as 2½m in 1751.
|Bradifernane||1½m||1556||c. NR 757330||Saddell parish(1678). Braid(RHP 3294).|
|Kilmichael||1m||1556||Saddell parish(1678). With Invernan as 2½m(1751). See below.|
|Total Saddell parish||54m|
|This is the section of Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish that was always reckoned to be part of Kintyre – but which was not included in the 1678 rental.|
|Blaeu marks Beg to north of Moir. Part of Largie estate. 2½m(1751). Carnbeg in OS Sheet CCXXIII is now Correchrevie at NR 739538. North Carnbeg was at NR 744544. See below.|
|The two Cour-sheileachs were 3m in 1545 & 1558. In 1751 Curshelloch was a pendicle of Kilmichaell. See below.|
|Blaeu marks Moir to south of Beg. Part of Largie estate.
3½m(1751). See below.
|Braansean||4m||1502-5||c. NR 7451||Blaeu
|Part of Largie estate. 4m(1502-1751).
N & S Brantian in Langlands(1793).
|Part of Largie estate. 4m(1502-1751). See also Cour-sheileach.|
|4m||1502-5||Blaeu||Gartluisk(Blaeu). Part of Largie estate.
|Glackindounan||4m||1751||NR 734506||OS(1867-9)||Clackadoonan(1867-9). Since I have no early valuations for this farm it may be what replaced Gartlosk & Sidrigill.|
|Lergnahunshan in Langlands(1793).
Part of Largie estate. Blaeu marks just south of Kilmichael.
Just in Clachan parish.
|That section of Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish which was once described as Knapdale rather than Kintyre.|
|(Eastern section)||Possible parish based on Skipness?|
|Allt Beithe||1m||1481||NR 885668||Blaeu
|Lagganroaig||1m||1495||NR 9064||1m(1502, 1669, 1751). 4m Roage in 1511 (OPS II, I, p 30) which is either a mistake or includes other properties.|
|Altagalvash||(1m)||1495||NR 9160/9161||Blaeu||Ald na Kallu(Blaeu). See below.|
|Allt airigh fhuair||(1m)||1495||NR 9161||Blaeu||Areooch(Blaeu). See below|
|Culindrach||2m||1495||NR 9159||Blaeu||Colintre(1495), Cullintraithe(1511), cf Muchtre, < treb?|
|Lethorlee||Lathourling(1502). With Kilelee or Kilpenny in 1495 & 1502. =Leth-feorling or ⅛d?|
|Coalfin||2m||1511||NR 8958||Blaeu||With Lethorlee or Lathourling as 2m in 1495 & 1502. Thereafter by itself. Last element < peighinn (penny)?|
|Glenskible||1m||1495||NR 8860||Blaeu||Glenskipinche(1495), Glenskipale(1502), 2m(1511), 1m(1664, 1751)|
|Oragaig||4m||1495||NR 8554||Blaeu||Owragag(1481), 4m(1495-1669), 3m(1751).|
|Eascairt||1m||1751||NR 8453||1m Eskirt(1751) was probably previously part of Oragaig.|
|Gartavaich||2m||1620||NR 8558||Blaeu||With Arivoir & Kennacraig as 6m in 1655 & 1669.|
|=Garbh + feorling (rough farthingland)|
|Feorlinmollach||¼d||Langlands(1793)||= Feorling + mollach (shaggy or tussocky farthingland)|
|Stronrestill||1m||1495||NR 8859||Now = Sron Achaidh a’ chipein bhuidhe?|
|(Western section)||Kilcalmonell or Clachan proper|
|Loup||4m||1751||NR 7758||Blaeu||Loup & Laruchmore 4m(1751)|
|Dunskeig||3m||1751||NR 7556/7656||Blaeu||3m(1739) in www.clanmcalister.org|
|Scotmill||1m||1751||NR 7956||Roy(PC 8)
|= 1m Scolaneill(1739) in www.clanmcalister.org?|
|Kilchamaig etc||8m||1539||See below.|
|Kilchamaig||3m||1751||NR 8061||Blaeu||3m including Park of Achenacloan(1751).|
|Muckeroch||½m||1751||c. NR 8159||Langlands(1793)||Langlands places just E of Loch Freasdail. See Kintyre Magazine No 26 pp 6, 9, 12 (n 27) for 1683 references – ‘on Grassfield farm’.|
|Kilcalmonell||1d||<=1247||Blaeu||Reg. Pass. pp 121-2|
|Balinakill||2m||1580||NR 7756||Blaeu||2m(1704, 1751). Bal na Heglish(Blaeu).|
|Dunultach||4m||1751||NR 7555||Blaeu||See below.|
|Dannonochane||2m||1541||Appears in 1541 & 1605 lists between Blarie and Kildonan so it may not be the same as Ronachan.|
|See below. In parish of Skippeneische (1620). Arivore probably 2m without Kennacraig but I have no records to prove this.|
|Kennacraig||2m||1751||NR 8262||Blaeu||With Arivore in 1511 & 1620. Chreigh(Blaeu). In parish of Skippeneische (1620). Kilnacraig(1751). See below.|
|Dippin||2m||1511||NR 844645||OS(1867)||2m(1669, 1751). Duppin(1867).|
|Bardaravine||2m||1511||NR 8464||Blaeu||2m(1669), 1m (1751).|
|Achachoish||2m||1511||NR 849658||OS(1867)||Only 1m in 1669 & 1751|
|Escart||1m||1511||NR 8466||Blaeu||Different to Eascairt by Oragaig.|
|Cragkeith||1m||1481||= Crag na Cairte by Allt Beithe? = Kreigchewich(Blaeu)?|
|Total Kilcalmonell||92m||Both the Knapdale & Kintyre parts of Clachan or Kilcalmonell|
|Total (m)||398m||Total of North Kintyre including all Kilcalmonell|
Masreoch & Ballegregan
The name Masreoch drops from view after 1605 and the property is then just called Ballegreggan. It appears to be lay in the early part of the sixteenth century but in 1596 (HP III p 74) Bellegronan & Maysreoch are said to be ‘kirk landis’. I think they were actually part of the St Ninian’s (or Whithorn Priory) estate. In the recorded lists of St Ninian’s lands Ballegregan and Drummoir are always given together at the end. This implies they were physically separate from the rest of the estate in South Kintyre and it is easy to then conclude they represent the neighbouring farms of Drummore and Ballegregan just north of Campbeltown. This is only partly true. I think the Ballegregan that belonged to St Ninian’s is the one at NR 7121. However Drumore was probably what is now known as Drumore-na-Bodach at NR 6732.
What makes things more confusing is that there are three places named Ballegregan (or similar) within a few miles of each other. The Ballygroggan that went with Crackaig was always 4m and lay. The Ballygregan by Drumlemble was 2m and part of the 17m Killeonan estate. The Balegreggan by Campbeltown was (almost) always 3m and, I think, part of St Ninian’s estate. It was sold by Macdonald of Macherioch to Macdonald of Smerbie in July 1620 (AS I (120)). It passed to the latter’s son, Macdonald of Tirfergus, in May 1633 (AS II (457)) who then promptly gave 2m of it back to support his mother (AS II (452)).
‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 35 speculates that Masreoch may have been the farm now called Whitehill (NR 7122).
Muileann (Gaelic for mill) tends to become -willine or -willing in Kintyre. There were two Ballywillines from at least 1502. (Beg & More from 1502-1506, Eister & Wester in 1541, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667, Upper & Lower/Laigh in 1678 & 1751). Each was worth 2m.
Kilmichael, Auchaleek, Craigs
In the Exchequer Rolls evidence (1502-5, 1506, 1541) these three properties are listed in South Kintyre. In 1545 they are listed among the lands of North Kintyre – as is the whole parish of Kilmichael in the 1678 rental.
Killmychill was one of the properties granted by Robert the Bruce (1306-1329) to Neill Og (Nigelli Oge) in Robertson’s Index p 26 No 27 (& OPS II, I p 31). The others are Drondrayllen, Dunnor, Keyllpoll and Reythenan. The last two are easily recognisable as Kellipol (now Calliburn) and Ranachan which are N & NE of Kilmichael. Dunnor is probably Drummore which is just ESE and Drondrayllen is reminiscent of Blaeu’s ‘Tremneuling’ which is probably Ballywilline but with druim (ridge) instead of baile (township) as the first element. Ballywilline is just east of Kilmichael. We have then, a compact group of 5 farms which, on the basis of evidence from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was worth about 17m. (Possibly 5d or 20m in Bruce’s day?).
This estate is recorded in 1481, 1539, 1542, 1551-2, 1553, 1554, 1619 & 1667. Usually it is given as 16m and went with another 8m in the Kilchamaig area (then classed as Knapdale) and the office of toiseachdeor of all Kintyre between the Mull and Allt Sionnaich (which was then the northern boundary of Kintyre). The estate included the properties of Machrihanish itself, Clochkeil, Trodigal, Darrarychane and Lesnerk. (In 1481 there is no mention of Lesnerk and the four remaining properties are valued at 13m). The valuation given in The Genealogist Vol 36 p 122 for 1542 starts with 7m Macherehanis which I think was the valuation of Machrihanish itself and not the whole estate. The two properties of Darrarychane and Lesnerk are always distinct and always the last two listed as part of the Machrihanish group. I think they are probably the same as Darneycharn and Lesenmarg which are two unidentified Saddell Abbey properties (see below). Dhurrie and Darlochan are on either side of a boggy patch in the middle of the Laggan of Kintyre that was formerly part of Loch Sanas. As Darloch and Derry are valued together as 4m in the 1751 AVR. Tradigal or Trodigal was 2m in Kilkivan parish in South Kintyre.
Darneycharn & Lesenmarg
These two properties belonged to Saddell Abbey but we do not know where they were or what they became. 2m Lesenmarg was given by John of the Isles between 1330 and 1387 (Munro ALI p 11 & RMS II (3170) (5)). ½d Darneycharn was also given by John in the same period (Munro ALI p12, Letters of Clement VII pp 193-4 & Highland Papers IV p 147). The relevant phrase is slightly ambiguous – ‘dimidiam nummatum terre de Darneycharn que duarum marcharum valorem non excedit’ – (½d Darneycharn not worth more than 2 marks). On the basis that 1d was 4m in Kintyre we could expect ½d to be worth exactly 2 merks but it is not certain that we are talking about an assessment rather than a rental. In 1556 (OPS II, I p 24 & RMS VII (760)) 2m Lessewark is listed between Knockhantybeg and Eilean Davaar. This is repeated in RMS VII (1243) of 1615. Although Darneycharn drops from the record there is a rather similar-sounding place called Darrarychane which appears from 1539 as part of the 16m estate of Machrihanish. (See also Darrachan in ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 20). Moreover Darrarychane is almost always followed in the list by a farm called Lesnerk (or similar). Are these two names referring to the Darneycharn and Lesenmarg which belonged to Saddell? In which case why are they now lay properties? I cannot be sure of the answers to these questions but it strikes me as very probable that nearby farms like Dhurrie and Darlochan are the modern successors to Darneycharn. I suspect that the ½d or two merk valuation actually covered both Darneycharn and Lesenmarg. In other words perhaps there was only one property given by John, Lord of the Isles, a property known either as Darneycharn or Lesenmarg. The phrase ‘duabus mercatis terrarum nuncupat[is] Lesenmarg’ (two merklands called Lesenmarg) almost suggests that Lesenmarg wasn’t its proper name. The name itself is intriguing. I have wondered if the ‘s’ is a misreading for ‘f’ in which case the first element could be leth-pheighinn or half-pennyland. However this would make no sense paired with ‘marg’ or merk. I have also wondered whether it could be for leth + sean + marg (half old mark). The reason this is attractive is that elsewhere in Kintyre there are documentary references to ‘senemargis’ or ‘old marks’. (I have argued elsewhere that ‘old merks’ meant pennylands and the name Margmonagach shows that ‘marg’ could find its way into Kintyre place-names). In this case Lesenmarg is not so much the name of the place as descriptive of Darneycharn’s value. It was a farm worth a ½d. However I don’t think we can ever be absolutely certain about this because there remain a number of loose ends. From the sheer number of references in the Saddell and Machrihanish charters there is no doubt that Lesenmarg was assumed to be a place. Moreover if we look at the listing of the Machrihanish extate in RMS II (1485) of 1481 it was worth only 13m. The single missing farm seems to be Lesnerk (reading Darbrekane as Darrarychane) which implies that Lesnerk was 3m. Further complications are thrown up by an entry for 10s (¾m) of Leischstrachane & Trailligin in RMS VI (1911) 1607 (& RMS VIII (929) 1626 & RMS XI (1105) 1667). The spellings in a number of similar documents suggest these are Lesenmarg & Trodigal – both parts of the Machrihanish estate – though why they should only be worth 10s I do not know.
Backs is listed as part of Skeirchenzie parish in the 1678 rental but I think this is only because it was part of the Skeirchenzie estate. In 1779 & 1792 it is given as part of Kilmichael and, geographically, that is where it belongs. It became part of the parish of Campbeltown which united the parishes of Kilkerran, Kilchousland, Kilmichael & Kilkivan – but not Kilchenzie. I have therefore ignored the 1678 evidence.
Since this does not appear as a valuation before 1678 and since it is 1m in 1678 & 1751 – the same years that Backs is reduced to 3m – I think it was originally part of the 4m of Backs. In OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLVII (1866) Aross is at NR 669216 which is just over a kilometre WNW of where it is now.
Skeroblingarry & Skeroblinraid
I have deliberately overlooked the earliest figures for these two farms because I am sure they contain errors. In 1623 Skeroblingarry is given as 3m 5s 8d in RMS VIII (545) & AS II (174). Perhaps this should be 3m 6s 8d (3½m) or, possibly, 3m 5s (3⅜m). Skeroblinraid is 34s 8d (2m 8s) in both documents where you would expect 35s (2m 8s 4d or 2⅝m). In 1678 Skerblengorie is 3m 8s 4d (3⅝m) while Skerblenraid is indeed given as 2m 8s 4d (2⅝m). In 1751 the two properties are valued at 3½m (Skeroblingorry) and 2⅔m (Skeroblinraid). (The Argyll Valuation Roll tended to treat 8s 4d (⅝m) as ⅔m – which strictly speaking it wasn’t since ⅔m would be 8s 10⅔d). Overall I think the best thing to do is accept the 1678 figure and say the total for the two Skeroblins was 6¼m. Skeroblingarry is usually given as in Kilmichael parish. See also Puball.
Although Puball did not survive as a farm unit it was possibly once a significant settlement site. RCAHMS Argyll Vol I No 255 describes an earthwork here and OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI (1866-7) states that urns and coins were found at a ‘Circle’ at Puball. The second element of the name may be from Norse bol or bolstadr (farm). A place called Pubbill was linked with the shieling at ‘Invergye’ in South Kintyre (qv) but I think it was a different settlement. Any farm at Puball could have been squeezed out by the two Skeroblins and its assessment lost. I am not sure whether the original Puball would have been in Kilmichael or Kilchenzie parish.
It is complex to unravel the various Ugadales. High Ugadale or Ugadale ‘wachtrich’ was part of the Saddell Abbey estate – much of which passed to the family of Campbell of Glensaddell. It is referred to as ½d in 1393 (Letters of Clement VII pp 193-4). In Scottish extent it was worth 2m and appears as Upper Ugadel in 1751. It is defined geographically in RHP 3294 which is a map by George Langlands of Donald Campbell’s Saddell estate in 1784. This estate also included the farm of Whitestone which was previously known as Ulladill. What makes things confusing is that the names of these separate farms are sometimes spelled in a very similar fashion. So Blaeu marks ‘Vgadil’ (read Ulladill) north of Glen Saddell and ‘Vggadel’ (read Ugadale) south of Glen Saddell. Wlladill na keyll of the 1678 rental (Saddell parish) is probably the Ulladill north of Glen Saddell now known as Whitestone. Laigh Ugadale was also known as Ugadale Mackay and was part of the land given to the maors in return for service.
Kildonan is listed both as a lay property worth 2m and also as 2m of the Saddell Abbey estate. The lay portion is on record in the Exchequer Rolls from 1502-5 and was one of the lands granted by James VI to the Earl of Argyll in 1607 (RMS VI (1911)). Saddell Abbey’s portion is on record from 1556 and in 1633 was sold by the Marquess of Hamilton to Lord Lorne (AS II (504)). The whole of Kildonan should therefore be worth 4m but only 2m is shown in the rental of 1678 and the 1751 Argyll Valuation Roll. I am not sure how to explain this but it is possible that the Saddell references should be discounted. It is conceivable that they refer to the Kildonan in Ayrshire which Saddell exchanged with Crossraguel for the parish church of Inchmarnock c. 1360. In this case Kildonan might just be a ‘ghost-name’ copied meaninglessly from one document to the next. However there were N & S ‘Kildonnel’ farms in 1818 according to ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 29.
Ballochgair, Ardnacross, Kilkeddan & Gartgreillan
These four farms made a 12m estate from 1502-5. (Ballochgair was 2m, Ardnacross 4m, Kilkeddan 3m and Gartgreillan 3m). Documented as 12m between 1502 and 1626 although from 1541 it is referred to as the Auchincros estate. RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I) gives ¾ ‘senemargis’ (old marks) Curtegredlene & Arngaffs. Gartgreillan was indeed 3m and may have included a shieling whose first element Ari- has been corrupted into Arn- ?
Peninver, Isca & Allt-an-Tairbh
The 1678 rental refers to 4m Pennyveranska while Clan Campbell Vol I p 6 refers to the 4m Peninver & Iseba in 1691. The 1751 AVR has 4m Peniver and Isea (or Isca). This last is probably the same place as the Iiskagg with Drumgarrow in AS II (821) of 1654. The only suggestion I can make is Easach Hill and Allt Easach which are north of Drumgarve. The farm plans of East Drumgarve (DR 4/9/8 & DR 4/9/104/4) give the lands of ‘Isca’ or ‘Iscar’ at the north-west end of the farm. These would match well with the location of a farm based on Allt Easach. No settlement is named on OS 1st Series 6″ Sheet CCLI (1866-7) but there are two fields and what may be a house at NR 721283. (‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 23 gives Easca at NR 721282).
A further complication derives from the fact that Peninver features twice in the Exchequer Roll evidence of 1502-5. 3m are given by themselves, another 4m are linked with Altherf (Allt-an-Tairbh in NR 7430). Since the latter is 1m in 1751 (and probably 1678) it looks as if the two parts of Peninver together came to 6m or 1½d, that each was linked with a sheiling ground (Isca & Allt-an-Tairbh) and that each of these sheilings was worth another mark, making a total of 8m or 2d.
Although the first valuation of Smerby as 7m does not occur until 1751 we can be confident that it was worth this from at least 1505. Smerby and Clachfin were together worth 8m in 1505, 1506, 1541, 1605, 1654, 1674 & 1678. Smerby (almost certainly including Clachfin) is also given as 8m in 1545, 1558 & 1596. In 1751 Smerby is 7m while Clachfin and Stramolloch are worth 1m. (I assume Stramolloch was always part of Clachfin).
The two Ballemenachs (Upper & Lower) are 2m each from 1502-6. (In 1505 it is said of Lower Ballemenach that the Lord of the Isles used to give it to his chancellor and scribe). In 1541 the lands are also divided into Upper & Lower (worth 2m each) but there is added a:
‘Memorandum that the 5m land of Ballemannochis is alledgit to be of auld gevin ane hundreth yeir sence or thairby to Our Lady of Kilquhisland’.
The 5m extent is reinforced in ER XVII pp 625-33 for 1542. The problem is that all the valuations of Ballimenach Upper are for 2m, as are the valuations for Ballemenach Lower. In addition we have 4m valuations for both Ballimenachs together in 1654, 1674, 1678. Against these we have 5m valuations in 1541, 1542, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. The extra merkland is not the 1m Kerref Callyn (qv) which was linked to Ballemenoch and listed from 1502. RMS V (41) of 1580 (on an original of 1578) and RSS VII (2594) give 1m Kerrych-chaillen as well as 1m Ballemonoch-wachtroch (Upper Ballymenach) being set by the vicar of Kilchouslan so I think that the true total for Ballemenach was 5m but that 1m of Upper Balimenach was so closely linked to the church of Kilchousland that it was sometimes omitted from the lists of values.
There is no indication where this property was but I assume it was somewhere close to Kilchousland. It is usually listed in the Exchequer Rolls alongside Cour and Sunadale. These two farms belonged to Ardchattan but on p 585 (1505-7) Carrafcaling is described as mortified to the Church of Saint Constantine in N Kintyre (ie Kilchousland). Elsewhere in the same volume (pp 698-703) the church of Kilchousland is described as the Blessed Virgin Mary’s. It is linked with 1m of Upper Ballemeanach in RMS V (41) of 1580.
On Langlands’ map of Killean & Kilchenzie parish in 1777 (RHP 4300) the accompanying text reads “The minister says this Town is not in Kilchinzie Parish but their neighbours says it is”. I suspect the reason that the ‘neighbours’ claimed it for Kilchenzie was because it is on the same side of the watershed. The minister may have been right in 1777 but in earlier centuries the parish boundary was more likely to have been ‘where wind and water shear’.
Skeirchenzie was probably an early estate of Iona. ‘Skeir’ is the same word as in ‘shire’ and passed into Gaelic to represent a parish. Skeirchenzie literally means Kenneth’s parish. It is given as 40m (£26 13s 4d) in the 1561 rental printed in CRA pp 1-4. It is not named among the Abbey’s lands in the 1203 papal confirmation but Kilchenzie (‘Chelcenneg’) is named as one of the Abbey’s churches – which makes it perfectly possible that Skeirchenzie was already Iona’s. Certainly by 1296 Alexander Macdonald could write that the Abbot of Iona had £40 or 60m in Kintyre. In fact if we include all of Iona’s known possessions in Kintyre we only come to a little over £30 (as in RMS VIII (545) of 1623) – of which £6 lay in Carradale. It is rather doubtful that Iona lost any possessions during this period so perhaps Alexander exaggerated a little. We know that the Glencarradale properties belonged to Iona before Bruce’s reign because they are referred to in RMS I App 1 (105).
It is important to distinguish between Kilchenzie parish and the Skeirchenzie estate. The latter included properties outside Kilchenzie parish (such as 9m in Carradale). Equally Kilchenzie parish included properties such as the Saddell estate of Ballevain (whose farms are listed under ‘Skeirchenzie parish’ in 1678) but which never formed part of the Skeirchenzie estate. In practical terms they were probably taken to mean much the same thing and the 1678 rental refers to ‘Skeirchenzie’ parish. Nevertheless, from what we know of later parish boundaries it looks as if Backs, Skeroblingarry and Putechan were not actually in Kilchenzie parish. The full estate consisted of Putechan, Kilmacrow, Laggalgarve, Tangytavil, Killarow, Gartgunnell, Kilmaho, Skerblingorry, Skerblinraid, two Largies, Langa, Drum, Balnagleck, Backs + the Carradale properties of Barmollach, Brackley, Auchinbreck and Craigmore.
Argyll & Bute Archives DR 3/3/22 (labelled 20) is a ‘Plan of the estate on the W coast of Kintyre belonging to FW Campbell of Barbreck’ by Thomas Wilson, surveyor, 1808. This is substantially the parish of Kilchenzie. DR 3/3/10 is a ‘Plan of the lands between Ballochantuy & Machrihanish’ by A Henderson, surveyor, 1857. This includes Putechan, Machrihanish etc.
In Minutes of the Synod of Argyll 1652-1661 p 71 there is a passage concerning the attempt to define the new parish of Lochhead:
‘and the limities of the said paroach towards the north or northwest to be Killokra, Straduie and towards the east Glanerbie inclusive’.
I suspect that Killocraw was the northern limit of the old Kilchenzie parish and the Strathduie Water (now at the north end of Lussa Loch) its eastern boundary. This seems to confirmed in the 1678 rental where Killocraw is said to be in Kilchenzie whilst Puitachan is in Killean.
Although Killarow is mentioned several times as a separate parish belonging to Ardchattan it is also listed as part of the Skeirchenzie estate in 1623 (RMS VIII (545)). This is not necessarily a contradiction because this 1623 grant by the Bishop of the Isles was made after both Iona & Ardchattan had been annexed to the bishopric. (However it does mean we should deduct Killarow from Iona’s estate of Skeirchenzie). Given that Kilchenzie was probably a 40m or 10d parish it is tempting to suggest that the northern half of this (20m or 5d) was the original parish of Killarow. In practical terms this was probably absorbed by the Iona parish of Skeirchenzie long before 1623 although its memory lingered into the seventeenth century. If pressed for boundaries I would suggest Allt na Dunaich in the north (between Killocraw & Putechan) and the burn south of Tangy Burn in the south (between Tangy & the Saddell estate of Drumalea and Ballevain).
Having said all this we must allow for the possibility that Ardchattan’s ‘Kilmolrow’ was not actually the Killarow in Kilchenzie. Neither was it the Kilmorry by Killean since that belonged to Saddell. Could it have been a different site, now lost? I think this is entirely possible since there is a lost Kilmichael in Saddell and a lost Kilbride by Uigle. The trouble is that in both the latter cases we have numerous records which help us locate them. In the case of Kilmolrow we only know it was in Kintyre. Failing Kilchenzie I think the most likely location is by Cour and Sunadale in east Kintyre, both of which were known to belong to Ardchattan. There is a burial-gound at Cladh Bhadan, just N of Cour. The name Badan is reminiscent of the old church of Ardchattan which was known as Ballibodan or Ballebadin (see Watson CPNS pp 122-3 & fn 1 p 123, p 301).
Largiemore & Largiebeg
By 1777 these farms seem to have gained the additional prefix of baile-. Ballinalargymore is only 1s 8d in 1678 rental but I am sure there is at least 1m mssing here. The two Largies together seem to have been equal to 2½m. The two Largies, Drum & Cluash were 5m in 1751. Largiebeg may have included Mucklach which appears as a settlement in Roy(PC 53), Langlands(1793) and DR 4/9/55 of 1834.
Killean brings us to the major difficulty of establishing early parish boundaries in North Kintyre which is sorting out the situation on the east coast. On the west coast Killean stretched from Balure in the north to Putechan in the south. On the east coast Kilchousland stopped at Ugadale in the north while Kilcalmonell came as far south as Oragaig farm. (I think the boundary was south of Eascairt which was probably then part of Oragaig). Between Ugadale and Oragaig is more problematic. On seventeenth-century evidence this area was part of Killean – but I suspect it wasn’t always so. Any early parochial arrangements in the Saddell area were, in practical terms, overtaken by the establishment of Saddell Abbey from the latter half of the twelfth century. One would expect to find a parish in Carradale but there wasn’t. North of Carradale the situation was complicated by the fact that Iona held 9m in upper Glencarradale whilst Ardchattan Priory held the 4m of Cour and Sunadale. Was there once a parish of Killarow based round Cour? (See above note on Killarow under Kilchenzie parish).
OPS II, II p 22 also grappled with the problem of Killean and reckoned it formerly extended across the whole breadth of Kintyre. On the east coast it was ‘bounded on the south by … Glensaddell’ and stretched north ‘to the neighbourhood of Cour and Sperasaig’. I really don’t think, on the basis of the information we currently have, that we are able to properly establish the parish boundaries of North Kintyre. Kilcalmonell is relatively straightforward, as is Killean on the west coast. The east coast between Saddell and Crossaig is the contentious area. In early times I don’t believe the parish of Killean would have crossed the central spine of Kintyre to include east coast farms. Orientation was always towards the sea and I believe settlements on the east coast would have had their own parishes based on Saddell, Carradale and possibly Cour. If there were such they have been lost for centuries and so in the table I have divided Killean up into what I think are the appropriate sections. I have treated the west coast from Balure to Putechan as Killean proper. On the east coast I have separated the area around Cour from Saddell (which came to include Carradale).
Killean & Kilmory
In 1243 Alexander II gave the church of ‘Kilican’ to the Bishopric of Lismore (Argyll) – see Duncan & Brown p 218 and RMS II (3136.1). It is usually assumed that this is the church of Killean. Before 1222 Roderick, son of Reginald, gave 5d to maintain the church of St John in Kintyre (Killean). This 5d comprised 3d of the church of St John and 2d of the church of St Mary – see Duncan & Brown p 219 and RMS II (3136.4). The evidence comes from charters shown by the Bishop of Argyll to James IV in 1507 – at which time they were all regarded as bishopric lands. Unfortunately there are a number of ambiguities:
- a) It is not certain that Kilican is Killean.
- b) It is not certain which was the church of St Mary. OPS II, I, 21-2 thought it was Kilmarow (Killarow at NR 6628) but by the time of OPS II, II p 821 the editor had come to the view that it was probably Kilmory (NR 7044) by Killean. (I also favour the latter but would argue that in both cases the second element may actually be for St Maolrubha rather than St Mary. However it is easy to see how St Mary might have been preferred as patron at the time of gift).
- c) If it was Kilmory (by Killean) then it is possible that these were in fact Saddell lands which, in 1507, were being treated as if they were bishopric lands.
- d) 5d would be 20m and I cannot find 20 merklands in the Killean area which retained a tradition of once belonging to the church. There are four properties in the area which definitely belonged to Saddell – Kilmory (4m), Achaloskin (3m), Drumnamucklach (1½m) and Monycuil (1½m) – but they only total 10m or half what we would expect.
Beacharr, Beachmenach, Beachmore, Beachclavay
It is difficult to be sure of the total assessment of these farms. The basic farm-name was Beach to which were added qualifiers such as carragh (standing-stone), meanach (middle) and more (big). The earliest documents give 10m (including Achadh a’ Choirce). The evidence from 1545, 1558 & 1751 suggests 11m. I prefer 10m.
ER data (1502-1506) gives Bar as 8m with Killagruer (which was 2m). However ER XVII of 1541 gives Barr as 9m – as it is in 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. (These 9m must have included Killagruer). Upper Barr was 2½m & Laigh Barr was 3½m in 1751.
Was this Ardchattan’s parish of Killarow? Ardchattan Priory was founded by the MacDougalls in 1230 or 1231. No Ardchattan lands in Kintyre are listed in Alexander Macdonald’s letter of 1296 but that letter does reveal that John Comyn held 100m in Kintyre (just under one-sixth of the whole peninsula). Given the close association between the Comyn and Macdougall families in Bruce’s day it is easy to conceive that one of the Comyn’s mortified the 4m of Cour and Sunadale to a priory founded by their close allies. It is possible they gave Ardchattan the parish of Killarow at the same time – in fact Killarow may have been the parish church of Cour and Sunadale.
6m with Speresag & Ardnagach(1502-5). Often 4m which probably included Ardnaduff. 8m with Sperisaig, Grianan & Cretbriden in 1654 & 1678. 6m with Sperisaig & Cretbriden in 1751. In the 1596 list (HP III p 74) 4m Crossaig is listed with ‘Bellegronan and Maysreoch’ and these are followed by the phrase ‘and ar kirk landis’. It is slightly ambiguous whether this applies only to Ballegreggan (which belonged to St Ninians) or whether Crossaig is supposed to be included in the statement.
Ard Carradale was 4m of a 24m estate granted by James IV to Adam Reid of Starquhite after the forfeiture of the Lordship of the Isles. In RMS II (2454) of 1498 it is referred to as 23½m but in RMS II (2500) of 1499 it is defined as 4m Ard Carradale and 20m of Glen Carradale, Auchinsavil, Rhonadale, Auchinbreck (which was Iona’s), Kernashie, Auchinfraoch, Corriemakkonnon and Carradale – none of which are specifically valued. OPS II, I, p 25 gives 23m of the same estate in 1564 and here the valuations are given but unfortunately the place-names differ. However this last document tallies almost exactly with the Exchequer Rolls evidence for Adam Reid’s estate in 1505 & 1506. Following this the Carradale estate consisted of the Two Deucherans (2m), Auchinfraoch (2m), Kirnashie (1m), Kilmichael (3m), Stroneduvane (2m), Kirnacraig (1m), Auchinsavil (2m), Rhonadale (4m), Dippen (3m) and Ard Carradale (4m). This estate was still more or less the same in 1751 and (with the addition of Grianan) is shown on Lewis Robertson’s plan of 1827.
Saddell Abbey estate
The Saddell Abbey estate was centred on Glen Saddell but included other lands in Kintyre, Arran, Gigha and Ayrshire. We can still trace at least 12m (3d) in Saddell itself (4m Mains, 2m Lephinmore, 2m Guesdale, 1½m Iffernan, 1½m Braidiffernan, 1m Kilmichael) but since we know it was worth 5d (20m) in 1393 (excluding Torrisdale) it may be that we have lost a merkland or two. See separate table for a list of all Saddell’s properties.
The conversion between Norse and Scottish extents makes more sense if we look at Torrisdale, Lephincorrach and Lephinbeag together. The first element in the latter two names is for Leth-pheighinn or half-pennyland. We might assume therefore that since Torrisdale was 1d in 1393 and these two farms were nominally ½d each that the three together made 2d which would be equivalent to 8m. In fact the three farms of Torrisdale (3m), Lephincorrach (1½m) and Lephinbeag (1½m) only came to 6m and each appears to be undervalued. There are two possible solutions. Either we have lost 2m through the attrition of time or Torrisdale Glen was only ever composed of three half-pennylands each worth 2m. If the latter then two of these may have made up the 1d Torrisdale in 1393. Over time one of the half-pennylands became known as Torrisdale and the other became Lephincorrach or Lephinbeag. The Torrisdale half-pennyland (which was nominally only worth 2m) absorbed parts of each of the other half-pennylands to become 3m. Lephincorrach and Lephinbeag were now reduced in value to 1½m each.
1m Kilmichael is consistently listed as part of the Saddell Abbey estate and in 1751 it is linked with Iffernan. I doubt that this is part of the Kilmichael in Glen Carradale and suspect it was an early religious site neighbouring Iffernan which has since been lost. The building of Saddell Abbey would have made it redundant although the memory of it remained until the eighteenth century.
Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish (in Kintyre)
Carnbeg, Carnmore & Cour-sheileach
3m Carnbeg included Little Corshelach in 1600, 1627, 1650, 1675. 4m Carnemoir included Mickle Corschellach in 1600, 1627, 1650 & 1675. The two Cour-sheileachs are assessed separately as 3m in 1545 & 1558. There is a problem here. If we add the values of Carn Mor, Carn Beg and Cour-sheileach for 1545 & 1558 we get 9m whereas the later (and probably the earlier) valuations suggest a grand total of 7m. I prefer the latter figure since there are other instances where the data from 1545 & 1558 is not wholly reliable.
Gartlosk & Sidrigill
I cannot locate either of these precisely. Blaeu marks Gartluisk just east of Kilvore which is south of Killean. There is a Lagloskine at NR 7246 and Auchaluskin at NR 7043. Gartlosk is not listed in 1545 but appears as 3m Gartloskis in 1558. Gartlosk & Sidrigill appear together as 4m from 1502-6. 4m Sedwryle (probably including Gartlosk) appears in 1545, 1558, 1600, 1627, 1650 & 1675. Both Gartlosk & Sidrigill appear in 1558, making a total of 7m but since this is at variance with all the other data I am inclined to ignore it.
Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish (in Knapdale)
I think Kilcalmonell parish is itself a composite, although one of very long standing. By the thirteenth century it included the east coast area around Skipness but, as with Saddell and Killean, I suspect the eastern coastline once had its own parish structure. The parochial centre would probably have been at Skipness or Claonaig or between the two. The boundary between Skipness and Kilcalmonell could possibly have been the watershed east of Loch Freasdail.
Altagalvash & Allt airigh fhuair
Altgalleras & Altwoware were 2m in 1495 & 1502. The latter features by itself as 2m Aireour in 1511 but each is 1m in 1631, 1632, 1655 & 1751.
Kilchamaig was part of an 8m estate from 1539. The other two farms were Gartnagrenach and Muchtre (which name is just possibly from -tref). Most references give the three farms as 8m but there are exceptions. RMS II (1485) of 1481 omits Muchtre (unless part of it was Leamnamuic) but I do not think this is significant. However AS II (882) of 1655 and (1527) of 1669 give the 3 farms + Lagnascavoch as only 6m.
Dunultach and Ronachan
Dunultach and Ronachan were, along with Achatamulen in South Knapdale, part of a 10m estate in 1496 & 1510 (and probably also in 1481). Dunultach and Ronachan appear together as 6m in 1558 & 1630.
Arivore & Kennacraig
The Arymore estate was 12m in 1481, 1495 and 1502. Arivore itself (with Kennacraig) was 4m in 1511 & 1620. In 1655 & 1669 Arivoir and Kennacraig were with Gartavaich as 6m. In 1751 Arivoir and Lagnascavach (which latter was with Kilchamaig in 1655 & 1669) were worth 2½m and included: Loanlia, Achaleven, Collom of Arivoir and Stonefield Parks. Kilnacraig was 2m in 1751.