Row Table



Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc




40s (3m)

40s (3m)




  Blaeu(Lennox) See below. Kirckmichell B. & M. (Blaeu). See further in this table under Blairnairn. Irving Vol II  p 306 says Kirkmichael- Stirling was extreme west part of Cardross parish – but a late addition.
Lettirbeg, Drumfade &


10m 1545     For Drumfad see under Glen Fruin.
Stuklekkie 2m 1625   Blaeu(Lennox)? 1m(1674), 2m(1680), Stouck(Blaeu), Stuck(RoyGM65)
Milligs 12m 1625 NS 3084 Blaeu(Lennox) Moigliag(1225). See below.
Temple of Millig   1608 c. NS 3084   Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, p 174 fn2. Ex Templars.


Easter Ardencaple

Middle & Wester










NS 2884 Pont(16)


RPC I pp 553-4 1567 gives the 16m Arnekapill & Ardardane of Waltir Makkawlay. Arnekapill = Ardencaple, here linked with (part of?) Ardardan-Macaulay.


Laggary 4m 1545   Pont(16) Lagarie & Sklaitcraig(1619), (C?)aggary(Pont 16)
Ardenconnel 8m 1504 NS 2684 Pont(16)


Temple of Row   1674 NS 2684   AS I (536-7) 1674. Ex Templars.
Stuckaheuch 1m 1618   Ross(1777) Often linked with Letterowalbeg.
Letrualt ½ carucate   NS 2684   Cartularium de Levenax pp 94-95. See below.

A half-carucate in Lennox would be worth 15m.

Letrualt beg 6m 1618   Pont(16)


Often linked with Stuckaheuch
Letrualt moir £5 (7½m) 1545     3½m(1668), 8m(1625, 1676, 1680). With mill of Aulddonald in 1676. (Aldownick Glen is NS 2684/2785).
Wester Lettirowall 46s 8d (3½m) 1666      
Blairvadach 5m 1545 NS 2685 Pont(16)



£5(1676), Blairfodda(y) Pont(16), £5 6s 8d (8m) with Stucknadow(1625, 1680).

See also Blairwardan (Glen Fruin) and Letrualt below.

Stuckenduff 4m 1545 NS 2586 Ross(1777) See below. Some documents (e.g. RMS III (3140) 1545) link this with Letrualt beg but it is separate to Stuckaheuch.


Balernick Beg




40s (3m)






NS 2588/2589 Pont(16)





GD86/233 – ex Collegiate Church of Dumbarton.

6½m (1498), £5 (7½m) 1545, 1580, £4 13s 4d (7m) in 1625, 1680.

Faslane 8m 1545 NS 2489   100s(7½m) 1518, 1568, 1625. Fasland & Bardisland in GD220/6/1979/1 1532. 100s Fasland & Bardisland (1604)
Finnart ½d

(3½ or 4m)



NS 2393 Pont(16)



With Portincaple & Feorlinbreck as 7½m in 1501 & 1563. With Portincaple & Feorlinbreck as 8m in 1532, 1601, 1625, 1655, 1662 & 1680. Feorlinbreck is in Rosneath parish. See below.
Portincaple 2m 1674 NS 2393 Roy(GM65)


Row parish in AS I (576) of 1674. 2m(1692, 1699, 1756, 1837). With Finnart and Feorlinbreck as 7½m in 1501 & 1563. With Finnart and Feorlinbreck as 8m in 1532, 1601, 1625, 1655, 1662 & 1680.
Tombuoy     NS2495/2595 Pont(16)



Sron Mallanach


    NS 2596/2597

NS 2496/2596




Stron-valerach in Blaeu.


Ross marks Stroine just S of the parish boundary with Row.

Creagan     NS 2698 Ross(1777) Craggon in Ross.
Gorten 40s (3m) 1666 NS 2699 Roy(GM66)


OS (1860)

Gortons (Roy), Gartan (Ross).

See below.

Sub-total 87½m        
Glen Fruin       Blaeu(Lennox)  
Auchengaich 8m 1496 NS 2789 Ross(1777) Auchengaich is so often combined with other properties that it is difficult to be certain of its valuation. I have adopted the earliest value given in the records but it is also given as 8½m.
Lurg 1m 1496 c. NS 2789 Roy(PC4)



Lerg de Glenfrune(1496), Large(1535).

With Blairnachtan in Dumbarton Retours (69) 1676 & (78) 1685.

Lurgin in Ross.

Stuckdow 30s (2¼m) 1496 c. NS 286883 Roy(PC4)


With Blarhangane as 30s in 1496 & 1535. There is also a Stuckenduff in Row parish (see above).
Blarhangane   1496     With Stuckdow as 30s in 1496 & 1535; =Blairnachtan?
Blairnachtan   1676     With Lurg in in Dumbarton Retours (69) 1676 & (78) 1685.
Blarvrien 1m   c. NS 2788 Roy(PC4)


<>Blarnairn. S side Glen Fruin, NW of Stuckdow. Blairvryan is 1m OE says Fraser, ‘Chiefs of Colquhoun’, Vol. I p 386.
Strone 5m 1511-12 NS 2690 Roy(GM65)


RMS II (3712) 1511-12. Stronratan(1625), Stroneratan(1631).

See below.

Auchenvennel 5m 1496 NS 2888   Achinvanill Moir is 5m (OE) in 1535. Often combined with Auchengaich, Stuckdow, Blarhangane, Lurg. See below.
Auchenvennel Muling 5m 1558     This seems to have been separate to Auchenvennel proper. Divided into 2 x 2½m lands? Now = Ballevoulin?
Ballevoulin     NS 2988 Roy(GM65)


= Auchenvennel Muling?
Blairnairn £3 (4½m) 1582 NS 299881 Roy(GM65)


Kirkmichael & Blairnarne £7 1566     £5 (7½m) Kirkmitchell & Blairnerne(1627).

For Kirkmichael see above in this table.

Blairvaddan     c. NS 297872 Thomson(1823) See under Blairwardan below.
Blairwardan 2m 1618     Probably Blairvaddan but can be difficult to distinguish from Blairvadach (above). 2m(1618, 1622), 2½m(1620, 1625, 1680).

See also under Letrualt below.

Duirland 40s (3m) 1516/


NS 2987 Roy(GM65)


Dowerlyng in GD220/6/1964 1516/17. Dowarling(1625)
Ballymenach     NS 3086/3186   In Glen Fruin – different to one in Cardross parish.
Kilbride ¼ arachor       See below.

East Kilbride

West Kilbride

£6 (9m)


40s (3m)





NS 3185

NS 3086/3087



See below. £6 of 3 Kilbrides(1625, 1655, 1662, 1680). 2m of Ester, 1m of Myddill in 1535.  Over, Middle & Nether Kilbride + chapel & chaplainry lands thereof in 1648, 1650, 1676.
Spittle       Roy(PC4)


Between Mid Killbryde & Little Killbryde in Roy. See below.

Little Drumfad





NS 3184 Blaeu(Lennox)


5m Drumfad-Buchanan(1619), 5m Meikil Drumfad(1625), 2m Littil Drumfad(1625). See below and also under Kirkmichael.
Sub-total 52¾m        
Grand Total 140¼m        


The first two charters below show the enormous holdings of the family of Faslane, an offshoot from the family of the Earls of Lennox:


Cartularium de Levenax pp 91-92, King Alexander (II) confirmed on last day of May a.r. 12 (1226)

donationem illam, quam Maldovenus comes de Levenax fecit Hamelen filio comitis de Levenax, de Neved, Glanfrone, Moigliag, Letblaan, Ardereran, Kilmeagdha et Dolenchen

(that gift which Maldowen earl of Lennox made to Hamelen, son of the earl of Lennox, (i.e. Hamelen was Maldowen’s brother), of Neved [Rosneath], Glanfrone [Glen Fruin, Row parish], Moigliag [Milligs, Row parish], Letblaan [? Letterblaan], Ardereran [Ardardan, Cardross parish], Kilmeagdha [Kilmahew, Cardross parish] et Dolenchen [Tulliechewan, Bonhill parish]).


Cartularium de Levenax pp 93-94, in 1351 Donald, earl of Lennox, confirmed to Walter of Fosselane:

donationem illas et concessionem quas Malcolmus comes de Levenax fecit dedit et concessit Avileth domino de Fosselane, de terris de Keppach, de Culgrayane, de Camceskanys, de Kyrkmychell, de Airddendgappil, de Arddenaconvell, de Letdovald, de Bullernok, de Fosselane, et de Glenfrone, et de Muleig … cum officio quod dicitur tossachiorschip de Levenax a Patricio Lyndissay emptis imperpetuum

(that gift and grant which Malcolm earl of Lennox made, gave and granted to Avileth, lord of Faslane of the lands of Keppoch, Colgrain, Camis Eskan, Kirkmichael, Ardencaple, Ardenconnel, Lettirowall, Balernock, Faslane, Glen Fruin and Milligs … with the office called toiseachdeor of Lennox , bought from Patrick Lindsay in perpetuity).

This grant composed much of what later became Row parish. Prior to this it was divided between Rosneath (to the west) and Cardross (to the east). Whilst the Faslane family were resident in Faslane the lands named here may effectively have been a separate parish based round their castle. The name Hamelen or Avileth is the ‘Aulay’ behind the Macaulays of Dunbartonshire. (See G. Black, The Surnames of Scotland, p 455).




There is some ambiguity as to whether Bannachra should be included in Row parish or in Luss. (See under Luss parish).




See under Cartularium de Levenax pp 93-94 above. Kirkmichael and Drumfad appear to have been linked before 1278.

W Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 9, is a transumpt, dated 1405, of a charter by Malcolm, Earl of Lennox, dated 1278, to William Galbraith, of ‘Kyrkmychell’ and ‘Drnmmade’ where the latter will be Drumfad.


Cartularium de Levenax p 77, Duncan, earl of Lennox granted to Murdach son of Malcolm sometime lord of Leky

terras de Drumfad ester et Kyrkmychel westyr

(lands of Easter Drumfad and Wester Kirkmichael)

Drumfad is at NS 3184 and the text may imply Easter Drumfad and Wester Kirkmichael were neighbours. Easter Drumfad was Drumfad-Leckie or Little Drumfad, usually given as 2m.


8m Kirkmichael-Buchanan & Drumfad in 1619 (Irving Vol II pp 299-300). It was Meikle Drumfad which was linked with Kirkmichael-Buchanan. In AS II (55) 1619 it is 5m Drumfad-Buchanan.

Kirkmichael-Stirling was linked with Blarnarne in 1487 (see W Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 58). They were given together as £7 OE (10½m) in GD220/1/A/6/2/4 1566 – but this might include both Kirkmichaels.


Since 1619 Kirkmichael-Wester and Kirkmichael-Buchanan have been conjoined with Milligs (Irving Vol II p 292).


Kirkmichael is an interesting name in so far as the prefix is Scots/English ‘Kirk’ rather than Gaelic ‘cille’ while Michael is a saint associated with the Roman rather than the Celtic church. It had been fixed before 1278. There is another Kirkmichael in Dumbarton parish.



See under Cartularium de Levenax pp 91-94 above (=Moigliag or Muleig).

Irving, The Book of Dumbartonshire, Vol. II, pp 256-7, says that the shore part of Milligs became Helensburgh.



Cartularium de Levenax pp 94-95, Donald, earl of Lennox granted to Walter of Foslen [Faslane]:

illam dimidiam carucatam terre que dicitur Laterwwald … faciendo inde forinsecum servitium quantum pertinet ad dimidiam carucatam terre in comitatu de Levenax

(that half carucate called Laterwwald … doing therefor as much forinsec service as pertains to a half-carucate in the earldom of Lennox).

The same document also mentions ‘Blayrwoyrtan’ or ‘Blayrwanyrtan’ which is probably Blairwardan but it is difficult to distinguish between Blairwardan and Blairvadach.



1m of this may have been ‘Stukkedow-Nobill’. This appears with 6m Ardardane-Nobill (Cardross parish) in Dumbarton Retours (11) 1608. There was another Stuckdow in Glenfruin. Both appear in RMS IV (1623) 1565. W Fraser, Cartulary of Colquhoun, Edinburgh, 1873 p 160, refers to Stucknaduff and possle of land belonging thereto called Chappel-Varroch, parish of Row, 1783. (I have assumed this is not the Stucknaduff in Glen Fruin). Chapel-varroch  is reminiscent of Chapelarroch (NS 5195) in Drymen.



GD198/217 1214-1248 is a charter by Malcolm, son of Maldoune [Maldoven], earl of Leuenax [Lennox] to Malmore, son of Niel, of 2 quarters of land of Finphort, a quarter of Mammore and a quarter of Mambege as the same were once held by said Malmore from John the parson, and afterwards from Maldoune, earl of Leuenax, under reddendo of 2m of silver yearly, and service belonging to ⅓ of an arachor in Leuenax. (See Fraser, Lennox, II, No 205, p 403, for original Latin).

I think that the ‘quarters’ (quadrantem and quadrantes) here referred to are not quarterlands but farthing-lands (see also under Mamore, Mambeg, Rahane & Feorlinbreck in Rosneath parish). If so, then Malmore is given a pennyland in total and he has to provide the service for ⅓ of an arachor in Lennox. This might imply a pennyland was ⅓ of an arachor but I have no other evidence to support this. It may be relevant that 2m is one-third of 6m which was the Old Extent valuation of a pennyland (and possibly a davach) in Arran, Bute and Eastern Cowal. The parson seems to have owned these lands before the earl. (See also Paisley Register p 157 and Lennox Cartulary p 12 for an earlier parson). At this time Finnart will have lain in Rosneath (qv).



In 1860 (OS 6″ 1st Series Dunbartonshire Sheet VII) Gorten is marked where Craggan is now marked on Explorer 364 in NS 2699. Ross’s map of Dumbartonshire (1777) agrees with OS (1860). In the County Valuation of 1657 (Irving, The Book of Dumbartonshire, I, pp 263-5), Gortane is given in Row. In AS II (1265) 1666 it is 40s in Row parish. Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun, II, p 83, gives a document from 1678 which also assigns it to Row.

6m Gortane with Twllichintawell in 1522 (Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun, II, (1869) pp 334-5 – see under Tullich in Luss parish).



Glen Fruin

See under Cartularium de Levenax pp 91-94 above (= Glanfrone or Glenfrone).



Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun, II, No 64 p 331 gives a precept of 1517 which refers to the sale of:

‘le Strone, extendentes annuatim ad quinque mercatas terrarum antiqui extentus cum pertinenciis, iacentes in capite de Glenfruin’.

(the Strone, extending yearly to 5 merklands old extent, with its pertinents, lying at the head of Glen Fruin).

I am always wary when I see the word ‘annuatim’ (yearly) along with an extent but in this case I think we can ignore it since the other evidence consistently gives Strone as 5m.



AS I (162) 1621 refers to the 3s 4d (¼m) land of Ballenok, part of the 5m land of Auchinwennell. Roy (GM65) marks Balknock.



Cartularium de Levenax p 91, Mald(owen) earl of Lennox granted to Dovenaldo (Donald) son of Macynel:

unam terram in Gleanfreone que dicitur Kealbride, que pro quarta parte unius harathor tenetur per has divisas, scilicet a Lavaran usque rivulum qui dicitur Crosc, sicut ambo descendunt de monte et currunt in Freone … faciendo …  de predicta terra vicesimam partem servitii unius militis

(a land in Glen Fruin called Kilbride – held as a quarter-arachor with these boundaries: from the Lavaran to the burn called Crosc, and as both descend from the hill and run into the River Fruin … doing … for the foresaid land one-twentieth of a knight’s service).

The Lavaran is the burn by Inverlauren (NS 3185). The Crosc burn was probably just west of West Kilbride. (It cannot be the Cross Burn by Auchentullich because that does not run into the River Fruin). Kilbride was a quarterland but the service specified was not that of a quarterland but of one-twentieth of a knight. Were they different? And if the latter was less than the former was this anything to do with the fact that Kilbride may once have been churchland?


Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun, II, pp 116-117, says Meikle Kilbride was afterwards Balliemenoch or Middle Kilbride; Laigh or Little Kilbride was afterwards East Kilbride. He gives Laigh Kilbride as 3m OE. On this basis each of the three Kilbrides was 3m OE.


Douenal Galbrath de Kilbride from the county of Dumbarton signed the Ragman Roll in 1296 (Bannatyne Club p 145). Since the man before him in the list was from Inverlauren we are safe in this attribution.



W Fraser, Cartulary of Colquhoun, Edinburgh, 1873 p 117 No 20 refers to a piece of land called M’Kinnie’s Acre and implies it is part of 40s land of Chappel of Kilbryde. AS II (1429) 1668 refers to the Spittal lands of M’Kinois in Dunbartonshire. (See also Dumbarton Retours No 64 1666 which refers to “terris templariis vocatis Spittellands de M’Kinno”). GD39/5/136 1668 refers to the ‘Temple lands called Spittle lands of Mackinnen in sheriffdom of Dumbarton’. In Roy(PC4) & Roy(GM65) ‘Chaple’ is marked just N of Middle Killbryde. Spittle is marked between Mid Killbryde (to N) & Little Killbryde (to SSW).



W Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 9, is a transumpt, dated 1405, of a charter by Malcolm, Earl of Lennox, dated 1278, to William Galbraith, of ‘Kyrkmychell’ and ‘Drnmmade’ where the latter will be Drumfad.


GD220/2/1/14 of c. 1280 is a charter for ‘Drumloche, in the territory of Buchernoc, and also of the land of Drumfode’.

See also Fraser, Lennox, II, No 14 c. 1280 (& No 15 c. 1280 – spellings the same)

Drumloche in territorio de Buchernoc, et eciam terram nostram de Drumfode

(Drumloche, in the territory of Buchernoc, and also of our land of Drumfode)

After the death of William Galbraith these lands now went to Patrick Graham. Drumloche is in Baldernock. Drumfode will be Drumfad in Row.


Fraser, Chiefs of Colquhoun, I, p 80 gives 40s (3m) Little Drumfad in 1527. On p 373 he gives 2m Little Drumfad or Drumfad-Leckie. See also under Kirkmichael above.


For Finnart, Blarwardan and Strone see also under Rosneath parish.


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