‘Davachtis’ Table

The 14 ‘Davachtis’ in Lennox

This table allows us to add other evidence showing that the 14 davachtis of 1223 were in fact the same as arachors, carucates or £20 lands.


13 December 1223 Modern Name Parish Extent Date Comments
Bullull Bonhill Bonhill     NB East bank of Leven only. See below.
Balloch Balloch Kilmaronock

then Bonhill

    The ‘terras dominicales’ (Mains Farm) of Balloch is £10 in 1506-7.
Sheneglis Shanacles Kilmaronock 3m 1572 See below.
Kilmarrannok Kilmaronock Kilmaronock     See below.
Colquhoun Colquhoun West Kilpatrick     See below.
Kilpatrik Kilpatrick West Kilpatrick     See below.
Drumtocher Duntocher West Kilpatrick     See below.
Manekinbrene Boquhanran West Kilpatrick     See below.
Drumry Drumry East Kilpatrick £20 1545 See below.
Gartscuib Garscube East Kilpatrick     See below.
Gartchonane Gartconnel East Kilpatrick carucate 13th C See below.
Auchincloych-major Achincloich (Meikle) East Kilpatrick (£20) 1632 See below.
Auchincloych-minor Achincloich (Little or Nether?) East Kilpatrick carucate

or arachor

13th C See below.
Kilmonan Kilmannan Killearn carucate 1388 See below.


I think each of these ‘davachtis’ was originally worth £20 or 30m.




Probably included Napierstown (10m, 1546), Ladytown (5m, 1571), Nobilstoun (6m, 1551-2).



Another early reference is ‘Seueglass’ in Paisley Register pp 213-4 for 1228 (see also p 212). The context suggests Shanacles then extended up to the River Leven. However if Balloch was the davach immediately north, and Bullull the davach immediately south, then the davach of Shanacles would have had a relatively narrow frontage on the Leven. It probably included Ballagan and Blairhosh.



The most likely components are Mains (£3), Bordland (£3) and Aber (3½ or 4½m). In the documents Gartocharn (3m) and Duncryne (3m) are often linked. This takes us to a maximum of £13 or 19½m. Kilmaronock was still dedicated to the maintenance of Dumbarton Castle in 1329 – see Kilmaronock text file.

It seems probable that Portnellan was another davach between Bullull, Shanacles and Balloch to the south and Kilmarrannok in the north. There must have been a reason it wasn’t included.



Mains of Colquhoun was 17m in 1533 (Fraser, Colquhoun, II, p 10).



Easter and Wester Kilpatrick together were 20m in 1465. We should probably include Morishland (2m) which seems to have lain between them.

I think Paislay will have owned all of Kilpatrick davach.



Duntocher was only 6½m so likely included some of the neighbouring farms. However I cannot prove which. It became a Paisley property but I do not know how much of the Duntocher davach became Paisley’s.



Boquhanran was 10m and became a Paisley property. However I do not know how much of the Boquhanran davach became Paisley’s. The davach probably included Auchingree which was another 2m – also belonging to Paisley.



Drumry was a £20 land in 1545. Values we know are Drumry 40s (3m), Clobarhill 40s (3m), Hutcheson 5m, Drumchapel 40s (3m), Knightswood 40s (3m), Blairdardie 2m or 2½m.



Garscube was a £10 land in 1498. This would be a half-davach so the other half must have splintered off by then.



Gartconnel is discussed in the text file ‘Problem Names’. I think it is the same as Cartonvenach which was described as a carucate in the thirteenth century. Gartconnel was £5 (a quarterland) in 1501 and the other three-quarters are likely to have been its immediate neighbours.


Achincloich (Major = Meikle or Big), Achincloich (Minor = Little)

This is the only instance of the 14 where we are talking of a 2-davach unit. It must have been important in earlier times and by 1223 was subdivided into a Big/Little or More/Beag. The only later references we have to this division are a document of c. 1285 which refers to:

three quarters of a carrucate of land of Akencloy Nether, which in Scotch is called Arachor,

and a similar document in Cartularium de Levenax, pp 38-9, which refers to

tres quartarias carucate terre de Auchincloich inferiori, que scotice vocatur arachor,

(three quarters of a carucate of Nether Auchincloich, which is called arachor in Scots (i.e. Gaelic))

It seems reasonable to equate Nether Auchincloich with the Auchincloych-minor of 1223. It lay immediately north of what is now Milngavie.

Auchincloych-major probably lay to the NW of this and we know of 2 later half-carucate units in the vicinity. Achincloich, Hilton & Auldmurroch were a £10 land in 1512. Craigtoun, Thombowie & Carmeddane were a £10 land in 1632. These were quite possibly the two halves of Auchincloych-major.



Kilmannan was once the name of a carucate. Fraser, Lennox, I, pp 28-9, prints a warrant from Robert II to Sir Patrick Graham in 1388 which refers to ‘the carucate of Kilmonevane’.


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