Drymen Table


Edgar(1745) = Map in Nimmo’s Stirlingshire (1777) after W Edgar’s survey of 1745.

Name Value Date Grid Ref Map Sources Other forms, comments etc
Drymen     NS 4788 Blaeu(Lennox) See below.
Drumdash       Blaeu(Lennox) Drummadash between Drymen & R Endrick in Blaeu. But see under Catter in Kilmaronock parish. A Haldane property.
Spittal de Drumman   1548     See below under Spittal(Drymen)
Spittlenakerk         See below and also under Ibert.
Ibert     NS 468884 Blaeu(Lennox)

OS 6″ 1861

See below. WSW of Drymen in Nimmo’s map from Edgar.

OS 6″ Stirlingshire Sheet XX 1861.

Park     c. NS 4787 Edgar(1745)  
Drumbeg     NS 4788 Blaeu(Lennox)




Trien b. in Blaeu. Just E of Balnatoin, just N of Endrick Water. Possibly < Gaelic trian (one-third) – of which there are several examples in English in Lennox. Trenebeg in Timperley p 324.

There is another Treinbeg in Killearn parish.

Drumquhassle (Mains) 9m 1512 NS 4886/4887 Blaeu(Lennox) GD220/1/E/4/4/6. See also below.
Dalnair     NS 4986 Blaeu(Lennox)  
Gartness 2 bovates 1617 NS 4986/5086 Pont(32)


See below.
Ballintone 2m




c. NS 4787 Blaeu(Lennox)


2m (1596, 1601, 1616, 1638, 1646).

See below.

Ballintone 3m 1625     40s (3m) 1625, 1655, 1662, 1680, 1720, 1750, 1756.

33s 4d (2½m) in GD47/121 1673. See below.

Gartacharn £5 1660 NS 4987 Blaeu(Lennox)


Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick pp 303-5. Later divided.

Part of the Napier-Edinbellie estate.

Blairnavaid £5 (7½m) 1546 NS 4888 Blaeu(Lennox) Subdivided into Wester & Easter – 50s each in Dumbarton Retours (99) 1582. £10 in 1545 & 1580 but this may include another property. See below.
Spittal of Blarnavaid



NS 494901


Grassom 1817

OS 6″(1861)

GD47/1138. RHP83633 of 1789. OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XIV. I assume this is the Spittal of Blarnavaid.

GD47/400 [1702] refers to Easter & Wester Blairnavaids and Spitells thereof so it is just possible there was a Spittal in each. (Also GD47/97 1770).



£5 (7½m)

40s (3m)



NS 4987 Blaeu(Lennox) GD47/36. £4 in GD430/148. AS II (142) 1622 is for £4 (6m) Blaironer in Dunbartonshire. It is possible this is Blairoer.
Blairfad 40s (3m) 1590 NS 5090 Blaeu(Lennox) GD86/295 & 299. In barony of Drumquhassill (40s OE Stirling Retours (112) 1621). See below.

+ crofts

£4 (6m) 1625 NS 480889 Blaeu(Lennox)


OS 6″(1861)

Dumbarton Retours (25) 1625. The other Dumbarton Retours: (53) 1655, (57) 1662, (71) 1680, all give 4m not £4. Half belonged to the Haldane family. See below.
Broustar Croft     NS 4788   See below.
Craigievern quarterland   NS 4991 Pont(32)


Craiovern in GD220/1/E/4/4/6 1512. March with Bohellachin described in GD220/1/K/2/2/16 1737. See below.
Altquhur Burn     NS 4991 Blaeu(Lennox) This is often referred to in the documents. Aldwhurn in Blaeu.
Baddivow 2½m 1587 NS 5193   NRAS156/1/29 [1587]. Part of the Napier-Edinbellie estate.
Lednabra     NS 5089 Blaeu(Lennox) Laed/narew (Blaeu). This either is, or is close to, Ladinrew which was part of the Drumquhassle estate.
Ledinrew 40s (3m) 1619     = Lednabra now? Laidinrew 40s OE in GD86/452.

Part of Drumquhassle estate.


Balfunning Douglas

Easter Balfunning

Wester Balfunning


2 x

¼ lands?

£4 (6m)



13th C.






NS 5089

NS 5189



RHP694/1 1787

Blaeu specifies ‘2. Bofunnlas’. Roy(GM26) gives 4.

See below.

40s GD220/1/E/4/4/8 1524, £4 GD86/352

= Balfunning-Logan in GD220/1/E/4/5/4 1681.

GD86/279. GD86/299 1591.

Spittal Ballat     NS 5290    
Templelea     NS 5290   = Temple Ballat in OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XIV. McNiven p 26. Ex-Templars.

‘Waster Ballat’


£5 (7½m)



c. NS 5290/5291   Easter, Wester and Middle Ballat. See below.
Douchlage     NS 5392   Part of Napier-Edinbellie estate.
Gartachoil     NS 5393    
Garchell 5m


1546 NS 5494 Blaeu(Lennox) = 5m Garquhaill in RMS III (3270) 1546? Name of a carucate?

5m (1625, 1655, 1662, 1680). See below.

Offerance of Garchell


Wester Offerance of Garchell

    c. NS 553964


NS 544960




OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet VIII 1860.


OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet VIII 1860.

Offerance     NS 5496 Grassom(1817) This is separate to the Offerance of Garchell – although near. It must have been separated from another farm.
Blarindess quarterland       See under Garchell.
Old Auchentroig

Wester Auchentroig

£5 (7½m)


1625 NS 5493

NS 5493

Blaeu(Lennox) 10m with Gartkerochane & Gartclach in RMS III (3270) 1546.

See below and under Garchell.

Spital (of Auchentroig)     NS 546937 OS(1861-3) OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XV 1861-3.

Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 74.

Gartcurrachan (2½m?)   NS 5393 Roy(PC67) =Gartkerochane. This & Gartclach possibly 2½m (see under Auchentroig above).
Gartclach quarterland   NS 5194 Roy(PC67) (See under Auchentroig above, Ward & Garchell below).
Gartfarran     NS 5295/5395 Roy(PC67) A ‘homestead moat’ suggests an important site but I have no valuation for Gartfarran.
Bohellachin 40s (3m) 1596 NS 508937 Roy(PC67)

OS 6″(1861)

<Boch. March with Craigievern described in GD220/1/K/2/2/16 1737.
Dalmary     NS 512955 OS 6″(1860)  
Drummond =

(Drummond +








    Lordship of = £40 Scots in GD160/2/7 1495/6. Cf RMS II (2299).

Also in GD160/126/3 1535/1536. This is possibly £30 Drummond & £10 Duchray as in GD22/2/2 1488. Laing Charters (198) 1488.

Drummond alias Drymen in GD220/1/C/5/3/2 1631.




£10 40d


1482     = Lead? RMS II (1521). With the mill of Drummond.

= Auchaltie.

= Gartnabrodnaig.

Lead     NS 4995 Roy(PC67)


I suspect Ladrigrene of 1482 has now been contracted to Lead. I can find no other trace of this name and it is not Leddriegreen in Strathblane parish.
Auchaltie     NS 495947 Roy(PC67)


Wester Gartnabrodnaig

Easter Gartnabrodnaig

    NS 493952

NS 498954

OS 6″(1860)

OS 6″(1860)

Now Corrie on Explorer 365.

Now Kindrum on Explorer 365

Drumlaighart     NS 487954 OS 6″ 1860  
2 x Corrie


5m 1667  

NS 478956


OS 6″ 1860


Now marked as High Corrie on Explorer 365. See below.

Monessan 2½m 1667   Edgar(1745)


Moressan(Edgar). See below.
Duchray 15m   NS 4899 Roy(PC67) See above and below.
Borland Farm     NS 5196   Presumably a former ‘Bordland’ farm.
Spittal (Blarnaboard)     NS 5097   South of Blarnaboard, west of Gartmore. See below and under Spittle of Roselickans.
Spittle of Roselickans   1706     This is listed in GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706 and is possibly the name for the Spittal south of Blarnaboard.
Kepculloch 5m 1552-3 NS 5491 Blaeu(Lennox)  
Kepdowrie <10m





NS 5594 Blaeu(Lennox) Wester, Easter & Over, all in NS 5594. Kipdowry & Ardas(1425).

Ardas is Herdas in GD 198/3 of early 14th century.

= Ardess (Inchcailloch parish). Part of Haldane estate. See below.

Gartinstarry 2m + 1598 NS 553938 Blaeu(Lennox) Part of Gartinstarrie was 2m in GD22/1/454 1598.
Spittal of Gartinstarrie   1657     Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 74.
Ward     NS 5394   This may be ‘Ward of Gartclagh’ (Gartclach) in GD22/1/458 1723.
(Upper) Balwill






NS 5492 RHP 1866/2

RHP 1866/3



Ballaird     NS 5591/5592   Part of Haldane estate.
Spittal of Ballaird   1665 NS 5591/5592   McNiven p 35, Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 74.
Ballochneck     NS 5593 Roy(GM Pl.70)


Marked twice on Grassom.

= Middle Cashley

    NS 5692 RHP 1866/2

RHP 1866/3

In RHP 1866/2 Over Cashly is described as Upper Gowston.

Middle Cashley alias Gowstoun in GD22/1/454 – title.

See Harperston below.


= Wester Cashley

      RHP 1866/2

RHP 1866/3

With Gowston seems to have formed part of Cashlie.

Wester Cashley alias Harperstoun in GD22/1/454 – title.

Cashley     NS 5693 Blaeu(Lennox)

RHP 1866/2

RHP 1866/3

Probably originally a carucate. See GD198/3 & 5 of early 14th century. GD 198/3 if for ⅛ and GD198/5 is for ¼ (probably separate).
Offerance of Cashley ½m 1545     Presumably one or more of the three immediately following.

See also below.

Wester Offerance

Nether Easter Offerance

Over Easter Offerance

    NS 5795

NS 5896

NS 580970




3 ‘Offerances’ or 1 Offerance divided into 3. One of these is probably Blaeu’s ‘Offron’.

They may be the ‘Offerance of Cashley’.

Spittal     NS 5794   Kippen parish. See below under Spittal(Cashley).
Mye (Wester)

Mye (Easter)

(1m?) 1695 NS 5794

NS 5894

Blaeu(Lennox) Stirling Retours (319) 1695 refers to the lands of Wester & Midle Myes as 14s 4d (OE). This is more likely to be 13s 4d or 1 merk.

Mye is linked to Fynneich-Tennand in RMS II (2297) 1495-6.

Casleis &


20m 1545     Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 210 – 30m in 1474?

In Dumbarton Retours (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662 & (71) 1680 this 20m is described as including Fynvick-Drummond, Cashleyis, Offringis, Gartinstarrie. Also in GD220/1/H/3/2/5 1706.



Finnich Glen

High Finnich





NS 4984

NS 4983




See below. O. Finnik, M. Finnich, Finnich m.(Blaeu).

Fenigh, East Fenigh in Roy(GM26).


Finnichtennent in Grassom.

Finnich Tennent

Easter Finnich Tennent





NS 4983 Grassom (1817)

OS 6″ 1861

GD430/60 1518. Finnichtennent (Grassom).

See below.

Finnich Drummond or

Finnich Cunningham or

Laigh Finnich





NS 493853 Grassom (1817) Finnichdrummond (Grassom).

See below.

Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 219.

Finnich Malise




  NS 4785/4885


Grassom (1817) Finnichmalice (Grassom).

See below.

Finnich Blair £5 (7½m)




NS 4885 Grassom (1817) Finnichblair (Grassom).

See below.

Spittal of Finnich Tennent   1518-19     See below.


Arngibbon in Finnick 6s 8d (½m) 1512     GD220/1/E/4/4/6. See below under Spittal of Finnick-Tennent.
Temple of Finnich Tennent   1478-9     See below.
Spittal of

Finnich Drummond

  1527     See below.
Finnick-Drummond Offerance   1879     Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, pp 211, 219.
Temple or Spittal of Finnich-Malise   1669  


  See below.




Wester Cameron

Cameron Burn

Cameron Muir


Mid Cameron















NS 4583

NS 4582

NS 4683


NS 464838







OS (1861)

Camrons (Blaeu). See below.

GD47/121 1673 5m Wester Camrone Buchanan.

Roy(GM26) marks West Cameron and also East Cameron (to E of Culalice which is Collalis in NS 4584).



OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XX 1861.

Aucheneck ½m   NS 4883   See below under Cameron.
Collalis     NS 4584/4684 Roy(GM19) Culalice (Roy(GM19))
Conachra £5 1516/17 NS 4584 Blaeu(Lennox) Connochra(Blaeu) See under Gartachorrans below.

See also Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 316.

(Low) Gartachorrans


High Gartachorrans





NS 4785


NS 465848



OS (1861)

With Conachra above. See below.


OS 6″ 1st Series Stirlingshire Sheet XX 1861.

Total 172¼m        




Drymen is a very large parish and probably represents an amalgam of previously distinct units. The northern half of the parish drains into the Forth and the North Sea, the southern half into the Endrick, Loch Lomond and the Clyde. Since a watershed lies between the two halves this seems a very unnatural combination and is probably a relatively late arrangement. In earlier times there were probably at least 3 units: one to the north of the watershed; one to south of the watershed but north of the Endrick; and one south of the Endrick.

The church must have owned some land in Drymen because NRS RH6/2586 1581 is a:

Feu Charter by Master Thomas Archibald, perpetual vicar pensioner of the parish kirk of Drimmen … granting to … Thomas Buchannan of Ibert … four kirk acres with a piece or rood of meadow thereof, with houses and yards thereof, pertaining to said vicarage and then occupied by Sir Neil Menteith, lying in the parish of Drimmen.


Spittal (Drymen)

This is the Spittal of Drymen:

called ‘Craginschedrach’ in RMS IV (227) 1548;

called ‘Craiginschedraich’ in Retours (Stirling) (366) 1596;

called ‘Cragynschedraiche’ in Retours (Stirling) (32) 1601;

called ‘Craigmichiedroich’ in GD220/1/E/4/5/1 1638;

called ‘Craiginchidrache’ in Retours (Stirling) (186) 1646;

called Craiginsch-Lodraich’ in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685;

see also GD220/1/C/5/2/7 1605 for references to Spittle and Chapeltoun in Drummond.



We find the name ‘Spittlenakerk’ (Spittal of the Kirk) several times in the documents so this may not be the same as the Spittal above. It may have been classed as part of the lands of Ibert (see following entry). There are references in GD220/1/K/4/4/1 1669, GD220/1/K/5/3/1 1707, GD220/1/K/5/3/2 1707. GD220/1/K/4/4/1 1669 refers to ‘the lands of Ibert of Drymen and whole pendicles and spittles thereof, and the foresaid Park and Park lands of Drymen, Balliandra and Spittlenakerk’. (This might imply two Spittals belonging to Ibert as well as Spittal na Kirk). See also GD47/63 1655.



RMS VI (1005) 1600 refers to ‘terras ecelesiasticas de Ybert, olim vicarie pensionarie de Drymmen spectantes’ (church lands of Ybert, formerly belonging to the vicar pensioner of Drymen). (See also GD47/99 1611). They are ‘terris ecclesiasticis de Ibert’ in Stirling Retours (108) 1621 which gives an Extent of £16 6s 8d. Stirling Retours (300) 1685 gives the lands of Ibert an Extent of £10. These values seem too high but GD220/1/K/5/3/1 & 2 1707 refer to the lands of Ibert ‘comprehending’ (i.e. including) the Park & Parklands of Drymen, Balliandra & Spittlenakerk. GD220/1/K/4/4/1 1669 and GD220/1/K/7/3/3, 4 & 5 – all of 1742 – refer to the lands of Ibert of Drymen, lands of Park & Parklands of Drymen, Ballindra & Spittle-na-kerk and so imply that the properties were separate. The explanation may be that these small properties were sometimes grouped together under the collective name of Ibert. See also GD220/1/K/5/3/8 1739.



Cartularium de Levenax pp 48-49, Malcolm, earl of Lennox to John, son of Alan de Lany

illam terram que vocatur Drumchastell

(that land called Drumchastell).


GD220/1/E/4/4/6 1512 refers to 9m (£6) OE Drumquhassle plus £10 (15m) OE of Balfunning, Blairfad, Lednerew and Craiovern. In RMS IV (517) 1550 there is reference to a £16 (24m) estate consisting of Drumquhassill, Boquhynning, Blairfad, Ladinrew, Cranevarne (Craigievern). This is repeated in Stirling Retours (366) 1596, (32) 1601. This estate matches with the first 5 properties mentioned within the Drumquhassill estate in Dumbarton Retours (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662, (71) 1680. These refer to a £25 estate consisting of: Drumquhassill, Bowquhynning, Blairfad, Laddinrew, Craigievairne, (all Drymen), Killairnane (or Balernane) (Killearn?), Easter-Mugdock-Michell (Strathblane), Blairquhoyis (Strathblane) and Middillinebog (Killearn). (Although the arithmetic may suggest that Blairquhoyis and Middillinebog were extra to the £25).


Stirling Retours (84) 1616 refers to £6 OE of the ‘mains lands’ of Drumquhassill. Stirling Retours (226) 1658 mentions 40s (3m) as ⅓ of Drumohasle. Wester, Easter and Park of Drumquhassle are marked on modern maps.



Retours (Dumbarton) (19) 1617 and (75) 1684 both refer to 2 bovates of Gartness. Since this evidence is relatively late and since bovates in Lennox are conspicuous by their absence I have not attached much weight to it.



Ballintone is complicated. The name could be spelled in a variety of ways. There are plenty of references to 2m Ballintone but also several to 3m Ballintone. It appears on Blaeu’s map of Lennox as Balnatoin quite close to the Endrick, west of Trien b., south of Druymnakill and east of Drummadash. This appears on Roy’s Fair Copy as Ballintone c. NS 4787. (See also under Broustar Croft above).

However the map by Edgar in 1745 which appears in Nimmo’s Stirlingshire (1777) marks Balindom ESE of Garbans and NE of Stucantagart (c. NS 4590?). It seems quite likely then that there were two Ballintones in Drymen – neither of which have survived onto today’s map. One of these was worth 2m and is recorded from 1548 when it belonged to the Cunninghams of Drumquhassle. The other was worth 3m and is recorded from 1625. However this interpretation is speculative and GD47/121 1673 refers to 33s 4d (2½m) Ballentone. To confuse matters further, Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, p 310, shows it appearing as ‘Bultoune’ (see for instance GD47/7 1494; or ‘Bultoun’ in GD47/6 1491). I have not managed to resolve this yet.



This appears to have included at least one island on Loch Lomond spelled variously: Inchmoan (1490), Inchemone (1545), Inchemoyr (1580), Inchmoir (1625), Inchmonie (1646), Inchmoin (1680). This will be Inchmoan. (For island + fishing rights see GD430/92 & 93 1490). Dumbarton Retours (99) 1582 mentions Inchemiryne (Inchmurrin?). Some of the later Dumbarton Retours make it sound as if the property included another island called Blaron but I suspect this is a reference to Blairoer.



See under Balfunning and Craigievern for early references to Blairfad (Blarnefode/Blarefode). Blairfode in GD25/1/1 c. 1290. In GD86/295 of 3/6/1590 Blairfad is given as 20s OE whereas in GD86/296 of 4/6/1590 it is given as 40s. I think the former is a mistake or only refers to part of the farm.



GD220/1/K/5/1/2 1739 gives £8 Drumikill but this is late evidence.

We have several references to crofts and their soums in Drumakill:

GD47/1 1447 refers to Duchare Croft. See also GD 47/13 1512/1513; GD47/1080 1605; GD47/160 1614.

GD47/2 1454 refers to an unnamed croft and grazing in association with (the keeping of ?) ‘scutum Sancti Columbani’.

GD47/3 c. 1462 refers to Croft Ewyr, on the east side of the king’s highway. See also GD 47/17 1518/1519.

GD47/10 1508, GD47/34 1591 and GD47/162 1617 refer to a little yard near the church of Drymen – possibly held by a léich (doctor).

GD47/14 1513 refers to Brostaris Croft (see immediately following entry), Makcalpynis Croft and Croft Ewir.

GD47/17 1518-19 refers to Broustar Croft, Makcalpinnis Croft and Croft Evar. In GD47/24 1539 these are Browstar Croft, Makcalpinis Croft and Uvircroft. These crofts were held along with the Spittal of Finnich-Tennent and the ‘Baicland’ of Catter.

GD47/58 1649 possibly refers to another croft – it has a different souming allowance.

Are we glimpsing some early mediaeval ecclesiastical administration in these crofts?

GD86/30 1478-9 shows the McCalpene family also held the Templar lands of Finnich-Tennent (see below).

GD47/48 1633 shows Callindrewine was part of Drumakill. (Also GD47/71 1667). See RHP30938.


Broustar Croft

There are a number of documents which link the mediaeval church with brewing arrangements. This may be what we see in the following. GD47/6 1491 describes the ‘Brostar Croft, with manse and buildings of the same, near the church of Drummon [Drymen], on the north side of the cemetery thereof, between the cemetery and the lands of Drummekiln [Drumakill, qv], the highway to the church on the west and the lands of Baynton [Ballintone?] on the east’.

Broustar Croft appears, along with two other named crofts, in GD47/14 1513, GD47/17 1518-19 & GD47/24 1539. See also GD47/38 1599 and Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 314.



Cartularium de Levenax pp 43-44, Malcolm, earl of Lennox to Gilbert of Carric

illam quartariam terre que dicitur Cronverne, et illam quartariam terre que vocatur Buchmonyn propinquius adjacentem terre de Ballatt, in comitatu nostro de Levenax, et illam petiam terre que dicitur Blarefode adjacentem dicte terre de Cromverne

(that quarterland called Cronverne, and that quarterland called Buchmonyn contiguous to Ballatt, in our earldom of Lennox, and that piece of land called Blarefode contiguous to the said land of Cromverne).

Cromiearne in GD25/1/1 c. 1290.

Cronverne/Cromverne/Cromiearne may seem lexically distant to Craigievern but the geographical description fits perfectly. Ballat lies 2 kms NE of Easter Balfunning. Blairfad lies 1 km NW of Balfunning Douglas. Craigievern lies 1 km NW of Blairfad. In addition earlier spellings of Craigievern include Craiovern (1512) & Cranevern (1596).



Cartularium de Levenax pp 29-30, Malcolm earl of Lennox to Arthur Galbraith:

illam quartariam terre de Buchmonyn que propinquior est terre de Blarnefode

(that quarterland of Buchmonyn which is nearer to the land of Blarnefode)


The spellings in the documents below show that Buchmonyn has become Balfunning. Buchmonyn is also listed as one of Arthur Galbraith’s possessions on pp 28-9. Blairfad lies about 1 kilometre NW of Balfunning Douglas so this document probably refers to the quarterland of Balfunning Douglas.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 43-44, Malcolm, earl of Lennox to Gilbert of Carric

 illam quartariam terre que vocatur Buchmonyn propinquius adjacentem terre de Ballatt

(that quarterland called Buchmonyn contiguous to Ballatt).


Easter Balfunning is nearer to Ballat. So far it seems that Balfunning was at least 2 quarterlands.


Buchmonyn-Kennedy in GD25/1/1 c. 1290.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 44-45, Duncan earl of Lennox – confirmation to John Kennedy, 1393

de terris … de Buchmonyn

(of the lands … of Buchmonyn)


RMS II (2648) 1502 refers to Boquhyning-Logane; GD86/299 1591 gives 2½m Balfunning-Logane; Stirling Retours (46) 1604 gives £4 Eister Boquhynyngis; GD86/352 1604 gives £4 OE Eister Balquhyning. Stirling Retours (186) 1646 refers to Balfinnen-Loggane within the Drumquhassle estate. RSS III (1464) 1545-6 refers to Baythfynneine-Dowglas and Batfynneing-Logane. Stirling Retours (203) 1653 gives 3 Balfiningis. GD220/1/E/4/5/4 1681 refers to Easter Balfunning, Middle Balfunning and lands of Wester Balfunning alias Balfunning Logan. Roy(GM26) gives West Balfinnen, Mid Balfinnen, Wr Balfinnen and E. Balfinnen.

RHP694/1 1787 is a plan of the marches in dispute between Walter Buchanan of Balfuning and William Neilson of Easter Balfuning. See also RHP44820-3 1783 &1788.


I am not sure exactly how the two parts (belonging to the Logan and Douglas families) were divided or subdivided.



Cartularium de Levenax p 43, Malcolm, earl of Lennox refers to:

terra de Garruchel et de Buchlat

(land of Garchell & Ballat)


Cartularium de Levenax pp 43-44, Malcolm, earl of Lennox to Gilbert of Carric

 illam quartariam terre que vocatur Buchmonyn propinquius adjacentem terre de Ballatt

(that quarterland called Buchmonyn contiguous to Ballatt).

Ballat lies 2 kms NE of Easter Balfunning.



Cartularium de Levenax p 43, Malcolm, earl of Lennox, to Michael Mackessane, referring to:

terra de Garruchel et de Buchlat

(land of Garchell & Ballat)


Cartularium de Levenax pp 75-76, Duncan, earl of Lennox, granted to Arthur (son of Andrew, son of Nigel (Neill)), and Celestine Maclachlane:

illa tria quartaria terre in tenemento de Garchellis, videlicet Blarindess, Auchintroig et Garthclachach

(those three quarterlands in the holding of Garchell, viz. Blarindess, Auchintroig and Garthclachach)

Arthur and Celestine to hold these lands as Michael Mackessane held those three quarterlands from our predecessors


Cartularium de Levenax p 76,            Duncan, earl of Lennox confirmed charters of Eugenius of Garchell and Margaret, daughter of Malcolm of Garchell, made to the ancestors of our kinsmen Arthur (son of Andrew, son of Nigel (Neill)) and Celestine Maklachlane:

de tribus quartariis terre in tenemento de Garchell, videlicet Blarindess, Auchintroig et de Gartclachach

(of three quarterlands in the holding of Garchell, viz. Blarindess, Auchintroig and of Gartclachach)


From the above it sounds as if Garchel was the original name of the ‘carucate’ and it also comprised the quarterlands of Blarindess (now lost or under another name?), Auchentroig and Gartclach. Presumably Garchel was itself a quarterland.


In 1296 one of the men listed on the Ragman Roll was ‘Iwyn de Garghill’. This has been interpreted as Ewen of Cargill. I think this is extremely unlikely. Cargill is in Perthshire and the context is demonstrably ‘men from the Lennox’ and, in Iwyn’s case, from the Stirlingshire parishes of the Lennox. I think his name was probably Ewen of Garchell. The name Ewen would probably be Latinised as Eugenius (see above: Cartularium de Levenax p 76). Cartularium de Levenax pp 31-32, Malcolm, earl of Lennox grants Camkell (Camoquhill), in Balfron parish, to Patrick Galbraith. One of the witnesses was Eugenio de Garchill. As a carucate Garchell was important enough to provide a location for a name. It may be that one of the originals for Cartularium de Levenax p 76 (above) can be dated to c. 1296. See also Cartularium de Levenax p 82.



See above under Garchell. 10m Auchintroig, Gartkerochane [=Gartcurrachan] & Gartclach in RMS III (3270) 1546. £5 Auchintroig in Retours (Dumbarton) (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662, (71) 1680.



This is probably Gartclachach so see under Garchell & Auchentroig above.



GD220/1/L/1/1/1 1667 refers to 5m Corriebonnarchies Easter and Wester called the two Corries. This is repeated, with spelling variations, in a number of susequent documents (GD220/1/L/1/1/2 1667, GD220/1/C/7/2/1 1671, GD220/1/L/1/1/3 1707, GD220/1/L/1/1/4 1712 & GD220/1/L/1/1/6 1719). Does the  element ‘archies’ (or similar) bear any relationship to names like Arrochy and so possibly arachor?



GD220/1/L/1/1/1 1667 refers to 2½m Monnessan. This is repeated in GD220/1/L/1/1/2 1667, GD220/1/C/7/2/1 1671, GD220/1/L/1/1/3 1707, GD220/1/L/1/1/4 1712 & GD220/1/L/1/1/6 1719). The second element in the name suggests proximity to a waterfall.



GD22/2/2 1488 refers to the £10 lands of Duchray in the earldom of Lennox, sheriffdom of Stirling. GD220/1/D/5/4/2 1532 refers to 5m of Duchray.  GD112/23/2/19 1588 refers to the 10m of Duchray. GD220/1/C/5/2/6 1613 refers to 8m of Duchray.  GD22/3/417 1615 refers to 10m of Duchray. The £10 land probably comprised 2 units, one of 10m, one of 5m.


Spittal (Blarnaboard)

This must be the Spittal mentioned by OPS I p 38 as near Chapel-laroch.



Stated to be a half-quarterland in the tenement of Cashlie in GD198/3 of early 14th century (which might imply 50s or 3¾m).  GD198/9 1425 (also as Retours (Stirling) (350)) states that Kepdowry & Ardas (Buchanan parish) were worth 10m yearly.


Offerance of Cashley

There are 5 different ‘Offerances’ in this NE section of Drymen parish. I am not sure which one (or more) was the Offerance of Cashlie although we can exclude Offerance of Garchell. In RMS III (3172) 1545 it is given as ½m. It appears in GD22/3/444 1505, GD22/3/446 1517, GD17/350 1612, GD22/3/447 1630 & 1631, GD22/1/46 1655, GD22/3/448 1687, GD22/1/458 1723.


Spittal (Cashley)?

SC67/83/1 1605 refers to the temple lands of Kaislie & Wester Ballewne. Kaislie is probably Cashley and Wester Ballewan is in Strathblane parish. The lands of the Templars went to the Hospitallers so I think this document should be linked with the Spittal north of Buchlyvie which is just east of Cashley. However the Spittal here is in a different parish (Kippen) which may be against it. Not in Drymen parish according to Grassom 1817. It seems unlikely that the temple lands of Cashley were in a different parish.



Finnich is so complex that I have dealt with the sub-divisions individually. See Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick Chapter XI pp 207-213 for a history of the lands of Finnich. We do not have enough information to be certain but Finnich may well have been a carucate or arachor with a total valuation of 30m.


Finnich Tennent

Fynneich-Tennand belonged to Makclery of Garden before 15/1/1495-6 (RMS II (2297)). However part of it may only have come to him in 1475-6 – (see under Spittal of Finnich-Tennent below). In 1498 Finnich-Tennent went to the Haldanes (RMS II (2436)). Divided into Wester and Easter. Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 209, refers to a 1624 document concerning the 4 merkland of Easter Finnick-Tennant. Stirling Retours (186) 1646 refers to ‘Finwiktenent’.


Finnich-Drummond or Finnich-Cunningham

Cartularium de Levenax pp 45-46, Malcolm, earl of Lennox to Kessan

illam quartariam terre de Fynvoych que scotice dicitur Blarvotych et similiter Drumfynvoych, illam scilicet que propinquior est terre de Croyne …  forinseco domini Regis servitio quantum pertinet ad unam quartariam carucatam de Fynvoych.

(that quarterland of Fynvoych [Finnich] which is called in Gaelic Blarvotych and likewise Drumfynvoych [Drumfinnich], which is nearer to Croy … [doing] the King’s forinsec service as much as pertains to one quarter-carucate of Fynvoych [Finnich]).

(The Index of variant readings on p 107 of the Cartularium de Levenax gives ‘Blarbotych et similiter Drumfynwaith’ from a MS in the possession of the Duke of Montrose).


What are we to make of this? Blarvotych is not a name which has survived. It may be that the first element ‘blar’ is the Gaelic word for a plain or possibly a peat-moss (Dwelly). Perhaps some of the low-lying ground just south of the River Endrick might qualify. Alternatively is it possible that the first element is for Blair and ‘votych’ is a garbled form of Finnich? Similarly the ‘Drum’ in Drumfynvoych would normally be for Gaelic ‘druim’ (the ridge of a hill) – and there is 300 foot hill south-west of Finnich Drummond – but might it just be a form of Drummond? In other words is this charter simply referring to the two farms of Finnich-Blair and Finnich-Drummond? The phrasing does rather imply that Finnich as a whole was more than a quarter-carucate and it may be that what is described here are two quarter-carucate farms which for some reason only did half the normal forensic service. Thomas Blayr of Bothyoke is a witness to GD198/59 of 1493 and I think Bothyoke is also for Finnich.


Guthrie Smith (p 210) quotes a 1474 indenture – by the Drummonds – which refers to the 10 merklands of Fenwick. I wonder if this actually referred to both Finnich-Drummond and Finnich-Blair? One of the reasons I advance this is that I don’t think Finnich-Malise can be precisely equated with Finnich Blair. It is true that some of the documents refer to ‘Fynuickblair alias Fynuick-Malice’ but I suspect that is because the affairs of the two neighbouring properties were so closely entwined that they were almost regarded as the same. However the above document from the Lennox Cartulary along with the fact that they are physically distinct in Grassom’s map of 1817 make me think they should be regarded as two separate properties with an entangled history.

Finnich-Cunningham was 5m in 1648 and 1665. Stirling Retours (203) of 1653 refers to ‘5m OE Finnich-Drumound now Finnich-Cunynghame’.


Finnichdrummond (NS 493853) in Grassom’s map is undoubtedly the part of Finnich which is closest to Croy. It is east of Blair & Malise at NS 493853.


Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, p 211, refers to a part of Finnich-Drummond as Finnick-Drummond Offerance. By Finnich-Drummond is the interesting place-name Knockinhaglish in which the last element is for eaglais (church). If there was an old church-site here it is possibly linked to Finnick-Drummond Offerance. There was also a Spittal called Craitintullocht (Croft ..?) in Finnich-Drummond in 1527 (GD86/90). This means that 3 separate parts of Finnich each had a Spittal.


Finnich-Malise (or Finnich-Malice) and Finnich-Blair

Cartularium de Levenax pp 54-55, Donald earl of Lennox granted to Nigel (Neil) Macblare and Muriel daughter of Gilmore, son of Malise, his wife:

illam dimidiam quartariam terre de Fynwyk propinquius adjacentem terre de Cather, quamquidem dimidiam quartariam terre antedictus Gilmore pater predicte Murielle …  resignavit

(that half quarterland [i.e. an eighthland] of Fynwyk [Finnich] next to Cather [Catter], which half quarterland the foresaid Gilmore, father of the foresaid Muriel … resigned).

Catter is north-west of Finnich and the two parts of Finnich which are closest to Catter are Finnich Blair and Finnich Malise.


RMS III (3140) 1545 tells us that John Blair had £5 (7½m) of Fynwik. RMS IV (227) 1548 gives 5m Fynwikblair while RMS V (76) 1580 gives £5 Finweik-Blair. We have 5m Finwikblair in 1601; 50s (3¾m) Fynuickblair alias Fynuick-Malice in 1625, 1655, 1662, 1680. However Finnichmalice is just south-west of Finnichblair in Grassom’s map of Stirlingshire (1817) so they must have been separate, if neighbouring, properties.


We may never be able to work this out but perhaps Finnich-Malise and Finnich-blair were each eighthlands – together making a quarterland with a merkland extent of £5. 50s (3¾m) would represent half of this. It seems likely that £5 was the original valuation and that afterwards it was subdivided into Finnich Blair & Finnich Malise. But it is also possible that Finnich Blair was a quarterland and Finnich Malise an eighthland.


Spittal of Finnich-Tennent

On 20/8/1465 James III granted John Jere, son of Finlay Jere, the lands of ‘Croftyngare and le Chapelcroft’ in Lennox (RMS II (845)).

On 12/1/1475-6 James III granted Ma(l)colm Maklery de Gertene [Garden] the lands of ‘Crofftingay and le Chapellcrofft’ in Lennox, through the decease of John Ayr (RMS II (1218)). GD86/51 1503-4 refers to Walter Makclery resigning these lands. He also resigned his lands of Crugebone in Fynvik Danand (Finnick-Tennent). GD220/1/E/4/4/5 1504 refers to Croftingay, Chaplecroft & Comyven, lying in Fynnick, resigned by Walter Makilare.

GD220/1/E/4/4/6 1512 refers to ‘the lands of Arngibbon in Finnick extending to a 6s 8d land of Old Extent’.

GD47/17 1518-19, GD47/24 1539 & GD47/38 1599 all refer to the Spittal in Finnich Tennent.

GD86/90 1527 refers to Spittall of Fenikintennand with the croft of Ardgibbon lying therein.

RMS IV (517) 1550 refers to 40d (3s 4d) Old Extent called ‘Spittale de Arnegibbun’. This is half the extent given in 1512.

Retours (Stirling) (32) 1601 refers to 40d (3s 4d) Old Extent called ‘Spittell de Arngibboun’.

Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 208 quotes from a document of 1673 which specifies ‘the Spittal lands of Finnick-Tennant, commonly called Croftingay, Chappelcroft of St. Mackessog, and Arnegibbon’.

GD220/1/E/4/5/1 1638 refers to the Spittal land of Fynnicktennent (or Finnicktenent) and Fynnick Blair. Stirling Retours (186) 1646 refers to ‘Spittelandis et Finwiktenent, et Finwickblair’. See also McNiven, p 35, and Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, pp219-20.


I think it is possible to make sense of all this. In the fifteenth century the Maklery family of Garden in Stirlingshire owned part of Finnich-Tennent. Just ESE of Garden is Arngibbon – a name which has ecclesiastical associations. Part of Finnich-Tennent was also called Arngibbon. On the grounds of Finnich-Tennent is Knockinhaglish – an old church site. Finnich-Tennent also housed the Chapel-croft of St Kessog which presumably maintained the religious site and its clergyman. There was another croft called Croftyngare or, later, Croftingay. In the fifteenth century this belonged to a family called Jere or Ayr who seem to have had it on a hereditary basis. It seems likely that the name of the croft ‘-gare’ or ‘-gay’ is the same as that of the family who held it – Jere or Ayr. The most likely answer is that this was a family of hereditary deors or dewars. There is also evidence of dewars in Buchanan parish. See also Arn Badan in Finnick-Malice.


I suspect that the part of Drymen parish which lies south of the River Endrick was originally a separate parish based on Finnich. This would help explain the vestigial remnants we find in the Spittal lands. It is also interesting to note the religious associations with this Spittal. It was not to do with hospitals or hospitality but with religion. Is it possible that these were ex-church lands that were given to the Templars and Hospitallers when the parish was scrapped – perhaps in the mid-twelfth century? See also Spittle and Chapel by Blairquhomrie in Kilmaronock parish and Spittle by Kilbride in Glen Fruin.


Temple of Finnich Tennent?

GD86/30 1478-9 shows the McCalpene family held the Templar lands of Finnich-Tennent. Although these ‘temple’ lands were now owned by the Hospitallers I am inclined to think they may have been distinct from the Spittal lands of Finnich Tennent.


Spittal of Finnich Drummond

GD86/90 1527 refers to Spittall of Craitintullocht lying in Fenik-Drummond. GD220/1/E/4/4/11 1621 refers to ‘Croftintullo’ with the grazing of 4 cows and 1 horse in the grass of the lands of Fynwick Drummond with the liberty of casting peats and turfs on the muirs of Fynwick Drummond.

Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick, pp 213 & 220-1 refers to Crofton MacCulloch as part of Finnick-Blair or Malice. I do not know if this is the same as Craitintullocht.


Temple or Spittal of Finnick-Malise

Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 207, quoting Dalnair Writs, describes the estate of Endrickbank as composed of ‘those parts of the Temple lands of Finnick-Malice, alias Little Spittal, comprehending the lands of Eastpark, Gartnaulpark, Dallagabhaugh, the Big Wood, and the Arn Badan, extending to 33 acres or thereby‘.

It is worth drawing attention to the place ‘Arn Badan’ in the foregoing list. Does this parallel Arngibbon in the Spittal of Finnich-Tennent?

See also Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 74, footnote 3, 1669; McNiven p 35.



There are two surviving ‘Cameron’ place-names in the Lennox area. The ‘Cameron’ in Bonhill was sometimes called Cameron-Dennistoun. The ‘Cameron’ in Drymen was divided into Easter and Wester, Douglas and Logan – but we also find Cameron-Buchanan, Wester Cameron-Buchanan, Middle and Little.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 86-87, Malcolm, earl of Lennox granted to John, (son of Michael, son of Edolf) and his wife Forveleth:

illam quartariam terre in Levenax que vocatur Cambroun Tympane

(that quarterland in Lennox which is called Cameron Tympane)

also Cambroune

The reason for thinking this will be the Cameron in Drymen is because of the names of Edolf and his son Michael. In 1296 one of the men listed on the Ragman Roll was ‘Duncan Maggadelf ( i.e. Mac + Edolf) de Cambroun {Cameron)’ of the county of Stirling. (See also under Gartachorrans/Gartchonerane below – Cameron and Gartachorrans are neighbours).


Fraser, Lennox II, No 29 c. 1373 Charter by Walter of Foslene to Walter of Bochannane of an eighthland of Cameron by Gallangad.

totam dimidiam quarteriam terre de Cambrune que propinquius iacet terre de Kelnegad

(the whole half-quarterland of Cameron which lies next to the land of Gallangad)


One interpretation of this is to argue for a division, by c. 1373, of the quarterland of Cambroun Tympane – possibly into two eighthlands, one of which became Wester Cameron-Buchanan (Wester Cameron is by Gallangad). RMS II (770) 1463-4 refers to a grant to Walter Buchanan of the lands of ‘Camroun, vic. Striveling’ (Stirling). This indicates the Cameron in Drymen parish rather than the Cameron west of the River Leven which was then in Luss parish, Dunbartonshire. In RMS III (3270) 1546 it is 5m Camrown-Buchquhannane. Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 323 fn 4 gives Stirlingshire Sasines II f 127 as source for 5m Calmeroun in 1620. It is 5m Wester Camrone Buchanan in GD47/121 1673. I would expect a quarter in Lennox to have an extent of £5 and an eighth to have an extent of 50s or 3¾m. At 5m, Cameron Buchanan is more than this so perhaps Cameron Tympane had now become divided into portions of ⅔ (5m) and ⅓ (2½m). For the portion worth 2½m see Cameron-Logan following.


We have references to Cammeroun-Logane in RMS II (2648) 1502 and Camerone-Loggan in Stirling Retours (186) 1646. GD86/279 1586 refers to 2½m Camrovn-Logane in the sheriffdom of Stirling. In Dumbarton Retours (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662 & (71) 1680 the listing of the 20m Balvey (or Logan) estate includes Camrone while the listing of the £12 Maynis (or Douglas) estate also includes Camrone. These will be Cameron-Logan and Cameron-Douglas respectively. Unfortunately I do not yet have a valuation for Cameron-Douglas.

Guthrie Smith, Strathendrick p 214, claims Middle Cameron was Cameron-Logan while Easter Cameron was Cameron-Douglas. He also suggests ½m Aucheneck was part of Cameron.

Timperley p 334 gives a farm called Little Cameron in Drymen.


The existence of both Cameron-Logan and Cameron-Douglas complicates things. It is possible that Cameron was originally more than a quarterland. Perhaps Cameron Tympane was subdivided into Cameron-Logan and Cameron-Douglas whilst Cameron Buchanan was separate. I think Cameron had a total extent of at least £5 – but possibly more.


GD47/175 1683 includes depositions relating to the boundaries between Finnich-Malise, Cameron-Douglas and Aucheneck.



Roy marks Gartafarin c. NS 4684/4685, Mill of Gartafarin c. NS 4585 and Garta(w)harin where Low Gartachorrans is now (NS 4785).

Nimmo’s map (from Edgar’s survey of 1745) marks Gartenwhern c. NS 4684 and Gartenwhern Mill in NS 4585.

The farm-name was spelled in a bewildering number of ways but must be kept distinct from the Gartfarran near Gartmore. It was divided into two parts of 50s (3¾m) and 2½m (33s 4d). The 50s belonged to a family called Shaw and then, by 1625, to the Duke of Lennox. The 2½m belonged (from at least 1516/1517) to the Cunninghams of Drumquhassle. According to GD220/1/E/4/4/7 1516/1517 the Cunninghams of Drumquhassle had one-third of the £5 of Carthconrey alias Connachra. 50s and 33s 4d do not add to 100s so it seems that a unit of 16s 8d has been hived off at some stage.

50s (3¾m) Gartquhorane in RMS III (3140) 1545. Given as 50s & 40s in RMS V (76) 1580.

2½m Gartforane in RMS IV (517) 1550.

50s Gartfoirine in Retours (Dumbarton) (25) 1625, (53) 1655, (57) 1662, (71) 1680

2½m Gartforen in Retours (Stirling) (32) 1601.

2½m Gartfarrane alias Connochray in GD86/428 1616.

2½m Gartferrane alias Conochrey in Retours (Stirling) (186) 1646

50s Connochraw alias Gartfairn in Retours (Stirling) (295) 1685


Circumstantial evidence suggests that Gartchonerane (below) is the same as Gartachorrans.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 83-84, in or before 1274, Gillemichell son of Edolf granted his son Malcolm (by Mythoc his wife)

illam quartariam terre que vocatur Gartchonerane

(that quarterland called Gartchonerane)

Reddendo p.a. to Malcolm, earl of Lennox:

decem solidos ad nundinas de Glasgw, et in exercitu domini Regis tantum cibum quantum pertinet ad unam quartariam terre in comitatu de Levenax … et faciendo de omnibus regalibus auxiliis quantum juste pertinet ad unam quartariam terre in comitatu de Levenax

(10s at Glasgow Fair, and as much food to the king’s army as pertains to a quarterland in the earldom of Lennox … and doing for all the royal aids as much as rightly pertains to a quarterland in the earldom of Lennox)


Cartularium de Levenax pp 84-85, c. 1274, Duncan son of Gillemichel Makedolf, confirmed to his brother Malcolm the gift which Gillemichel his father made:

de quarta parte unius arrochar terre que vocatur Garchonerane

(of the quarter part of an arachor called Garchonerane)

Reddendo as above but with a clause providing for a horse to carry the food. This charter proves that a quarterland was a quarter arachor.


Cartularium de Levenax pp 85-86, at Bellach, 1274, Malcolm, earl of Lennox confirmed

donationem illam, quam Gillemichell filius Edolf fecit Malcolmo filio suo super illa quartaria terre que vocatur Gartchonerane

(that gift, which Gillemichell son of Edolf made to his son Malcolm of a quarterland called Gartchonerane)

Reddendo as before.


Why do I think Gartchonerane is Gartachorrans? In 1296 one of the men who put his name to the Ragman Roll was Duncan Maggadelf de Cambroun. This is the Duncan, son of Gillemichel Makedolf, mentioned above c. 1274. He is titled ‘de Cambroun’ (of Cameron) and Cameron is immediately south of Gartachorrans. While I cannot prove this, I think other candidates such as Gartocharn in Kilmaronock parish and Gartacharn in NS 4987 in Drymen are much less likely.


Bookmark and Share
Posted in Drymen

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *