Buchanan Table


This parish is composed of the ‘carucate’ of Buchanan, farms between the Burn of Marr and Balmaha, and the old parish of Inchcailloch. The carucate of Buchanan and the farms between the Burn of Marr and Balmaha were formerly part of the parish of Luss but were disjoined in 1621 and united with Inchcailloch. We should distinguish between the old carucate of Buchanan (which may have been a £20 land and was physically compact) and the £40 land of Buchanan which is essentially an estate-name. This estate included lands from the old carucate, lands between the Burn of Marr and Balmaha and even lands from Inchcailloch. In the table I have followed the order outlined above.

Edgar(1745) = the map from W Edgar’s Survey of 1745 which appears in Nimmo’s Stirlingshire (1777).

Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Buchanan parish       RHP 42670  
Bouthannane         = 1 carucate (RMS I (371) 1370-1) See below under Buchanan.
Buchanan £40 (60m) 1561     Including Auchinmar & Sallochquhy – Retours (Stirling) (8) 1561.

See below.

Carucate of Buchanan          
Ballyconachy (Wood) 5m 1530 NS 4689 Blaeu(Lennox) Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.

Buchanan (Castle)     NS 4688 Blaeu(Lennox)  
Mains of Buchanan 12m 1635-7   Blaeu(Lennox) Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan. See below.
Temple-tenement by Buchanan Castle


  1461 c.NS 457886   McNiven pp 33-4, Cowan p 77. The Grid Reference I have given is for the old Peel of Buchanan. Ex-Templars. See next entry.

GD220/1/E/2/7/3 1590 refers to the temple lands of Buchanan.





    GD220/1/D/8/1/1. Probably = temple lands above.

‘terras et acras de’ Retours (Stirling) (241) 1666.

GD39/5/129 1666, GD39/5/136 1668.

Borland       Blaeu(Lennox) Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan. See below.
Ledrish       Blaeu(Lennox)


Ladry/sses in Blaeu. Leddish is ESE of Stucantagart in Edgar.

Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.

There is also a Leddrish in Kilmaronock parish.

Stuc-an-t-Sagairt     NS 4489   Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.

Creityhall 5m 1637 NS 4590   GD220/1/D/8/1/1. Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685. Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.
Knappach 1m 1595 c. NS 4490 Grassom(1817)


Fraser: Chiefs of Culquhoun I p 173.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.

Drumtaill   1738   Roy(GM Pl70) Dumtale in Roy. Drumtaill in GD220/1/K/2/4/5 1738.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan. See below.

Gartlick 20s(1½m) 1620 c. NS 463895 Grassom(1817)


Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.

Garadh Ban Wood Garban


    NS 4591

c. NS 4491/4591

c. NS 4491/4591




Originally Gartbane?  See below.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan.

Part of £40 Buchanan.

Gartincaber 6m 1678 NS 4490 Blaeu(Lennox) Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan. See below.

Ballindeor 25s (1⅞m) 1635 NS 4590/4690   Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan. See below.

Gartinheuch         Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Probably part of the carucate of Buchanan. Place-name lost.

Cul an Eudainn 20s 1678 NS 445924 OS 6″ 1861 GD220/1/F/2/3/2. OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XIV 1861. A Haldane farm. But see also under Auchmar below.

Carucate of Buchanan

33⅞m       I would expect the carucate of Buchanan to have an extent of £20 or 30m. My total is slightly over and the reason for this is probably that one (or more) of the smaller farms listed above was sometimes reckoned as part of one of the bigger units.
Parts of the £40 land which were outwith the carucate of Buchanan but not in Inchcailloch.         These lands were not originally in the parish of Inchcailloch.
Auchmar     NS 4491 Blaeu(Lennox) Acham in Blaeu. Part of £40 Buchanan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685. See below.
Gartfairn 3m 1532 NS 4390 Blaeu(Lennox) This not listed in RMS II (165, 166) 1430 (on originals of 1423), but does appear in RMS II (634) 1458. 40s (3m) in GD220/1/D/5/4/1 1532. 3m OE in Retours (Stirling) (37) 1602. This is different to Gartfarran in Drymen despite similar spellings.
Balmaha     NS 4190   See under Spittal below.
Spittal         See below.
Gartskey         GD220/1/K/2/4/2 1725 locates south of Auchingyle.
Crom Mhin     NS 4289   See Buchanan Text Summary for explanation.

See also under Cramennan Estate, Balfron.

Auchingyle 5m 1614 NS 4290 Blaeu(Lennox) GD220/1/D/6/1/6 1614. See below.

See also under Auchmar below. This is listed as part of the barony of Cremannan in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685.

Half Mer(k) ½m 1637 c. NS 4191 Roy(GM25) Roy marks this by Craigie Fort and it was probably the westernmost point of the old Luss/Buchanan parish.
Kepmychek         Island in Loch Lomond. = ‘The Kitchen’ a crannog by Clairinish?
Clairinish     NS 4189   Island in Loch Lomond.
Total 8½m +       This section is incomplete since I have no value for Auchmar.
Inchcailloch parish          
Inchcailloch (40s)?   NS 4090/4190

NS 4089

  Island in Loch Lomond – formerly housed parish church.

See below.

Inchfad (20s)?   NS 3990/4090

NS 4091

  Island in Loch Lomond. See under Inchcailloch below.
Achawle   1405     Referred to in GD220/1/F/5/2/11 (now GD220/2/1/41) 1405 (see Fraser, Lennox, II, No 41, for text). The context is Inchcailloch but I am not sure where this is.







£5? (7½m)






NS 4191

NS 4192

Roy(GM65) See below. See also under Auchmar below.

GD220/6/1868 refers to 2½m Arrochie More.

RMS III (929) 1530. 40s (3m) in GD220/1/D/5/4/1 1532

Spittal         Somewhere on Arrochymor and originally part of its land-assessment. Ex Templars. See below.
Letterling         See below and under Arrochy.




20s (1½m)

20s (1½m)




NS 4093 Roy(GM65) See below and under Cashell.

= 20s Blairquhannis Stirling Retours (37) 1602?

20s (1½m) in GD220/1/D/5/4/1 1532.

Cashell Farm £3 (4½m) 1602 NS 3993/3994 Roy(GM65) Stirling Retours (37) 1602. See below and under Blair.
Ardyle (Wood) 2m 1530 NS 3994   See below.
Sallochy >=100s (£5)   NS 3895/3995 Roy(GM65) ‘Salakhill’ in RMS I App 1 No 40 (Robert I). See below.
Ross 1m 1642 NS 3796 Roy(GM65)


GD220/1/L/2/2/1&2. 1m in GD220/1/L/2/2/8 1676. A Haldane property. See under Lurg & Coille Mhor below.

Rossmackalpine in Roy etc. (McAlpines were tenants here).

Blairvockie   1503 NS 3796/3797 Roy(GM65)


GD220/6/1957 1503 Blairwoke given by Andrew Cunyngame of Drumquhassill to Walter, his son. See also GD86/50 1503 & GD86/204 1566. According to GD22/1/447 this was part of Cremannan. Retours (Stirling) (241) 1666 gives 20m Cramynnane as including Blairvokie. See also under Blair above.
Lurg (or Lurglorn) 3m 1642 NS 3797 Roy(PC23)


GD220/1/L/2/2/1&2. =Lurglorn(e) – a Haldane property. See under Coille Mhor below. Lurg-lorn alias Lurg in GD220/1/L/2/2/6 1670 & GD220/1/L/2/2/9 1701.
Coille Mhor 9m




NS 3797 Roy(PC23)


GD430/60 gives 9m OE Calziemor, Lurg & Ross in 1518.

GD220/1/L/2/2/1&2. 5m Calziemore in GD220/1/L/1/3/2 1665. A Haldane property. See below.

Eilean nan Deargannan     NS 3598   Islandnadergan – part of Calziemore in GD220/1/L/1/3/2 1665.
Ardess 1m




NS 3699 Roy(PC23) Haldane property.

See below.

Craig Royston £10 (15m) 1523 NN 3405   See below for constituent properties.
Rowchnock   1707 NS 3699 Roy(PC23) Part of Craig Royston.
Crockeild 2m 1703 NN 3402 Roy(PC23) Part of Craig Royston. 2m Knockeilt in GD220/1/L/1/7/3&4 1703.
Rowchoish   1707 NN 3304 Roy(PC23) Part of Craig Royston.
Stuickiruagh   1707 NN 3406 Roy(PC23) Part of Craig Royston.
Clach Buidhe   1707 NN 3308 Roy(PC23) Part of Craig Royston.
Inversnaid £3 1700 NN 3409 Roy(GM66) Part of Craig Royston. £3 in GD220/1/L/1/7/1&2 1700.
Pollochro   1707 NN 3311 Roy(PC23) Part of Craig Royston.
Comer     NN3803/3804 Roy(GM66) Comer and Corriechan are often linked in the documents. See below.
Corrieachan     NN 3708   See under Comer above.
Comer & Corriechan 10m 1614     GD220/1/D/6/1/6 1614.
Stuc a’ Bhuic   1685 NN 3904 Roy(PC67)


See under Cramennan Estate, Balfron.

Stuicknavaick in GD220/1/E/4/3/1 1680.

Corriearklet 6m 1530 NN 3709 Thomson(1820) £4 or 6m in 1602. See below.
Stronachlachar 40s (3m) 1602 NN 4010 Roy(PC67) W shore Loch Katrine. See below. The 3m included ‘The Dhu’ and Eilean Dharag immediately following.
Stronachlachar Mill 1m 1670     GD220/1/K/1/2/1 1670. Probably part of 3m Stronachlachar etc. above.
The Dhu (of Glengyle) 2m 1679 NN 3813 Thomson(1820) GD220/6/1897/11 1679. Head of Loch Katrine – south side. Often ‘the Dow’. This was in Inchcailloch whilst Glengyle wasn’t. Probably part of 3m Stronachlachar etc. above.
Eilean Dharag     NN 4010   See Stronachlachar above – this island in Loch Katrine may have been deemed part of Inchcailloch parish.
(Big) Bruach-Caorainn

(Little) Bruach-Caorainn

Bruach-Caorainn Burn

£4 (6m) 1619 NN 4100/4200

NN 4100/4200



See below. Temple/Spittal. See also Spittal table.

See also Clach-bhreac & Stronmacnair immediately following.


Clach-bhreac 20s 1599 c. NN 405034 Roy(PC67)

OS 6″ IV(1861-3)

Clochvraick 20s in GD220/1/E/2/7/7 1599. Cloichfrach in Roy.

OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet IV. See Bruach-Caorainn above.

Stronmacnair     NN 4202 Roy(PC67) See Bruach-Caorainn above.
Ballymore     NN 415029 OS 6″ IV(1861-3) OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet IV.
Corriegrennan 5m 1671 NS 4499 Roy(PC67) At the north-eastern edge of the parish. See below.
Total Inchcailloch c. 78m        
Total c. 120⅜m        




In Cartularium de Levenax, pp 56-58, Donald earl of Lennox granted to Maurice de Buchquhanane, son and heir of the late Maurice de Buchquhanane:

illam carucatam terre que dicitur Buchquhanane una cum Sallachy, videlicet per has divisas, a Kelyn usque ad Aldmarr sicut descendit infra aquam de Hannerch, et illam terram de Sallachy, per has scilicet divisas, a Sallachy usque ad Kelg, et sicut descendit in stagno de Lochlomond

(that carucate which is called Buchanan, along with Sallachy, namely by these boundaries, from the Kelyn to Aldmarr as it falls into the River Endrick and the land of Sallachy, namely by these boundaries, from Sallachy to Kelg and then as it falls into Loch Lomond).


The original document preserves better spellings but is much the same as:

David II’s inspection from 1371 of a charter by Donald, earl of Lennox, to Maurice Buchanan of the carucate of land called Buchanan along with Sallochy. See RMS I (371), GD220/1/D/5/1/4 & RRS VI (478). The last of these specifies:

illam carucatam terre que vocatur Bouchannane vna cum Sallethy videlicet per has diuisas Akehin vsque Aldmarr’ sicut discendit infra aquam de Hanerch’ et illam terram de Sallethy per has similiter diuisas a Sallethy vsque Kelg’ et sicut discendit in stanguo de Louchlovmeid.

(that carucate called Buchanan, along with Sallochy, namely by these boundaries, Akehin to Aldmarr’ as it falls into the River Endrick and the land of Sallochy likewise by these boundaries, from Sallochy to Kelg’ and then as it falls into Loch Lomond).


Taking the two documents together – and preferring the spellings of the first – we can see that Buchanan is defined as lying between two burns. The name Aldmarr preserves the Gaelic allt (burn) as its first element and is plainly the Burn of Mar which runs roughly north-south to join the River Endrick shortly before it enters Loch Lomond. This is the western boundary of the carucate of Buchanan. The eastern boundary was a burn called Kelyn or Kehin (Akehin = a Kehin) which I cannot locate but might have been the former name for Mill Burn which runs just west of the present village of Drymen and joins the Endrick at NS 460881.

Sallochy is not given an extent and lies in what was then the separate parish of Inchcailloch. Just east of Sallochy lies a burn now called ‘March Burn’ which may represent the farm’s old eastern boundary. I cannot identify the Kelg but obviously it was another burn falling into Loch Lomond west of Sallochy. Caol Ghleann looks a possibility but it may be too far west.


We should distinguish between Buchanan the carucate and Buchanan the £40 land or estate. The latter included many properties which were not part of the original carucate.


Mains of Buchanan

On Explorer 347 High Mains is marked at NS 4489, Low Mains at NS 4388. In the documents they are described as the two Mains or Easter Mains and Wester Mains. (I assume High=Easter and Low=Wester). GD220/1/D/7/1/2 & 11 1635 give Wester Mains as 5m. GD220/1/D/8/1/1 1637 gives Easter Mains as 7m. According to GD220/1/J/8/2/5 1712 the ‘Kirkhouse lands of Buchanan’ lay in Easter Mains.



The Borland (=Bordland) of Buchanan is often mentioned in the documents and is marked by Blaeu WNW of Buchanan Castle. It may have been a collective name for several farms which supplied the table for Buchanan Castle.



Marked just north of Guigthall (Creityhall) in Roy. The transcript of GD220/1/K/2/4/5 1738 by NAS gives us some fine detail for this part of Buchanan:

the lands of Balmaha, Gartskey, Gartfairn, Wester Mains of Buchanan, Stuckentaggert, Craitehaell and Gartbane, all lying in the parish of Buchanan and sheriffdom of Stirling, comprehending therein the lands and maillings of Laigmains [Laigh or Low Mains], the Boughouse, the Cromon meadow, Gartskey and Kingaber [read Ringaber?], the town and lands of Balmaha, the Gartfairn and Milnrowan, the 10 acres of Milton, Drumtaill and Gartbane, Creityhall, Drumlosh, Stuckentagart and the body of the Wester Mains and Cottaries thereof, as also the share of the common muir of Buchanan belonging to the said lands, particularly the fourth part of that possle of land called Calledon [Cul an Eudainn] which is supposed to be part of the common muir, and that part or portion of the two possles of land called Corrochdone and Mollanwairoch. (See Auchingyle below). GD220/1/K/3/1/3 is very similar.


Garadh Ban Wood or Gartbane?

Márkus lists Gàradh Ban as one of the components of £40 Buchanan. As he points out (p 81 fn 40) it may have originally have been called Gartbain or Gartbane. (See Gartbain GD220/1/E/6/3/2 1682; Gartbane GD220/1/K/2/3/1 1686;  Gartbane GD220/1/K/2/4/5 1738).



GD220/1/E/3/3/2 1678 tells us that Wester or Over Gartincaber was 40s (3m) Old Extent. GD220/1/E/3/3/3 1678 tells us that Easter or Nether Gartincaber was 40s (3m).



Márkus discusses this place-name on pp 79-82. I have no doubt that he is right and that Ballinjour and Ballindoran are just variants. In lists of the £40 lands of Buchanan the same name, spelled in different ways, appears in the same position. So GD220/1/D/6/6/7 1634 gives Ballindeor. In GD220/1/E/2/1/1 1660-1 & GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706 it is Ballindoran. It is 25s in GD220/1/D/7/1/2 & GD220/1/D/7/5/11 1635. (25s is 1⅞m).



Cartularium de Levenax pp 58-59, at Bellach 1373, Walter of Fosselane, lord of Lennox, granted to Walter, lord of Buchanan:

terram de Auchmarr … que fuit Willielmi Boyd et quam idem Willielmus … resignavit

(the land of Auchmarr … which was William Boyd’s and which William … resigned)

See also GD220/2/1/30.


Auchmar, being west of the Burn of Mar, was not actually inside the carucate of Buchanan although it later came to be included in the £40 lands of Buchanan. It was granted to William Boyd in RMS I (278) 1367-8 (see also App 2 Index A No 1576 & Index B No 7). In 1463 it is listed separately to Buchanan in a confirmation to Patrick Buchanan under RMS II (761). GD220/1/H/6/4/2 1697 is the resolution of a dispute concerning this & neighbouring lands. Part of the NAS transcript reads as follows:

Extract submission and decreet arbitral between James, Marquess of Montrose and John Buchanan of Auchmar whereby they submit their differences to the decision of Mr William Cochrane of Kilmaronock, mutual arbiter. … He finds that neither Auchmar nor his tenants have any right to the Muir of Buchanan above the head dyke as belonging to the lands of Auchingyle. He finds the land on the west of Auchmar, between Auchmar and Arrochymore (bounds particularly described), to be held in common between the possessors of Auchmar and Arrochymore. He finds that the tenants of Gartincaber, Gartfarn and Gartbane have been in possession of the muir on the east side of Auchmar called Calleden [Cul an Eudainn] as part of the common muir of Buchanan and that neither John Buchanan nor his son have any right to it, and should denude themselves of any right they have, or pretend to have, to the lands of Calleden, in favour of the Marquess.



GD220/1/E/4/3/2 1680 refers to ‘the Spittal or Hospital lands called Bualamachaw or Lochside’. Bualamachaw is now Balmaha (see Márkus).



GD220/1/K/2/4/2 1725 states that the two possles of land called Corrochdow & Mollonwairoch were parts of Auchingyle. See Drumtaill above.


Inchcailloch (and Inchfad)

Robertson’s Index p 30 No 10 to John Danielstoun (see also p 35 No 10). RRS V (293) 1326 also covers Inchfad. Likewise in indenture of 1405 – see GD220/1/F/5/2/11 (now GD220/2/1/41); Fraser, Lennox, II, No 41; OPS I pp 502-3.

Exchequer Rolls Vol. I (pp 124, 268, 309, 359, 413) gives us the rents paid by the two islands from 1328-1332. The evidence is consistent and shows that Inchfad paid 20s p.a. while Inchcailloch paid 40s p.a. Although these are rents, not valuations, at this period they were often the same. Inchfad may have been worth 20s, Inchcailloch 40s. (See also The Accounts of the Great Chamberlains of Scotland, Edinburgh, 1817, Vol I, p 37, for Inchfad).



Cartularium de Levenax p 40, Malcolm, earl of Lennox lists lands held by Patrick de Grame (Graham) as including:



GD220/1/F/5/2/11 (now GD220/2/1/41) or Fraser, Lennox, II, No 41, give us Errachymor in 1405.


In RMS II (165, 166) 1430 (on originals of 1423) James I confirmed a charter of Duncan, earl of Lennox, which granted to Sir William Grahame the lands of Errathybeg. In RMS II (634) 1458 this is Erouquhybeg.


GD220/1/D/8/4/7 1633 refers to ‘Arrochymore, Arrochybeg, called the £5 land of Catterliemg’. GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706 refers to ‘all the lands of Letterlin, a 40s land of old extent comprehending the lands of Arrochybeg’. It is difficult to be certain but I think this means that the two Arrochys were worth £5 and had the by-name of Letter-Lin which means ‘the slopes of Lin’ where Allt Lin is still the name of the burn which runs between them. ‘Catterliemg’ should be read Letterliemg or similar. If Arrochybeg was worth 40s then presumably Arrochymore was 60s, the two together making 100s or £5. Unfortunately Letter-Lin became the name of an estate which included Gartfairn – which adds to the difficulty of allocating values. GD220/1/E/2/1/1 1660-1 refers to ‘the lands of Letterhang comprehending the lands of Gartfairn, Arrochybeg, and its corn mill’. GD220/1/D/6/6/7 1634 gives the lands of Letterling in addition to Arrochymore & Arrochybeg.

It is possible that the name Arrochy derives from ‘arachor’. On Pont 16 Arrochar (Loch Long) is spelled ‘Errawharr’. The National Library of Scotland has a website section devoted to texts that probably derive from Pont. Pp 116v-117r give ‘Errochon moir and beg’ for Arrochy more and beg. Pp 149v-150r gives ‘Errachar-moir’ for Arrochymore. Arrochy was possibly the main farm of the former ‘arachor’.



Laing Charters (641) 1556 refers to the templar-lands called the Spitell of Arrochemoir with rights of pasture and passage. GD220/1/E/4/3/1 1680 refers to ‘the lands of Arrochymores Easter and Wester including the Spittal or Hospital lands’. (The Spittal was part of Arrochymore – not Arrochybeg).



See above under Arrochy. Catterliemg in GD220/1/D/8/4/7 1633. Letterling in GD220/1/D/6/6/7 1634. Letterhang in GD220/1/E/2/1/1 1660-1. Letterlin in GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706.



GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706 refers to Blair and Cashel together as £3 OE. However Retours (Stirling) (37) 1602 gives Blairquhannis as 20s OE and Cassill as £3 OE which gives a total of £4. I presume Blairemauchanis (1530), Blairwannie (1532) and Blairquhannis (1602) are all the same. However there is also the property of Blairvockie less than 3 miles up the loch.



RMS II (165, 166) 1430 (on originals of 1423) refer to Ryncastill. In RMS II (634) 1458 this is Rimochastel. Roy (GM65) gives Ruechaistle so perhaps the first element is for rudha a point or promontory.



Cartularium de Levenax p 40, Malcolm, earl of Lennox lists lands held by Patrick de Grame (Graham) as including:



In RMS II (165, 166) 1430 (on originals of 1423) James I confirmed a charter of Duncan, earl of Lennox, which granted to Sir William Grahame the lands of Ardule. It is the same in RMS II (634) 1458.


This was Aredule 2m in RMS III (929) 1530, held by George Buchanan; Ardnyll 40s OE in Retours (Stirling) (37) 1602, to John Buchanan.

GD220/1/D/8/4/7 1633 refers to the £5 land of Arduill belonging to Sir John Buchanan – but this may include Comer. Arduill 40s in GD220/1/H/3/2/5.

The evidence is contradictory so I have followed the earliest reference.



‘100s terre in tenemento de Salakhill’ in RMS I App 1 No 40 (Robert I). Fraser thinks this is Sauchie, Stirlingshire. See also RMS I App 2 No 246 p 523. RMS I App 2 No 247 & fn 1 mention the Colquhoun family. (Neither 246 nor 247 appear in RRS V). See also RMS I App 2 Index A No 877 & Index B No 9. If it is Sallochy (Inchcailloch) then RMS I App 2 No 247 fn 1 implies it must have been worth more than £5. However GD220/6/1859/6 1513/1514 suggests £5. On Fraser’s point it is certainly true that the Colquhoun family held Sauchie in St Ninian’s parish, Stirlingshire. However, according to RMS VIII (2239) 1633 and RMS IX (489) 1636 that was a £10 land not a £5 land.


Coille Mhor

5m Calziemore, in GD220/1/L/1/3/2 1665, included: Carrick (Carraig, NS 3697); Corill; Claggan; Calziemore (Coille Mhor, NS 3797); Rowardennan (NS 3598) and Islandnadergan (Eilean nan Deargannan, NS 3598) plus ferry. I have not located Corill or Claggan.



GD198/9 1425 is a Haldane retour which states that Kepdowry (Drymen parish) and Ardas are worth 10m yearly. This may mean an extent of 10m for the two of them together. GD198/3 (early 14th century) refers to the lands of ‘Herdas in tenement of Dolunlach’. CS232/H/2/20/2 1712 refers to the two half merk lands of Ardesch. However I don’t think I have got to the bottom of this. Retours (Stirling) (32) 1601 refers to 2½m OE Ardasche. Retours (Stirling) (366) 1596 refers to 2m (possibly 2½m?) OE of Ardasche. These belonged to the Cunninghams of Drumquhassill. Is it possible there is a missing ‘and’ in CS232/H/2/20/2 1712 and that all these references are to 2½m Ardess?


Craig Royston

Cartularium de Levenax pp 6-8, Robert to Duncan of Lennox, earldom of Lennox and …

totam carrucatam terre que vocatur carucata terre Makgilchrist, una cum tota terra de Cragtrostane … 8 May a.r. 15 (1320).

(the whole carucate called the carucate of Makgilchrist with the whole land of Cragtrostane)


Cartularium de Levenax pp 2-4, in 1361 King David confirms the gift which Donald earl of Lennox made to Walter of Fasselane:

de terris de Cragtrostane, cum parco de Rossemurrys

(the lands of Cragtrostane with the park of Rossemurrys).

See also RRS VI No 258 pp 285-6 where it is

de terris de Cragcrostane, cum parco de Rossemerrys


Although Craig Royston is now marked at NN 3405 it included the eastern shore of Loch Lomond between Rowchnock (NS 3699) and Allt Rostan (NN 3412). This is about 13 kilometres in length but since the shoreline is often steep the land has limited agricultural potential. £10 may represent half a carucate or arachor.

GD220/6/1972 gives it as £10 in 1523, RMS IV (2868) likewise in 1578. There are further references in GD220/1/F/8/1/1 1596; Retours (Dumbarton) (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662, (69) 1676, (71) 1680. It is consistently £10. Spellings include Cragtrostane (1320, 1361), Cragcrostane (1361), Cragrostane (1523),  Craigtrostane (1578), Craigroyston (1596), Craigcroscane (1625), Craigrostan (1676), Craigcrostan (1680). Fortunately GD220/1/L/1/7/5&6 1707 tell us the properties it included viz.: Ruskinoch (Rowchnock NS 3699), Knockeilt (Crockeild NN 3402), Roechoish (Rowchoish NN 3304), Stocknaroy (Stuickiruagh NN 3406), Clackbuy (Clach Buidhe NN 3308), Inversnaid (NN 3409) and Pollochro (NN 3311). (Although Pollochro is a little south of Allt Rostan I suspect the northern boundary of the farm was Allt Rostan). Unfortunately I have only two individual valuations.



GD220/1/D/6/1/6 1614 refers to 10m Comer & Corrieachan. GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706 states they were parts of the barony of Cremannan.



Cartularium de Levenax p 40, Malcolm, earl of Lennox lists lands held by Patrick de Grame (Graham) as including:


This not listed in RMS II (165, 166) 1430 (on originals of 1423), but does appear in RMS II (634) 1458.

£4 in Retours (Stirling) (37) 1602 & GD220/1/K/1/3/1 1672. See also RMS II (3119) 1507 & GD220/1/E/4/3/1 1680.



‘Stronachlacher & Dow of Glengyle with island of Invergarig’ in GD220/1/D/5/4/1 1532. ‘Stronclacher … Dow de Glengyle, et insula de Innergerek’ in Stirling Retours (37) 1602.



This was linked with several neighbouring properties and it is difficult to disentangle them.

GD220/1/E/2/7/1 1540 is an instrument of sasine by John McNair ‘of the temple lands of Little Vercuill, Stronmacnair, the two Brathurns & Clochvraick’.

GD220/1/E/2/7/3 1590 is a charter ‘of the temple lands of Little Vercuill, Stronmacnair, the two Brachurns & Clochvraick’ to be held of the Master of Torphichen for 2s yearly.

GD220/1/E/2/7/9 1603 refers to Little Vercuill, Stronmacnair, two Brachurns & Clochvraick.

Retours (Stirling) (99) 1619 refers to the lands of Lattirnarquhill, and 2 lands called Brathernis, Clochvraike & Stronemaknair’ which were £4 OE.

GD220/1/E/3/1/3 1662 refers to 10s Easter Brachurn.

GD220/1/E/3/1/6 1663 refers to Easter & Wester Brachurns, Stronmacnair, Ballimore and Clochvraick as a £3 land.

GD220/1/E/3/2/1 1669 refers to Easter & Wester Brachurns, Clochvraick, Ballimore and Stronmacnair as a £3 land.

GD220/1/E/3/2/6 & GD220/1/L/1/5/1 (both 1672) refer to Easter & Wester Brachurn, Clochvraick, Ballimore & Stronmacnair as a £3 land.

GD220/1/E/3/3/5 1679 refers to £3 of Bracharies & Corriegrennan with islands in Loch Katrine called Island Dow, Island Yarag & Island Verynk.


The documents of 1540, 1590 & 1619 suggest that the Templars had a £4 estate that passed to the Hospitallers but did not leave us with a Spittal place-name. Little Vercuill is probably the same as Lattirnarquhill where the first element of the place-name is ‘Letter’ or slope. (I cannot identify the second element unless it refers to Loch Arklet). After about 1619 there is no further mention of Little Vercuill or Lattirnarquhill but we find Ballimore has been introduced. I am not sure they will be the same.

Easter Brachurn was 10s and it is quite possible Wester Brachurn was the same giving a total valuation for the Brachurns of 20s. Clach-bhreac was also worth 20s but I do not have valuations for the other properties. It is tempting to suggest that Stronmacnair and Ballimore came to another 20s whilst Little Vercuill was the final 20s of the £4.

I have ignored the last document although it may suggest that other islands in Loch Katrine also belonged to Inchcailloch parish.

Tom a’ Mhòid at NN 4102 suggests a Moot Hill.

Cloch Badach is at NN 375045 in OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet IV 1861-3.



5m Corrigrennan alias Wester Duchray in GD220/1/E/2/6/4 1671; Corriegrennan alias Duchray in GD220/1/E/4/3/1 1680; Coregrenan or Wester Duchrae in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685; Corriegrennan or Wester Duchray in GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706.


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3 comments on “Buchanan Table
  1. Alasdair Eckersall says:

    Hi thanks for your very informative site. I’ve been looking at the east Loch Lomondside names around Ben Lomond for a while, and amongst them have puzzled over the reference to “Kelg” which is connected with Sallochy in 1370. The only possibility I’ve come up with is the similarity in sound with an apparently obsolete welsh word “cellwig” which meant wood or forest. Given that Coille Mor has been a consistently referred to land feature, giving rise to a settlement name for a while, perhaps it could have been referred to with an equivalent Britonnic term, a rough rendering of which had survived into the 1300’s. It seems unlikely and tenuous given that over 300 years would have passed since Britonnic had been spoken in the area, but the same could be said of the many tortured renderings of gaelic names we have continued with into modern times! Cheers

  2. Alasdair Eckersall says:

    Sorry I meant to add that I totally appreciate the original description seems to refer to a burn, descending or falling into Loch Lomond, but the modern day Coille Mor burn is named after the “big wood”, so the burn could have carried this older name also. This burn as the northern boundary of the land parcel also neatly encloses most of the relatively low gradient, more fertile land now used as the Blairvockie in bye fields, and which previously supported the several individual settlements mentioned in the documented records.

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