Buchanan Text





RMS I (278) 1367-8, (371) 1370-1, App 2 Index A No 1664, Index B No 12

RMS II (761) 1463

RMS III (398) 1526, (929) 1530

RMS IV (1757) 1566-7, (2868) 1579

RRS VI (478) 1371


GD39/5/129 1666, GD39/5/136 1668

GD86/50 1503, GD86/204 1566

GD198/9 1425

GD220/1/D/5/1/4 1370-1, GD220/1/D/5/5/1 1561, GD220/1/D/5/5/5 1567

GD220/1/D/6/1/6 1614, GD220/1/D/6/2/1 1610, GD220/1/D/6/2/2 1617, GD220/1/D/6/6/7 1634, GD220/1/D/8/1/1 1637

GD220/1/E/2/1/1 1660-1, GD220/1/E/2/3/11 1620, GD220/1/E/2/6/4 1671, GD220/1/E/2/7/9 1603, GD220/1/E/3/1/3 1662, GD220/1/E/3/1/6 1663, GD220/1/E/3/2/1 1669, GD220/1/E/4/3/1&2 1680

GD220/1/F/2/3/2 1678

GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706

GD220/1/J/8/2/5&8 1712

GD220/1/K/1/2/1 1670

GD220/1/K/2/3/1 1686, GD220/1/K/2/4/2 1725, GD220/1/K/2/4/5 1738

GD220/1/K/3/1/3 c. 1738

GD220/1/L/1/3/2 1665, GD220/1/L/1/7/1&2 1700, GD220/1/L/1/7/3&4 1703, GD220/1/L/1/7/5&6 1707

GD220/1/L/2/2/1&2 1642,

GD220/1/L/2/2/6 1670, GD220/1/L/2/2/8 1676, GD220/1/L/2/2/9 1701

GD220/2/1/30 1373

GD220/6/1859/6 1513/1514, GD220/6/1897/11 1679, GD220/6/1957 1503, GD220/6/1972 1523

GD430/60 1518


Laing Charters (641) 1556


CS232/H/2/20 No 2 1712


RHP 42670 1770


Dumbarton Retours (25) 1625

Stirling Retours (8) 1561, (37) 1602, (99) 1619, (163) 1637, (241) 1666, (276) 1676, (295) 1685, (350) 1425


Macfarlane’s Geographical Collections, II, pp 536-7


OSA Vol 9 No II pp 12-25, 1793 by Rev David Macgibbon – parish formerly called Inchcailloch.


Gilbert Márkus, Saints and Boundaries: the pass of St Mocha and St Kessog’s Bell in Journal of Scottish Name Studies 2 (2008)



Retours (Stirling) (8) 1561 gives the £40 land of Buchanan as including Buchannane (Buchanan), Auchinmar (Auchmar) and Sallochquhy (Sallochy) with the islands of Clairinsche & Kepmychek in Loch Lomond. What is confusing is that Auchmar was not in Inchcailloch parish whereas Sallochy was. It seems that part of Inchcailloch parish was reckoned part of the £40 of Buchanan. However other parts of Inchcailloch are listed as separate to the £40 Buchanan – see for instance Retours (Stirling) (37) 1602.



Márkus pp 76-79 has shown how the original parish of Inchcailloch was expanded by the addition of the £40 lands of Buchanan in 1621. He offers Balmaha, Gartskey, Gartfairn, Wester Mains of Buchanan, Stùc an t-Sagairt, Creityhall and Gàradh Ban as components of this £40 but comments that other lands may also have been included. GD220/1/D/6/6/7 1634 gives us a more comprehensive list which I copy below. Some of these lands were part of the original carucate of Buchanan; some were west of the Burn of Mar but east of Balmaha and so not originally part of the carucate of Buchanan or the parish of Inchcailloch; some were in Inchcailloch parish itself. After each entry I have put their location in square brackets [e.g. Buchanan – for the original carucate; £40 Buchanan – outside the original carucate; Inchcailloch]:


the £40 land of Buchanan,

the two Mains and Borlands of Buchanan,                [Buchanan]

Sallochy                                                                             [Inchcailloch]

Ballecondachy                                                                  [Buchanan]

Gartincaber                                                                       [Buchanan]

Cremannan *(see below)                                                [£40 Buchanan]

Creity Hall                                                                         [Buchanan]

Gartlik                                                                                [Buchanan]

Gartinheuch                                                                      [Buchanan]

Ballindeor                                                                          [Buchanan]

the isles of Clairinsh, Kipnuthick                                  [?£40 Buchanan]

Arrochymore                                                                     [Inchcailloch]

Arrochybeg                                                                        [Inchcailloch]

Comer                                                                                 [Inchcailloch]

Corrichan                                                                           [Inchcailloch]

Gartfern                                                                              [£40 Buchanan]

Auchingyle                                                                         [£40 Buchanan]

Corrie Arklet                                                                      [Inchcailloch]

Stronachlachar                                                                  [Inchcailloch]

Glengyle                                                                              [Callander, Perth]**

Letterling                                                                            [Inchcailloch]

Blair                                                                                     [Inchcailloch]

Cashell                                                                                 [Inchcailloch]

Arduill                                                                                 [Inchcailloch]


* Cremannan is potentially misleading. Although listed as such in the NAS transcript given above; or as Craymanoch in GD220/1/E/2/1/1 1660-1, or Cremanish in GD220/1/E/4/3/2 1680 or the Cromon meadow in GD220/1/K/2/4/5 1738 and GD220/1/K/3/1/3 c. 1738, I do not think this Cremannan has anything to do with the barony or estate of Cramennan which is (largely) in Balfron parish. It is much more likely to be Crom Mhin at NS 4289. It may be, or a neighbour to, the Cromongoat mentioned in GD220/1/K/2/4/2 1725. What makes things confusing is that there may have been two estates or baronies with very similar names (see text file for Cramennan Estate under Balfron parish for further discussion).


** The southern side of Glen Gyle lay in Inchcailloch. The settlement called Glengyle lay on the north side of Loch Katrine and was not in Inchcailloch.



Various listings of the £40 land (e.g. GD220/1/K/2/3/1 1686) include Balmaha, Gartskey, Stùc an t-Sagairt, and Gartbane – as suggested by Márkus. (Balmaha may have been a Spittal (See Table)). We can add two further properties mentioned in GD220/1/E/2/1/1 1660-1661 and GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706, viz: Ledrish (separate to the Ledrish in Kilmaronock parish) and Auchmar. The resulting list should give us a more complete account of the £40 lands of Buchanan. We now have the above plus:


Balmaha                                                                      [£40 Buchanan]

Gartskey                                                                      [£40 Buchanan]

Stùc an t-Sagairt                                                        [Buchanan]

Gartbane                                                                     [Buchanan]

Ledrish                                                                        [Buchanan]

Auchmar                                                                     [£40 Buchanan]


It is obvious that the £40 land of Buchanan was not a compact unit. It was instead an estate or holding, worth £40, with lands that were dispersed. Nor did it include all the lands of the old carucate of Buchanan. Cul an Eudainn, for instance, belonged to the Haldanes. (See table of the Haldane estate).


(Further listings of Buchanan and Inchcailloch are found in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685).


Islands in Loch Lomond included Clairinish & Kepnahinsheoch, Inchcailloch, Inchfad & Inchcruin.


There are notes in Macfarlane’s Geographical Collections Vol II pp 536-7 which may derive from Pont and which list place-names up the east side of Loch Lomond.


Allt Rostan was the northern boundary of Inchcailloch on Loch Lomondside. From there Thomson shows it running east to the Glengyle Water and along the south shore of Loch Katrine to Stronachlachar (including Eilean Dharag). It comes west again to include Loch Arklet and then SE along the ridge between Loch Chon and Gleann Dubh.


For an interesting summary, from 1759, of the various properties in Buchanan parish, and their relative importance, see Smith, Strathendrick,  pp 123-4.


For the purposes of working out a total valuation for the combined parish of Buchanan and Inchcailloch I am going to ignore references to the £40 land of Buchanan. Instead I will use the totals for the carucate of Buchanan, the lands between that carucate and Inchcailloch, and the total for Inchcailloch. I find 33⅞m for the carucate of Buchanan where I would expect to find 30m. For the lands between Buchanan and Inchcailloch I find 8½m but I have no valuation for Auchmar so this is plainly an underestimate. For Inchcailloch I find c. 78m which suggests a minimum of 2½ and more probably 3 arachors or carucates. A reasonable ‘guestimate’ would be 2 arachors for Buchanan and the Auchmar area, 3 for Inchcailloch.


Bookmark and Share
Posted in Buchanan
3 comments on “Buchanan Text
  1. Ian Miles says:

    “His Grace the Duke of Montrose is the wealthiest proprietor of the county lands. His yearly valuation is as follows: – His Grace owns the whole of the parish of Buchanan, which is about 29 miles long and 5 miles broad, with the exception of what belongs to the School Board and the minister’s manse and glebe, valued in all at 77 pounds. He has here 17 farms, with an acreage of 41,598 so that the estate only averages 4s. per acre. The lands and farm of Gartfarren are valued at 35 pounds; Cobrach, at 320 pounds; Benlomond and Blairvockie, at 1,100 pounds; Cashell and Sallochy, at 360 pounds; Corriearklet, at 270 pounds; Inversnaid, at 250 pounds; Gartincaber, at 170 pounds; Creityhall, at 165 pounds; Auchmar, at 160 pounds; Cailness, at 120 pounds; Grass parks, at 443 pounds; Woods, at 328 pounds; Rowardennan shootings, at 300 pounds; and Inversnaid shootings, at 250 pounds. In Drymen parish his Grace holds 14 farms, valued as above; in Fintry parish, 5; in Strathblane parish, the farm of Quinloch, and Mugdock castle; in New Kirkpatrick parish, Drumcloy and part of Milton, Milngavie; St. Ninians parish, the farm of Kirk-o’-Muir, and part of Todholes; and in Kilsyth parish, Slachristock, and a portion of Binns, Carronbridge.”THE HISTORY OF STIRLINGSHIRE BY WILLIAM NIMMO Third Edition,Revised, Enlarged, and brought down to the Present Time.IN TWO VOLUMES LONDON: HAMILTON, ADAMS & CO. GLASGOW: THOMAS D. MORRISON. 1880.Chapter XXXVII – Landowners

    • drixson says:

      Thank you very much, Ian, for your several contributions. If I may, I’ll just post this one because it deals with later schemes of valuation and gives some interesting place-name variants. I can see, from your other contributions, that you have done a power of work and the only reason I am not proposing to post them is simply that I want the current blog to concentrate on land-assessments. Best wishes, Denis.

  2. Ian Miles says:

    MacFarlan Geographical Collections relating to Scotland Volume II
    Page 536
    Errochon moir and beg. a myl thence Caschill with orchards and a fyne glen and burne hard by
    Hard by it is Arcuylick, 2myl therfra Sella Chory with fair wood, a myl therfra is Ross standing in upon the loch upon a point of land.
    Half a myl thence Luirg. A myl thence Dellach-vin, Blairlochy a myl thence, Kaille-moir with a burn 2 myl thence hard by Rowisnach with the burn of Douchory hard betwixt the loch and Meal Ptermochan, 3 myl thence Knockeyilt. 3 myl thence Rowchoishe, a myl thence Stuck-roy a myl and a half thence Clachwy. hard by Innersnaid. 3 myl thence and fornent 463, Ylenow,Powilchrow. 3 myl Dowin.
    2 myl from Dowin and above the mouth of the river Saill is Binglass.
    3 myl above that is Chuletyr.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *