|Name||Value||Date||Grid Ref||Map Sources||Other forms, comments etc|
|Unnamed||½ carucate||1270-1292||See below under Mugdock.|
Easterton of Mugdock
£3 15s would be ¾ of £5.
E. Mukdak (Blaeu)
Roy(FC Pl. 26)
Guthrie Smith (p 53) gives 20s OE but does not give his source.
Presumably part of unnamed half-carucate of Mugdock.
Guthrie Smith pp 69-71. See GD220/1/A/3/6/10 1569.
|Craigend||1657||NS 5477||RHP 503/1||Guthrie Smith (p 52) says part of 20s of Park of Mugdock.|
|Park of Mugdock||20s||1657||Blaeu(Lennox)||Presumably part of unnamed half-carucate of Mugdock.|
|Peach||6s 8d||Blaeu(Lennox)||Guthrie Smith pp 52 & 349 gives Peitch or Old Park as variants. He also (p 52) gives it as 6s 8d OE but gives no source.
Presumably part of unnamed half-carucate of Mugdock.
Peech in Blaeu – E. of Mukdok L.
|Craigallian||NS 5377||Blaeu(Lennox)||Guthrie Smith pp 47-50. Linked with Ballochalary – together named ‘The Boards’.
Presumably part of unnamed half-carucate of Mugdock.
|Edenkill||13s 4d (1m)||S. of R. Blane||=Lemkill in Blaeu? Guthrie Smith pp 65 & 168. Edenkill had a pendicle called Lurg – see Guthrie Smith p 55 & fn 1.|
|Guthrie Smith pp 41-47 & 49 fn2. (4 x 6s 8d lands in 1631-2).
Wester Carbeth = Garvel = Garchill = 3s 4d. See below.
Townhead of …
|Guthrie Smith p 35 fn 1 quoting Auchengillan Writs. See also pp 35-40 & p 348|
|Quinloch||NS 5181/5182||Blaeu(Lennox)||Komlacht in Blaeu. In Strathblane in GD220/1/A/5/1/3 1583 (Guthrie Smith p 192). Also included in GD220/1/A/5/4/2 1597/8. However see also Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, p 253.|
|Part of Mugdock?||N of R. Blane|
|Leddriegreen House||2m||1657||NS 5679||Blaeu(Lennox)||Guthrie Smith p 65 & fn 5 quoting Leddriegreen Writs.
Letirgrein (Blaeu). There is a similar place-name in Drymen parish.
|Kirkhouse||12d||=1s. Guthrie Smith pp 65-66. Had brewing rights.|
|Strathblane Church||NS 5679||Pont(32)
|Both Pont and Blaeu show a church symbol.|
|Total Mugdock||£20 (30m) ?||See below.|
|Kirklands of Strathblane||£10 or 15m||1537||See below.|
|Vicarland||1m||1427||Guthrie Smith p 127 fn 1, p 172 & pp 194-5.
Register of Glasgow, Vol II, pp 326-8.
|<> Ballagan in Kilmaronock.
Guthrie Smith p 16 fn 1 quoting Ballagan Writs.
With hill of Dunglass. Guthrie Smith p 127 quoting Ballagan Writs. See also Retours (Stirling) (91) 1618.
|Dunglass||NS 5778||Blaeu(Lennox)||With Wester Ballagan above.|
|Rest of Strathblane|
|Cuilt||(£5)||1495||NS 5479||Blaeu(Lennox)||Cult (Blaeu). See below.|
|Arlehaven||(90s)||NS 5380/5480||Harlheving (1545-6). =Harsheauch in Blaeu?
Guthrie Smith pp 74-75. See below.
|Achrefmoltoune||‘in tenemento de Strathblachyne’ Cart. de Levenax pp 33-4. Guthrie Smith p 76 fn 1 thought this was Arlehaven. See below.|
OS 6″ 1860
|Balewins (Blaeu). See below.
Hawhouse or West Ballewan in OS 6″ Stirlingshire Sheet XXVII.
(See also under Spittal below).
|(¼m)||1627||‘terris templariis de Ballewne’ have an implied extent of ¼m.
SC67/83/1 1605 refers to the temple lands of Kaislie (Cashley) and Wester Ballewne. GD1/1067/42 1662 refers to the Spittal and Temple lands of Wester Ballewan. See below under Spittal.
OS 6″ 1860
|Roy(GM26) marks Spittle on W side of Spittal Glen.
OS 6″ Stirlingshire Sheet XXVII. See below.
|Duntreath||£20 10s (30¾m)||1627||NS 5381||Pont(32)
|Dungoyak (Pont), Dungnoyok with mill (1627).
Dumguyock (1680). Guthrie Smith p 79. See also Stirling Retours (283) 1680.
|See below under Blairgar.|
|Spittle of Dumgoin||NS 5383||Roy(GM26)||I think Roy means the Spittal of Letter here. See under Killearn.|
|Blairgar||NS 5382||This was part of the Duntreath estate but not included in the £20 10s given in Retours (Stirling) (123) 1627. See below.|
|Blairquhosh||40s (3m)||1596||NS 5381||Blaeu(Lennox)||See below. Blarechos (in Strablane) (Cart. de Levenax pp 47-8). Blarechos (in Strablahane) (Cart. de Levenax pp 73-4, 1398) – also Blaranchos. Blairwhoish (Blaeu). 44s 8d (3m 4s 8d) Stirling Retours (106) 1620|
Strathblane – General
We have a number of early documents concerning Strathblane but they can soon become confusing so I will deal with them first.
GD220/1/A/1/2/3 [sic] is the new number for GD220/2/1/6 [sic] which is also printed as No 6 in Fraser, Lennox, II, p5. Maldowen releases David de Graham from 3m of his rent due for Strathblane. (c. 1240s, probably before 1248)
GD220/1/A/1/2/2 [sic] is the new number for GD220/2/1/7 [sic] which is also printed as No 7 in Fraser, Lennox, II, p6. Maldowen grants David de Graham a half-carucate in Strathblane where the church is built.This followed an exchange between Feruware Macgilmartine and David de Graham of lands in Dundaff for lands in Strathblane.Rent due was 3m.(c. 1240s, probably before 1248)
GD220/2/1/8 is the new number for GD220/1/A/1/2/5 which is also printed as No 8 in Fraser, Lennox, II, p8. Malcolm, Maldowen’s son, grants David de Graham a half-carucate in Strathblane where the church is built.(c. 1248)
GD220/2/1/9 is the new number for GD220/1/A/1/2/4 which is also printed as No 9 in Fraser, Lennox, II, p9.This was issued by Maldowen, after his son Malcolm’s death, and settled the dispute which had arisen between Malcolm and David de Graham.This dates to after the feast of St Peter in chains -1/8/1248.
The documents are consistent in stating that the land in Strathblane amounted to a half-carucate and that the church stood on it. Fraser, No 7 says quod Scotice vocatur Arator (which in Gaelic is called Arachor) whereas Fraser, No 9, says que Scotice vocatur Letarchore (which in Gaelic is called Half-arachor). However, this is an inconsistency I think we can safely ignore. Cartularium de Levenax (pp 38-9) refers to three quarters of a carucate of Strathblane que scotice vocatur arachor (which in Gaelic is called Arachor) and I think the sense in all these documents is that it is the word ‘carucate’ which is rendered in Gaelic as arachor – regardless of how many subdivisions there might be.
The rent of 3m for a half-carucate (and presumably 6m for an carucate) is reminiscent of the old extent valuation of 6m for a pennyland (or davach?) in Arran, Bute and Eastern Cowal.
It appears as Strathblahane in RMS II (165, 166) 1430 (on originals of 1423) or as Strablane in RMS II (634) 1458.
Fraser, Lennox, II, No 7, Charter by Maldouen, earl of Lennox, to Sir David of Grahame c. 1240
illam medietatem carucate terre de Stratblathane ubi ecclesia fundata est … quod Scotice vocatur Arator … Reddendo … annuatim tres marcas argenti …
(that half carucate of Strathblane where the church is built … which in Gaelic is called Arachor … Rendering … 3 merks of silver yearly)
The half-carucate is specified as including two lochs. See also Fraser No’s 6, 8 & 9.
A document in the Cartularium de Levenax (pp 38-9) refers to part of Mugdock c. 1270-1292. Malcolm, earl of Lennox gave Patrick de Grame (Graham):
tres quartarias carucate terre de Strablane, que scotice vocatur arachor, scilicet duas quartarias terre ubi ecclesia de Strablahane fundata est, et unam quartariam terre de Mogadavacros
(three quarters of a carucate of Strathblane, which in Gaelic is called arachor, namely two quarterlands where the church of Strathblane is built and one quarterland of Mogadavacros).
This reiterates the grant above (of a half-arachor on which the church was built) and adds a quarterland of Mogadavacros.
Cartularium de Levenax p 40, Malcolm, earl of Lennox, lists lands held by Patrick de Grame (Graham) as including:
Guthrie Smith (p 12) thought that the ‘quarter’ of Mogadavacros was probably the castle site. He gives (p 12) a further reference to ‘Mukdavacross’ in 1423 from a charter at Buchanan. (For this see also RMS II (165 & 166) 1430, both on originals of 1423, where it is Mukdanacroyfe. In RMS II (634) 1458 it is Mukdow).
The unnamed half-carucate in the above charters, which included the site of the church, was not the same as the kirklands of Strathblane which were situated to the east of the church.
The final ‘quarter’ of the original carucate or arachor of Strathblane was Mugdock-Michell or Easter Mugdock-Michell. We know that it was a quarter because RMS II (2711) 1503 specifically says ‘quartam partem de Mukdok vocatam Mukdokmichell’ (quarter of Mukdok called Mukdokmichell). GD220/1/E/4/4/6 1512 refers to half Mugdock Mitchell being 50s OE. This indicates that the whole of Mugdock Mitchell was 100s or £5.
Guthrie Smith writes that Easter Mugdock-Michell was composed of the towns of Westerton, Middleton and Easterton each worth 33s 4d or 2½m (a total of 100s or £5 or 7½m). He shows (pp 14-15 & 60-65) how Easter Mugdock-Michell was itself subdivided into two sections of three-quarters and a quarter. The former appears in the public records in RMS IV (517) 1550, Retours (Stirling) (366) 1596, (32) 1601, (120) 1627 (239) 1665 – usually as £3-16s (=76s) Old Extent. However in GD86/177 1556 it is given as £3-15s OE which is arithmetically more likely being exactly ¾ of £5. I cannot point to documents which categorically state that Easter Mugdock-Michell was a £5 land or that the three towns of Westerton, Middleton and Easterton were each worth 33s 4d However if three-quarters were given an old extent of 75s then we could expect the whole to have a value of 100s or £5. Since Guthrie Smith had researched the estate in the archives of local families I am happy to take his word for these assessments although I have no specific documentary references.
Assuming all the quarterlands had equal value then the whole arachor or carucate of Mugdock would have been worth £20 or 30m.
Guthrie Smith (p 13) thought that the unnamed half-carucate – wherein lay the church – also included Craigend, Leddriegreen, Edenkill, Dumbroch, Peitch & Craigallian. These comprise the Mugdock lands north of Mugdock Loch – although I am not certain it would have contained lands north of the River Blane. Theoretically it should have been worth £10 (or 200s or 15m). Components seem to have included Dumbroch (20s), Park (including Craigend) (20s), Peach (6s 8d) and Edenkill (1m) which total 4½m. Leddriegreen would have added another 2m, Kirkhouse another 1s – both are north of the river. I have no extent for Craigallian. On the basis of what follows I do not think we should include Carbeth (2m), Auchengillan (20s) or Quinloch.
Fraser, Lennox, II, No 3, Alexander II confirms charter of Maldouen to Simon Croc c. 1225:
de Brengrochane et Kynmonedhane et Garbethe
(of Brengrochane & Kynmonedhane & Garbethe)
Brengrochane = Balgrochan (by Torrance in Campsie parish); Garbethe = Carbeth; Kynmonedhane = Kilmannan – just west in Killearn parish. See also GD220/2/1/3.
Fraser, Lennox, II, No 13, Resignation by Simon Crok c. 1272
de Brengrouchan, Kilmonethan, et Garthebeth
(as above). See also GD220/2/1/13 c. 1272
The 2m of Carbeth – and specifically an eighth of it belonging to the Ronald family – is documented in GD220/1/L/2/5/1-13 1660-1757. There is also reference to ‘McMeath’s land’.
Kirklands of Strathblane
The Kirklands of Strathblane comprise a long sliver of land lying to the east of the church of Strathblane and which extend both north and south of the river. Guthrie Smith pp 127-8 gives the Kirklands as £10 Old Extent (quoting Craigbarnet Writs for 1537). I think this would be equivalent to half a carucate. (See also W Fraser, Stirlings of Keir, No 164, which gives them as £10 in 1544). In Appendix IV (p 315) Guthrie Smith gives a rental of the Kirklands from before 1681 which helps identify the component properties. They comprised Broadgate, Kirkland (including Muirhouse), Holle, Mikbrews possell, Miller, Vickerland, Bleu Riske, Walter Munnock’s possel, William Mason’s malling and James Mason’s acre. (‘Possel/possle’ and ‘malling/mailing’ refer to types of smallholding). A 1726 rental is given on p 316. This gives further subdivisions which include horsegangs. On pp 126-156, 351-2, and in Chapter VI, Guthrie Smith goes into a great deal more detail about the history of the Kirklands. His summary on p 126 gives the components as Muirhouse, Hillhead, Braidgate, Vicarland, Hole possle, Macbrew, the Mill of Ballagan, Easter & Wester Ballagan and the Hill of Dunglass. Easter and Wester Ballagan were each 40s (or 3m) and Vicarland was 1m. The remaining farms must have come to 8m between them.
Guthrie Smith details Cuilt on pp 81-3, 131, 157-8 & 322-323. It appears it was divided in half by 1445 – the River Blane being the boundary. In 1495 the half lying on the north side of the river (called Cult Stirling, Cult Craigbarnet or Cult Craig) is described as £2 10s Old Extent (Ballewan Writs). We can therefore conclude Cult was originally a £5 land – which in Strathblane would be a quarter carucate or arachor. On pp 322-323 Guthrie Smith gives a document from 1570 which gives the boundaries of Cult Stirling in detail. They begin at ‘Sanct Makkessokis well’.
The other Cuilt lay on the south side of the River Blane and was known as Cult Edmonstone (see RMS IV (1838) 1568-9). The Gowk’s Stane seems to have been a significant boundary marker (see Guthrie Smith p 257 fn 3 & p 350).
Divided into two parts of 50s (belonging to the Edmonstones) and 40s (belonging to the Douglases of Main) – but Guthrie Smith does not give the precise documentary sources. See http://www.edmonstone.com – accessed 29/3/2016. (For Dallinschachan see under Duntreath below).
Cartularium de Levenax pp 33-4: Donald earl of Lennox to William Galbraith (before 1364)
totam terram nostram de Achrefmoltoune in tenemento de Strathblachyne
(our whole land of Achrefmoltoune in the holding of Strathblane).
Guthrie Smith discusses Ballewan on p 80 & pp 157-165. Before 1445 Ballewan was divided in two – Wester and Easter (or Meikle). The latter was in turn divided in two to make Middle Ballewan and Easter Ballewan (of which Middle Ballewan was the western half). The three properties took their by-names from their owners and were Wester Ballewan (Ballewan Lennox), Middle Ballewan (Ballewan Edmonstone) and Easter Ballewan (Ballewan Buchanan). Guthrie Smith (p 80) gives them each as 50s lands which would give the total value of Ballewan as 150s (£7 10s or 11¼m). Again I am happy to accept Guthrie Smith’s total.
Balyone (Lennox) is 40s in RMS III (3140) 1545 & V (76) 1580. Balyewne (Buchanan) is 50s in RMS III (3270) 1546.
£5 Balzion alias Ballewins-Buchanan et Lenox (i.e. both Ballewan Buchanan & Ballewan Lennox) in Dumbarton Retours (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662, (71) 1680) – presumably 50s each.
(Temple) or Spittal of Ballewan
SC67/83/1 1605 refers to the temple lands of Kaislie (Cashley) and Wester Ballewne. They are referred to as ‘terris templariis de Ballewne’ in Stirling Retours (123) 1627 – with an implied extent of ¼m. Guthrie Smith p 95 gives a reference to them in the Duntreath Writs as ‘the Temple lands of the Hospital of Ballewan’. The Temple lands in the 3 parishes of Killearn, Strathblane & Campsie (as given in Stirling Retours (123) 1627) were probably 3s 4d (or ¼m) each. GD1/1067/42 1662 refers to the Spittal and Temple lands of Wester Ballewan. McNiven pp 37-8, Guthrie Smith, Strathblane, p 95.
JA Twemlow (ed.), Calendar of Entries in the Papal Registers: Papal Letters, Vol 8, pp 100-101, deals with Gilbert de Bannory’s (Bandry, by Luss) acquisition of the ‘poor’ hospital of Geratblathan (Strathblane) in May 1429. On p 102 it is revealed as vacant by the death of William de Chonigan (Cunningham). AI Cameron, The Apostolic Camera and Scottish Benefices (1418-1488), p 97, shows how Gilbert obliged himself for the annates.
For ‘The Spittal of Ballewan, a small acreage of land on the western side (now known as the High Haggles Field)’ see http://www.edmonstone.com – accessed 29/3/2016.
GD430/76 1409, on an original of c. 1344 x c. 1364, gives a precursor of the Duntreath estate consisting of Dumgoyach, Redding, hill called Duntreath, lands of Blairgar and of Dunfin.
GD220/2/1/64 1473, which is printed in Fraser, Lennox, II pp 94-6, gives Duntrethe, Dungoyake, the Quhilt, Ballovyne, Blargare, Enbulg, the Glyn, and Carcarone.
RMS IV (1838) 1568-9 sets out a Duntreath estate consisting of Duntreif, Arleyvin, Dungoyok cum molendino, Blairgerry, et lie Quylt super latus australe torrentis de Blane, dimedietatem de Ballewyn-Eister, lie Cawnysglyn et Gartkeron. (Duntreath, Arlehaven, Dumgoyach with mill, Blairgar, and Cuilt on the south side of the River Blane, half of East-Ballewan, Cunnisglen (=Glinns, Balfron) and Gartcarron. Stirling Retours (123) 1627, (149) 1634, (187) 1647, (237) 1665 set out a similar list. Duntreath itself and its Mains and mill come to an old extent of £20 10s; then come Dungnoyok (with mill), Arlevin, Quilt, Edmestone, Dalmoschochane, Ballewne, Blairgar, Karcarrane (or Gartcarron) alias Kercattoun (with mill), Glennis alias Cunisglene, Glenboig (with mill), with a collective old extent of £20 (30m). This gives a total extent for the Duntreath estate of £40 10s but not all of this lies within Strathblane. Dalmoschochane was probably Dallinschachan which was part of Arlehaven-Edmonstone (Guthrie Smith pp 74 & 78). Glinns lies in Balfron parish, Gartcarron and Glenboig in Fintry. Glenboig is not listed in 1568-9.
Guthrie Smith (p 104 fn 3) quotes from ER IV p 589 in 1434 which shows that Arlehaven, Drumfyn and Duntreath were then worth 10m per year.
An early charter of the Duntreath estate is given in facsimile by Irving (Vol I between pages 114 & 115). This is dated 1445 and lists Duntreath, Dumgoyach, Blairgar, the western half of Mekill Ballewan and half of Cultie. If we compare this with the 1568-9 document then Mekill and East Ballewan must be the same.
According to http://www.edmonstone.com – accessed 29/3/2016 – Blairgarrbeg includes the hill of Dumgoyne.
Cartularium de Levenax pp 47-48 – Malcolm, earl of Lennox to Gillemore son of Malise called Bane:
illam terram in Strablane que vocatur Blarechos
(that land in Strathblane called Blarechos). Guthrie Smith dates this to 1272-1282
Cartularium de Levenax pp 73-74, At Ynchemurin 10 May 1398, Duncan, earl of Lennox granted Malise Carrach:
illam terram in Strablahane que vocatur Blarechos
(that land in Strathblane called Blarechos)
Malise and heirs male to hold
dictam terram de Blaranchos
(said land of Blaranchos)
Guthrie Smith discusses Blairquhosh on pp 83-93. He quotes the Duntreath Writs to show it was divided into thirds in 1493. The east third part became Blairquhosh Edmonstone. The other two-thirds (one-third Buchanan, one-third Drummond) became known as Blairquhosh Cunninghame. Blairquhosh Cunninghame is described as 50s (3¾m) Old Extent in RMS IV (227) 1548. It is 40s (3m) OE in Retours (Stirling) (366) 1596. It is 40d (which must be a mistake for 40s) OE in Retours (Stirling) (32) 1601. It is 40s in GD86/428 1616. In Retours (Stirling) (106) 1620 it is given as 44s 8d (which may be a mistake for 46s 8d which would be 3½m. Given these vagaries it is difficult to be sure of a total extent for Blairquhosh – at a minimum I would say 60s or £3 (4½m).
According to http://www.edmonstone.com – accessed 29/3/2016:
in 1493, it was divided into three parts. The deed narrates “That the said Archibald Edmonstone and his heirs for ever shall have that east third part near the lands of Duntreath beginning from the burn of Croftelan, descending to the Water of the Blane by the ridge where the oak grows.”
This oak, known as “The Meikle Tree”, which stood by the roadside at Blairquhosh, was a favourite trysting place both for peaceful purposes and for the assembling of the Strathblane branch of the Clan Buchanan in times of war. It survived as a local landmark until the 1960’s when, because it was dying and dangerous, it had to be cut down.
“Blairquhosh Cunninghame” … afterwards belonged to the Buchanans of Carbeth, with whom it remained until 1857 when it was bought by Sir Archibald Edmonstone … It comprises the farms of Blairquhosh Cunninghame, Burnfoot, and Drummickeich.