Kilmore & Kilbride

Kilmore and Kilbride


Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Kilmore parish         For boundary between Kilmore & Kilbride see below.
Knipoch 8m 1667 NM 8523/8623 Roy (PC 18)


See below.
Balinoe 4m 1648 NM 8724 Langlands(1801) 2½m(1751). I suspect this was originally part of 8m Knipoch.
Sron Chormaig/


6m 1667 NM 885245 Blaeu(Lorn)



RMS II (3075) of 1506-7 refers to the 22m estate of Stronquhornik & Glenfuquhane. The name of this farm seems to have changed into ‘Glenfeochan’ which is now immediately to the west.
Arivaiskoald   1751     Described as a pendicle of  Stronechormaig in 1751.
Craigentaggart 5m 1667 NM 8924 Langlands(1801)  
Dun Iadain 3m 1648 NM 9124 Langlands(1801) 2m(1667), 2½m(1751)
Musdale 2m 1558 NM 9322 Langlands(1801) Mwsadyll(1558), 4m with Grianaig in 1751. See below.
Grianaig 2m 1558     See below under Musdale.
Sonachan 2m 1627 NM 919241 Roy (PC 18) 2m(1635, 1636, 1639, 1660), 1m(1751). See also below under Moleigh.
Kilbride (Glen Feochan) 5m 1470 NM 9124 Roy (PC 18) 3m(1743, 1751). In 1470 & 1667 it is Kilbride in Achicogna, Achnaga or Achequhane. Glen Feochan was Glenfuquhane in 1506-7. 10m with Craigintakirt in GD 202/18 pp 65-6 of 1648.
Dalnacabaig     NM 9024 Langlands(1801) A pendicle of Kilmore in 1751.
Kilmore (Glen Feochan) 8m




NM 8824 Blaeu(Lorn)


8m(1648), 7m(1580, 1619, 1638, 1751)

Seems to have subdivided into two units (1 x 7m + 1 x 1m). The 1m is referred to in GD 202/18 p 65 of 1648 as pertaining to Mr Nicol McCalman, minister.

Barran 2m 1564 NM 8825   This and a reference to 6m Barra in RMS II (3075) of 1506-7 probably both refer to Barnacarry.
Barnacarry 4m 1655 NM 8826 Blaeu(Lorn)


Separate to the Barnacarry in Kilninver parish. 4m(1669).

6m with Barmolloch in 1751. 6m in 1470 presumably also included Barmolloch. Called Bernacarrie in Midlorne in 1661.

Barmulloch 2m 1558 NM 8826   See below.
Cabrachan 6m 1558 NM 9027 Langlands(1801) 6m consistently 1558-1751.
Torinturk 4m




NM 9027 Roy (PC 18)


Midmuir 1m? 1470? NM 954232 OS(1871) See below.
Selkgruyth 1m 1667     See below.
Total Kilmore parish 58m/5d        
Kilbride parish          
Cleigh 2m 1742 NM 8725 Langlands(1801) 2m(1751). Formerly this seems to have been called Clychomby.
Moleigh 6m




NM 8726 Blaeu(Lorn)


Moyleagis/Moyberg/Moyleags (1323-4), Melrog/Melleag(1451), Mulligh(Blaeu), Molleig(1636, 1655, 1656). 4m(1751). See below.
Dunach 8m 1491 NM 8624 Blaeu(Lorn)


8m(1510, 1621, 1664), 5m(1751), 4m Dounach(1667). See below.
Craigderrick         Sheiling linked with Dounach in AS II (1354) of 1667.
Kilbride 4m 1622 NM 8525 Blaeu(Lorn) 4m(1630, 1648), 3m(1751). See below.
Cologin 4m 1596-7 NM 8526 Blaeu(Lorn)


4m(1637, 1655). 3m(1742, 1751). With Gallawnoche as 10m in 1451.

Lower Ardoran

Upper Ardoran





NM 8424

NM 844242

NM 855251


Roy (PC 18)



See below.
Lerags 16m




NM 8324 Blaeu(Lorn)


See below.
Ardentallan 4m 1558 NM 8323 Blaeu(Lorn) 4m(1619, 1641, 1648, 1656, 1667), 3m(1751)
Gallanach 6m 1648 NM 8226/8227

NM 8327

Blaeu(Lorn) Moir(4m) and Beg(2m) in 1648. =6m Over & Nether Guldmathis of GD 112/2/9/1/1 of 1596-7? 2½m(More) & 1½m(Beg) in 1751.

2m(Beg) in 1599 & 1643. With Cologin as 10m in 1451 & 1636.

Glenshellach 8m 1451 NM 8428 Blaeu(Lorn) Consistently 8m from 1451-1751. See below.



12m 1470  

NM 8627

NM 8628



Soroba seems to have been divided in two by about 1502. The two portions were worth 6m each and called Soroba VcCoull and Soroba VcSorle respectively. In AVR(1751) they are only 4m each.
Dunollie 6m




NM 8531 Blaeu(Lorn)


6m(1628, 1636, 1751). 3m Beg in AS II (897) of 1655 & probably GD 112/2/9/1/1 of 1596-7, 3m Mor with castle in 1655 & 1658.

1d(RRS V No 393, ?1321 or 1322) & in OPS II, I p 114 quoting Breadalbane Inventory. 1d(1385-1425) in HP IV pp 17-18.

Ganavan 1d 1502 NM 8532   1d(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109. See below.
Pennyfuir 5m




NM 8732 Langlands(1801) 1d(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109.

Penginaphuyr(1502). 3m(1751).


Penycastell de …





NM 8834 (castle)

NM 8733 (farm)

  Pennycastle(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109. 9m in GD 1/426/1/23/89 Vol 1 No 361 of 1564 & NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 206-7 of 1632.
Peny Achinche 1d 1502     Penny Achinche or similar(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109. The only significant variant is Penny Achatimorochie on pp 84-6 (1585).
‘Garvpengyn’ 1d 1502     1d(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109. This is ‘garbh peighinn’ or rough pennyland.
Kilmore 1d 1502 NM 881326 ?   1d(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109.

See below.

‘Dawgawach’ 1d 1502     1d(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109.

See below.

Achavaich 6m 1506-7 NM 8932 Langlands(1801) Consistently 6m(1506-7 until 1667), 4m(1751).
Glen Cruitten 12m





NM 8730   12m(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109.

References to Mor & Beg in 1636 & 1659. ‘Beig’ is 6m in 1632 (NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 206-7). In AVR(1751) Beg is 3m, More is 4m.

Killiechoinich 8m 1558 NM 8827 Blaeu(Lorn)


8m(1619, 1641, 1648, 1667, 1751), 4m Kilchanichkill(1620)
Ballygowan 8m 1558 NM 8928 Langlands(1801) 8m consistently 1558-1751.

+ its island

2d 1321-1322     The place-name means ‘the slopes of Loch Nell’.
Strontoiller 10m




NM 9029 Langlands(1801) 1d(1385-1425) in HP IV pp 17-18
Barranrioch 2m 1635 NM 8929 Langlands(1801) See below.
Barrancalltunn 2m 1751 NM 8930 Langlands(1801) I have no valuation earlier than 1751.
Barranoachtrach 6m 1502     6m(1502-1667) in NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 81-109. The second element in the name is for ‘uachdarach’ or Upper. This disappears after 1667.


Ardchonnell Challen








NM 9032

  See below.
Blairhalchan &


3d 1321-1322?     The only comparable place-names I can find are Barnadeass & Barsalchan by Glen Noe in Ardchattan parish.
Achinfure 2d 1321-1322?      
Ardstofniche 3d 1321-1322?     Specifically stated to be near the lands of Dunollie in RRS V (393) of  ?1321-22.
Alcanalkelich &


4d 1321-1322?     Achinvachich=Achavaich?
Total Kilbride parish 165m/43d        
Combined Total (m)

Combined Total (d)





Kilmore/Kilbride boundary

I have followed the boundary suggested in the OPS map (between parishes 30 & 31). This follows the River Nell into Loch Nell and from thence via the River Lonan to the march with Muckairn.



In 1751 Knipoch appears under two parishes. Knipoch (presumably Beg) is in Kilninver and worth 1½m. Knipochmore is in Kilmore & Kilbride and worth 3m. In GD 202/18 pp 65-6 (1648) Knepoch is 4m – along with 4m Bailleno which I think may be an offshoot. (Both properties are definitely Kilmore & Kilbride). In AS II (1375) of 1667 Knepich is 8m. This Knipoch now belonged to the Campbells of Stronchormaig. (We also have a reference to 4m Knepoche belonging to Macdougall of Ragray in Argyll Retours (18) of 1617). There seems to have been a separate 2m of Little Knepoch or ‘Knepochindeor’ which was in Kilninver parish in 1751. Little Knepoch is referred to in AS II (23) of 1618 and AS II (77 & 79) of 1619 as belonging to the Macdougalls of Craiganich, Lismore. Roy (PC 18) shows Knipoch Mor to E of Beg. Langlands marks Cnipochmore to NE of Cnipochbeg. (See also under Kilninver).



I do not understand why this parish contained Musdale (& Grianaig?) in 1751. Musdale belonged to a different drainage system and I would expect to find it with Kilninver. I can find no trace of Grianaig but asssume it lay hard by Musdale. It will not be Grianaig in Glen Domhain. By analogy with similar names elsewhere in the West Highlands I suspect Musdale is actually a contraction of something like Mungasdale (Norse for Monks Dale). The only direct evidence I can offer is from OPS II, I p 106 which is a 1590 confirmation by the Earl of Argyll of a grant by M’Dougall of Ragray. Almost all the lands listed appear to have been in Kilninver parish. The name Mongenat is followed by Assegill and I think this is rightfully one long name (Mongenatassegill) which approximates to Mungasdale.



OPS II, I pp 157-8 refers to the 2m Barmulloch being held by a family of ‘rymouris (joculatores)’ in 1558. AS I (363) of 1652, (438 & 439) of 1660 all deal with this property which was also called Pennymulloch. AS I (439) of 1660 refers to ‘1 merk land of M’Eoghain’s pennyland of Barnacarradh, commonly called Barmulloch alias Pennymulloch’.



GD 112/2/107 of 1470 refers to 1m Coirferne while GD 112/3/5 of the same year refers to Coinferna. OPS II, I p 155 (quoting ‘Regester’ at Taymouth) refers to 1m Tonferna in 1541 as does AS II (324) in 1630. I suspect all these documents refer to the same place and that it could be something like ‘Lon’ + ‘Fearna’. Near what is now Midmuir are Allt an Loin Mhoir (NM 9423) and  Gleann Fearna (NM 9422). I think Midmuir may be the modern representative of this merkland. As with Musdale and Grianaig I do not understand why this farm should be part of Kilmore & Kilbride – unless as a comparatively late addition. Allt an Loin Mhoir drains to Loch Scammadale (Kilninver parish) whilst the ground by Midmuir drains east to Sior Loch and Loch Nant.



AS II (1375) of 1667 refers to 1m Selkgruyth (alias Lochtanfirlochan). Herbert Campbell notes ‘In the Duke of Argyll’s chartularies the … place-name is given as Selkirmich alias Lechanfirlochan’. I do not know where this is but the context suggests Sonachan at the head of Glen Feochan. It is just possible that ‘Firlochan’ is for Sior Loch (by Midmuir above) in which case Selkgruyth, Coirferne & Midmuir may all represent the same merkland.



Moleigh was obviously a large and important farm in early days. RMS I App 2 p 534 Index A (351) and footnote 1 tell us of the 4d Moyleags and other lands like Dunach. OPS II, I p 103 (quoting the Argyle Inventory) refers to 10m Melrog in 1451. OPS II, I, p 114 refers to 10m Melleag in the same year and although this document, like the other, is from John Stewart (Lord of Lorn) to John Macdougall it seems to derive from a different version of the original (in a footnote OPS quotes ‘Regester’ at Taymouth, Argyle Inventory and CRA p 62). In 1636 & 1655 we have references to 10m Molleig except the 2m Sonochane or Sondachan. OPS II, I, p 115 refers to 2m Meleag otherwise called Clyquhyrne. AS I (249) of 1643 refers to 2m Molleag alias Clyquhynie. (I assume Clyquhynie is the same as Clychomby and now Cleigh). Deducting these two farms of Sonachan and Clychomby the rump of Moleigh was worth 6m. Quite when it disintegrated I am uncertain; nor is it possible to be sure exactly what the 4d Moyleags contained in 1323-4.



The name Dunach has contracted over the centuries. RMS I App 2 p 534 Index A (351) of 1323-4 calls it Dunach-hethe. OPS II, I p 116 gives Dunaach in 1491 and GD 112/2/40/1/5 gives Dunachach in 1510. Clan Campbell III p 87 gives Dunavich in 1720-3 as does Roy (PC 18) c. 1750.


Kilbride (by Lerags)

It is difficult to be sure when we are dealing with the Kilbride by Lerags rather than the Kilbride in Glenfeochan. RMS II (3075) of 1506-7 refers to 5m Kylbride just after Sorropa which suggests this Kilbride. OPS II, I p 116, (quoting Protocol Book of Gavin Hammiltoun for 1599) refers to 2m of the 6m of Kilbryde.



RMS I App I (107) 1306-29 (see also App II (659) & Index B (30)) refers to 4d Ardowran. This seems to have been divided into two farms of Over and Nether Ardoran, each worth 4m. There is also reference to Ardoran Easter in GD 112/2/107 of 1470 which, on the basis of ownership and cartography, was Over or Upper Ardoran. Both parts of Ardoran were associated with the families of doctors. According to OPS II, I p 116 one-third of Over Ardoran was granted to Colin Leiche of Craigintarif from 1565 (this was Glenorchy’s ⅓ of Argyll’s 4m). (See also J Bannerman, The Beatons p 145 for a further grant of 1575 which confirms medical service.) The other two-thirds belonged to the O’Conachar family in 1668 according to AS II (1405). This family is marked down for 2½m of Upper Ardeorans in the AVR of 1751. The O’Conachars also held the 4m of Nether Ardoran. Their holding is detailed in AS I (448 & 449) of 1660, NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 333-4 of 1667 and AS II (1408) of 1668. These documents also refer to their ancestor Kenneth Leitch. For further information on the O’Conachars see J Bannerman, The Beatons, Appendix V.



RMS I App I (107) 1306-29 refers to 6d Gereag and 4d Gelachcarchen; App II (659) Index A refers to Gerrage while Index B (30) refers to the lands of Dereagis de Lachkerchen, Ardowran etc. RMS II (3075) of 1506-7 refers to 16m of ‘duas le Roikis’ (the two Lerags). AS I (197) of 1622 refers to 16m Over and Nether Leragis and AS II (252) of 1628 to the 16m Lerags. The Acts of the Lords of Council p 16 refers to Lereage & Wouchtrouch in 1478 although there is possibly some confusion here since I would expect Wouchtrouch to be ‘uachdarach’ or Upper. GD 202/18 pp 65-6 of 1648 refers to 3m Nethir Lerages and 13m of Twa Lerags. Nether Lerragis also appears as 3m in AS I (148) of 1621. Blaeu shows ‘Yc’ (Nether) to W of ‘Oc’ (Upper). Roy (PC 18) shows Nether to W of Upper. In 1751 Nether Lerags is shown as 4½m and Upper Lerags as 5½m (a total of 10m).



OPS II, I p 152 (quoting Argyle Inventory) says that in 1624 the lands of Glensheling were granted out for the making of a yearly payment to the prior of Ardchattan – which might imply an earlier ecclesiastical association. GD 437 (No 53) of 1676 refers to the widow of Donald Oconchour, physician, in that pendicle of Glennanseallach called the croft of Oban.



NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 represents a joint print of documents presented in a court case between the Duke of Argyll and Campbell of Dunstaffnage. Several early documents list 7 single pennylands which lay contiguous to each other around Dunstaffnage. They were 1d of Pennycastle of Dunstaffnage, 1d of  Penny Achinche, 1d Ganavan, 1d Pennyfuar, 1d Garbh-pheighinn, 1d Kilmore and 1d Dawgavach. To these were always appended 12m Glen Cruitten and 6m Upper Barran. (The 7d would equal 14m whilst the 18m would be the same as 9d so the total estate was worth 16d or 32m). Can we match the 7 pennylands with later farms having merkland assessments? Most of the pennylands disappear from view but in 1564 Dunstaffnage was worth 9m and Pennyfuir 5m. Together these two farms came to 14m so it seems likely that within them are to be found the 7 pennylands we know of from 1502.


Kilmore (Dunstaffnage)

There was a Kilmore and a Kilbride in Kilmore parish and a Kilbride and a Kilmore in Kilbride parish! This Kilmore was in the neighbourhood of Dunstaffnage and is on record from 1502. (See Argyll II No 235 for Chapel & Burial Ground. See also Simpson, Dunstaffnage Castle pp 16-17). NAS CS 46/1913/May No 6 pp 84-6 of 1585 has reference to ‘1d Kilmorrie alius Clazemorrie’ (= Cladh Morrie). There is no proof that Cladh Morrie = Cladh Uaine but it is a possibility.



This name has lots of spelling variants: Dawgawach(1502), de Gavach(1502), Nuagawache(1585), Dawgawache(1609), Dungawach(1639), Dowgavache(1660), Dugavach & Dougavach(1667). It seems that the first element is likely to be ‘dubh’ (black). I am not sure about the second element but the name is reminiscent of Gargavach in Lochaber which was a contraction of ‘garbh dabhach’. References to davachs in Argyll are extremely rare so this name is particularly significant. The land is valued at 1d which would make a pennyland the same as a davach – as it was in Kintyre. Comparison should also be made with Dunach (which is sometimes Dunavich) and Achavaich.



In several documents it is stated that 2m was ⅓ of the lands of Barranrioch that once belonged to Sir John MacDougall of Dunollie. It was presumably once worth 6m. I have assumed that the balance of 4m was later absorbed into the valuation of another farm.



Ardchonnell was formerly a property of Ardchattan. In RMS V (1818) of 1590-1 James VI gave the town and lands of Ardconneill in feufarm to Duncan McDowgall of Dunollie. Apparently Duncan and his family had been native tenants for many years previously. After this we tend to have references to one or other of the two units into which Ardchonnell was divided. There was Ardconnellaltrich which included the mill and, sometimes, Croftwarran or Croftbarren. This was usually worth 8m (but only 3m in 1751). The name presumably derives from Cnoc na h-Altrach in NM 9032. The other part was known as Ardchonnnell Challen and was usually 6½m although in 1728 it was described as 7m. The maximum total would therefore be 15m and in AS II (295) of 1629 there is reference to the £10 (15m) Ardchonnell in the priory of Ardchattan. (Ardchonnelmore was 4m in 1751). Precisely locating such a large farm is problematic. In OS 6″ 1st series Sheet LXXXVII (1871) there is an Ardchonnel marked at NM 895328. On today’s Explorer maps there is also Ardconnel in NM 8931 and Ardchonnel in NM 9032.



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