|Name||Value||Date||Grid Ref||Map Sources||Other forms, comments etc|
|Rosskeen||1 davach||1598||NH 6869||Blaeu(Moray)||Ex bishopric. RMS VI (756). See below.|
|Inverbreakie||(½ davach)||NH 7169||Pont(Gordon 20)
|Now Invergordon – PNRC pp 69-70.
|Kincraig||1 davach||1669||NH 6970/6971||‘Extending to’ 10m suggests 1 davach by 1475-6 (RMS II 1227).
20s bondages in RMS V (1331) 1587 & ER XXI 1588. RS38/3/457r 1669. Retours (Ross) (150) 1691. See below.
|Achintoul||¼ davach||1595||NH 6869||¼ of Kincraig in GD305/1/30/3 1595 & RS38/3/457r 1669.|
|Feauchlath||20s rent||1476-9||NH 6973||=Stonyfield (PNRC 70). 6s bondages from ER in 1539. ⅜ davach?|
|Culkenzie||1 davach||1635||NH 6771||=Rosebank (PNRC 70). ‘Extending to’ 10m suggests 1 davach by 1475-6 (RMS II 1227). See below.|
|Achnacloich||½ davach||1644||NH 6673/6674||Pont(Gordon 20)
|With Brekoquhy in ER VIII 1476-9. 5m in ER XII p 663 1504 & RSS II (2580) 1538 – which implies ½ davach – as do 8s bondages from ER in 1539. GD1/436/3/4 & 5 1644; GD1/436/3/9 & 10 1666. RS38/3/174v 1667.|
|Breacach||¼ davach||1644||NH 644739||Blaeu(Moray)
OS 6″ LIII 1875
|With Auchnacloych in ER VIII 1476-9. 3m in ER XII p 663 1504 & RSS II (2580) 1538 – which implies ¼ davach – as do 4s bondages from ER in 1539. GD1/436/3/4 & 5 1644; GD1/436/3/9 & 10 1666. RS38/3/174v 1667.|
|Obsdale||1 davach||1640||NH 6669||Blaeu(Moray)||RS37/6/327r 1640. A chaplainry was founded on these lands. GD93/102 1583, RMS V (588) 1583, RSS VIII (1411) 1583, GD93/375 1756. See below.|
|Culcairn||½ davach||1558||NH 6771||Blaeu(Moray)||SC29/1/1 f40r & f40v 1558. RS36/2/30v 1606. With Badcall as ¾ davach in RS38/2/151v 1664. See below.|
|Badcall||(¼ davach)||1664||RMS II (1978) 1490, GD297/180 1439/40. PNRC p 71.
RS36/2/30v 1606. With Culcairne as ¾ davach in RS38/2/151v 1664. Given in SC29/1/1 f40r & f40v 1558 as ½ quarter (i.e. ⅛) but this does not match the rent.
|NH 6373||2 farms extending to 10m suggests 1 davach in 1475-6 (RMS II 1227). Later evidence suggests 2 davachs. See below.
10m ‘Meanych’ in RSS II (2580) 1538 – which implies 1 davach.
|Glackshellach||1 davach||1666||RS38/3/112v 1666. Sole reference – and I am doubtful given the rent.|
|Cunlichnakill||¼ davach||1599||GD93/142 1599 (which gives some boundaries) & RMS VII (529) on original of 1608, give a ¼ davach. It may have included some of Nonikiln/Newnakill. Ex bishopric.|
|1 davach||1726||NH 6671||Blaeu(Moray)||Ex bishopric. Part went with Cuillich na Kill? See below.|
|Newmore||1 davach||1619||NH 6871/6872||Roy(FC)||RS37/1/129v 1619. GD274/7/7/13 1665. OPS II, II, 419 ff (quoting RSS) gives the rent the tenants used to pay in 1543. This appears to be the rent of a full davach. See below.|
|NH 6175||See below.
GD1/436/3/9 & 10 1666. RS38/3/174v 1667.
|Ardross||NH 6174||Roy(FC)||See below.|
|Millcraig||NH 6571||Roy(FC)||In documents as Craigemylne etc. PNRC p 71.|
Linked with Diebidale in Kincardine. Retours (Ross) (28) 1607 gives Old Extent as £9-11s-4d which I cannot explain except as a total of silver rent and custom conversions. I would expect the Old Extent for 1 davach to be 4m or £2 13s 4d. Two oxgates (Culnahae & Drumnatemple) named in RS38/3/457r 1669 – see also RS38/5/105r 1681.
See OPS II, II pp 469-70 for early references to this site. RMS II (3528) 1510-11 gives Innacbreky/Innachbreky and Balnegall. Retours (Ross) (30) 1608 gives UvachBrekie with an OE of 23s 4d and Inverachynegall with the same Old Extent. Retours (Ross) (55) 1634 gives the same extents but the latter place-name is now Inner Auchnagall. It is likely that Uvachbrekie is a mistranscription of Innachbreky and that Balnegall and Auchnagall are two names for the same place. Balnegall is east of Tain and is on record as a half-davach so Inverbreackie was probably also a half-davach. (I am assuming there was not another Balnagall in Rosskeen parish).
RS37/3/23r 1624, RS37/3/231r 1626, RS37/6/400r 1642 all give ¾ of Kincraig + Ardinagaak & Feachlachie.
One oxgang waste in ER XIII 1507. ER XVII p 667 1539 defines a ‘Scheif’ as 1/12th of 1/4 (i.e. 48 sheaf-lands to a davach). This formula is repeated in RS37/5/34r 1632.
Culkenzie is one of a relatively small number of Ross-shire properties which included a fraction of a bovate known as a ‘garbata’ or sheaf-land (See Macgill p 171, No 430, 1603; Retours (Ross) (39) 1615, (83) 1635; GD1/436/3/3 1636 & GD93/375 1756). Retours (Ross) (83) 1635 implies there were 6 sheaf-lands to a bovate (& so 48 to a davach) which matches the data from 1539 & 1632.
5 bovates in RS38/3/174v 1667. RS37/3/243v 1626 refers to a pendicle in Strathrusdale.
Retours (Ross) (150) 1691 links Culkenzie with parts of Inchnevie (Inchnavie), Strathrustell (Strathrusdale) and Balgarva. See also under Cuillich.
PNRC p 71. Not to be confused with Hospitall in Creich parish, Sutherland, which belonged to the Ross family of Balnagown.
Obstwill in CWMF (102) 1583; Obstuill in RMS V (588) 1583. RS37/6/327r 1640 names 4 bovates.
RS37/7/2v 1648: Bovate of the chaplain lands of Obsdaill called Teanadallache on the west side of the R. Affron (Orrin). PNRC p 107 – Urray. I cannot locate this unless it is Teandalloch by Ardnagrask.
There is a Culcairn in Rosskeen parish and another in Alness parish. OPS II, II, 475 only discusses the Culcairn in Alness parish. However I think the evidence there assembled more probably refers to the Culcairn in Rosskeen. The differences appear to be as follows:
Culcairn in Rosskeen was owned by the Ross family of Balnagoun. Sources include GD297/180 1439/40, RMS II (1978) of 1490, SC29/1/1 f40r & f40v 1558 and Retours (Ross) (45 & 62). Because this Culcairn is listed with Badcall I think this makes it more likely to be in Rosskeen. Retours (Ross) 62 gives it an ‘extent’ of 5m which probably means a half-davach.
Culcairn in Alness was an earldom property. It appears alongside Fyrish & Swordale. It was amost certainly 1 davach.
Part of Ardross. Mekle (Big), Meanach (Mid) & Nether. The 12 subdivisions of ‘moir’ (Big) in ER XVII 1539 neatly add to 1 davach. Davach of Cunlichmore in RS37/7/31v 1648. 1 davach ‘muire’ in GD305/1/161/60 1665. ‘Nether halff davoch lands of Cunlichmore’ in RS38/3/112v 1666.
½ davach ‘Mikle’ in GD1/436/3/4 & 5 1644, GD1/436/3/7 1665, GD1/436/3/9 & 10 1666, RS38/3/174v 1667.
Like Culkenzie, Cuillich ‘moir’ had sheaf-lands (See Retours (Ross) (66) 1623 & RS37/3/51v 1624 where the ratio of sheaf-lands to bovates is the same as Culkenzie above).
‘Manich’ (Mid) paid 16s bondages in 1539, 1574-5, 1587 & 1588. This imples a davach. ½ davach ‘Mid’ in GD1/436/3/4 & 5 1644. 1 davach ‘Mid’ in GD1/436/3/9 1666, RS38/3/174v 1667, RS38/6/104v 1697.
The evidence sometimes appears contradictory but I think Cuillich was at least 2 davachs.
See Bangor-Jones p 161 for 3 x ½ oxgangs called Clanhendricks Lands within davoch of ‘Mid Cunlich’. His source is RS38/6/104v 1697 which also gives another 3 x (named) ½ oxgangs – making a total of 3 oxgangs.
There was another part called Cuillich na Kill (of the church). This was sometimes linked with Nonikiln (see below).
This appears less frequently in the ER records.In 1476-9 it pays what looks like a davach’s rent. In 1507 it is given as one of the lands of the late Countess of Ross – now with the ‘prest of Thane’ (priest of Tain). It does not appear in RMS II (1227) 1475-6.
Macgill pp 126-7, No 336, 1649 refers to the ‘eister quarter of Nownakill’ which implies a davach.
Retours (Ross) (103) 1652 gives 3 oxgangs ex bishopric. RS38/7/118v 1711 gives 3 oxgangs.
OPS II, II p 471 (quoting RSS Vol LIV f 17) states half a davach ex bishopric in 1586.
GD274/7/7/13 1665 gives ½ davach Nonakill. RS38/3/120r 1666 gives ½ davach Nonakill but text implies a whole davach – in parish of Nonakill.
GD93/328 1726 & GD93/374 1756 give Newnokhill and Cunlichnakill as a davach – but these are late references.
There is limited evidence but it looks as if Nonikiln/Newmekle was a davach and ex bishopric. However it may have included Cuillich na Kill.
PNRC p lxiii & fn1.
A chaplainry in the collegiate church of Tain was founded on the lands of Newmore. These are listed on numerous occasions (e.g. OPS II, II 419-422, GD93/153 1612, RMS VII (2048) 1619, Retours (Ross) (88) 1639, (166) 1698) and included properties in Kilmuir Easter & Alness parishes. For a full description of boundaries see RSS VI (1127) 1570-1 (=OPS II, II 420-422); and Macgill pp 19-20, No 25, 1570; No 26 c. 1570; p 347, No 880 1612;
p 411. GD176/357 1636. RS38/2/151v 1664. PNRC pp lxiii & 70.
In ER XVII p 668 1539 Tolle apparently belonged to the Provost and chaplains of Tain. However Tollie formerly belonged to the chapel of Kildermorie according to RMS VI (343) 1595 and Retours (Ross) (62) 1622. Its reddendo (former) or extent (latter) is described as 13m 6s 8d which suggests it might have been a davach. 1 davach in RS38/7/118v 1711. For 3 oxgangs of Tollie in 1605 see Calendar of Fearn p 193. PNRC p 73.
Although this exists as a place-name I have seen no valuation and am inclined to view it as a later estate name. See GD1/436/3 where it includes Auchnacloich, Balivulich, Achinduny, Cuinlichmoir, Tolly etc.