North Kintyre

North Kintyre

CEP = Carradale Estate Plan by Lewis Robertson, 1827

Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Kilmichael parish  
Baraskomill 3m 1502-5 NR 7421 Blaeu Kilmichal parish(1678).
Askomill More 3m 1502-5 NR 7220/7320 Blaeu North of Beg in Blaeu. Kilmichal parish(1678).
Askomill Beg 3m 1502-5 NR 7220/7320 Blaeu South of More in Blaeu. Kilmichal parish(1678).
Masreoch   3m with Ballegregan from 1502. 4m for both in 1596 – stated to be kirk lands. See below.
Ballegregan 3m 1502-5 NR 7121 Blaeu

DR 4/9/116

RHP 31883

Kilmichal parish(1678). With Masreoch as 3m(1502-5). 4m(1596) which is probably a mistake. Part of St Ninian’s estate? See below.
Drumore 4m 1502-5 NR 7022 DR 4/9/111

DR 4/9/116

RHP 31883

Kilmichal parish(1678). Drummorilannaye(1545), Drummoirclavay(1558). 4m(1502-1751). See below under Kilmichael and in ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 22.
Ballywilline 4m 1502-5 NR 7122/7123 DR 3/3/2

DR 4/9/94-5

Tremneuling(Blaeu) where first element = druim or ridge? Kilmichal parish(1678). See below & also under Kilmichael.
Kilmichael 2m 1481 NR 6922 DR 4/9/46 Kilmichal parish(1678). Usually paired with Auchaleek as 4m.

See below.

Auchaleek 2m 1481 NR 7022 Kilmichal parish(1678). Usually paired with Kilmichael as 4m.

See below.

Craigs 4m 1481 NR 6823/6923 Blaeu

DR 3/3/9

Kilmichal parish(1678). ‘le Crag'(1481). See below.
Ranachan 4m 1502-5 NR 6924/7024 Blaeu

DR 4/9/73-4

Part of Largie estate from early sixteenth century.

Kilmichael parish(1779, 1792)



3m 1502-5 NR 7125/7225 Langlands 1793

DR 4/9/52


Keyllpoll(<=1329). Part of Largie estate from early sixteenth century. Marked twice on OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI of 1866-7. (Calliburn or Kylipole is at NR 713253 while Callyburn is at NR 721255).
Machrihanish estate 16m 1539 See below.
Machrihanish 7m 1542 NR 6520/6521 RHP 31882

DR 3/3/9

1m mentioned in 1607, 1626 & 1667. 6m in Kilmichal parish(1678). 6m(1751). See below.
Clochkeil 5m 1751 NR 6623 Blaeu

DR 4/9/13

DR 3/3/9

Kilmichal parish(1678).

1m mentioned in 1607, 1626 & 1667.

Darneycharn (2m)


1330-1387 c. NR 6723/6823


= Darlochan? See below.

4m Darloch & Derry(1751).

Darlochan NR 6723/6823 DR 4/9/3, 5 & 6 Kilmichal parish(1678). 4m Darloch & Derry(1751). OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLVII (1866) marks East Darlochan at NR 681235 which is now Rhoin Farm. West, Mid & East divisions in Kilmichael parish in 1792.
Dhurrie NR 6822 DR 4/9/10-11 4m Darloch & Derry(1751). Kilmichael parish(1779, 1792). RCAHMS Argyll I No 240 describes a crannog in Durry Loch.
Lesenmarg 2m 1330-


= Darneycharn? = Lesragan in Kilmichal parish(1678)?

2m Lessewark of Saddell’s (1556). See below.


East Backs

West Backs

4m 1623 NR 6821/6921 Blaeu

DR 4/9/86

DR 4/9/87

Backis(1623). 4m(1674 – KAS Magazine No 37 p 25). 3m Skeirchenzie parish(1678) – but listed under Kilmichal parish. 3m(1751). See below.
Aros 1m 1678 NR 6821 RHP 31882 Kilmichal parish(1678, 1685, 1779, 1792). 1m(1751). See below.
Skeroblingarry 3⅝m 1678 NR 7026 DR 4/9/69-70 3m 5s 8d(1623). Kilmichal parish(1678, 1779, 1792). See below.
Puball?   c. NR 712262 See below under Kilchenzie – cf Pubbill in S Kintyre.
Total Kilmichael parish 56⅝m 54m 8s 4d (1678)
Kilchousland parish  
High Ugadale






NR 7829 Wgladal(1393). This Ugadale belonged to Saddell. Kilchousland parish(1642, 1678). See below.
Low Ugadale or

Ugadale M’Kay





NR 7828 Blaeu

RHP 3294

½ ‘senemargis’ in RMS I, App I, No 105. Given to the maor for service (1505). This must be Ugadale Mackay since they were maors in North Kintyre. (Often linked with Arnicle). RMS III (2756) 1542. Kilchousland parish(1642, 1678). See below.
Kildonan 2m

+ 2m?



NR 7828 Blaeu

DR 4/9/41

2m let to the ‘officer’ in 1505 & 1506. Kilchousland parish(1678).

See below.

Ballochgair 2m 1545 NR 7727 Blaeu

DR 4/9/90

Kilchowslan parish(1678). 4m with Kildonan in 1691. See below.
Ardnacross 4m 1545 NR 7626 Blaeu Probably = 1 ‘senemargis’ (old mark) Ardinlochu of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). Kilchowslan parish(1642, 1678). See below.
Kilkeddan 3m 1545 NR 7526 DR 4/9/48

DR 4/9/104/14

= 1½ ‘senemargis’ (old marks) Kylcedene of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). Kilchowslan parish(1678).   = Kelmelin(Blaeu)? Kilchiatain in DR 4/9/104/4 of 1831. Divided into E & W Kilkeddan in DR 4/9/48 of 1834. See below.
Gartgreillan 3m 1545 NR 7326 DR 4/9/29 = ¾ ‘senemargis’ (old marks) Curtegredlene & Arngaffs of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). = Gartluisk(Blaeu)? Kilchowslan parish(1678). E & W Gartgreillan in DR 4/9/29. See below.
Peninver (6m) 1502-5 NR 7525 Blaeu

DR 4/9/58-60

1 ‘senemargis’ (old mark) Penigninm[ir] of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). Kilchowslan parish(1678). See below.
Isca (Allt Easach?) (1m)? NR 721283 OS(1866-7) Shieling for Peninver? Kilchousland parish(1779, 1792).

See below.

Allt-an-Tairbh 1m 1751 c. NR 731312 DR 4/9/71 Shieling for Peninver? Kilchowslan parish(1678, 1779, 1792).

See below.

Drumgarve 4m 1502-5 NR 7226 Blaeu

DR 4/9/8

DR 4/9/104/4

4m(1502-1667), 3m(1751). 4m with Iiskagg in 1654. 6m with Laggan in Kilchowslan parish(1678).

West Laggan

3m 1502-5 NR 7325/7425

NR 734259



⅛ ‘senemargis’ (old mark) Lagan of RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I). 3m(1502-1751). With Drumgarve as 6m in Kilchowslan parish (1678). Given to McMerkis poets in early Exchequer Rolls evidence. Balamackmarkish in Blaeu.
Smerby 7m 1751 NR 7522/7523 Blaeu

DR 4/9/65-6

DR 4/9/136

8m with Clachfin from 1502. Kilchowslan parish(1678).

See below.

Clachfin 1m 1751 NR 7229 Kilchowslan parish(1678, 1779, 1792). Included Stramolloch in 1751.
Stramollach   NR 7130 DR 4/9/71 The farm, as shown in DR 4/9/71 of 1845, includes Allt-an-Tairbh. With Clachfin as 1m(1751). Kilchousland parish(1779, 1792).
Ballymenach 5m 1541 NR 7522 Kilchowslan parish(1678). See below.
Kerref Callyn 1m 1502-5 c. NR 7522? See below. Kerref < ceatramh =quarter. This might have become Kilchousland since it disappears after 1580.
Kilchousland (1m) Blaeu 3m with Crossibeg in 1654, 1674 & 1678. Kilchowslan parish(1678). = Kerref Callyn?
Crossibeg 2m 1502-5 NR 7422 DR 4/9/22-3 3m with Kilchousland in 1654, 1674 & 1678. Kilchowslan parish(1678). 3m(1751) – presumably including Kilchousland.
?Mulbuy/Meall Buidhe ½m 1777 NR 7332 Langlands

DR 4/9/113

= Blaeu’s Molluy? Kilchousland parish(1779, 1792). See below.
Total Kilchousland 48m 44m(1678)
Kilchenzie parish  
Skeirchenzie estate 40m 1561 40m (£26-13s-4d) in CRA p 3 of 1561. £30 (correctly £30-3s-8d) in RMS VIII (545) of 1623 – of which £6 lay in Carradale.

Also £30 in OPS II, I p 21 of 1576. See below.

Killocraw 4m 1623 NR 6630 Blaeu

DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 4/9/104/11

DR 4/9/45

DR 3/3/9

Kilmacroy(1623). Skeirchenzie parish(1678).

See below.

Savanach ½m 1777 Langlands Just SE of Killocraw.
Corrylach 1m 1678 NR 7030 DR 3/3/22

DR 4/9/104/15

1m(1751). Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Corilach ¾m 1777 Langlands
Gobagrenan ½m 1777 NR 7028 Langlands

DR 3/3/22


Originally c. NR 709296 in OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI – which site is now under Lussa Loch.
Lagalgarve 1½m 1623 NR 6529 DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Tangytavil 1½m 1623 NR 6529 DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Taynamoile/Tangymoil 1m 1777 NR 6628 Langlands

DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

Tangymoil has replaced the earlier name of Taynamoil.
Tangy Mill 2m 1777 Langlands

DR 3/3/22

Tangy 2½m 1751 NR 6727 Blaeu

DR 3/3/22

1m(Langlands – 1777).
Mucklach ½m 1777 c. NR 6726 Langlands

DR 3/3/22

DR 4/9/55

A little E of Breakachy in DR 3/3/22.

N of Largiebeg in DR 4/9/55.

Kilchenzie parish(1779).

Killarow 3m 1623 NR 6628 Blaeu

DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

Kilmarow(1623). Formerly a separate parish with teinds belonging to Ardchattan? Laigh & High 1½m each in Langlands(1777). Skeirchenzie parish(1678). See below.
Gartgunnall 2½m 1623 NR 6728 DR 3/3/22 Skeirchenzie parish(1678). 2m in Langlands(1777).
Achalochy ½m 1777 NR 6928 Langlands

DR 3/3/22

Drumalea 2½m 1556 NR 6627 DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

Saddell Abbey’s. Part of 12m Ballevain estate. Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
High Drumlea 1¼m 1777 Langlands
Drumlea 1¼m 1777 Langlands
Breakachy ½m 1777 NR 6726 Langlands

DR 3/3/22




2m 1556  

NR 6525/6625

NR 6626

DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

Saddell Abbey’s. Granted by Reginald, son of Somerled c. 1164-1192. 4½m(1751) – presumably including Cnoc a’ Choire. Ballavain (2m) & High Ballavain (2m) in Langlands 1777. W & E in DR 3/3/9 of 1854. Skeirchenzie parish(1678). 10d (1393) & 12m(<1498) must have included other farms.
Cnoc a’ Choire 2½m 1556 NR 6526/6626 Saddell Abbey’s. Knokingor(1556). Knocknagour in Skeirchenzie parish(1678). Part of 12m Ballevain estate. After 1634 seems to have been absorbed into Ballevain. This is Cnoc a’ Chromain in OS CCLI (1866-7). Name possibly corrupted?
Bordad/Bordadubh 1m 1556 NR 7231 DR 3/3/19

DR 4/9/113

Saddell Abbey’s. With Langa & Kilmahoe as 3¾m in Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Bordadow 1m 1777 Langlands
? Mulbuy/Meall Buidhe ½m 1777 NR 7332 Langlands

DR 4/9/113

See below for dispute as to parish (Kilchenzie or Kilchousland).
Leargloyskie 1¼m 1623 = Largiemore? Iona’s. =Leargan in Blaeu?
Largiemore   NR 6725 Kilchenzie parish(1779). See below.
Ballinalergymore 1½m 1777 Langlands Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Largiebeg 1¼m 1576 NR 6725 DR 4/9/55

DR 3/3/22

3m with Drum in Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Ballinalergybeg 1m 1777 Langlands
Drum 2m 1623 NR 6725 Langlands

DR 3/3/10 & 22

DR 3/3/9

3m with Largiebeg in Skeirchenzie parish(1678). 5m with Lergymore, Lergybeg & Cluash in 1751.
Balnagleck 2½m 1623 NR 680251 Langlands 2m(1751, 1777). Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Langa 1½m 1623 NR 6724 DR 3/3/10

DR 3/3/9

Skeirchenzie parish(1678).
Langa 2¼m 1777 Langlands Probably including something else.
Kilchenzie   NR 6724 Blaeu


DR 3/3/9

This either did not have, or more probably has lost, any early endowment.
Kilmaho 1¼m 1623 NR 680242 Langlands(1777)

DR 3/3/10

DR 3/3/9

Skeirchenzie parish(1678). On RHP 4300(1777) Killmaho is marked at NR 676248. W & E Kilmahoe on DR 3/3/10.

On OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI of 1866-7 N Kilmaho was at NR 677247, S Kilmaho at NR 681243.

Skeroblingarry NR 7026 Skeirchenzie estate but Kilmichal parish(1678) (qv). See below.
Skeroblinraid 2⅝m 1678 NR 7025 DR 4/9/67-8 Skeirchenzie parish(1678), Kilchenzie parish(1685, 1779).

Also known as ‘Park’. See below.

Laigh Park 1¼m 1777 Langlands
High Park 1¼m 1777 Langlands
Puball?   c. NR 712262 See below – cf Pubbill in S Kintyre.
Backs   NR 6821/6921 Skeirchenzie estate but Kilmichael parish (qv).
Rueacorilach ¼m 1777 c. NR 7131 Langlands NE of Corilach in Langlands(1777). Probably Kilchenzie parish.

S of Arihorage in Langlands(1793).

Arihorage ¼m 1777 c. NR 7131/7132 Langlands N of Rueacorilach in Langlands(1777). Probably Kilchenzie parish.
Collusca 1m 1777 NR 7132 Langlands

DR 3/3/1

Coluska ‘a pendicle of Tengzie’ in AVR(1751) – no value given.

Probably Kilchenzie parish.

Total Kilchenzie parish 36⅜m Probably originally 40m which would match with the value of Skeirchenzie given in CRA p 3 of 1561. However parish & estate were not quite the same. See below under Skeirchenzie.

43m in Langlands(1777) if we count from Killocraw to Killmaho.

Killean parish See below.
Balure 1m 1777 NR 7149 Langlands This was the northern boundary of Killean parish.
Drumavow 1½m 1777 NR 712489 Langlands


Lenanboych 1½m 1777 NR 707487 Langlands


Lenagboyach(1867). Now Lenaig.
Rhunahaorine 6m 1545 NR 7048 Blaeu


Part of Largie estate. Often with Steallaig as 8m. 4m each N & S Rownaherrine(1751), 2m each Laigh & High Ronaheran(1777).
Steallaig 2m 1545 NR 7148 Part of Largie estate. 2m with Narrachan(1600-1675)
Dunashry 3m 1502-5 NR 7047/7048 Part of Largie estate. 1½m each High & Laigh(1777). Killean parish(1669).
Gortenafail 4m 1502-5 c. NR 7046 Roy(PC 8)


4m (1502-1751). This included Alt Chaltuinn.

Part of Largie estate. Killean parish(1669).

Laigh Gortenafaull 1½m 1777 Langlands
High Gortenafaull 1m 1777 Langlands
Gortenafaull 1½m 1777 Langlands
Allt Chaltuinn   1502-5 NR 7345 With Gortenafail above.
Uladale 4m 1502-5 c. NR 7146 Roy(PC 8)


Owledoule(1502-5), Owlledul(1505). Part of Largie estate. Killean parish(1669). 2m Langlands(1777). On N side of Tayinloan Burn.

Loch Ulagadale is at head of burn.

Ulladill 2m 1777 Langlands
Torcheunachan ½m 1777 c. NR 729473 Langlands


Achavrauludale ½m 1777 NR 726468 Langlands


The 2 Narrachans 2m 1502-5 NR 7646 Linked with Steallaig 1600-1675.
Narrachan 1m 1777 Langlands
Lorgie ½m 1777 NR 764458 Langlands Lurgan(Langlands 1777 & 1793)
Lagloiskin ½m 1777 c. NR 726467 Langlands
Tayinlone 1m 1777 Langlands
Culfuar 1m 1777 Langlands
Largys Farm 3m 1777 Langlands
Killean 3d <1222 NR 6944 Blaeu Duncan & Brown p 219, RMS II (3136.4) 1507. See below.
Kilmory 2d <1222 NR 7044 DR 4/9/1 Duncan & Brown p 219, RMS II (3136.4) 1507. See below.
Kilmory 4m 1556 NR 7044 Blaeu

RHP 174

Saddell’s. 4m Kilmorrie of Saddell, Killean parish(1678).
Laigh Killmorry 1m 1777 Langlands
Mid Killmorry 2m 1777 Langlands
Braid Killmorry 1m 1777 Langlands
Auchaluskin 3m 1556 NR 7043/7044 Blaeu Saddell’s. Killean parish(1678).
Braid Achaloiskin ½m 1777 Langlands
Mid Achaloiskin 1½m 1777 Langlands
Laigh Achaloiskin 1m 1777 Langlands
Drumnamucklach 1½m 1556 NR 6943 Saddell’s. Killean parish(1678).
Braid Drumnamucklach ½m 1777 Langlands
Drumnamucklach 2m 1777 Langlands
Tinghnacroigeruaidh ¼m 1777 NR 692436 Langlands =Craigruadh today.
Monycuil 1½m 1556 NR 7145 RHP 174 Killean parish(1678). RHP 174 has a Moniguiele and a “Quag called Suillchruighnamonaguall”. Became Braid Kilmory?
Ballachgorrane 4m 1505 c. NR 7345/7445 Blaeu

RHP 174

Largie estate. Killean parish(1669)
Beacharr 3m 1502-5 NR 6943 Blaeu Largie estate. 3m (1502-1558). 2m (1600-1777). See below.
Beachmenach 3m 1502-5 NR 6842 Largie estate. 3m (1502-1506). 4m (1600-1751). See below.
Beach? 5m 1541 5m Biottis(1541), 5m Veach(1596), 5m Reache(1605). See below.
Achapharick 2m 1777 NR 691423 Langlands


Beachmore 4m 1502-5 NR 6841 DR 4/9/104/16

DR 4/9/96

=Beauchewir(1502-5), Baachewir(1505), Beauch(1506)? 3m Bayauchirmoir(1545), 3m Beachmoir(1558), 5m Beachmore Killean parish(1678). 5m Beachmore & Achoirk(1751). See below.
North Beachmore 2m 1777 Langlands
Beachmore 2m 1777 Langlands
Achadh a’ Choirce 1m 1777 NR 709417 Langlands

DR 4/9/104/19


With Beauchewir(1502-5) or Baachewir(1505) or Beauch(1506).
Achaglass 1m 1777 NR 7041/7141 Langlands
Beachclavay 5m 1545 1545 & 1558 only
Crubasdale 4m 1502-5 NR 6840/6841

NR 6940

Killean parish(1678).

South = NR 6840, High = NR 6940, North = NR 6841.

North Crubistill 1m 1777 Langlands
Crubistill 3m 1777 Langlands
Clachaig 2m 1502-5 NR 6940 Largie estate. Killean parish(1665).
Gleanclachaigheoigh ¼m 1777 Langlands
High Clachaig ½m 1777 Langlands
Clachaig 1m 1777 Langlands
Clachaig Mill ¼m 1777 Langlands
Muasdale 5m 1506 NR 6840 Blaeu

DR 3/3/6

Mongastill(1505). Sometimes given as 8m including 3m Balloch.

Killean parish(1678).

North Muastill 2½m 1777 Langlands
South Muastill 2½m 1777 Langlands
Belloch 3m 1506 NR 6737 DR 3/3/6 Killean parish(1678). Sometimes with Muasdale. In DR 3/3/6 Bellochagoichan is marked between S Belloch and the sea but sometimes this name is used of the whole farm.
North Bellochagoichan 1m 1777 Langlands
Bellochagoichan 2m 1777 Langlands
Rosehill 1m 1777 NR 6637 Langlands
Glenacardoch 2m 1502-5 NR 6637 Killean parish(1678).
Glenacardoch 1m 1777 Langlands
Barlea 2m 1777 Langlands
Culfuar 1m 1777 Langlands Different to Culfuar above.
Killmaluag 2m 1502-5 NR 6937 DR 3/3/6 Killean parish(1678).
Amod 3m 1502-5 NR 7038 3m(1502-6), 2½m(1541), 3½m(1605-1667), 2m(1751-1777).

Killean parish(1678).

Garvalt 1m 1502-5 NR 7138 Killean parish(1678). With Stockadill in 1678 & 1751
Garvault 1½m 1777 Langlands
Stokadill 2m 1502-5 c. NR 732394 Killean parish(1678). With Garvalt in 1678 & 1751.
Stokadill 1½m 1777 Langlands
Arinanuan ½m 1777 NR 7339 Langlands
Gortanduag ½m 1777 c. NR 7238 Langlands Gortanduay(Langlands 1793).
Arnicle 2m 1502-5 NR 7138 To the maor(1505) for his salary. Often linked with Ugadale which is now Low Ugadale to S of Saddell. RMS III (2756) 1542.
Ernicle 1¼m 1777 Langlands
Cruamre ¼m 1777 c. NR 7037 Langlands
Blary 2m 1502-5 NR 6937 Roy (PC 53) Split in two as early as 1506 which might explain why so many references are to 1m Blary. Largie estate. Killean parish(1678). 1m each High & Laigh Blary in Langlands(1777).

Lower is W of Upper in Roy.

Barr 6m 1545 NR 6736 Bar(1502-5). 6m(1558, 1678, 1751). Killean parish(1678).

See below.

Barr 1m 1777 Langlands
High Barr 1m 1777 Langlands
North Barr 1m 1777 Langlands
South Barr 1m 1777 Langlands
Killegruer 2m 1545 NR 6635 Usually included with Barr as 8 or 9m. Killean parish(1678). See below under Barr.
High Killigruir 1m 1777 Langlands
Laigh Killigruir 1m 1777 Langlands
Auchadaduie 2m 1502-5 NR 6936 Killean parish(1678).
Margmonagach 4m 1502-5 NR 6735 4m(1502-1751). Killean parish(1673). From Gaelic marg(merk).

(Perhaps in sense of 1 ‘old merk’ or penny which was worth 4m).

Margmonigach 1m 1777 Langlands  
North Margmonigach 1m 1777 Langlands
South Margmonigach 1m 1777 Langlands
High Margmonigach 1m 1777 Langlands
Cleongart 4m 1502-5 NR 6734 Blaeu

DR 4/9/14-15

4m(1502-1751). Killean parish(1678).
Cleongart 2m 1777 Langlands
New Town Cleongart 1m 1777 Langlands
Corputechan 4m 1502-5 NR 6633 Blaeu

DR 4/9/18 & 20

4m(1502-1777). Killean parish(1678).
Drumore-na-bodach 2m 1545 NR 6732 Langlands Part of St Ninian’s estate. Also appears in RMS III (3085) of 1545 & RMS IV (1272) of 1558. Drummoir(1609). John McDonald of Sanda’s in 1751.
Bellochantuy 1m 1777 NR 6632 Blaeu


Putechantuy 4m 1576 NR 6631 Blaeu

DR 4/9/104/12-13

DR 4/9/104/15

DR 3/3/9

Blaeu gives both Peutuchan and Peutuchan nantuy.

Killean parish(1678).

Skeirchenzie estate.

Putichantuy 3m 1777 Langlands
Leckanalarach 1m 1777 NR 713332 Langlands

DR 4/9/56

DR 4/9/104/18


N of Arihorage, SSE of Ernicle Loch in Langlands(1777).
Total Killean parish 101m 72m(1678), 103m in Langlands (1777) – (Balure to Putichantuy) – including a number of farms at the northern end of the parish which were omitted from the 1678 list.
Cour section   This section describes the lands between the southern border of Kilcalmonell (on the east coast) and the northern end of Saddell parish. Was this Ardchattan’s parish of Kilmolrow? See below.
Crossaig 2m 1506 NR 8351 Blaeu Killean parish(1678). See below.
Sperisaig 2m 1506 c. NR 824491 Blaeu

Roy(PC 8)


2m(1541). 8m with Crossaig, Grianan & Cretbriden in 1654 & 1678. 6m with Crossaig & Cretbriden in 1751.

Killean parish(1678).

Ardnandamh 2m 1506 NR 834507 OS(1867) Ardnagach(1502-5), Ardnadawf(1505), Ardindauch(1505-7), Ardnadauf(1506). Since Ardnadauf (2m) disappears after 1507 and Cretbriden (2m) appears in 1654 the latter probably replaced the former in valuations – even though 2½ kilometres apart.
Cretbriden or


(2m) 1751 NR 812519 OS(1867) Croychtbridan(1654). 8m with Crossaig, Sperisaig & Grianan in 1654 & 1678. Killean parish(1678).
Cour 2m 1545 NR 8248 Blaeu Ardchattan Priory’s. Often 4m with Sunadale. Mis-spelt Tour(1505) or Tower(1506). Killean parish(1620).
Sunadale 2m 1545 NR 8144 Blaeu Ardchattan Priory’s. Often 4m with Cour. Killean parish(1620).
Total Cour etc 10m
Saddell parish Minutes of Synod of Argyll 1639-1651 p 54 of 1642 suggests new parish of Saddell. Northern boundary to be Barmollack.
Iona’s lands in Glencarradale 9m 1623 All contiguous according to AS II (174) & RMS VIII (545).

Skeirchenzie parish(1678).

Barmollack 2m 1623 NR 8043 Blaeu
Brackley 3m 1623 NR 7941 Blaeu Site of burial-ground & chambered cairn.
Auchenbreck 3m 1623 NR 784440 Blaeu Also appears in Glen Carradale charter (RMS II (2500) of 1499) which I think is a mistake.
Creagmhor 1m 1623 c. NR 779455 Blaeu


Grianan 2m


1541 NR 811413 CEP


RMS I App 1 No 105 ¼ + ⅛ partem unius senemargis del Grenane

= ⅜ of an ‘old mark’ (sean + marg) = ⅜d? Killean parish(1678).

Two Deucherans

(Deucheran Mor)

(Deucheran Beag)

2m 1502-5  

c. NR 776433

c. NR 779436




Described as the ‘Twa’ (two) Deucherans from 1502-5.

1m each More & Beg in 1751.

Auchenfraoch 2m 1502-5 NR 787424 Blaeu


CEP, OS(1867)

Auchinreich(1502-5), Auchinra(1541), Auchenrioch(1867)
Kirnashie 1m 1502-5 NR 794412 CEP


Kerrefnase(1502-5). With Karnacrag as 2m in 1541.

First element <ceathramh (quarter).

(Lag) Kilmichael 3m 1502-5 NR 7840 Blaeu


3m(1502-5, 1751), 2m(1541-1667). No church symbol in Blaeu.

Seems to have been divided into Knock Kilmichael & Lag Kilmichael

Stroneduvane 2m 1502-5 c. NR 799365 Langlands(1793)

MS 33632A

?Just south of Dippen in Langlands(1793) & MS 33632A. South Dippen is at NR 799365 in OS(1867) but I am not absolutely sure they are the same.
Carrefnacrag 1m 1502-5 With Kirnashie as 2m in 1541 & 1605. First element <ceathramh (quarter). 3m(1545) is probably a mistake.
Auchnasavil 2m 1502-5 NR 7939 Blaeu


2m in almost all documents except 4m in AS I (125) of 1620 and 4m in 1751 AVR.
Rhonadale 4m 1502-5 NR 7838 Blaeu


4m(1502-1751). Drumdow a pendicle in AVR(1751).

Rynnadill(1502-5), Ranadale(1541).

Dippen 3m 1502-5 NR 7937 Blaeu


Dowpeyn(1502-5), 3m(1502-1667), 4m(1751)
Ard Carradale 4m 1502-5 NR 8138 Blaeu


1¼ senemargis(RMS I, App I No 105). 4m(1502-1751).

Airds in CEP of 1827. See below.

Total Glencarradale 35m
Saddell Abbey estate   5d (20m) from Saddell in 1393(Letters Clement VII pp 193-4).

Saddell part of the estate shown in RHP 3294. See below.

The Mains of Saddell 4m 1556 NR 7832 Saddell parish(1678).
Pluck ⅝m 1701 NR 797333 Blaeu


Saddell included 8s 4d Plock(CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 350-1) in 1701. = Pluck.
Torrisdale 3m




NR 7935/7936 Initial ‘T’ often misread as ‘C’. Saddell parish(1678).

1d (Letters Clement VII pp 193-4). See below.

Lephincorrach 1½m


1556 NR 7835 Blaeu Saddell parish(1678). First element = leth-pheighinn or ½d.
Lephinbeag 1½m


1556 NR 792358 OS(1867) Saddell parish(1678). First element = leth-pheighinn or ½d.
Ulladill or Whitestone 1m 1556 NR 7933 Blaeu 1m(1612, 1615, 1634), 2m(1654), 1m 8s 4d or 1⅝m in 1678 & 1751. Called Ulladill na cille to differentiate it from Ulladale by Tayinloan? See below under Ugadale.
Lephinmore 2m


1556 NR 778333 OS(1867) Saddell parish(1678). First element = leth-pheighinn or ½d. What is now marked Lephinmore was formerly Crockinreach.
Guesdale 2m 1556 NR 772338 OS(1867) Giristill(1556), Saddell parish(1678).
Iffernan/Ifferdale 1½m 1556 NR 765338 OS(1867) All early references are to Iffernan not Ifferdale. Invernan(1751).

Saddell parish(1678). With Kilmichael as 2½m in 1751.

Bradifernane 1½m 1556 c. NR 757330 Saddell parish(1678). Braid(RHP 3294).
Kilmichael 1m 1556 Saddell parish(1678). With Invernan as 2½m(1751). See below.
Total Saddell parish 54m
Clachan parish


  This is the section of Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish that was always reckoned to be part of Kintyre – but which was not included in the 1678 rental.
Carnbeg 3m 1502-5 NR 739538 Blaeu



Blaeu marks Beg to north of Moir. Part of Largie estate. 2½m(1751). Carnbeg in OS Sheet CCXXIII is now Correchrevie at NR 739538. North Carnbeg was at NR 744544. See below.
Cour-sheileach 3m 1545 NR 752513 Langlands(1793)


The two Cour-sheileachs were 3m in 1545 & 1558. In 1751 Curshelloch was a pendicle of Kilmichaell. See below.
Carnmore (North)

Carnmore (South)

4m 1502-5 NR 734525

NR 733524




Blaeu marks Moir to south of Beg. Part of Largie estate.

3½m(1751). See below.

Braansean 4m 1502-5 c. NR 7451 Blaeu


MS 33632A

Part of Largie estate. 4m(1502-1751).

N & S Brantian in Langlands(1793).


Kilmichael 4m 1502-5 NR 729519 Blaeu


Part of Largie estate. 4m(1502-1751). See also Cour-sheileach.
Gartlosk &


4m 1502-5 Blaeu Gartluisk(Blaeu). Part of Largie estate.

See below.

Glackindounan 4m 1751 NR 734506 OS(1867-9) Clackadoonan(1867-9). Since I have no early valuations for this farm it may be what replaced Gartlosk & Sidrigill.
Leyrgnahunsyn 3m 1502-5 NR 723503 Blaeu

Roy(PC 8)



Lergnahunshan in Langlands(1793).

Part of Largie estate. Blaeu marks just south of Kilmichael.

Just in Clachan parish.

Sub-total 22m
Clachan parish


That section of Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish which was once described as Knapdale rather than Kintyre.
(Eastern section)   Possible parish based on Skipness?
Allt Beithe 1m 1481 NR 885668 Blaeu


1m(1669, 1751).
Lagganroaig 1m 1495 NR 9064 1m(1502, 1669, 1751). 4m Roage in 1511 (OPS II, I, p 30) which is either a mistake or includes other properties.
Altagalvash (1m) 1495 NR 9160/9161 Blaeu Ald na Kallu(Blaeu). See below.
Allt airigh fhuair (1m) 1495 NR 9161 Blaeu Areooch(Blaeu). See below
Culindrach 2m 1495 NR 9159 Blaeu Colintre(1495), Cullintraithe(1511), cf Muchtre, < treb?
Skipness 4m 1495 NR 9057 Blaeu
Lethorlee Lathourling(1502). With Kilelee or Kilpenny in 1495 & 1502. =Leth-feorling or ⅛d?
Coalfin 2m 1511 NR 8958 Blaeu With Lethorlee or Lathourling as 2m in 1495 & 1502. Thereafter by itself. Last element < peighinn (penny)?
Glenskible 1m 1495 NR 8860 Blaeu Glenskipinche(1495), Glenskipale(1502), 2m(1511), 1m(1664, 1751)
Oragaig 4m 1495 NR 8554 Blaeu Owragag(1481), 4m(1495-1669), 3m(1751).
Eascairt 1m 1751 NR 8453 1m Eskirt(1751) was probably previously part of Oragaig.
Creggan 2m 1511 NR 8656
Claonaig 4m 1495 NR 8756 Blaeu
Glenreasdell 2m 1495 NR 8658 Blaeu Glenrestill(1495)
Gartavaich 2m 1620 NR 8558 Blaeu With Arivoir & Kennacraig as 6m in 1655 & 1669.
Garfeorling 1m


1495 NR 846579 Langlands(1793)


=Garbh + feorling (rough farthingland)
Feorlinmollach ¼d Langlands(1793) = Feorling + mollach (shaggy or tussocky farthingland)
Stronrestill 1m 1495 NR 8859 Now = Sron Achaidh a’ chipein bhuidhe?
Sub-total 29m
(Western section)   Kilcalmonell or Clachan proper
Loup 4m 1751 NR 7758 Blaeu Loup & Laruchmore 4m(1751)
Druimnaleck 2m 1751 NR 7856 Langlands(1793)
Dunskeig 3m 1751 NR 7556/7656 Blaeu 3m(1739) in
Scotmill 1m 1751 NR 7956 Roy(PC 8)


= 1m Scolaneill(1739) in
Kilchamaig etc 8m 1539 See below.
Kilchamaig 3m 1751 NR 8061 Blaeu 3m including Park of Achenacloan(1751).
Gartnagrenach 2m 1751 NR 7959/8059 Blaeu
Muckeroch ½m 1751 c. NR 8159 Langlands(1793) Langlands places just E of Loch Freasdail. See Kintyre Magazine No 26 pp 6, 9, 12 (n 27) for 1683 references – ‘on Grassfield farm’.
Leamnamuic 1m 1751 NR 7959 Blaeu


Kilcalmonell 1d <=1247 Blaeu Reg. Pass. pp 121-2
Balinakill 2m 1580 NR 7756 Blaeu 2m(1704, 1751). Bal na Heglish(Blaeu).
Achadunan 2m 1511 NR 7856 Langlands(1793) Achtydownegall(1481)
Dunultach 4m 1751 NR 7555 Blaeu See below.
Ronachan 2m 1751 NR 747548 Blaeu


See below.
Dannonochane 2m 1541 Appears in 1541 & 1605 lists between Blarie and Kildonan so it may not be the same as Ronachan.
Arivore 4m 1511 NR 823616 Blaeu


See below. In parish of Skippeneische (1620). Arivore probably 2m without Kennacraig but I have no records to prove this.
Kennacraig 2m 1751 NR 8262 Blaeu With Arivore in 1511 & 1620. Chreigh(Blaeu). In parish of Skippeneische (1620). Kilnacraig(1751). See below.
Achnacarnan 2m 1511 NR 8363 Achingerryne(1511)
Dippin 2m 1511 NR 844645 OS(1867) 2m(1669, 1751). Duppin(1867).
Bardaravine 2m 1511 NR 8464 Blaeu 2m(1669), 1m (1751).
Achachoish 2m 1511 NR 849658 OS(1867) Only 1m in 1669 & 1751
Escart 1m 1511 NR 8466 Blaeu Different to Eascairt by Oragaig.
Cragkeith 1m 1481 = Crag na Cairte by Allt Beithe? = Kreigchewich(Blaeu)?
Sub-total 41m
Sub-total (Knapdale) 70m
Total Kilcalmonell 92m Both the Knapdale & Kintyre parts of Clachan or Kilcalmonell
Total (m) 398m Total of North Kintyre including all Kilcalmonell


Kilmichael parish


Masreoch & Ballegregan

The name Masreoch drops from view after 1605 and the property is then just called Ballegreggan. It appears to be lay in the early part of the sixteenth century but in 1596 (HP III p 74) Bellegronan & Maysreoch are said to be ‘kirk landis’. I think they were actually part of the St Ninian’s (or Whithorn Priory) estate. In the recorded lists of St Ninian’s lands Ballegregan and Drummoir are always given together at the end. This implies they were physically separate from the rest of the estate in South Kintyre and it is easy to then conclude they represent the neighbouring farms of Drummore and Ballegregan just north of Campbeltown. This is only partly true. I think the Ballegregan that belonged to St Ninian’s is the one at NR 7121. However Drumore was probably what is now known as Drumore-na-Bodach at NR 6732.


What makes things more confusing is that there are three places named Ballegregan (or similar) within a few miles of each other. The Ballygroggan that went with Crackaig was always 4m and lay. The Ballygregan by Drumlemble was 2m and part of the 17m Killeonan estate. The Balegreggan by Campbeltown was (almost) always 3m and, I think, part of St Ninian’s estate. It was sold by Macdonald of Macherioch to Macdonald of Smerbie in July 1620 (AS I (120)). It passed to the latter’s son, Macdonald of Tirfergus, in May 1633 (AS II (457)) who then promptly gave 2m of it back to support his mother (AS II (452)).


‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 35 speculates that Masreoch may have been the farm now called Whitehill (NR 7122).



Muileann (Gaelic for mill) tends to become -willine or -willing in Kintyre. There were two Ballywillines from at least 1502. (Beg & More from 1502-1506, Eister & Wester in 1541, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667, Upper & Lower/Laigh in 1678 & 1751). Each was worth 2m.


Kilmichael, Auchaleek, Craigs

In the Exchequer Rolls evidence (1502-5, 1506, 1541) these three properties are listed in South Kintyre. In 1545 they are listed among the lands of North Kintyre – as is the whole parish of Kilmichael in the 1678 rental.


Killmychill was one of the properties granted by Robert the Bruce (1306-1329) to Neill Og (Nigelli Oge) in Robertson’s Index p 26 No 27 (& OPS II, I p 31). The others are Drondrayllen, Dunnor, Keyllpoll and Reythenan. The last two are easily recognisable as Kellipol (now Calliburn) and Ranachan which are N & NE of Kilmichael. Dunnor is probably Drummore which is just ESE and Drondrayllen is reminiscent of Blaeu’s ‘Tremneuling’ which is probably Ballywilline but with druim (ridge) instead of baile (township) as the first element. Ballywilline is just east of Kilmichael. We have then, a compact group of 5 farms which, on the basis of evidence from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries was worth about 17m. (Possibly 5d or 20m in Bruce’s day?).


Machrihanish estate

This estate is recorded in 1481, 1539, 1542, 1551-2, 1553, 1554, 1619 & 1667. Usually it is given as 16m and went with another 8m in the Kilchamaig area (then classed as Knapdale) and the office of toiseachdeor of all Kintyre between the Mull and Allt Sionnaich (which was then the northern boundary of Kintyre). The estate included the properties of Machrihanish itself, Clochkeil, Trodigal, Darrarychane and Lesnerk. (In 1481 there is no mention of Lesnerk and the four remaining properties are valued at 13m). The valuation given in The Genealogist Vol 36 p 122 for 1542 starts with 7m Macherehanis which I think was the valuation of Machrihanish itself and not the whole estate. The two properties of Darrarychane and Lesnerk are always distinct and always the last two listed as part of the Machrihanish group. I think they are probably the same as Darneycharn and Lesenmarg which are two unidentified Saddell Abbey properties (see below). Dhurrie and Darlochan are on either side of a boggy patch in the middle of the Laggan of Kintyre that was formerly part of Loch Sanas. As Darloch and Derry are valued together as 4m in the 1751 AVR. Tradigal or Trodigal was 2m in Kilkivan parish in South Kintyre.


Darneycharn & Lesenmarg

These two properties belonged to Saddell Abbey but we do not know where they were or what they became. 2m Lesenmarg was given by John of the Isles between 1330 and 1387 (Munro ALI p 11 & RMS II (3170) (5)). ½d Darneycharn was also given by John in the same period (Munro ALI p12, Letters of Clement VII pp 193-4 & Highland Papers IV p 147). The relevant phrase is slightly ambiguous – ‘dimidiam nummatum terre de Darneycharn que duarum marcharum valorem non excedit’ – (½d Darneycharn not worth more than 2 marks). On the basis that 1d was 4m in Kintyre we could expect ½d to be worth exactly 2 merks but it is not certain that we are talking about an assessment rather than a rental. In 1556 (OPS II, I p 24 & RMS VII (760)) 2m Lessewark is listed between Knockhantybeg and Eilean Davaar. This is repeated in RMS VII (1243) of 1615. Although Darneycharn drops from the record there is a rather similar-sounding place called Darrarychane which appears from 1539 as part of the 16m estate of Machrihanish. (See also Darrachan in ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 20). Moreover Darrarychane is almost always followed in the list by a farm called Lesnerk (or similar). Are these two names referring to the Darneycharn and Lesenmarg which belonged to Saddell? In which case why are they now lay properties? I cannot be sure of the answers to these questions but it strikes me as very probable that nearby farms like Dhurrie and Darlochan are the modern successors to Darneycharn. I suspect that the ½d or two merk valuation actually covered both Darneycharn and Lesenmarg. In other words perhaps there was only one property given by John, Lord of the Isles, a property known either as Darneycharn or Lesenmarg. The phrase ‘duabus mercatis terrarum nuncupat[is] Lesenmarg’ (two merklands called Lesenmarg) almost suggests that Lesenmarg wasn’t its proper name. The name itself is intriguing. I have wondered if the ‘s’ is a misreading for ‘f’ in which case the first element could be leth-pheighinn or half-pennyland. However this would make no sense paired with ‘marg’ or merk. I have also wondered whether it could be for leth + sean + marg (half old mark). The reason this is attractive is that elsewhere in Kintyre there are documentary references to ‘senemargis’ or ‘old marks’. (I have argued elsewhere that ‘old merks’ meant pennylands and the name Margmonagach shows that ‘marg’ could find its way into Kintyre place-names). In this case Lesenmarg is not so much the name of the place as descriptive of Darneycharn’s value. It was a farm worth a ½d. However I don’t think we can ever be absolutely certain about this because there remain a number of loose ends. From the sheer number of references in the Saddell and Machrihanish charters there is no doubt that Lesenmarg was assumed to be a place. Moreover if we look at the listing of the Machrihanish extate in RMS II (1485) of 1481 it was worth only 13m. The single missing farm seems to be Lesnerk (reading Darbrekane as Darrarychane) which implies that Lesnerk was 3m. Further complications are thrown up by an entry for 10s (¾m) of Leischstrachane & Trailligin in RMS VI (1911) 1607 (& RMS VIII (929) 1626 & RMS XI (1105) 1667). The spellings in a number of similar documents suggest these are Lesenmarg & Trodigal – both parts of the Machrihanish estate – though why they should only be worth 10s I do not know.



Backs is listed as part of Skeirchenzie parish in the 1678 rental but I think this is only because it was part of the Skeirchenzie estate. In 1779 & 1792 it is given as part of Kilmichael and, geographically, that is where it belongs. It became part of the parish of Campbeltown which united the parishes of Kilkerran, Kilchousland, Kilmichael & Kilkivan – but not Kilchenzie. I have therefore ignored the 1678 evidence.



Since this does not appear as a valuation before 1678 and since it is 1m in 1678 & 1751 – the same years that Backs is reduced to 3m – I think it was originally part of the 4m of Backs. In OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLVII (1866) Aross is at NR 669216 which is just over a kilometre WNW of where it is now.


Skeroblingarry & Skeroblinraid

I have deliberately overlooked the earliest figures for these two farms because I am sure they contain errors. In 1623 Skeroblingarry is given as 3m 5s 8d in RMS VIII (545) & AS II (174). Perhaps this should be 3m 6s 8d (3½m) or, possibly, 3m 5s (3⅜m). Skeroblinraid is 34s 8d (2m 8s) in both documents where you would expect 35s (2m 8s 4d or 2⅝m). In 1678 Skerblengorie is 3m 8s 4d (3⅝m) while Skerblenraid is indeed given as 2m 8s 4d (2⅝m). In 1751 the two properties are valued at 3½m (Skeroblingorry) and 2⅔m (Skeroblinraid). (The Argyll Valuation Roll tended to treat 8s 4d (⅝m) as ⅔m – which strictly speaking it wasn’t since ⅔m would be 8s 10⅔d). Overall I think the best thing to do is accept the 1678 figure and say the total for the two Skeroblins was 6¼m. Skeroblingarry is usually given as in Kilmichael parish. See also Puball.



Although Puball did not survive as a farm unit it was possibly once a significant settlement site. RCAHMS Argyll Vol I No 255 describes an earthwork here and OS 6″ 1st Series Sheet CCLI (1866-7) states that urns and coins were found at a ‘Circle’ at Puball. The second element of the name may be from Norse bol or bolstadr (farm). A place called Pubbill was linked with the shieling at ‘Invergye’ in South Kintyre (qv) but I think it was a different settlement. Any farm at Puball could have been squeezed out by the two Skeroblins and its assessment lost. I am not sure whether the original Puball would have been in Kilmichael or Kilchenzie parish.



Kilchousland parish



It is complex to unravel the various Ugadales. High Ugadale or Ugadale ‘wachtrich’ was part of the Saddell Abbey estate – much of which passed to the family of Campbell of Glensaddell. It is referred to as ½d in 1393 (Letters of Clement VII pp 193-4). In Scottish extent it was worth 2m and appears as Upper Ugadel in 1751. It is defined geographically in RHP 3294 which is a map by George Langlands of Donald Campbell’s Saddell estate in 1784. This estate also included the farm of Whitestone which was previously known as Ulladill. What makes things confusing is that the names of these separate farms are sometimes spelled in a very similar fashion. So Blaeu marks ‘Vgadil’ (read Ulladill) north of Glen Saddell and ‘Vggadel’ (read Ugadale) south of Glen Saddell. Wlladill na keyll of the 1678 rental (Saddell parish) is probably the Ulladill north of Glen Saddell now known as Whitestone. Laigh Ugadale was also known as Ugadale Mackay and was part of the land given to the maors in return for service.



Kildonan is listed both as a lay property worth 2m and also as 2m of the Saddell Abbey estate. The lay portion is on record in the Exchequer Rolls from 1502-5 and was one of the lands granted by James VI to the Earl of Argyll in 1607 (RMS VI (1911)). Saddell Abbey’s portion is on record from 1556 and in 1633 was sold by the Marquess of Hamilton to Lord Lorne (AS II (504)). The whole of Kildonan should therefore be worth 4m but only 2m is shown in the rental of 1678 and the 1751 Argyll Valuation Roll. I am not sure how to explain this but it is possible that the Saddell references should be discounted. It is conceivable that they refer to the Kildonan in Ayrshire which Saddell exchanged with Crossraguel for the parish church of Inchmarnock c. 1360. In this case Kildonan might just be a ‘ghost-name’ copied meaninglessly from one document to the next. However there were N & S ‘Kildonnel’ farms in 1818 according to ‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 29.


Ballochgair, Ardnacross, Kilkeddan & Gartgreillan

These four farms made a 12m estate from 1502-5. (Ballochgair was 2m, Ardnacross 4m, Kilkeddan 3m and Gartgreillan 3m). Documented as 12m between 1502 and 1626 although from 1541 it is referred to as the Auchincros estate. RMS I App I No 105 (Robert I) gives ¾ ‘senemargis’ (old marks) Curtegredlene & Arngaffs. Gartgreillan was indeed 3m and may have included a shieling whose first element Ari- has been corrupted into Arn- ?


Peninver, Isca & Allt-an-Tairbh

The 1678 rental refers to 4m Pennyveranska while Clan Campbell Vol I p 6 refers to the 4m Peninver & Iseba in 1691. The 1751 AVR has 4m Peniver and Isea (or Isca). This last is probably the same place as the Iiskagg with Drumgarrow in AS II (821) of 1654. The only suggestion I can make is Easach Hill and Allt Easach which are north of Drumgarve. The farm plans of East Drumgarve (DR 4/9/8 & DR 4/9/104/4) give the lands of ‘Isca’ or ‘Iscar’ at the north-west end of the farm. These would match well with the location of a farm based on Allt Easach. No settlement is named on OS 1st Series 6″ Sheet CCLI (1866-7) but there are two fields and what may be a house at NR 721283. (‘The Place-names of the Parish of Campbeltown’ p 23 gives Easca at NR 721282).

A further complication derives from the fact that Peninver features twice in the Exchequer Roll evidence of 1502-5. 3m are given by themselves, another 4m are linked with Altherf (Allt-an-Tairbh in NR 7430). Since the latter is 1m in 1751 (and probably 1678) it looks as if the two parts of Peninver together came to 6m or 1½d, that each was linked with a sheiling ground (Isca & Allt-an-Tairbh) and that each of these sheilings was worth another mark, making a total of 8m or 2d.



Although the first valuation of Smerby as 7m does not occur until 1751 we can be confident that it was worth this from at least 1505. Smerby and Clachfin were together worth 8m in 1505, 1506, 1541, 1605, 1654, 1674 & 1678. Smerby (almost certainly including Clachfin) is also given as 8m in 1545, 1558 & 1596. In 1751 Smerby is 7m while Clachfin and Stramolloch are worth 1m. (I assume Stramolloch was always part of Clachfin).



The two Ballemenachs (Upper & Lower) are 2m each from 1502-6. (In 1505 it is said of Lower Ballemenach that the Lord of the Isles used to give it to his chancellor and scribe). In 1541 the lands are also divided into Upper & Lower (worth 2m each) but there is added a:

‘Memorandum that the 5m land of Ballemannochis is alledgit to be of auld gevin ane hundreth yeir sence or thairby to Our Lady of Kilquhisland’.

The 5m extent is reinforced in ER XVII pp 625-33 for 1542. The problem is that all the valuations of Ballimenach Upper are for 2m, as are the valuations for Ballemenach Lower. In addition we have 4m valuations for both Ballimenachs together in 1654, 1674, 1678. Against these we have 5m valuations in 1541, 1542, 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. The extra merkland is not the 1m Kerref Callyn (qv) which was linked to Ballemenoch and listed from 1502. RMS V (41) of 1580 (on an original of 1578) and RSS VII (2594) give 1m Kerrych-chaillen as well as 1m Ballemonoch-wachtroch (Upper Ballymenach) being set by the vicar of Kilchouslan so I think that the true total for Ballemenach was 5m but that 1m of Upper Balimenach was so closely linked to the church of Kilchousland that it was sometimes omitted from the lists of values.


Kerref Callyn

There is no indication where this property was but I assume it was somewhere close to Kilchousland. It is usually listed in the Exchequer Rolls alongside Cour and Sunadale. These two farms belonged to Ardchattan but on p 585 (1505-7) Carrafcaling is described as mortified to the Church of Saint Constantine in N Kintyre (ie Kilchousland). Elsewhere in the same volume (pp 698-703) the church of Kilchousland is described as the Blessed Virgin Mary’s. It is linked with 1m of Upper Ballemeanach in RMS V (41) of 1580.



On Langlands’ map of Killean & Kilchenzie parish in 1777 (RHP 4300) the accompanying text reads “The minister says this Town is not in Kilchinzie Parish but their neighbours says it is”. I suspect the reason that the ‘neighbours’ claimed it for Kilchenzie was because it is on the same side of the watershed. The minister may have been right in 1777 but in earlier centuries the parish boundary was more likely to have been ‘where wind and water shear’.



Kilchenzie parish


Skeirchenzie was probably an early estate of Iona. ‘Skeir’ is the same word as in ‘shire’ and passed into Gaelic to represent a parish. Skeirchenzie literally means Kenneth’s parish. It is given as 40m (£26 13s 4d) in the 1561 rental printed in CRA pp 1-4. It is not named among the Abbey’s lands in the 1203 papal confirmation but Kilchenzie (‘Chelcenneg’) is named as one of the Abbey’s churches – which makes it perfectly possible that Skeirchenzie was already Iona’s. Certainly by 1296 Alexander Macdonald could write that the Abbot of Iona had £40 or 60m in Kintyre. In fact if we include all of Iona’s known possessions in Kintyre we only come to a little over £30 (as in RMS VIII (545) of 1623) – of which £6 lay in Carradale. It is rather doubtful that Iona lost any possessions during this period so perhaps Alexander exaggerated a little. We know that the Glencarradale properties belonged to Iona before Bruce’s reign because they are referred to in RMS I App 1 (105).


It is important to distinguish between Kilchenzie parish and the Skeirchenzie estate. The latter included properties outside Kilchenzie parish (such as 9m in Carradale). Equally Kilchenzie parish included properties such as the Saddell estate of Ballevain (whose farms are listed under ‘Skeirchenzie parish’ in 1678) but which never formed part of the Skeirchenzie estate. In practical terms they were probably taken to mean much the same thing and the 1678 rental refers to ‘Skeirchenzie’ parish. Nevertheless, from what we know of later parish boundaries it looks as if Backs, Skeroblingarry and Putechan were not actually in Kilchenzie parish. The full estate consisted of Putechan, Kilmacrow, Laggalgarve, Tangytavil, Killarow, Gartgunnell, Kilmaho, Skerblingorry, Skerblinraid, two Largies, Langa, Drum, Balnagleck, Backs + the Carradale properties of Barmollach, Brackley, Auchinbreck and Craigmore.


Argyll & Bute Archives DR 3/3/22 (labelled 20) is a ‘Plan of the estate on the W coast of Kintyre belonging to FW Campbell of Barbreck’ by Thomas Wilson, surveyor, 1808. This is substantially the parish of Kilchenzie. DR 3/3/10 is a ‘Plan of the lands between Ballochantuy & Machrihanish’ by A Henderson, surveyor, 1857. This includes Putechan, Machrihanish etc.



In Minutes of the Synod of Argyll 1652-1661 p 71 there is a passage concerning the attempt to define the new parish of Lochhead:

‘and the limities of the said paroach towards the north or northwest to be Killokra, Straduie and towards the east Glanerbie inclusive’.

I suspect that Killocraw was the northern limit of the old Kilchenzie parish and the Strathduie Water (now at the north end of Lussa Loch) its eastern boundary. This seems to confirmed in the 1678 rental where Killocraw is said to be in Kilchenzie whilst Puitachan is in Killean.



Although Killarow is mentioned several times as a separate parish belonging to Ardchattan it is also listed as part of the Skeirchenzie estate in 1623 (RMS VIII (545)). This is not necessarily a contradiction because this 1623 grant by the Bishop of the Isles was made after both Iona & Ardchattan had been annexed to the bishopric. (However it does mean we should deduct Killarow from Iona’s estate of Skeirchenzie). Given that Kilchenzie was probably a 40m or 10d parish it is tempting to suggest that the northern half of this (20m or 5d) was the original parish of Killarow. In practical terms this was probably absorbed by the Iona parish of Skeirchenzie long before 1623 although its memory lingered into the seventeenth century. If pressed for boundaries I would suggest Allt na Dunaich in the north (between Killocraw & Putechan) and the burn south of Tangy Burn in the south (between Tangy & the Saddell estate of Drumalea and Ballevain).

Having said all this we must allow for the possibility that Ardchattan’s ‘Kilmolrow’ was not actually the Killarow in Kilchenzie. Neither was it the Kilmorry by Killean since that belonged to Saddell. Could it have been a different site, now lost? I think this is entirely possible since there is a lost Kilmichael in Saddell and a lost Kilbride by Uigle. The trouble is that in both the latter cases we have numerous records which help us locate them. In the case of Kilmolrow we only know it was in Kintyre. Failing Kilchenzie I think the most likely location is by Cour and Sunadale in east Kintyre, both of which were known to belong to Ardchattan. There is a burial-gound at Cladh Bhadan, just N of Cour. The name Badan is reminiscent of the old church of Ardchattan which was known as Ballibodan or Ballebadin (see Watson CPNS pp 122-3 & fn 1 p 123, p 301).


Largiemore & Largiebeg

By 1777 these farms seem to have gained the additional prefix of baile-. Ballinalargymore is only 1s 8d in 1678 rental but I am sure there is at least 1m mssing here. The two Largies together seem to have been equal to 2½m. The two Largies, Drum & Cluash were 5m in 1751. Largiebeg may have included Mucklach which appears as a settlement in Roy(PC 53), Langlands(1793) and DR 4/9/55 of 1834.



Killean parish


Killean brings us to the major difficulty of establishing early parish boundaries in North Kintyre which is sorting out the situation on the east coast. On the west coast Killean stretched from Balure in the north to Putechan in the south. On the east coast Kilchousland stopped at Ugadale in the north while Kilcalmonell came as far south as Oragaig farm. (I think the boundary was south of Eascairt which was probably then part of Oragaig). Between Ugadale and Oragaig is more problematic. On seventeenth-century evidence this area was part of Killean – but I suspect it wasn’t always so. Any early parochial arrangements in the Saddell area were, in practical terms, overtaken by the establishment of Saddell Abbey from the latter half of the twelfth century. One would expect to find a parish in Carradale but there wasn’t. North of Carradale the situation was complicated by the fact that Iona held 9m in upper Glencarradale whilst Ardchattan Priory held the 4m of Cour and Sunadale. Was there once a parish of Killarow based round Cour? (See above note on Killarow under Kilchenzie parish).


OPS II, II p 22 also grappled with the problem of Killean and reckoned it formerly extended across the whole breadth of Kintyre. On the east coast it was ‘bounded on the south by … Glensaddell’ and stretched north ‘to the neighbourhood of Cour and Sperasaig’. I really don’t think, on the basis of the information we currently have, that we are able to properly establish the parish boundaries of North Kintyre. Kilcalmonell is relatively straightforward, as is Killean on the west coast. The east coast between Saddell and Crossaig is the contentious area. In early times I don’t believe the parish of Killean would have crossed the central spine of Kintyre to include east coast farms. Orientation was always towards the sea and I believe settlements on the east coast would have had their own parishes based on Saddell, Carradale and possibly Cour. If there were such they have been lost for centuries and so in the table I have divided Killean up into what I think are the appropriate sections. I have treated the west coast from Balure to Putechan as Killean proper. On the east coast I have separated the area around Cour from Saddell (which came to include Carradale).


Killean & Kilmory

In 1243 Alexander II gave the church of ‘Kilican’ to the Bishopric of Lismore (Argyll) – see Duncan & Brown p 218 and RMS II (3136.1). It is usually assumed that this is the church of Killean. Before 1222 Roderick, son of Reginald, gave 5d to maintain the church of St John in Kintyre (Killean). This 5d comprised 3d of the church of St John and 2d of the church of St Mary – see Duncan & Brown p 219 and RMS II (3136.4). The evidence comes from charters shown by the Bishop of Argyll to James IV in 1507 – at which time they were all regarded as bishopric lands. Unfortunately there are a number of ambiguities:

  1. a) It is not certain that Kilican is Killean.
  2. b) It is not certain which was the church of St Mary. OPS II, I, 21-2 thought it was Kilmarow (Killarow at NR 6628) but by the time of OPS II, II p 821 the editor had come to the view that it was probably Kilmory (NR 7044) by Killean. (I also favour the latter but would argue that in both cases the second element may actually be for St Maolrubha rather than St Mary. However it is easy to see how St Mary might have been preferred as patron at the time of gift).
  3. c) If it was Kilmory (by Killean) then it is possible that these were in fact Saddell lands which, in 1507, were being treated as if they were bishopric lands.
  4. d) 5d would be 20m and I cannot find 20 merklands in the Killean area which retained a tradition of once belonging to the church. There are four properties in the area which definitely belonged to Saddell – Kilmory (4m), Achaloskin (3m), Drumnamucklach (1½m) and Monycuil (1½m) – but they only total 10m or half what we would expect.


Beacharr, Beachmenach, Beachmore, Beachclavay

It is difficult to be sure of the total assessment of these farms. The basic farm-name was Beach to which were added qualifiers such as carragh (standing-stone), meanach (middle) and more (big). The earliest documents give 10m (including Achadh a’ Choirce). The evidence from 1545, 1558 & 1751 suggests 11m. I prefer 10m.



ER data (1502-1506) gives Bar as 8m with Killagruer (which was 2m). However ER XVII of 1541 gives Barr as 9m – as it is in 1605, 1607, 1626 & 1667. (These 9m must have included Killagruer). Upper Barr was 2½m & Laigh Barr was 3½m in 1751.



Cour section


Was this Ardchattan’s parish of Killarow? Ardchattan Priory was founded by the MacDougalls in 1230 or 1231. No Ardchattan lands in Kintyre are listed in Alexander Macdonald’s letter of 1296 but that letter does reveal that John Comyn held 100m in Kintyre (just under one-sixth of the whole peninsula). Given the close association between the Comyn and Macdougall families in Bruce’s day it is easy to conceive that one of the Comyn’s mortified the 4m of Cour and Sunadale to a priory founded by their close allies. It is possible they gave Ardchattan the parish of Killarow at the same time – in fact Killarow may have been the parish church of Cour and Sunadale.



6m with Speresag & Ardnagach(1502-5). Often 4m which probably included Ardnaduff. 8m with Sperisaig, Grianan & Cretbriden in 1654 & 1678. 6m with Sperisaig & Cretbriden in 1751. In the 1596 list (HP III p 74) 4m Crossaig is listed with ‘Bellegronan and Maysreoch’ and these are followed by the phrase ‘and ar kirk landis’. It is slightly ambiguous whether this applies only to Ballegreggan (which belonged to St Ninians) or whether Crossaig is supposed to be included in the statement.



Saddell parish


Ard Carradale

Ard Carradale was 4m of a 24m estate granted by James IV to Adam Reid of Starquhite after the forfeiture of the Lordship of the Isles. In RMS II (2454) of 1498 it is referred to as 23½m but in RMS II (2500) of 1499 it is defined as 4m Ard Carradale and 20m of Glen Carradale, Auchinsavil, Rhonadale, Auchinbreck (which was Iona’s), Kernashie, Auchinfraoch, Corriemakkonnon and Carradale – none of which are specifically valued. OPS II, I, p 25 gives 23m of the same estate in 1564 and here the valuations are given but unfortunately the place-names differ. However this last document tallies almost exactly with the Exchequer Rolls evidence for Adam Reid’s estate in 1505 & 1506. Following this the Carradale estate consisted of the Two Deucherans (2m), Auchinfraoch (2m), Kirnashie (1m), Kilmichael (3m), Stroneduvane (2m), Kirnacraig (1m), Auchinsavil (2m), Rhonadale (4m), Dippen (3m) and Ard Carradale (4m). This estate was still more or less the same in 1751 and (with the addition of Grianan) is shown on Lewis Robertson’s plan of 1827.


Saddell Abbey estate

The Saddell Abbey estate was centred on Glen Saddell but included other lands in Kintyre, Arran, Gigha and Ayrshire. We can still trace at least 12m (3d) in Saddell itself (4m Mains, 2m Lephinmore, 2m Guesdale, 1½m Iffernan, 1½m Braidiffernan, 1m Kilmichael) but since we know it was worth 5d (20m) in 1393 (excluding Torrisdale) it may be that we have lost a merkland or two. See separate table for a list of all Saddell’s properties.



The conversion between Norse and Scottish extents makes more sense if we look at Torrisdale, Lephincorrach and Lephinbeag together. The first element in the latter two names is for Leth-pheighinn or half-pennyland. We might assume therefore that since Torrisdale was 1d in 1393 and these two farms were nominally ½d each that the three together made 2d which would be equivalent to 8m. In fact the three farms of Torrisdale (3m), Lephincorrach (1½m) and Lephinbeag (1½m) only came to 6m and each appears to be undervalued. There are two possible solutions. Either we have lost 2m through the attrition of time or Torrisdale Glen was only ever composed of three half-pennylands each worth 2m. If the latter then two of these may have made up the 1d Torrisdale in 1393. Over time one of the half-pennylands became known as Torrisdale and the other became Lephincorrach or Lephinbeag. The Torrisdale half-pennyland (which was nominally only worth 2m) absorbed parts of each of the other half-pennylands to become 3m. Lephincorrach and Lephinbeag were now reduced in value to 1½m each.



1m Kilmichael is consistently listed as part of the Saddell Abbey estate and in 1751 it is linked with Iffernan. I doubt that this is part of the Kilmichael in Glen Carradale and suspect it was an early religious site neighbouring Iffernan which has since been lost. The building of Saddell Abbey would have made it redundant although the memory of it remained until the eighteenth century.



Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish (in Kintyre)


Carnbeg, Carnmore & Cour-sheileach

3m Carnbeg included Little Corshelach in 1600, 1627, 1650, 1675. 4m Carnemoir included Mickle Corschellach in 1600, 1627, 1650 & 1675. The two Cour-sheileachs are assessed separately as 3m in 1545 & 1558. There is a problem here. If we add the values of Carn Mor, Carn Beg and Cour-sheileach for 1545 & 1558 we get 9m whereas the later (and probably the earlier) valuations suggest a grand total of 7m. I prefer the latter figure since there are other instances where the data from 1545 & 1558 is not wholly reliable.


Gartlosk & Sidrigill

I cannot locate either of these precisely. Blaeu marks Gartluisk just east of Kilvore which is south of Killean. There is a Lagloskine at NR 7246 and Auchaluskin at NR 7043. Gartlosk is not listed in 1545 but appears as 3m Gartloskis in 1558. Gartlosk & Sidrigill appear together as 4m from 1502-6. 4m Sedwryle (probably including Gartlosk) appears in 1545, 1558, 1600, 1627, 1650 & 1675. Both Gartlosk & Sidrigill appear in 1558, making a total of 7m but since this is at variance with all the other data I am inclined to ignore it.



Clachan or Kilcalmonell parish (in Knapdale)


I think Kilcalmonell parish is itself a composite, although one of very long standing. By the thirteenth century it included the east coast area around Skipness but, as with Saddell and Killean, I suspect the eastern coastline once had its own parish structure. The parochial centre would probably have been at Skipness or Claonaig or between the two. The boundary between Skipness and Kilcalmonell could possibly have been the watershed east of Loch Freasdail.


Altagalvash & Allt airigh fhuair

Altgalleras & Altwoware were 2m in 1495 & 1502. The latter features by itself as 2m Aireour in 1511 but each is 1m in 1631, 1632, 1655 & 1751.



Kilchamaig was part of an 8m estate from 1539. The other two farms were Gartnagrenach and Muchtre (which name is just possibly from -tref). Most references give the three farms as 8m but there are exceptions. RMS II (1485) of 1481 omits Muchtre (unless part of it was Leamnamuic) but I do not think this is significant. However AS II (882) of 1655 and (1527) of 1669 give the 3 farms + Lagnascavoch as only 6m.


Dunultach and Ronachan

Dunultach and Ronachan were, along with Achatamulen in South Knapdale, part of a 10m estate in 1496 & 1510 (and probably also in 1481). Dunultach and Ronachan appear together as 6m in 1558 & 1630.


Arivore & Kennacraig

The Arymore estate was 12m in 1481, 1495 and 1502. Arivore itself (with Kennacraig) was 4m in 1511 & 1620. In 1655 & 1669 Arivoir and Kennacraig were with Gartavaich as 6m. In 1751 Arivoir and Lagnascavach (which latter was with Kilchamaig in 1655 & 1669) were worth 2½m and included: Loanlia, Achaleven, Collom of Arivoir and Stonefield Parks. Kilnacraig was 2m in 1751.



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Posted in Kintyre
5 comments on “North Kintyre
  1. Tim Stalker says:

    How do we use the information you’re providing to find the place names on maps? I’m interested in a place called Torcheunachan and its possible location in relationship to another place called Lagloiskin. I have descendants who lived in these locations but where are the maps you’re referring to located?

    • drixson says:

      The National Library of Scotland has a wonderful digital map library.

      • Tim Stalker says:

        Thank you so much for this. The 1777 Langlands map is also located in the Scotlands People research website, so I saw it there. I visited these former settlements in 2011. There were ruins at Lagloskine and evidence of former buildings at Torcheunachan, though hardly visible, and I’m still not sure I was in the right location. Another place called Achavrauladale is just to the north of Lagloskine across a track that bisects the settlements.

    • John Mc Crank says:

      Lagloiskin is situated just east of Rhunahaorine on the map of Kintyre may have a spelling difference .

    • John Mc Crank says:

      Sorry, should also said Torcheunachan is just north of Lagloiskin North side of Tayinloan burn.

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