Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Achadrom etc         See below.
Carna/Cama 1½m 1760     Carna(GD44/25/29/2/5 1760 with Glasterbeg – as also in 1762)

= Cam Bhealach? NN 2493?

Ceann Loch 1½m 1760 NN 2895   Kinloch(GD44/25/29/2/5 1760 with Easter Glaster – also in 1762)
Glas-Dhoire     NN 2593   = Easter Glaster? see below.
Kilfinnan 3m 1540 NN 2795   3m Killenane(1540), 2m Kilenan(1760)
Cullinross 10s 1607 c. NN 280949 Thomson(1830)

RHP 1300(1840)

10s=½?(GD44/1/1/9/9/1 1607 & Inverness Retours(106) 1684)?

1m Culross(GD44/25/29/2/5 1760), 1m(1762)

OPS map NE corner Loch Lochy. See below.

Laggan 5m 1540 NN 2997 Blaeu


Early references are to Laggan Achdrom

4m(1760, 1762)

Pitmaglaster 10s 1607 NN 2896 Thomson(1830) 10s=½?(GD44/1/1/9/9/1 1607 & Inverness Retours(106) 1684)?

1m(GD44/25/29/2/5 1760), 1m(1762), now = Balmaglaster.

See below.

Shian 3m 1607 NN 2996/3095 Thomson(1830) 3m=½?(GD44/1/1/9/9/1 1607 & Inverness Retours(106) 1684)?

See below.

Leitirfearn 13s 4d 1627 NN 3299 to

NH 3201



E side Loch Oich. 13s 4d (GD44/1/1/9/9/4 of 1627 & GD44/1/1/9/9/5 of 1653 – in both of which it is linked to Glen Turret Beg by Glen Roy).
Invergarry 4m 1540 NH 3100 Blaeu


4m(1760, 1762)
Mandally     NH 2900   Part of 4m Invergarry in 1762 rental
Polnonochan     NH 2800   Part of 4m Invergarry in 1762 rental
Sub-total 20½m        
‘Sliosgarbh’ £6 (9m) 1536     Or £10(15m) in 1648? See also below.
Gleann Laogh/Glenluie 1½m 1760 NH 2700   Possibly 1m in GD44/1/1/9/9/1 1607
Bolinn 1m 1760 NH 2501/2601   1m Boyilley? in GD44/1/1/9/9/1 1607, 1m(1760, 1762)
Laddie 1m 1607 NH 2301 Blaeu 1m(1760, 1762)
South Ardachy 1½m 1607 NH 2100   1m(1760, 1762)
Achadh Uaine

or Greenfield

2m 1607 NH 2000 Blaeu 2m(1760)
Garrygualach 2m? 1607 NH 1700   1m Easter Gargulloch(1760), 1m Garrigoulach(1762)

Two Groballochies extending to 2m(GD44/1/1/9/9/1 1607)

Ballachan 1m 1607 c. NN 1198 Roy(PC) 72  
Bad an t-Seobhaig/ Badenjoig 1m 1760 NN 1299/1399 Roy(PC) 72 1m(1760, 1762), cf Macmillan: Bygone Lochaber pp 89-90
Sub-total 11m        
‘Sleismene’ 20d 1538     See below.
Invervigar     NH 3305 Blaeu  
Drynachan 1½m 1760 NH 3202 Blaeu Appears as ‘Lephein & Drinachan’ in Thomson’s map of 1830.
Faichem 5m


c. 1631


NH 2801 Roy(PC) 72 See below.

Usually divided into ‘ard’ and ‘iosal’ (high and low), 2m each.

Lundie 2m 1760 NH 2903/2904 Blaeu, Gordon(5)  
Delchumie   1768     Pendicle of Lundie in NLS MS1313 1768,

= Dail a’ Chuirn (NH 3105)?

Allt leth-bheinne (½d)   NH 3202 Thomson(1830) Ault Lephein(Thomson)
Munerigie 2m 1760 NH 2602 Blaeu, Roy(PC)72 Manerach(Roy), Mondrew(1760), Moneregie(1762)
Achadh-Luachrach 2m 1760 NH 2503 Blaeu, Roy(PC)72 2m(1760, 1762)
Daingean 2m 1760 NH 2303   2m(1760, 1762)
Ardochy 1½m 1760 NH 2002/2102 Blaeu, Roy(PC)72  
Ardnabie 1m 1760 c. NH 2002 Roy(PC)72  
Inchlaggan 2m 1760 NH 1701/1801 Roy(PC)72  
(Leac) Doire Lochaidh ½m 1760 NH 0602 Thomson(1830)  
Leac na Fearna   1760 NG 9701   No value given in 1760
Glen Quoich   1760 NH 0206   Sheilings but no value given in 1760.
Sub-total 19½m        
Total Glengarry 51m        



Achadrom (field of the ridge) is the name given to the low-lying land between Loch Lochy and Loch Oich. That it was a name known far and wide is shown by the notes in Macfarlane’s Geographical Collections vol II p 169 which probably derive from Timothy Pont’s work in the 1580s and 1590s:

And it is alleadgit be ancient men that this Achadron is the midst of Scotland in lenth. And there is one stone in a plaine ground in the stray which stands. and it is called the stone of the Ridge of Scotland And so the strath is named the mid part of Scotland. The sea doeth flow Northeast throwgh this strath and southwest.

Sir Arthur Mitchell (the editor) adds a footnote from the MS:

Achadron is the country betwixt Lochoich and Lochlohy there is a litle burn fra the hill syde that divides, one branch runs to the Westsea into Lochlohy and the other branch runs to the Eastsea through Lochoich.


p 523 offers a similar summary:

Ther is a little Strath betwixt the head of Loch-Lochy, and another small fresche water Loch called Loch-Eawich [Loch Oich], this strath is scarce one myl of length and not the eicht part of a myl in breadth, it is call’d Achadrome supposed be the people therabout to be the middle part of Scotland be the length. there is a stone in a playne in this Strath, cal’d the stone of the rigg of Scotland


These quotations make clear the significance of Achadrom to early geographers. It was a defining point for watersheds.


By extension the name Achadrom came to include properties along the banks of Loch Lochy and, at one time or another, all the following were said to be ‘in Achadrom’: Carna or Cama, Glasterbeg, Kinloch & Easter Glaster, Kilfinnan, Cullinross, Laggan, Pitmaglaster (now Balmaglaster) and Shian.


Cullinross, Pitmaglaster and Shian

Cullinross, Pitmaglaster and Shian were reckoned as part of 40m Dochanassie in 1600. Shian was probably rated at 3m, the others at 1m each.


Sliosgarbh & Sleismene

Slios = side, garbh = rough, min = smooth. Slios + garbh = the rough side; Slios + min = the smooth side. The Sliosgarbh was the side south of Loch Garry, rough perhaps because the hills were higher. The same two names apply to the sides of Loch Beoraid, south of Loch Morar.


The pennyland assessment survived in place-names until 1830. Thomson’s map has ‘Ault Lephein’ instead of what is now Allt Leth-bheinne and nearby he marks ‘Lephein & Drinachan’.


Glas Dhoire Mor was further down the West bank of Loch Lochy (NN 2391) and part of the Lochiel estate. Glas Dhoire Beag (NN 2492) was within the Glengarry estate and is marked SW of the present Glas Dhoire (NN 2593). Perhaps this long stretch of the western bank of Loch Lochy was divided in two even within the Glengarry estate; Glasterbeg being the SW section and Easter Glaster being the present Glas Dhoire.



Fraser-Mackintosh refers to a charter from Glengarry to Lundie presumably c. 1631. The phrase he gives is ‘the half of Davoch of Faichaam, extending to 5 merks of land’. I am not sure if Faichem should be regarded as originally a half-davach or a whole davach. If the latter then it probably included one or more of its neighbouring settlements.


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