Kirkintilloch Text



Principal Sources


OSA Vol 2, No XXI, pp 275-284 (1791), by Rev. W Dunn


J Irving, The Book of Dumbartonshire, Vol II, Edinburgh, 1879, pp 390-393


RMS II (874) 1466

RMS III (409) 1526

RMS IV (877) 1553

RMS V (2310-2311) 1593 (both on originals of 1567)

(for further references to RMS & RRS see in text below)


RSS VII (2047) 1579


RH1/2/163 1399

RH6/2710 1583

RH6/2717 1583-4


AS I (526-7, 529-530) 1674


AS II (160) 1623, (298) 1629, (391) 1631, (527) 1634, (739) 1644, (779-782) 1652, (847, 849-850, 853) 1654, (962) 1657, (990) 1660, (1000) 1661, (1026) 1662, (1211, 1214) 1665, (1244, 1258, 1281, 1283, 1285-1287, 1289-1291, 1293, 1295) 1666, (1331-1332, 1349-1351, 1358, 1370) 1667, (1402, 1427) 1668,  (1456, 1457, 1459-1460, 1482-1485, 1515, 1517, 1518, 1521) 1669


GD1/128/53 1721, GD1/447/16 1699

GD8/137 1546, GD8/180 1563, GD8/266 & 270 1577

GD25/1/20 1384, GD25/1/24 1392, GD25/1/59 1454, GD25/1/88 1465, GD25/1/102 &103 1466

GD39/1/301 1661


Retours (Dumbarton) (18) 1617, (28) 1629, (39) 1641, (42) 1643, (43) 1644, (52) 1655, (65) 1668, (73) 1683, (108) 1681


RHP81 1818

RHP643 1775

RHP643/1 & 2 1775


Charter Chest of the Earldom of Wigtown (31) 1461, (32) 1464, (53) 1497, (82) 1538, (170) 1598, (883) 1634


Registrum Monasterii S. Marie de Cambuskenneth 1147-1535, W Fraser (ed.), Edinburgh, 1872.


Drummond, P.J., An analysis of toponyms and toponymic patterns in eight parishes of the upper Kelvin basin, PhD thesis, Glasgow University, 2014




Although Kirkintilloch and Cumbernauld became separate parishes in 1649 we have early references to the lands of ‘Lenzie’ where we cannot be sure exactly which lands are being referred to.


RRS II (528) 1175 x 1195 is a confirmation by William I of the grant made by Jocelin, Bishop of Glasgow, and William, son of Thorald, of the church of Kirkintilloch with a half-ploughgate (=Cambuskenneth Registrum No 25). The original grant by William, son of Thorald, is given in the Register of Cambuskenneth No 132, p 175 as ‘ecclesiam de Kirkintulauch … cum dimedia carucata terre’ (the church of Kirkintilloch … with half a carucate).  (This is not given in the Papal Bull of 1164 but does appear in the Bull of 1195 – which also mentions Jocelin’s confirmation).


RRS II (430) 1201 or 1202 refers to the resolution of a dispute between William Cumin and the Bishop of Glasgow as to whether or not the land of ‘Muncraht’ (Muckcroft in Cadder) belonged to ‘Kirkentulaht’ (Kirkintilloch). William Cumin conceded to the bishop that it did not.


RRS II (557) William I grants ‘Lenneth’ (i.e. Lenzie) to William Cumin (Comyn). The source document is given in W Fraser, The Book of Carlaverock, Edinburgh, 1873, No 3, p 404. This is a confirmation by Alexander II – which Fraser dates to 1215 – of King William’s gift of the whole land of Lenneth for the service of one knight.


RRS II (501) 1211 King William grants William Comyn the right to have a burgh and market in Kirkintilloch.


Some time before about 1210 William Cumin gave the church of Kirkintilloch, with its chapels and lands, and with the addition of another oxgate adjoining the churchland  on the east side, to Cambuskenneth Abbey (Register p xxx). For Alexander II’s confirmation in 1226 see Register No 133 p 176.


This land was confirmed and added to by John Cwmyng (Comyn) later in the thirteenth century (Register pp xxxi-xxxii):


in augmentation of the said oxgate of land, the whole land adjoining that oxgate, between Luggy and Buthlane, cultivated and uncultivated, as far as the said oxgate of land extends, with one acre of land on the east side of the said oxgate.


The extra lands are not given a valuation but we can identify ‘Luggy’ as the Luggie Water and ‘Bothlane’ as the Bothlin Burn. So Cambuskenneth now owned the original half-carucate of churchland given by William, son of Thorald, plus the oxgate given by William Comyn, plus the unspecified amount of extra land given by John Comyn.


RMS I (80) 1315-21, Robert I gave Malcolm Fleming the barony of Kirkintolach for the service of one knight.


RRS VI (30) 1341 refers to the barony of ‘Laynie’. RRS VI (160) 1358 is a charter by David II to Malcolm Fleming of Biggar of lands in the barony of Leygne (Lenzie). (Also RRS VI (270) 1362).


RRS VI (335) 1365 Inspection by David II of a charter of Thomas Fleming to Robert Erskine of lands in the barony of ‘Leygne’ (Lenzie) viz: ‘Estyrcroy, de Westyrcroy, Auchynboll’, Tvefre, le Borde, le Smythitona, Ballouch’ et de Ardory’. These names all survive.


RRS VI (399) 1368 Inspection by David II of a tack of Thomas Fleming to Robert Erskine of the land of the barony of ‘Kyrkyntolach’ called ‘le Leygne’ (Lenzie). The Reddendo was £17 6s 8d (or 26 merks) yearly.


RMS I (491) is a confirmation of an original dated 1369 where these lands are given as Bord, Tweoures, Croy West and Croy East, Smethestone, Balloche and Ardre.


RMS I App 2 p 570 Index A No 870 refers to a charter by Walter Fleming to Malcolm Fleming of the lands of Sythebog. In Index B this is Sthboger in the barony of Leinzie, which Thomas Balcasky forfeited. I do not know where Sythebog is.


Charter Chest of the Earldom of Wigtown (53) 1497 gives ‘the lands and barony of Lenzie and forty merk lands of the said barony, and … the Castle and Forrest of Cumernauld’ as £100 6s 8d (150½m) Old Extent. Retours (Dumbarton) (65) 1668 & (108) 1681 give the Old Extent of Lenzie as 151 merklands. Charter Chest of the Earldom of Wigtown p 110 offers £100 13s 4d (151m) OE in barony of Lenzie + £16 (24m) OE in barony of Cumbernauld as the Earl’s lands in 1681.


I find 68m in Kirkintilloch or West Lenzie and 54¼m in Cumbernauld or East Lenzie – a total of 122¼m which leaves significant gaps in the assessment. If we reckon £20 (30m) per carucate the combined parish would be 5 carucates after allowing for attrition. However the data given under Gartshore in the table undermines this assumption.


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