Bonhill Table



Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Farms from Luss         Transferred from Luss parish in 1643. (W. of R. Leven)
Auchendennan £5 (7½m) 1621 NS 3683 Blaeu(Lennox) Auchindonanrie (King’s Auchindennan says Irving Vol II p 213).
Auchindonan-Dennistoun £5 (7½m) 1625 NS 3684   Name changed to Arden c. 1770 (Irving Vol II p 214).

See also under Colgrain, Cardross parish.

Stuckrodgert 40s (3m) 1572 c. NS 3782 Blaeu(Lennox)



Stochrothart in Blaeu. See below.
Spitall (of Stuckrodgert)   1387     Cowan, ‘Knights of St John’, No 12, pp 58-9; GD124/1/420. Spittell of Stuckrodgert in AS I (500) 1673, AS II (1075) 1663, (1261) 1666, (1356) 1667.
Cameron £5 (7½m) 1625 NS 3782 Blaeu(Lennox)


See below. See also under Colgrain, Cardross parish.
Spittal (of Cameron)   1387     Cowan, ‘Knights of St John’, No 12, pp 58-9; GD124/1/420.
Darleith’s Spittell         With £5 Cameron in AS I (517) 1674 but presumably not a transfer from Luss.

Mickle or Easter




£10 (15m)

£4 (6m)



¼ land?





NS 3781 Blaeu(Lennox) See below. Consistently ‘3’ Tulliechewans for £10. ‘Little’, ‘Mid’ & ‘Meickle’ in Roy(PC23).

Two ‘Tulichquhewnis’ viz.: Danyelstoun & Sympill in RMS III (2942) 1543.

Total 40½m        
Farms from Kilmaronock         Transferred from Kilmaronock parish in 1643. (E. of R. Leven).

Nether Balloch

£10 (15m)

10s (¾m)







NS 3983 Blaeu(Lennox) The ‘terras dominicales’ (Mains Farm) of Balloch is £10 in 1506-7 & 1511-12. I assume this is the same as Balloch. However Balloch also appears as £5 in a number of documents.

See text file ‘Davachs in Lennox?’.

Ballagan 40s (3m) 1625 NS 4083   ‘Pendicle called the Spittell'(1673). See below.
Spittal (of Ballagan)         Spittell (of Ballagan) is mentioned in AS II (1021) 1661 and AS I (495) 1673.
Blairhosh 5m 1622 NS 4083   Blairquhoise in parish of Kilmaronock (AS I (184) 1622).

This was a Haldane property.

Ladrishbeg (3m) 1662 NS 3982 Blaeu(Lennox) 1m (being ⅓ of Ladrishbeg) AS II (1028) 1662
Total 26m        
Original Bonhill

(East of Leven)

        The parish before the additions of 1643.
Bullull davach? 1223     See text file ‘Davachs in Lennox?’.
Dallenlenrath or



NS 3980

  See below.




⅛ land





NS 4181

NS 4182

NS 4282

Blaeu(Lennox) Haldane property. See below.
Blairvault 8s 4d (⅝m) 1674 c. NS 4081/4181 Roy(GM19)


AS I (519)
Milton ⅛ land


  NS 398809 Blaeu(Lennox)

Ross (1777)

OS (1860)

See under ‘Bonhill General’ below.

OS 6″ 1st Series, Dumbartonshire Sheet XVIII, 1860.


Mains of Bonhill

Bonhill Napier







c. NS 399807

OS (1860)


Ross (1777)

Alias Bullullis(1546), Bonyll-Napeir(1625)

3½m Hiltoun of Napierstoun(1627). Also Milntoun of Napierstoun (marked just N of Napierstown in Roy(PC23)).

OS 6″ 1st Series, Dumbartonshire Sheet XVIII, 1860.

Ladytown 5m 1571 c. NS 400793

OS (1860)



Ross (1777)

GD86/233. 5m (1613, 1618, 1641, 1643). See below.

Marked NW of Noblestown.

OS 6″ 1st Series, Dumbartonshire Sheet XVIII, 1860.

Bonhill Noble (alias Nobilstoun)








c. NS 402789

OS (1860)


Ross (1777)

5m (1620, 1641); 50s (1625, 1655, 1662, 1680).

OS 6″ 1st Series, Dumbartonshire Sheet XVIII, 1860.

Original Bonhill

(West of Leven)

Bonhill-Lindsay £8 (12m) 1545     Over, Middle & Nether in AS II (1245) 1665.

12 m Bullull in RPC I pp 553-4 1567.

Overton     NS 3879/3880 Blaeu(Lennox)  
Middleton       Blaeu(Lennox)


Darleith £5 (7½m) 1545 NS 3480 Blaeu(Lennox) RPC I pp 553-4 1567.

For Darleith’s Spittell see under Cameron above.

Garmoir (½m) 1664 c. NS 360801 Roy(GM65)

Ross (1777)

8m with Darleith in AS II (1130) 1664
Blackthird     NS 3481   See below.
Total 45⅝m       Irving pp 169-70 quotes a reference that it was c. 44m in 1643.
Total 112⅛m        



Bonhill general


Cartularium de Levenax pp 50-51, Malcolm, earl of Lennox to Patrick Lindsay:

totam terram nostram de Buchnul supra Lewyn, propinquius adjacentem terre de Tulechewyne … faciendo inde in communi forinseco servitio domini Regis … quantum pertinet ad unam dimidiam carucatam terre in Levenax

(also Buchnwll)

(all of our land of Buchnul (Bonhill) above the Leven, lying next to the land of Tulechewyne  … doing therefor the king’s ‘forensic’ service … as much as pertains to a half-carucate in Lennox).

This document only refers to the west bank of the River Leven but it implies that Bonhill amounted to a half carucate there.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 51-52, Donald earl of Lennox to Patrick Lindsay, son of the late Sir Patrick Lindsay:

totam terram de Buchnwl supra Lewyne, jacentem inter rivulum qui vocatur Pocheburne et le Blindsyke, ex parte boreali de Carmane, et sic descendendo in le Halyburne, et de le Halyburne usque ad veterem cause jacentem ultra le moss, et deinde descendendo usque ad aquam de Lewyne

(The whole land of Bonhill on Leven, lying between the rivulet known as Pocheburne and the Blindsyke, on the north side of Carman, and so descending to the Halyburn, and from the latter to the old causey [causeway] which lies beyond the Moss, and thence descending to the water of Leven).

Translation adapted from Irving, Book of Dumbartonshire Vol II p 171. This document elaborates slightly on the one immediately above by giving some boundaries. The Pocheburne is probably the burn that runs through Poachy Glen (NS 3879). There is a fort at Carman (NS 3779). These lands were probably those known afterwards as Bonhill Lindsay.


Both the documents above describe lands ‘supra’ (above) the River Leven which shows they are talking of the west bank only.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 68-69, Donald earl of Lennox granted to Robert of Dunbretane (OPS I p 36 dates this c. 1350):

totam terram nostram de Bullul superiore propinquius jacentem ecclesie de Bullul

(all our land of Upper Bullul [Bonhill] lying next to the church of Bullul [Bonhill])

(Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 19, is a charter by Isabella, Duchess of Albany, in 1442, which confirms the above).


Cartularium de Levenax pp 69-71, Walter, son of Alan, lord of Lennox granted to Duncan Naper lord of Kylmehew:

decem mercatas terre, videlicet quartariam terre de Bullulis proxime jacentem terre de Bellach et dimidiam quartariam terre de Miltoun

(10 merklands, viz: a quarterland of Bullulis (Bonhill) lying next to the land of Balloch and a half quarterland (i.e. an eighthland) of Miltoun).

These lands are east of the River Leven. A quarterland in Lennox is normally £5 (7½m) and an eighthland would therefore be £2 10s (3¾m). The extent we would expect for three eighthlands is therefore 11¼ merklands, not 10 merklands. The document does go on to subtract a fishery on the River Leven, a mill and 3 acres + grazing for the miller but I am not sure we can equate these with the loss of 1¼ merklands. These lands were probably those known afterwards as Bonhill Napier.


The above documents gives us a minimum half carucate of Bonhill west of Leven and ⅜ carucate east of Leven.


If Bullull was the name of a davach (or carucate or arachor?) in 1223 then it may have been a £20 (30m) land. A davach east of Leven and a half-davach west of Leven would fit quite well with the above-quoted documents. It would also fit with the claim that Bonhill was originally a very small parish – about 44m in 1643. (A davach and a half might have been equivalent to 45m).




Lands originally in the  parish of Luss:



We have two early grants for an Auchindonan in Lennox:

Cartularium de Levenax pp 4-5, King Robert II granted Walter of Fasselane:

totas terras de Auchindonane et de Inverdowne

(all the lands of Auchindonane [Auchendennan] and Inverdowne [the Inver or mouth of ? burn])

GD220/2/1/31 1384 gives the lands as Achyndonane and Mvdoven.


RMS I (81) Robert I (c. 1315-1321) gave Malcolm Fleming ‘Achyndonan’ which Malcolm de Drumonde resigned.


In later times there were two Auchendennans: one (Irving II p 213), was of the ‘righ’ or king; the other was Auchendennan-Dennistoun. I am not sure exactly how the early grants match with later ownership but the ‘inver’ section seems to have gone to the family eventually called Dennistoun (see also under Cameron in this parish and Colgrain in Cardross parish). Irving (II p 214) says Arden was Auchendennan-Dennistoun so this was the northern section of Auchendennan.



See also Tulliechewan below. The Collegiate Church or Provostry of Dumbarton held the patronage of the church of Bonhill as well as the lands of Stockroggert. In 1571 Provost Cuthbert Cunninghame granted Stockroggert to his father John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle. (Guthrie Smith: Strathblane, p 190). GD86/233 1572 shows Stuckrodgert to have been 40s OE. See also RMS VI (272) 1595.



I assume there was only one £5 land of Cameron although it appears both in retours to the Duke of Lennox (e.g. Retours, Dumbarton (25, 53, 57, 71)) where it is called Camron-Dennistoun or similar and in Colquhoun of Luss sasines and retours (e.g. Retours, Dumbarton (69, 78)) as Camroune or similar.

There is also a Cameron in Drymen parish.



Cartularium de Levenax pp 91-92, King Alexander (II) confirmed on last day of May a.r. 12 (1226)

donationem illam, quam Maldovenus comes de Levenax fecit Hamelen filio comitis de Levenax, de … Dolenchen

(that gift which Maldowen earl of Lennox made to Hamelen, son of the earl of Lennox, (i.e. Hamelen was Maldowen’s brother), of … Dolenchen [Tulliechewan]) – amongst other lands.

One of my reasons for thinking Dolenchen is Tulliechewan is because this and the following two documents show it as held by the family of Faslane.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 92-3, Donald, earl of Lennox, granted to Walter of Fosselane, son and heir of Anweleth of Fosselane:

totam illam terram que vocatur Tulewyn, in comitatu nostro de Levenax, super aquam de Levyne; excepta tamen illa terra que vocatur Stukeroger…

(that whole land called Tulewyn [Tulliechewan], in our earldom of Lennox, above the water of Levyne [Leven]; except the land called Stukeroger [Stuckrodgert]) – Tulliechewan also spelled ‘Tulyewyn’

faciendo inde in communi exercitu …  forinsecum servitium quantum pertinet ad unam quartariam terre in Levenax

(doing therefor in the common army … the forinsec service pertaining to a quarterland in Lennox)

The implication is that Tulliechewan was a quarterland. Its merkland extent in the table suggests a half-carucate. The implication that Stukeroger may originally have been part of Tulliechewan further complicates matters.

4m Lytill Tullychewin in RPC I pp 553-4 1567.


NRAS3544/2/71 is a charter of confirmation by Donald, Earl of Lennox to Walter of Faslane, of lands called Tulbelkyn. I have not seen this charter but Tulbelkyn may be for Tulliechewan.


Laing Charters (781) 1565 refers to Middle Tulliechewan and two ‘croftingais’. Laing Charters (1250) 1592 gives a witness from Craitingaw. AS II (1128) 1664 refers to Mickle (or Easter) Tulliechewan excepting the ‘possil’ (small farm) called Craigingew. Guthrie Smith (Strathendrick p 331) refers to Middle Tulliechewan and half the possle of Croftengaw in 1686. Laing Charters (3233) 1772 refers to the two Croftingews. Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun, II, p 171, refers to Possle of Croftingea containing about five acres. I have tried to make sense of these terms and the only parallel I can draw is with early references to ‘Croftingay’ (or similar) in Finnich in Drymen parish. Here they clearly mean ‘the dewar’s croft’ so I think there may have been two crofts in Tulliechewan which belonged to a family of dewars.



Lands originally in the  parish of Kilmaronock



Ballagan was granted to the Friars Preachers of Glasgow in 1451. (OPS I pp 35-6 and Liber collegii Nostre Domine, Glasgow, 1846 pp 171-2). There are references to its later history in RMS IV (1711) 1565-6, (2044) 1572 and (2973) 1579-1580.



Lands of the old parish of Bonhill


Dallenlenrath or Dalmonach

Register of Paisley pp 212-213 of 1225 refers to Dallenlenrath lying between a fishery called Lynbren and the main road to Dumbarton. It is Dollenlenrach on pp 214-15. It would have been so small I doubt it had an assessment.

For full discussion of the variant names see Kilpatrick text file under Kilpatrick parish.



Grant c. 1240 of ‘medietatem Quarterij Terre que dicitur hachenkerach In Parochia de Buthelulle’ (half a quarterland called Hachenkerach in parish of Buthelulle) towards the maintenance of the fabric of the church of Glasgow. (Registrum Episcopatus Glasguensis, Vol I, Nos 177 & 178). (It is possible that this ⅛ land was only half of Auchincarroch). The two Auchrenchanys GD198/121 1513.



The Collegiate Church or Provostry of Dumbarton was founded c. 1453. It held the patronage of the church of Bonhill as well as the lands of Ladyton in the parish. In 1571 Provost Cuthbert Cunninghame granted Ladytoun to his father John Cunninghame of Drumquhassle. (Guthrie Smith, Strathblane, p 190; GD86/233).



Laing Charters (2199) 1637 refers to 50s lands of Blackthrid & Garmoir. I think Blackthird was probably part of the £5 of Darleith.

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