|Name||Value||Date||Grid Ref||Map Sources||Other forms, comments etc|
|Dalrevache||RMS I (699) 1381-2; Dalrevach in RMS I (787) 1381-2;
earlier name for Auchenreoch? Linked to Antermony.
|Register of Glasgow, II, No 365, p 390.
‘Vuirachinreach’, Register of Glasgow, II, No 383, pp 408-9.
See below. Later name for Dalrevache?
Charter Chest of the Earldom of Wigtown (No 290).
|£10 (15m)||1668||Retours (Stirling) (247) 1668.
£10 13s 4d (16m) in Retours (Stirling) (387) 1681.
See individual entries immediately below.
|WNW of Inchbelle (Pont); WSW of Inchbelly (Roy(GM25))|
|Inchebrek & Inchebellies||10m||1606||Stirling Retours (53) 1606.
Presumably part of the £10 Auchinreoche.
|Auchinririe||6s 8d (½m)||1606||‘in baronia de Auchtermony’ (Retours (Stirling) (52) 1606). Presumably part of the £10 Auchinreoche.|
This must be distinguished from a very similar name – now Peatoun – in Rosneath.
|Kinghill||c. NS 6676||Roy(GM25)||Just S of Anterminie Loch|
|Saughs||c. NS 6576||Roy(GM26)||Just W of Anterminie|
|Birdston||(£5)||1627||NS 6575||Blaeu(Lennox)||£10 with Kincaid in Retours (Stirling) (124) 1627, (147) 1634.
See below. See also under Kincaid.
|Balquharrage||¼ carucate||NS 6375||Blaeu(Lennox)||Balwharrage (Blaeu). See below.|
|Hayston||£5||1510||NS 6474||Blaeu(Lennox)||Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 86, 1510, refers to £5 Gawistoun; No 113, 1526, refers to £5 Hawinstoun; No 180, 1550 refers to £5 Hawistoun.|
|Kincaid & Kinkel
|c. NS 6476/6576||Pont(32)
|Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 191, 1561 has £5 Kineades & Kinkel.
Retours (Stirling) (353) 1581
Kenked (Pont & Blaeu). See below.
|Kincaidis Mekill & Litle
|£5 (7½m)||1606||Retours (Stirling) (53) 1606|
|Kincaid & Birdstoun||£10||1627||Retours (Stirling) (124) 1627, (147) 1634|
|Kinkell||NS 6375||Blaeu(Lennox)||Part of £5 Kincaid (Retours (Stirling) (53) 1606)|
|(Temple) of Kincaid||(¼m)||1627||‘terris templariis de Kincaid et Balmoir’ (Retours (Stirling) (123) 1627, (149) 1634). Implied Old Extent is 3s 4d. Ex Templars.|
|Wr Balldooran? Balldarran? Er Balldarsan? (Roy’s spellings for the names are all a little doubtful). See below.
OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XXVIII (1859).
|Mukraw||carucate||<1270||See below under Muckcroft.|
|E & W Muckcroft
|Mukrachs/Muckrachs (Blaeu); Wr Muckritt, Muckritt, Er Muckritt on SW side of river, Little Muckritt on NE side of river (Roy).|
|Thomfyn||20s (1½m)||1555-6||c. NS 6276||Blaeu(Lennox)
|Blaeu marks Torfin just west of Mukrachs. Tirfin in Grassom.
Tarfin Mine is c. NS 622769 in OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XXVII (1860).
|Muirhead||NS 6176||Muirhead of Muckritt in Roy(FC)|
|Glorat (House)||£10||1545||NS 6477||Pont(32)
|This is the Balgrochan by Torrance. For the Balgrochan near Clachan of Campsie see further in table. See below.|
|Temple of Balgrochan||1577-8||NS 6174||Roy(GM25)||See below. Ex Templars.|
|Balglass||NS 6277||Blaeu(Lennox)||NB different to Balglas in Killearn parish.|
|Balcorrach||quarterland||c. 1350||NS 6178||Blaeu(Lennox)||Bawharroc in Blaeu. See below.|
|Midle & Eister Balcorak||£5||1606||See below under Balcorrach.|
|Balcoruoch & Invertady||£20||1545||In 1545 they belonged to John Lennox of Woodhead.|
|Invertady||c. NS 615786?||Blaeu(Lennox)||Innerteyly (Blaeu). See below under Balcorrach.|
|OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XXVII (1860). See below under Balcorrach. Netherton of Innertadie in 1721.|
|OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XXVII (1860).
Clochcar (Blaeu). See below under Balcorrach.
|Boghouse||c. NS 6178||Blaeu(Lennox)
|See below under Balcorrach.|
|Wodheid (1545), Woodsyidael (Blaeu)
Wodheid in 1571 – see Guthrie Smith, Strathblane p 146 fn 2.
|Baldow||eighthland?||c. 1350||NS 6177||Blaeu(Lennox)||= Balletyduf? eighthland with others?
See under Balcorrach below.
|Capieston||NS 6278||Blaeu(Lennox)||= Champrestoun (Blaeu)?|
|Clachan of Campsie||NS 6079||Blaeu(Lennox)||Included Smedy Ridge & But Green in GD61/105 1755.|
(=Ballebrochyr c. 1400)
|eighthland||<1400||NS 6278||Blaeu(Lennox)||Bagrocchan in Blaeu. This is the Balgrochan near Clachan of Campsie – not to be confused with the other Balgrochan by Torrance. See under Craigbarnet below.|
|Bencloich||quarterland||c. 1350||NS 6378||Pont(32)
|See below and under Balcorrach.
I suspect this is Ballincloch below.
|Ballincloch-Callender||£20||1545||£20 (1553). This is an estate rather than just a farm. Takes name from owner called Callander.|
|Bancleyrach||Blaeu(Lennox)||Just North of K. of Camsyd in Blaeu. However the faulty orientation suggests this is actually W of Kirk Burn and near (or on) the farm of Knowehead (NS 6079). =Ballancleroche below.|
|NS 609794||OS(1860)||‘in baronia de Mugdok’ (Stirling Retours (71) 1610, (159) 1635).
Balincleroch (1635). See below.
|Knowehead||NS 6079||Part of Ballancleroch,|
|Crosshouse (1)||NS 6179||RHP 46777||E of Clachan of Campsie.|
|Fin Glen||NS 5881||Blaeu(Lennox)|
|Crosshouse (2)||NS 5979||Just East of Craigbarnet.|
|£20 (30m)||1545||RMS III (3140), V (76) 1580. This must represent an estate rather than just two farms. See below under Craigbarnet.|
|Craig Bernard (Pont). Present location doesn’t match Pont’s.
|Kilwinnet||NS 6078/6079||Blaeu(Lennox)||Kilwinnets (Blaeu). See below.|
|Lecket Hill||NS 6481||=Leychhedis of 1486. Leicheid in GD220/1/A/3/8/3 1572.
GD220/1/A/5/2/4 1587 refers to setting the marches.
|Corfatrick||c. NS 6684||Edgar(1745)||Calfadrik (Edgar).
For other spellings see under Craigbarnet below.
|Blairtummock||NS 5879||Blaeu(Lennox)||Scheels of Blairtamok (Blaeu)|
|Barbistoun/Berbiston||c. NS 6278/6378||Blaeu(Lennox)
|Barsbenst in Blaeu. S Birbiston is S. of river in Grassom.
|Parkstoun||40s (3m)||1621||NS 6278||Blaeu(Lennox)
|AS I (176). 40s (1644). Blaeu marks Parkstoun SW of Baldow.
Roy marks Parkst(o)ne just ESE of Balgrochan
|Eleishaugh||1675||Stirling Retours (273) 1675; Elieshaugh (Timperley pp 323-4).
See Cameron pp 200 & 215.
|Stirling Retours (123) 1627, (149) 1634, (187) 1647 & (237) 1665 imply that ecclesiastical lands in Campsie amounted to 20s (1½m) + 6s 8d (½m) – formerly the vicar’s. See below.|
|Glaskell||c. 1217||N boundary of Campsie. Regist. Glasg. p 88. Fraser, Lennox, II, No 203, c. 1217. GD1/88/3.
GD86/2 1251. For discussion see Campsie text file.
|Later in Fintry?||The following 3 settlements may have been in Campsie c. 1200 but in Fintry by 1745.|
|South Third||c. NS 6882||Pont(32)
|Seuthird in Edgar(1745) is shown in Fintry parish.
See also GD220/1/H/8/2/4 1714.
|S side of R. Carron, E of Farrnachhauch, W of Blairblinshy.
See also GD220/1/H/8/2/4 1714.
|Finnichhaugh||40s (3m)||1553||NS 676845||Pont(32)
|Fennochauch in 1553. Haugh Hill is NS 6884.
Finnich haugh in Edgar(1745) is shown in Fintry parish.
OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XXII, 1859-61.
|Craigmaddie Muir &
|R Kelvin||S. Boundary|
A problem experienced in Campsie is that whilst we may have early references to carucates such as Kincaid, Balgrochan and Mukraw these may actually have been the names of the head farm of a cluster of farms which collectively comprised a carucate. The carucate took its name from its then head-farm but as the centuries rolled on the title may have become partially redundant. I can believe that carucates were originally physically compact but we should entertain the possibility that they were also fissile and subject to a different recomposition. So a reference to a carucate might not always mean a compact unit.
Register of Glasgow, II, No 365, p 390 marks the gift of 10m of Achinrewach in 1451. Register of Glasgow, II, No 383, pp 408-9, 1458, marks the gift of 2m ‘Vuirachinreach’ (Over Auchenreoch) which is described as the residuum (remainder) of the lands of ‘Vuirachinreach’. The implication is that some of the lands of ‘Vuirachinreach’ had already been donated. Both gifts were to fund a chaplainry in the parish church of Kirkintilloch.
Nether Auchinreath in GD32/20/6 1511. 4m Over Auchinrevoch in Stirling Retours (35) 1602. 1m Over Auchinreoche in Stirling Retours (42) 1603.
There are a great many variants on this name and I have tried to list them in roughly chronological order. Altermunin (RRS II No 120, 1165 x 1174, No 367 1189 x 1195, No 379 1195); Alderminnyn (RMS I App2 p 590 Index B No 9); Aldmanyn (RMS I App2 p 592 Index B No 9); Alderrumny (RMS I App2 p 600 Index B No 4); Altyrmony (RMS I (699) 1381-2); Auchtermuny (RMS II (318) 1449-50); Altirmuny (RMS II (450) 1451); Uchtirmune (RMS II (1453) 1480); Auchtermoney (Stirling Retours (35) 1602); Attirmony (Stirling Retours (42) 1603); Auchtermony (Stirling Retours (53) 1606); Antermonie (Stirling Retours (247) 1668); Achtermeinzie (Stirling Retours (278) 1676); Auchtermenie (Stirling Retours (387) 1681); and in maps: Atermynny (Pont(32)); Atermynny (Blaeu(Stirling)); Altermynnys (Blaeu(Lennox)); Anterminie (Roy(GM25)). Charter Chest of the Earldom of Wigtown (No 866) refers to Auchtermony, of old called Altermony. The last element may well be Gaelic moine (moss, bog) but the first part is more problematic. Allt (stream) seems likely but it is difficult to know whether the name also contains tir (land). Despite some forms I doubt that it contains uachdar (upper) or ochdamh (eighth – as in an eighthland). In early documents it is often paired with Dalrevach which I think later became Auchinreoch. This pair are not to be confused (as in OPS I p 45) with a similar pair of names (Rahane & Altermony) in Rosneath.
Although this was the name of a church in the 12th century Antermony itself was not necessarily church land (cf Strathblane where the church was not built amongst the churchlands). RMS I App 2 (p 590) Index A No 1143 & Index B No 9, (p 592) Index A No 1189 and Index B No 9, imply that Alderminnyn had belonged to Alexander de Mungale and although his lands passed to his daughter Elizabeth it appears that Aldmanyn went to Robert Wallace. RMS I App 2 (p 600) Index A No 1299 & Index B No 4 suggest that Elizabeth Mungall, and her husband William Forrester, received the lands of William, the clerk, of Falkirk, except for Alderrumny which went to Robert Wallace. RMS I (699 & 787) 1381-2 state that Altyrmony and Dalrevache had belonged to William Clerc of Falkirk but had been forfeited and Robert II now gave them to John Lyoun. In RMS II (318) 1449-50 James II gave Auchtermuny to Alexander Lyoun. In RMS II (450) 1451 he gave Altirmuny to Robert Flemyng of Biggar and in RMS II (1453) 1480 James III gave Uchtirmune to David Femyng.
Stirling Retours (278) 1676 describes the 8m OE of Achtermeinzie as consisting of the lands of Hunterstoune, Kingshill, Thorniehill, Souchies, Kermilies, Sheills, Larg cum Lochmilne, infra parochiam de Campsie, cum communi pastura. (Hunterstoun etc … in the parish of Campsie, with common pasture). Kinghill, Saughs, Shields & Lochmill are all situated near to Antermony Loch
Stirling Retours (273) 1675 gives an extent of £15 8s 4d for ⅛ of Burdstane. I do not believe this is correct.
Cartularium de Levenax pp 32-3. Between c. 1272 and c. 1292 Earl Malcolm gave to Patrick Galbraith:
illas tres quartarias terre que fuerunt quondam domini David de Grame, cum illa quartaria terre que vocatur Balecarrage que fuit dicti domini David in tenemento de Kynkaid.
(those three quarterlands which belonged to the late David de Graham, with that quarterland called Balecarrage which belonged to the said David in the ‘tenement’ (holding) of Kynkaid).
Twice further in the same document it is confirmed that the total grant amounted to a carucate.
I think Balecarrage = Balquharrage NS 6375 rather than Balcorrach. This document may imply that Balecarrage was part of Kincaid. In 1238 Kincaid was a carucate (see below under Kincaid) so perhaps Balecarrage was ¼ of it.
Cartularium de Levenax pp 30-1. In 1238 Earl Maldoven granted William, son of Arthur, son of Galbraith:
tres carucatas terre in Levenax, scilicet duas Buthernockis et tertiam carucatam terre que vocatur Kyncaith
(three carucates in Lennox, namely two Buthernocks and a third carucate called Kyncaith).
Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 6, 1381, gives a charter by William Galbraith to his son, James, of a carucate of Baldernock and a quarter carucate of Kincaid:
quartam partem vnius carucate terre … quartam partem de Kyncade, videlicet, illam quartam partem que iacet propinquior Kelvyne in occidentali parte, cum dimidietate molendini de Kyncade
(a quarter carucate of land … a quarter of Kincaid, viz., that quarter part which lies closer to the Kelvin on the western side, with half the mill of Kincaid).
Which was the quarter which lay closer to the Kelvin on the west side? Kincaid & Kinkell lay closer to the Glazert; Birdston lies to the east; Balquharrage lies to south-west and therefore seems the likeliest.
Kincaid was originally a carucate and it may be that Birdston (£5), Balecarrage (¼ carucate – probably £5), Kincaid itself (£5 with Kinkell) and one other £5 unit (Baldoran?) were its later subdivisions.
There are a number of references to this property and its subdivisions: Easter, Wester and Middle. Middle Baldoran also went under the name of Baldoran-Colquhoun. Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 36, 1457, refers to the grant of half of Ballindorane to James Stewart. No 37, 1465, is a confirmation by James III which states that it was the eastern half. (See also RMS II (858)). In RMS II (843) 1465 the wester half of Baldoranis was granted to Patrick Culquhone de Glyn.
Thereafter we find 5m Westir Baldorane (1508-9); 40s (3m) Baldouane, 40s Baldurane-Culquhoun, 40s Balderrane-Stewart, 50s Baldorane (1545); 50s Baldorrane-Stewart Estir or 50s Baldorane-Stewart (1546); 50s Baldorane-Culquhoun (1546); Eastern half of Westir Ballinderane extending to 5m OE (1546-7); 50s Baldorane (1553); Western half of £5 Baldorane, extending to 50s (1557); 40s Baldarane-Stewart, 40s Balderane-Colquhoun (1580); 50s Midle Ballindorrane (1599); 50s Myddle Ballindoran vulgo vocatis (commonly called) Ballindoran-Colquhoun (1599); 50s OE of Eister Baldorran (1604); 50s Myddil Ballindorane nuncupatis (called) Ballindoran-Colquhoun (1615).
It is difficult to make sense of all this information – or to reconcile the 40s and 50s valuations. On the basis of RMS IV (1180) 1557 I suspect Baldoran was worth £5 (7½m or 100s) which was basically subdivided into two 50s units (which, in turn, may have undergone some further subdivision). It may originally have been a ¼ of the carucate of Kincaid (see above).
Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun and their Country, II, pp 324-5, gives a 1513 charter by Mathew, Earl of Lennox, to George Culquhoun of Gleyn (Glyn) of all the lands of Wester Baldoran, ‘extendentes annuatim ad decem mercatas terrarum antiqui extentus’ (extending yearly to 10 merklands of old extent). This is another Lennox example of that conflation in the documents between extent (an absolute value) and an annual return. I think it more likely that Western Baldoran was 50s than 10m.
Cartularium de Levenax, pp 37-38, Maldouney earl of Lennox to David de Grame (Graham):
illam carucatam terre in Levenax que vocatur Mukraw, quam Lucas quondam tenuit de me ad firmum dum fuit decanus … faciendo … forinsecum servitium domino Regis … quantum pertinet ad unam carucatam terre in Levenax
(that carucate in Lennox called Mukraw, which the late Lucas held from me while he was dean … doing … forinsec service to the King … as much as pertains to a carucate of land in Lennox).
Furthermore, David will hold the carucate of Mukraw
per easdem divisas quas dictus Lucas decanus illam de me tenuit ad firmam
(by the same boundaries that the said Lucas, the dean, rented it from me).
Fraser, Lennox, II, No 10, c. 1248, prints the above charter with the spelling:
See also GD220/2/1/10 1248.
RRS IV Pt 1 No 19 pp 68-70 is a confirmation by Alexander III dated 1253 which includes this gift of ‘Mucraw’ by Maldoueny. In their preamble (and Index) the editors refer to it as Mugdock. I don’t believe this is correct. Nor is the Muckcroft in Campsie to be confused with the Muckcroft in Cadder parish.
Cartularium de Levenax p 40, Malcolm, earl of Lennox lists lands held by Patrick de Grame (Graham) as including:
RMS II (165 & 166) 1430 (based on originals of 1423) refer to Mukarycht. In RMS II (634) 1458 the reference is to Mukrath.
Is it fair to assume that Muckcroft is the same as Mukraw and Mucherach? I have not found many references to Muckcroft in the land-assessment record but RMS IV (1049) 1555-6 refers to 2½m Wester Mukcroft. However, whilst I can see that an ending in ‘croft’ would appeal to an English-speaking clerk, some of the map references suggest the name is not that straightforward. Blaeu (Lennox) has Mukrachs and Muckrachs. The map in Nimmo’s ‘Stirlingshire’ (1777) is based on Edgar’s survey of 1745 and reads Muckret. Roy (Great Map Plate 26) gives Muckritt four times. It may have fallen from grace but Muckcroft was probably once the centre of a carucate called Muckraw. The carucate of Muckcroft probably included Thomfyn.
[Since Muckcroft was a Graham holding I do not know how to account for the following document – which may concern another property.
Cartularium de Levenax pp 61-62, Donald earl of Lennox granted to Alan called Brisbane son of the late William Brisbane:
totam illam terram que vocatur Mucherach … una cum illa terra que vocatur Holmedalmartyne; quasquidem terras dominus Alanus de Glachfrith de nobis tenuit in capite, et Ada filius ejus … resignavit
(the whole of that land called Mucherach … along with that land called Holmedalmartyne; which lands Alan de Glachfrith held of us in chief, and which Ada, his son, resigned).
I have already noted another Muckcroft in Cadder parish and Ross (NS 3796) in Inchcailloch parish appears as Rosmuckrath in RMS II (2436) 1498. I don’t know where this Brisbane property is but I don’t think it is Muckcroft in Campsie.]
£10 Eistir & Westir (1545, 1580); £10 (1546). £10 might imply a half-carucate.
Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 79, 1508, gives a charter by Matthew, Earl of Lennox, to John Stirling of Cragbernard of the lands of Glorat:
extendentes annuatim ad £9 10s 5½d, antiqui extentus
(extending annually to £9 10s 5½d old extent).
RMS II (323) 1449-50 refers to a seventh part of Glorate. I think this lies behind the difficulties recorded in the following paragraph.
Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 145, 1537, introduces some confusing fractions. In a Retour for E & W Glorat a third of a seventh of the lands were excluded. Easter Glorat, less the exclusion, is given an Old Extent valuation of £4 14s 10d. Wester Glorat, with Easter Baldoran, is given an Old Extent valuation of £9 14s 10d. This probably means Easter Baldoran had an Old Extent valuation of £5 which would leave East & West Glorat each having an Old Extent of £4 14s 10d (after exclusions). Together that would come to £9 9s 8d. A twenty-first part of £10 would be just over 9s 6d so I cannot make the sums quite add up. However they seems to confirm that Glorat was a £10 land.
W Fraser, Lennox, II, No 3, Alexander II confirms charter of Maldouen to Simon Croc c. 1225 (see also GD220/2/1/3)
de Brengrochane et Kynmonedhane et Garbethe
(of Balgrochan, Kilmannan & Carbeth)
W Fraser, Lennox, II, No 13, Resignation by Simon Crok c. 1272 (see also GD220/2/1/13)
de Brengrouchan, Kilmonethan, et Garthebeth
(of Balgrochan, Kilmannan & Carbeth)
There are two Balgrochans in Campsie so how do we know this one was formerly Brengrochane? In Cowan et al. (eds.) The Knights of St John of Jerusalem in Scotland pp 20-21 there is a rental of Hospitaller properties in the Sheriffdom of ‘Dunbartan’ and ‘Lennax’. Although the rental is dated 1539-40 there are good reasons for thinking it is based on a much earlier rental. One property is Bryingroughan giving a rent of 12d. The spelling suggests it is the same as the thirteenth-century Brengrochan given above. We also know there was a ‘temple’ on West Balgrochan which is part of the Balgrochan by Torrance. I know of no temple or spittal on the other Balgrochan by Campsie.
We also know Balgrochan was originally reckoned a carucate. RMS II (165 & 166) 1430 (based on originals of 1423) refer to the ‘carucatam terre de Bargrochane’. In RMS II (634) 1458 the reference is to Ballingrochane but there is no assessment.
Laing Charters (489) 1544 refers to a grant of Gartlechane alias Barrestoun (Barraston, transferred to Baldernock parish in 1649). The granter was the Earl of Montrose and the property lay in the ‘Carietam’ of the granter’s land of Balgroquhan. The editor of the Laing Charters, John Anderson, inserted ‘[Carucate?]’ after ‘Carietam’ as a possible translation. I think he is correct. We know that Balgrochan was a carucate which belonged to the Grahams and Barraston may have represented its north-western section.
We have some important evidence for Balgrochan assembled by J Cameron in his book ‘The Parish of Campsie’, Kirkintilloch, 1892. I have put this into the accompanying Campsie text file since it has implications for the rest of the parish and possibly much of Lennox. As far as Balgrochan is concerned it amounted to at least 8, and in fact probably 9, ploughs. The problem is that I think Cameron may have included some of the sub-units such as Barraston under the general heading of Balgrochan. I think it is more revealing to focus on the boundaries he describes:
The eleven ploughs contain the lands of Easter and Wester Balgrochan and Carlston, and extend from the march across Clochcore Moor to the river Kelvin, the southern boundary of the parish.
It appears the carucate of Balgrochan ran north from the Kelvin between the Tower Burn on the west and the lands of Hayston on the east.It stretched north to include Barraston and ended on the higher ground between Blairskaith Muir, Craigend Muir and Clochore.
Temple of Balgrochan
GD220/1/A/4/4/1 1577-8 makes it clear that the templelands were on Wester Balgrochan.
Mentioned in GD220/1/A/5/3/9 1597 on an original of 1587.
For Carlston see under Balgrochan above and accompanying Campsie text file. It was possibly a quarter-carucate consisting of 3 ploughs and valued at 20s OE. However, Carlestoun is given as 40s in GD220/1/A/3/7/9 1570-1.
Cartularium de Levenax pp 52-53 – about 1350 Donald, earl of Lennox granted Finlay of Campsy:
illam quartariam terre que vocatur Ballinlochnach, illam quartariam terre que vocatur Balecorrach, cum dimidia quartaria terre de Balletyduf, Tomfyne, Fynglenane, et tenementa de Lanartaydy
(that quarterland called Ballinlochnach, the quarterland called Balecorrach, the half-quarterland (i.e. eighthland) of Balletyduf, Tomfyne, Fynglenane, and the ‘tenements’ (holdings) of Lanartaydy).
Lanartaydy is likely to be Invertady
OPS I p 46 states (without giving a source) that on 22 July 1421 Duncan, earl of Lennox, gave his son Donald:
‘all and singular his lands of Ballyncorrauch, witht the pertinens, all the landis of Ballyncloich and Thombry, with thair pertinens lyand within the parishing of Camsy’.
J Cameron gives the charter source on pp 169-70 of his ‘Parish of Campsie’. He reads ‘Thomboy’.
If we take the above two sources together it appears there was a quarterland called Ballinlochnach (probably Bencloich at NS 6378); a quarterland called Balcorrach (NS 6178); an eighthland of Balletyduf, Tomfyne and Finglen plus an unknown assessment for Invertady. Balletyduf is likely to derive from Sc. G. baile township + tigh house + dubh black and is probably the same as Baldow (from Sc. G. baile township + dubh black) below. Tomfyne (Tomfin) might be different to the Tomfin by Muckcroft. There was also a Thombry/Thomboy (Tombuy?). (See Drummond p 214). Finglen is narrow and steep-sided so may have been used primarily as shieling-ground.
£20 Balcoruoch & Invertady appear in RMS III (3140) 1545 and then as £20 Balcoruoch & Invertardie in RMS V (76) 1580. (£20 may imply a carucate of land). Inarthdane is linked to Balcorocht and Banchloch in RMS IV (346) 1549. Balcorrach is still marked on the map; Invertady has disappeared. The Galeic inbhir or ‘Inver’ means river-mouth. SSE of Balcorrach there is a river junction where the Finglen Burn (from Fin Glen) joins the Kirk Burn (from Campsie Glen) c. NS 615786. This was probably Invertady. Blaeu marks Innerteyly on the south side of the river and in RMS VII (870) 1613 Indertethie comprised the lands of Clochor, Boighous & Litill Baldou. In Retours (Dumbarton) (27) 1627 Indertethie (Invertady) includes Clochter (Clochcore), Boghous (Boghouse) and Litle Baldone (Little Baldow). (This is repeated in Retours (Dumbarton) (30) 1634, (46) 1647 & (61) 1665). Roy’s Fair Copy marks Little Balldow as NNW of Muckle Balldou – and so closer to Boghouse and Invertady. Cameron (p 168) gives a reference to Netherton of Innertadie in 1721. (This is probably Netherton at NS 612780). On pp 166-7 he shows that Invertedie had 10 tenants in 1660. See discussion in Drummond pp 206-7.
Cameron (pp 136-7) gives the Barony of Campsie in the days of Charles II as including Bencloich, Colsay, Muckcroft, Tamfin, Baldow, Carrower & Tambuy. On pp 166-7 he lists the lands of the Woodhead Estate in 1660 as Bin, Balcorrach, Crosshouse, Capieston, Hole, Balgrochan, Parkstoun, Birbiston, Boghouse and Invertedie. With the exception of Muckcroft they include much of what was given c. 1350 above. Certain place-names still elude me, viz. Tamfin (if it is not the one by Muckcroft), Carrower, Tambuy and Colsay – all of which are also found in the Dumbarton Retours. Colsay is possibly the same as Calside which appears on Edgar’s map. I suspect the clue to Colsay lies in RMS VII (870) 1613 & RMS XI (648) 1664 which refer to the calsay or caseway (causeway) on the lands of Bancloyth (Bencloich).
GD220/2/1/112 1506 (printed in Fraser, Lennox, II, pp 181-2) refers to 2m New Extent of Bawcoroth Freland. The reference to New Extent is very unusual.
In Stirling Retours (52) 1606 there is reference to ‘the lands of Midle Balcorak & Eister Balcorak with their pertinents, indeed, Baldow-Frieland, Baldow-Champnay, Balcloiche-Frieland & Balcloiche-Champnay’ with a total extent of £5. The pertinents here are the two farms of Baldow and Bencloich, each of which was subdivided into two parts ‘Frieland’ and ‘Champnay’ – which took their names from the families holding them. Baldow is south of the river in NS 6177, Bencloich is north of the river in NS 6378.
GD243/1/3/7 1604 refers to £5 Old Extent of ‘Corshous, Champmeston, Badow and [blank] with coal heughs, in parish of Campsy’. These will be Crosshouse, Capieston and Baldow.
There is no disguising the fact that although we have a number of general valuations I cannot pin down the individual valuations of most of these farms. It is to be hoped the detail will gradually emerge.
If Bencloich is the same as Ballinlochnach (descibed above under Balcorrach) then it must have evolved into a separate estate by 1545. From c. 1350 to 1421 it was linked to Balcorrach. By 1545 it seems to have become part of a separate £20 unit. See also RSS I (3498) 1526.
The name simply means ‘town of the clergy’. J Cameron, ‘Parish of Campsie’ p 173 states that it is the same place as Kirktown and Keithtown. GD61/93 1711 states Ballangleroch alias Keithton. GD61/144 1794 gives Banderoch alias Kertoun alias Kirkton. Kirkton is explained by Ballancleroch’s meaning. Keithtown is because the McFarlans (who acquired Ballancleroche in the early 17th century) married into the Keith family.
Bancleyrach in Blaeu(Lennox). In RHP 46777 (1877) Kirkton House is marked just west of Kirk Burn.
GD61/88 1706 gives Clachan of Campsie and Croft Angrie as part of lands of Balluncleroch. GD61/90 1707 gives ‘the Allans and Elbockdaile’ as part of the lands of Bangleroch. (In GD61/63 1678 they are ‘the Allans’ and ‘Elbow Daill’. Allanhead is just north of Campsie). GD61/94 1713 gives Hillhead Holl and Knowhead as part of lands of Ballangliroch.
It had a mill and was counted ‘in baronia de Mugdok’ (in the barony of Mugdok).
The description of Campsie’s parish boundaries (see under Campsie text file) show that ‘Balneglerauch’ (Ballancleroche) was on the north-western boundary of Campsie c. 1200. This boundary is shown on Guthrie Smith’s map of Old Strathblane (following p 256). It is marked clearly on OS Explorer 348 and follows the watershed to Dumbreck, Little Earl and Earl’s Seat. However the farm c. 1200 may have been bigger than it was in 1610 when we first meet with a valuation. In its earliest form it must have included Finglen.
In RMS II (165) 1430 (on original of 10/8/1423) James I confirmed a charter of Duncan, earl of Lennox, which granted to Sir William Grahame the lands of Ballecleracht – amongst others. On 11/8/1423 (i.e. the day after Duncan’s grant) there is a charter (Fraser, Lennox, II, No 215 pp 411-413) by William of Grahame to John Brisbane of a quarterland in Campsy:
totam quarteriam terre in territorio de Campsy iacentem, que vocatur Ballenaclerach, cum illa porciuncula terre que vocatur Aldwyk, videlicet, omnes terras circa riuulum de Fynglennane ex parte orientali, per istas diuisas, scilicet, a gurgite predicti riuuli sicut se contendit de marchia de Goreganok et de Glengonagan, prout predictus riuulus autiquo [antiquo] tempore cursum tendebat, ad riuulum descendentem de marisio de Polkanachan
(the whole quarterland lying in Campsie called Ballenaclerach, with that possle(?) [i.e. little portion of land] called Aldwyk, viz., all the lands on the east side of the Finglen Burn, by these boundaries, namely from the source of the said burn as it falls from the march with Goreganok and Glengonagan, following the Finglen Burn’s old course, as far as the burn descending from the bog of Polkanachan).
Glengonagan is Gonachan Glen. It is probable that the ridge above it to the south served as the southern boundary of Fintry parish and the northern boundary of Campsie parish. ‘Goreganok’ looks like Gargunnock – which is away to the NNE but which in 1423 may have stretched down towards Gartcarron. However I think it more likely that the first element ‘Gore’ will be ‘Corrie’ while the second element ‘ganok’ is for Gonachan – so a corrie near the head of the Gonachan Burn. ‘Polkanachan’ looks like Pol Gonachan which may be one of the waterfalls at the head of Glen Gonachan. There is an Alnwick Burn by Glen Campsie. However it is difficult to pin down the eastern boundary of Balnaclerach and these attributions are very tentative. It is possible that Polkanachan may be Moss Maigry (see below).
Ballancleroche appears in Stirling Retours (71) 1610 & (159) 1635. £8 Ballincleroch in GD220/1/F/2/2/1 1692.
An interesting confirmation of the longevity of these ancient boundaries is found in GD220/1/K/2/2/4 1736. This concerned a march-dispute between the Duke of Montrose and McFarlane of Ballancleroche. The arbiters found the marches between the Duke’s lands of Gartcarron and Lurg (Fintry parish) and McFarlane’s lands of Ballancleroch (Campsie) ‘to be in all time coming beginning at a part in the middle of Mossmeagrie where Woodhead’s ground marches with Ballancleroch, and Gartcarron’. The importance of Mossmeagrie (Moss Maigry NS 6381) is underlined further on when it says ‘The Mossmeagrie is declared to be a moss out of which proceeds a stripe [small stream] or strand that runs into the Ninteen burn and west sea and out of which in the other direction a stripe runs into the Carron Water and the east sea’. Mossmeagrie then was viewed rather like Drumalban, the central ridge or watershed of Scotland. As a boundary point it was probably extremely ancient. The Ninteen Burn is now the ‘Nineteentimes Burn’ and runs down through Campsie Glen, becomes part of the Glazert Water which then joins the River Kelvin. There is a sentence in Pont’s notes (pp 140v-141r) transcribed by Dr Munro on the NLS website which reads ‘The springs of Ainrik and Carrown do joyn verie neer and low grownd betuix’. In actual fact the sources of the Endrick and the Carron are several miles apart. The Endrick starts in the high ground between the Fintry and Gargunnock Hills while the Carron starts at Mossmeagrie. I think a simple error was made either by Pont or in an earlier transcription. If we replace Endrick by Kelvin then the Kelvin and the Carron do begin very near each other with a sort of plateau between them.
Fraser, Lennox, II, gives 3 documents concerning Ballebrochyr and Lechad:
No 37 p 52, Charter by Malcolm, son of Bernard of Herth, to Giles, the son of the deceased Donald, son of Giles, of the lands of Ballebrochyr and Lechad (c. 1390-1400). (See also GD220/2/1/37).
dimidietatem quarterie terre que vocatur Ballebrochyr, cum pertinenciis, in tenemento de Cailsy cum dimidietate terre que vocatur Lechad
(an eighthland [literally ‘half a quarterland’] called Ballebrochyr, with pertinents, in the holding of Campsie with half the land called Lechad).
No 38 p 53, Resignation by Giles, son of Donald, of Ballebrochyr and Lechad, in favour of Alice of Erth, lady of Cragbernard. 13 February 1400
dimidietatem quarterie terre mee que vocatur Ballebrochyr, cum pertinenciis, in tenemento de Campsy; cum dimidietate terre mee que vocatur Lechad, cum pertinenciis
(as No 37 – although the land is described as ‘my’ land and Lechad is accorded pertinents)
(See also GD220/2/1/38 & Guthrie Smith, Strathblane, p 130 fn 5).
No 39 pp 54-55, 13 February 1400 Charter by Alice of Erth, lady of Cragbernard, to Sir William of Grahame of:
dimidietatem quarterie terre mee que vocatur Ballebrochyr cum pertinentiis in tenemento de Campsy, cum dimidietate terre mee que vocatur Lechad cum pertinentiis
(as No 38)
Ballebrochyr will be Balgrochan in NS 6278. Lechad (also Leychhedis) will be Lecket Hill in NS 6481. (See also GD220/2/1/39).
GD237/24/1/1 1468 lists Craigbernard, Balgrothquheris, Kirpatrik, Leythhedis & Balglas.
In RMS II (1653) 1486 the estate is described as Cragbernard, Balgrochqueris, Corsatik, Leychhedis & Balglas – but with no extent given. Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 54, gives the alternative reading of Korfatrick. In RMS II (2711) 1503 it is just Cragbernard & Kilwinnet. In RMS III (3140) 1545 and V (76) 1580 it is Cragbernard & Kilwynnes as £20 (which is the value we might expect for a carucate).
GD198/232 1752 refers to the lands of Easter, Wester, Over and Nether Kilwinnets comprehending (a) small possle called Seggiehole, Crosshouse, Over and Nether Capestones & mill of Craigbarnet.
J Cameron, Parish of Campsie 1892, p 205 refers to a 1587 agreement between the Earl of Montrose and John Lennox of Woodheid setting the marches of Lethad – see GD220/1/A/5/2/4 1587. (This estate of ‘Woodheid’ is the ‘Woodhead’ referred to under Moss Maigry in Ballancleroch above). On pp 186-7 Cameron describes what he thinks were the lands of Lethad. I think there is a muddle here. Cameron assumed Ballebrochyr is Balgrochan by Torrance when it is actually the Balgrochan by Clachan of Campsie.
Nimmo, p 517, claims that Craigbarnet is one-third of Campsie. However I think this is a loose definition which could be construed as ‘a third of the parish of Campsie’. It was instead a third of the estate of Finlay de Camsi.
RMS I App 2 p 591 Index A No 1172 Kilkynet, Index B No 38 Kilvynet (but Kilkynet in fn), to James Blair
RMS I App 2 p 594 Index A No 1217 Kilkynnet, Index B No 37 Kilkennet, forfeited by Gilbert Norie, to James Blair.
RMS II (159) 1430, James I grants Kylwynet to John de Blare. See also RMS II (1840) 1489.
Campsie Church (kirklands)
The kirklands of Campsie are described in RSS VIII (1940) 1583-4 and RMS VI (894) 1599. They lay between Balcorrach on the east, Invertethie on the south, Capieston on the south-east and Bancleroch on the west. RMS XI (648) 1664 gives a different description.
Retours (Stirling) (123) 1627, (149) 1634, (187) 1647 & (237) 1665 refer to the church lands or glebe of the parish church of Campsie with an Extent of 20s. There were also 2 houses with their gardens next to the parish church and half an acre adjacent which had formerly belonged to the vicar and had an Extent of 6s 8d. These are described in RMS VI (968) 1599.
GD220/1/H/8/2/4 1714 refers to half the lands of Glasswalls called Finnockhaugh.
Another reason for the difficulty in pinning down this settlement site is given by GD220/6/722/5 1725 which is an account for work at Finnickhaugh ‘turning the water of Carron’.